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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to accept the award in person (see  Correspondence  vol. 12). In early January Falconer had …
  • … in or before November 1864 ( Correspondence vol. 12, letter to Ernst Haeckel, 21 November [1864 …
  • … in Müller’s name ( see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ; since …
  • … to find employment in India (see Correspondence vol. 12), sent Darwin the results of his experiments …
  • … to Darwin may be gathered from Darwin’s letter to him of 12 July [1865] . Huxley had evidently …
  • … who also caught it, rapidly succumbed to it and died on 12 August. Hooker himself contracted …
  • … collection of letters written by Darwin when he was 12 years old. Over half of the letters in the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin thanks Mary Whitby …
  • … Letter 10390 - Herrick, S. M. B . to Darwin, [12 February 1876] Sophia Herrick …
  • … future. Letter 4038 - Darwin to Lyell, C., [12-13 March 1863] Darwin …
  • … Letter 7858 - Darwin to Wa llace, A. R., [12 July 1871] Darwin tells Wallace that …
  • … Letter 3316  - Darwin to Nevill, D. F., [12 November 1861] Darwin requests the …

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Rolfe, 10 November [1858] , and Correspondence vol. 12, letter to F. T. Buckland, 15 …
  • … 1864, he was sick almost daily (see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox …
  • … [20-] 22 February [1864] ( Correspondence vol. 12), Darwin remarked that his vomiting usually …
  • … feel a little alive’. See also Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, …
  • … (see Correspondence vol. 4, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 October 1849 , and Colp 1977, pp. 43-6 …
  • … nitrate, mineral acids and alkalies (see Colp 1977, pp. 12, 22, 37, 45-6, 65, 76, 78-80). Most …
  • … peltatum (May apple) (see Correspondence vol. 12). A book of prescriptions used by the Darwin …
  • … had checked his chronic vomiting ( Correspondence vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 April …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … speak of their own original researches’. He then added: 12 Very many other parts …
  • … was ‘unintentional’ ([Lubbock] 1863b, p. 214). 12. Letter from Hugh Falconer to John …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … On co-adaptation: To J. D. Hooker,  12 July [1860] : on adaptation in Orchis pyramidalis …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 2526 — Owen, Richard to Darwin, C. R., 12 Nov 1859 Owen says to Darwin he will welcome …
  • … Letter 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s …
  • … Borgias.’ (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to …
  • … in the future. It was a formal letter, he wrote to Hooker on 12 January: ‘my women wd not let me …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … my telegram & I feared so to find from G. Lushingtons. 12 I think he  must  care—it can …
  • … parable of the talents see Matt. 25: 14–30. 12 Godfrey Lushington and Beatrice Ann …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and gave it to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in …
  • … in Parliament. The final bill was submitted by Playfair on 12 May.   The Darwin Archive …

Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Socy. has done in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 4 hits

  • … has done my stomach surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in …
  • … HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 12 OCTOBER 1849 6  C DARWIN …
  • … 11  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 5 JUNE 1855 12  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 30 JUNE 1855 …
  • … HOOKER, 11 OCTOBER 1858 59 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, 12 OCTOBER 1857 60 A GRAY TO …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … silly to deserve an answer’ ( letter from S. B. Herrick, 12 February 1876 ). Others questioned …
  • … for one so poor at figures as I am’, Gray conceded on 12 November , although he could reassure …
  • … Darwin’s oldest son William (see Correspondence vol. 12 and the Supplement to vol. 24). By the …

Insectivorous plants

Summary

Darwin’s work on insectivorous plants began by accident. While on holiday in the summer of 1860, staying with his wife’s relatives in Hartfield, Sussex, he went for long walks on the heathland and became curious about the large number of insects caught by…

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … though I dread all exertion’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 May 1866] ). Darwin’s interest in …
  • … development ( see for example, letter to C. W. Nägeli, 12 June [1866] ). Also in March, however, …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … be defiant by everyone in the community. 12. The value of suffering …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 29 December 1857 Hybridism (DAR 12; Natural selection , pp. 388--462) …
  • … [4] 12 June 1858 [3] [Discussion on large genera and …
  • … [6] 12 June 1858 [Correcting chapter 6] (DAR 10.2: 26a- …
  • … considers the alterations to chapter 6 were completed by 12 June. However, it seems more likely that …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … has a white forefoot’  ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 May 1870 ). But in general the results …
  • … solutions of the same kind’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1870] ). Bastian’s results were …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … (1) Agassiz, Alexander (12) Agassiz, Louis …
  • … (1) Berkeley, M. J. (12) Berlin (1) …
  • … (1) Gaudry, Albert (12) Geach, F. F. …
  • … (3) Geikie, Archibald (12) Geikie, James …
  • … (1) Grove, W. R. (12) Groves, Henry …
  • … (3) Hooker, F. H. (12) Hooker, Hyacinth …
  • … (2) Judd, J. W. (12) Jukes, J. B. (9 …
  • … (2) Koch, Eduard (12) Koch, Heinrich …
  • … (3) Layton, Charles (12) Le Couteur, John …
  • … (1) Mackintosh, Daniel (12) Maclaren, Charles …
  • … (1) McLennan, J. F. (12) McNeill, Archibald …
  • … (1) Meehan, Thomas (12) Meitzen, August …
  • … (9) Rolle, Friedrich (12) Rolleston, George …
  • … (1) Whitley, C. T. (12) Whitney, W. D. …
  • … (2) Zacharias, Otto (12) Zeuschner, E. L. …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3316 - Darwin to Nevill, D. F., [12 November 1861] Darwin asks actress and …
  • … . Letter 4038 - Darwin to Lyell, C., [12-13 March 1863] Darwin hints …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … without a corresponding sensation. D r . Holland[12] informs me children do not  learn …
  • … each scream approaches it.— 8  Between 11 & 12 weeks old in smiling. I observe he …
  • … present when screaming from pain When one day under 12 weeks took hold of Catherines[20] …
  • … the first time he used his right hand, was observed 12 weeks & one day  whilst violently …
  • … it is easy to see, are those of inspiration.— 12  April 20 th .— Took my finger to his …
  • … April 4 14wks & 1 day. 11 – 12     May 16 …
  • … habit he continued for some months Jan 12 th . He observed, & gave cry of recognition …
  • … Anne, on seeing her  often kissed self in glass Jan 12 th — observed image in eye.— …
  • … Door. the  only difference between our door N o  12 and N o  11 is in the slit for the Letter …
  • … CD’s original pencil text as closely as possible. [12] Henry Holland. [13] CD wrote …
  • … Emma Darwin’s diary, stayed at Upper Gower Street between 12 February and 16 March 1842. [43] …
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