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From E. A. Wheler   17 April 1879

Summary

Relates more family history and anecdotes concerning Dr Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  Elizabeth Anne Galton; Elizabeth Anne Wheler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12000

Matches: 27 hits

  • … Galton, E. A. Wheler, E. A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Elizabeth Anne Galton/Elizabeth Anne Wheler [Leamington] 17 Apr 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Relates more family history and anecdotes concerning Dr Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … of Erasmus and Elizabeth Darwin : Frances …
  • … Anne Violetta Darwin , Emma …
  • … Georgiana Elizabeth Darwin , and …
  • … Harriot Darwin . According to Frances Bunsen, ‘ …
  • … the daughters of Dr. Darwin had a right to the inheritance of beauty from their mother’ ( …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Hare, Augustus J. …
  • … s letter & with my kind remembrances to M rs . Darwin Believe me | very truly yours | E A …
  • … 2.7] scored pencil 2.13 & being … Darwins 2.14] double scored pencil Top of letter : ‘The …
  • … expressed surprise of his not having gone to London | Beauty of the Miss Darwins’ pencil …
  • … 2 vols. London: Daldy, Isbister & Co. King-Hele, Desmond, ed. 2003. Charles Darwin’s ‘The …
  • … Life of Erasmus Darwin’. First unabridged edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … Elizabeth Pole , who later became Erasmus Darwin’s second wife ( King-Hele ed. 2003 , p. …
  • … in the details of the story about Erasmus Darwin’s being tipped off about a winning horse …
  • … at Newmarket by a jockey whose mother had been treated kindly by Darwin during her …
  • … quoted from this paragraph in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 69–70. Emma Sophia Galton was Elizabeth …
  • … of Sophia Fielding’s consulting Erasmus Darwin about her daughter, and the visit to …
  • … Wheler must have written p. 68 in error. The Miss Darwins were the three daughters …
  • … spoke to me once about my Uncle Erasmus Darwin’s sad death, & said it was M rs . Pole of …
  • … thro’ her, George the 3 d .  heard of Dr Darwin’s fame, & said “Why does not D r . D come …
  • … being so struck with the beauty of the three Miss Darwins. You need not return M rs . …
  • … illness (see Erasmus Darwin , pp. 63–4). …
  • … was Frances Anne Violetta Galton . Erasmus Darwin’s second son, Erasmus , was a lawyer. He …
  • … of Radbourne Hall, Derbyshire, was Elizabeth Darwin’s daughter-in-law. Charlotte Finch was …

From Francis Darwin   [25 July 1881]

Summary

Reports on a visit to Hermann Vöchting and discussion of Julius Sachs.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 July 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13252F

Matches: 12 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [25 July 1881] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 67 Francis Darwin Strassburg [25 July  …
  • … 1881] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Francis. 1880a. On the power possessed by leaves of placing …
  • … Society ( Botany ) 18 (1881): 420–55. Darwin, Francis. 1880c. The theory of the growth of …
  • … Society ( Botany ) 18 (1881): 406–19. Darwin, Francis. 1901. The movements of plants. …
  • … Nature , 14 November 1901, pp. 40–4. Darwin, Francis. 1920a. Springtime and …
  • … other essays. London: John Murray. Darwin, Francis and Acton, Edward Hamilton. 1894. …
  • … University Press. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Vöchting, Hermann. 1880. Ueber …

To Reginald Darwin   8 July 1879

Summary

CD has corrected the first proofs [of Erasmus Darwin] and so returns RD’s books. CD is disappointed with his work and fears RD will be also.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  8 July 1879
Classmark:  DAR 153: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12139

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   8 July 1879 …
  • … November 1879 ( letter from Reginald Darwin, 12 November 1879 ). …
  • … DAR 153: 102 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 …
  • … July 1879 Reginald Darwin
  • … CD has corrected the first proofs [of Erasmus Darwin ] and so returns RD’s books. CD is …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Hill, Cuthbert …
  • … and no man can do more. Believe me, my dear Cousin | Yours very sincerely | Ch. Darwin
  • … Reginald had sent CD Erasmus Darwin ’s Commonplace book (Down House MS), as well …
  • … and other items ( letter from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 ). The nearest railway …
  • … use since October 1870 ( C. W. Hill 2007 , pp. 4–5). Erasmus Darwin was published in early …

From Francis Darwin   14 May 1881

Summary

News from the laboratory at Strasbourg; is working on Equisetum roots. Wortmann has found circumnutation in the mycelium of a fast-growing fungus. Please send papers (see 13155).

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1881
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13155F

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   14 May 1881 …
  • … DAR 274.1: 70 Francis Darwin 14 May …
  • … 1881 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Francis. 1880c. The theory of the growth of cuttings; illustrated by …
  • … Society ( Botany ) 18 (1881): 406–19. Darwin, Francis. 1881b. Ueber Circumnutation bei …
  • … of worms: with observations on their habits. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1881. …
  • … Richard Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. …
  • … String Press. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Muth, Franz. 1926. Julius …

From Francis Darwin   [31 May 1876]

Summary

Has sent off Bulls Horn to Kew; has sent hamper to CD; is preparing drawings for his presentation at the Linnean Society; asks after William, and hopes to be able to come to visit.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 May 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10517F

Matches: 18 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [31 May 1876] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 1 Francis Darwin [31 May …
  • … 1876] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … The weather on Sunday 28 May 1876 was pleasant, and CD and Emma Darwin went up …
  • … Holmbury Hill (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Francis, possibly accompanied by Amy Darwin, came to Hopedene on …
  • … 3 June 1876 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … He also refers to Elizabeth Darwin. …
  • … Pouter was a nickname for Leonard Darwin, who was at Down …
  • … from 8 May 1876 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … peltata serving as food for ants (F. Darwin 1876d). He mentioned the bull-horn acacia (see …
  • … insectivorous (see letter from Francis Darwin, [28 May 1876] ). Francis was investigating …
  • … the aggregated matter was protoplasm or not (F. Darwin 1876b). Wilhelm Friedrich Kühne had …
  • … ones ( Redding 1882 ). William Erasmus Darwin had been seriously injured after a riding …
  • … accident on 10 May; he was staying with CD and Emma Darwin at Hopedene (see …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, 27 May 1876 and n. 5). …

To G. H. Darwin   19 April [1879]

Summary

Thanks him for his efforts. CD cared most about the letter to Thomas Okes [see Erasmus Darwin, pp. 14–15]. "Cannot think who the calumnious article cd have been about [in?] 1802."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  19 Apr [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12004

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   19 April [1879] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 77 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Apr [ …
  • … 1879] George Howard Darwin
  • … the wealth they produced (p. 463). CD referred to the article in Erasmus Darwin , p. 65. …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … letter to Thomas Okes [see Erasmus Darwin , pp. 14–15]. "Cannot think who the calumnious …
  • … article c d .  have been about 1802. — I am not well so no more. Yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … below). Thomas Okes was a medical student and a friend of Erasmus Darwin at Cambridge. The …
  • … addressed to him was published in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 14–15. Probably a reference to …
  • … Register 13 (1802): 457–63, in which Erasmus Darwin was described as vain and susceptible …

To W. E. Darwin   30 November [1861]

Summary

Reports on state of family’s health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3835

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 November [1861] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 108 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Nov [ …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … 5). Emma Darwin. …
  • … Camilla Ludwig, the Darwin children’s governess. …
  • … Leonard Darwin. …
  • … purchased under name of William Erasmus Darwin of Southampton & Banker was not introduced. …
  • … children are ennuied—so I have not heart to write— GoodBye | My dear old man | C.  Darwin
  • … this letter and the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 12 October [1861] ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … Bank; see Correspondence vol.  9, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 12 October [1861] and n.   …

To Horace Darwin   1 November [1877]

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Summary

Wants HD to observe earthworm activity at Roman antiquities of Chedworth and Cirencester.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Darwin
Date:  1 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11221

Matches: 17 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Horace …
  • … To Horace Darwin   1 November [1877] …
  • … DAR 185: 4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 …
  • … Nov [1877] Horace Darwin
  • … quite strong. — Fairly good account today of Litchfield— Your affect Father | C.  Darwin
  • … DAR 219.9: 155), postcard from H. E. Litchfield to G. H. Darwin, [8 November 1877] ( …
  • … DAR 245: 314), Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 227). …
  • … of worms: with observations on their habits. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1881. Emma Darwin (1915): …
  • … Emma Darwin: a century of family letters, 1792–1896. Edited by Henrietta Litchfield. 2 …
  • … England on 8 November (letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [13 September 1877] ( …
  • … Earthworms , p. 198, to Horace and Francis Darwin’s visit to the Roman villa at Chedworth, …
  • … year, Horace had been working on the waterworks at Brighton (letter from Horace Darwin to …
  • … Emma Darwin, [February 1877? ] (DAR …
  • … 258: 817)). Leonard Darwin had hurt his knee playing …
  • … lawn tennis (letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [23 September 1877] (DAR 219.9: …

From E. A. Wheler   25 March 1879

Summary

Regrets she has none of Dr Erasmus Darwin’s letters. Relates some anecdotes concerning her grandfather.

Author:  Elizabeth Anne Galton; Elizabeth Anne Wheler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11953

Matches: 36 hits

  • … Galton, E. A. Wheler, E. A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Elizabeth Anne Galton/Elizabeth Anne Wheler Leamington 25 Mar 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Regrets she has none of Dr Erasmus Darwin’s letters. Relates some anecdotes concerning her …
  • … Samuel Galton and Erasmus Darwin were both members of the Lunar Society (see also n. 3, …
  • … she wrote in 1905 at the age of 97 (CUL MS Add.8691, pp. 5, 12–14). Elizabeth Darwin . …
  • … R. Hunter; Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Hankin, Christiana …
  • … to add a preface to my g d father Darwin’s life & undo Miss Seward & M rs . Schimmelpenigs …
  • … fear I can help you but little. Reginald Darwin must have several, & I should think Keir …
  • … was Wheler’s aunt. Her remarks on Erasmus Darwin were made in her autobiography ( Hankin …
  • … 1858 ). CD’s long introduction to Erasmus Darwin (a translation of Ernst Krause’s revised …
  • … 1879a ) contradicted Anna Seward ’s negative portrayal of Erasmus Darwin in Seward 1804 . …
  • … Violetta Galton was a daughter of Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Reginald Darwin was a …
  • … grandson of Erasmus Darwin. James Keir …
  • … Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. Uglow, Jenny. 2002. The …
  • … is very evident in what she says of D r . Darwin. My g d father & g d mother M r . & M …
  • … the highest respect & estime for D r . Darwin & thought him perfect in every way. The two …
  • … of the jockey’s tip and the story of the robber were included in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 63– …
  • … 5. Erasmus Darwin and his …
  • … brother John Darwin matriculated at Cambridge in June …
  • … 1750; their eldest brother, Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1816), had matriculated in 1743 ( …
  • … King-Hele 1999 , p. 10). CD included the stocking anecdote in Erasmus Darwin , p. …
  • … 12. Erasmus Darwin was buried at All Saints’ Church, Breadsall, under the nave floor; …
  • … church were carried out in 1877 ( Redman 2005 , p. 369). Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848). …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … de la Mare Publishers. Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … memorabilia. In The genius of Erasmus Darwin , edited by C. U. M. Smith and Robert Arnott. …
  • … Galton who had the highest opinion of D r . Darwin in every way, requested him to go to …
  • … sign to be silent. He then said “D r . Darwin I am the Jockey who is to ride the favourite …
  • … were made in Breadsall Church & the Darwin coffins were exposed    My g d father’s coffin …
  • … Moilliet was a great-grandson of Erasmus Darwin and also of James Keir . …
  • Darwin and Keir had met as medical students at Edinburgh and became lifelong friends ( …
  • … William Strutt , who, with Erasmus Darwin, was a founder member of the Derby Philosophical …
  • … Lovell Edgeworth had mentioned Erasmus Darwin frequently in his memoirs, describing him as …

From A. E. Darwin   12 November [1879]

Summary

On behalf of her sister Violetta, who is ill, thanks CD for copy of Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  Anne Eliza Thomasine (Anne) (Eliza) Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12309

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  E. Darwin   12 November [1879] …
  • Darwin, Anne …
  • … Eliza Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 135 Anne Eliza Thomasine (Anne) (Eliza) Darwin Derby 12 Nov [ …
  • … 1879] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … On behalf of her sister Violetta, who is ill, thanks CD for copy of Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Erasmus. 1803. The temple of nature; or, the origin of society: a …
  • … give you her kindest regards— Believe me ever— | Your affect. Cousin | Anne Eliza Darwin
  • … The year is established by the reference to Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … Violetta Harriot Darwin ’s name appears on …
  • … the presentation list for Erasmus Darwin (see Appendix IV). Her drawings of Breadsall …
  • … in the book (see letters from V. H. Darwin, 4 April 1879 and n. 1, and 5 June [1879] ). …
  • … The temple of nature ( E. Darwin 1803 ) traced the development of life from a ‘single …

From G. H. Darwin   28 May 1880

Summary

Writes of a Mrs Noel, who is annoyed with CD’s neglect of Erasmus Darwin’s brother, W[illiam] A[lvey] D[arwin I], [in Erasmus Darwin].

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May 1880
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12617

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   28 May 1880 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 84 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 28 …
  • … May 1880 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … of a Mrs Noel, who is annoyed with CD’s neglect of Erasmus Darwin’s brother, W[illiam] A[ …
  • … lvey] D[arwin I], [in Erasmus Darwin ]. …
  • … G. and Wolfe, Arthur F. 1987. Horace Darwin’s shop: a history of the Cambridge Scientific …
  • … Bristol and Boston: Adam Hilger. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …

From R. W. Darwin and the Misses Darwin to J. S. Henslow   1 February 1833

Summary

Send their thanks to JSH for allowing them to see the two letters, one written ten days later than any they have received.

Author:  Robert Waring Darwin; Caroline Sarah Darwin; Susan Elizabeth Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  1 Feb 1833
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters 16 DAR/1/1/16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-199

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From R.  W.  Darwin and …
  • … the Misses Darwin to J.  S.  Henslow   1 February 1833 …
  • Darwin, R. …
  • … W. Darwin, C. …
  • … S. Darwin, S. …
  • … E. Darwin, Catherine Langton, Catherine Henslow, J. S. …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters 16 DAR/1/1/16) Robert Waring Darwin Caroline …
  • … Sarah Darwin Susan …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin Emily …
  • … Catherine (Catherine) Darwin/Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton Shrewsbury 1 Feb 1833 …
  • … Doctor & Miss Darwins present their Compts to Professor Henslow and beg to return a great …

From G. H. Darwin   5 May 1879

Summary

Sends CD an article on Dr Erasmus Darwin [from Monthly Magazine, see 12028].

Tells of a "discovery" he has made about taking observations of the sun. Does not know yet whether it is new.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12034

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   5 May 1879 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 75 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 5 …
  • … May 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends CD an article on Dr Erasmus Darwin [from Monthly Magazine , see 12028 ]. Tells of …
  • … do I think my theory w d .  be almost established. Your affectionate Son | G.  H.  Darwin
  • … Anon. 1802. Biographical memoirs of the late Dr. Darwin. Monthly Magazine; or, British …
  • … Register 13: 457–63. Darwin, Erasmus. 1797. A plan for the conduct of female education in …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … CD had asked George Darwin to find an article in …
  • … the Monthly Magazine in which Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802) had been maligned (see letter to …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, 3 May [1879] ). In the ‘ …
  • … Biographical memoir of the late Dr. Darwin’, the anonymous author stated that when Erasmus …
  • … G. J. Romanes, 17 August 1878 , letter to G. H. Darwin, 29 October [1878] and n. 3, letter …
  • … from G. H. Darwin, 7 November 1878 , and letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 8 November [1878] . Edward Ball Knobel was on the council of the Royal …
  • … passion’ directed towards a servant (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 3 May [1879] and n. 3). …
  • … of Trinity College, Cambridge. Erasmus Darwin had purchased some property and wrote out …
  • … female education in boarding schools ( E. Darwin 1797 ). The main text was followed by an …
  • … vol. 26, letter from E. A. Greaves to G. H. Darwin, 26 June 1878 . George was …
  • … to find a letter to Thomas Okes from Erasmus Darwin (see letter from Richard Okes to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 29 April 1879 ). Henry Bradshaw was the librarian at Cambridge University …

From G. H. Darwin   24 June 1879

Summary

Sends results of his researches on the Darwin family at the Record Office.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 June 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12116

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   24 June 1879 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Sends results of his researches on the Darwin family at the Record Office. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 77 George Howard Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 …
  • … 24 June 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … reproduction of the signature of William Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn, are in DAR 210.14: 210. …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Godfrey, John T. …
  • … curious & bears his signature. I can’t spare it to send it you. Yours affec | G H Darwin
  • … notice CD was writing to the English translation of a life of Erasmus Darwin (Krause …
  • … 1879a, Erasmus Darwin ; see also letter to C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 ). …
  • … William Darwin (1620–75) of Lincoln’s Inn was CD’ …
  • … great-grandfather; his father was William Darwin (1573? –1644) of Cleatham Hall, Manton, …
  • … 29/1 f.211). By a separate petition, William Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn asked to be given ‘ …

From Erasmus Alvey Darwin   17 February [1866]

Summary

Suggests two ways of financing what Susan will owe Catherine’s estate.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B53–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5009

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Erasmus Alvey Darwin   17 February [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B53–4 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 17 Feb [ …
  • … 1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Charles Langton in 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  11). Susan Elizabeth Darwin died 3  …
  • … October 1866 ( Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … February 1866  and n.  1). Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD and Erasmus’s sister. In his will of …
  • … and Records, National Library of Wales), Robert Waring Darwin requested that his …
  • … executors, Erasmus Alvey Darwin and CD, give his unmarried daughters the option of …

From G. H. Darwin   [before 3 May 1879]

Summary

Encloses some references [missing] to information on Dr Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 May 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12026

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [before 3 May 1879] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 74 George Howard Darwin New University Club [before …
  • … 3 May 1879] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Encloses some references [missing] to information on Dr Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Anon. 1802. Biographical memoirs of the late Dr. Darwin. Monthly Magazine; or, British …
  • … Register 13: 457–63. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … at instead of the Monthly Magazine (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 May 1879 ); there …
  • … are brief references to Erasmus Darwin in Monthly Review 37 (1802): 132 and 38 (1802): 156 …
  • … find the published version of Erasmus Darwin’s first poem on the death of Frederick Lewis, …
  • … of Wales, written in 1751; it was not published until 1795 ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 12). …
  • … this letter and the letter to George Darwin, 3 May [1879] ); the year is established …
  • … by references to the research for Erasmus Darwin , which was published in 1879. The London …
  • … a biographical article about Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802) that was published in the Monthly …

From R. W. Dixon   20 December 1879

Summary

RWD has read "with deep interest" Erasmus Darwin. He has copies of four letters from Erasmus Darwin to his great-grandfather, Richard Dixon, and he encloses a copy of the most interesting one.

Author:  Robert Walker Dixon
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec 1879
Classmark:  DAR 218: D2, D3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12368

Matches: 37 hits

  • … Dixon, R. W. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 218: D2, D3 Robert Walker Dixon Wickham Bishops 20 Dec 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … RWD has read "with deep interest" Erasmus Darwin . He …
  • … has copies of four letters from Erasmus Darwin to his great-grandfather, Richard Dixon, …
  • … I have just read with deep interest your “life of Erasmus Darwin”. My conception of the …
  • … character of D r . Darwin always made me feel very dissatisfied with his life by Miss …
  • … Erasmus Darwin , which included a lengthy …
  • … biography of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802) by CD, had recently been …
  • … On Anna Seward’s biography of Erasmus Darwin (Seward 1804), see King-Hele 1999, pp. 26, …
  • … His great-grandfather was Richard Dixon (bap. 1731 d. 1797) . William Alvey Darwin and …
  • … John Darwin were …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s elder brothers. …
  • … Susanna and Mary Parker were Erasmus Darwin’s natural daughters by his former employee …
  • … took copies of four letters written by D r . Darwin—three of them from from the original …
  • … searches come across any letters to D r . Darwin from any members of my family especially …
  • … Elston abt.  the same time as D r . Darwin & on the back of his apprenticeship indentures …
  • … are the names of W m . Alvey Darwin
  • … John Darwin
  • … Erasmus Darwin June 10. 1747 A few years ago I paid a visit to Elston but found no remains …
  • … in seeing the ground laid out & planted by Dr. Darwin. While reading this life of yr. …
  • … to me that it is possible Miss Susanna Darwin might allude in some letter to her Brother …
  • … shall be glad to forward you copies of D r . Darwin’s other letters if you desire them. To …
  • … or in his royal senses; adieu dear Citizen from thy affectionate equal E. Darwin M rs . …
  • Darwin & all here beg to be remembered to you & send compliments to M rs . Dixon. Brother …
  • … Hall near Nottingham was the birthplace of Erasmus Darwin; he did not live there as an …
  • … adult. Susannah Darwin was …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s elder sister. See the enclosure to the missing letter from R. W. …
  • … Dixon, [after 20 December 1878] . Felsted, Essex. Erasmus Darwin (1759–99) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s son. Elizabeth Sumner. The French First Republic …
  • … was declared in September 1792. Joseph Johnson; E. Darwin 1789–91. …
  • … In 1794 and 1796, Erasmus Darwin published Zoonomia; or, the laws of organic life , ‘an …
  • … other, to unravel the theory of diseases’ (E. Darwin 1794–6, 1: 1). The source of this …
  • … not been identified, but see also E. Darwin 1794–6, 1: 426 (34.1.4). No pope is recorded …
  • … published in February 1792 ( ODNB ). Erasmus Darwin was a founding member of one of the …
  • … Derby Society for Political Information (King-Hele 1999, p. 276). Erasmus Darwin’s wife …
  • … was Elizabeth Darwin (1747–1832); Richard Dixon’s wife was …
  • … Mary Dixon . John Darwin was rector of Carlton Scroop, a village in Lincolnshire. On …

From W. E. Darwin to Emma and/or Charles Darwin   c. 20–5 September 1877

Summary

Description of their English dinner companions at a foreign hotel.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  c. 20-25 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11146F

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, Emma …
  • … From W.  E.  Darwin to Emma …
  • … and/or Charles Darwin   c .  20–5 September 1877 …
  • … DAR 210.5: 18 William Erasmus Darwin c. …
  • … 20-25 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin Emma …
  • … Wedgwood/Emma Darwin

From G. H. Darwin   [26 October 1875]

Summary

Has sent a copy [of his article on cousin marriage] to Hermann Müller.

Problem he is now working on is a tough nut: "It does not do what [James Clerk] Maxwell said it wd or ought to do".

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Oct 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10226

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [26 October 1875] …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 49 George Howard Darwin Cambridge [26 Oct …
  • … 1875] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … he is better. Yours affectionately | G.  H.  Darwin I think F enjoyed his Sunday v.  much …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 22, letter from G. H. Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 and n. 8. CD had …
  • … of George’s paper on marriages between first cousins (G. H. Darwin 1875a; see letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, [25 October 1875] ). During Francis’s visit (see n. …
  • … George had given a breakfast party attended by fourteen people (letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 26 October 1875 (DAR 239.23: 1.35)). …
  • … this letter and the letter to G. H. Darwin, [25 October 1875] . In 1875, the Tuesday after …
  • … on marriages between first cousins (G. H. Darwin 1875a) to Hermann Müller (see letter to …
  • … G. H. Darwin, [25 October 1875] ). George probably refers to equations devised by James …
  • … elastic spheroids, and on the ocean tides upon a yielding nucleus’ (G. H. Darwin 1878). …
  • … Francis Darwin had visited George in Cambridge for three days, returning …
  • … to Down on 25 October 1875 (letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 26 October 1875 (DAR 239.23: 1.35)). Francis was studying the ability of …
  • … 21 October [1875] and n. 5). According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), George arrived on …

To Francis Darwin   18 June [1878]

Summary

Has been observing the movements of leaves and cotyledons; sleep movements are exaggerated circumnutation. Reports some odd observations on movement in Oxalis species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  18 June [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11559

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   18 June [1878] …
  • … DAR 211: 27 Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 …
  • … June [1878] Francis Darwin
  • … on heliotropism in early July 1878; see letter to Francis Darwin, 2 July [1878] . …
  • … Francis Darwin’s …
  • … son, Bernard Darwin. Sachs was director of the Würzburg botanic garden, which was attached …
  • … R. Nischkowsky. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … can be. — Your affect Father | C.  Darwin Could you easily go at night into Botanic garden …
  • … Sachs’s laboratory at Würzburg from 3 June until 8 August 1878 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …
  • … 242); letter from Emma Darwin to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, [11 August 1878] (DAR 219.1: 114)). Sachs had referred to Theophil Ciesielski’s …
  • … 1871 , p. 33; see letter to Francis Darwin, [13–26 May 1878] and n. 3). CD was observing …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? As part of our For the Curious series of simple interactives, ‘Darwin working from home’ lets you explore objects from Darwin’s study and garden at Down House to learn how he worked and what he had to say about it. And not…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts of the letters are not yet available online but are in volume 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin, published by Cambridge…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to adapt to varying conditions. The implications of Darwin’s work for the boundary between animals …
  • … studies of animal instincts by George John Romanes drew upon Darwin’s early observations of infants, …
  • … of evolution and creation. Many letters flowed between Darwin and his children, as he took delight …
  • … Financial support for science was a recurring issue, as Darwin tried to secure a Civil List pension …
  • … with Samuel Butler, prompted by the publication of Erasmus Darwin the previous year. …
  • … Charles Harrison Tindal, sent a cache of letters from two of Darwin’s grandfather’s clerical friends …
  • … divines to see a pig’s body opened is very amusing’, Darwin replied, ‘& that about my …
  • … registry offices, and produced a twenty-page history of the Darwin family reaching back to the …
  • … the world’ ( letter from J. L. Chester, 3 March 1880 ). Darwin’s sons George and Leonard also …
  • … and conciliate a few whose ancestors had not featured in Darwin’s Life . ‘In an endeavour to …
  • … think I must pay a round of visits.’ One cousin, Reginald Darwin, warmed to George: ‘he had been …
  • … an ordinary mortal who could laugh’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin to Charles and Emma Darwin, 22 July …
  • … whose essay on Erasmus’s scientific work complemented Darwin’s biographical piece. Krause’s essay …
  • … Kosmos in February 1879, an issue produced in honour of Darwin’s birthday. Krause enlarged and …
  • … superficial and inaccurate piece of work’, although Darwin advised him not to ‘expend much powder …
  • … in the last sentence. When Butler read Erasmus Darwin , he noted the reference to his work, and …
  • … the position I have taken as regards D r Erasmus Darwin in my book Evolution old & New, and …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …
  • … de Vries and Julius Wiesner on the causes of plant movement, Darwin wrote on 25 July, ‘I am …
  • … is here the cure for all evils’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [24 and 25 July 1878] ). …
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