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To J. D. Hooker   7 April [1859]

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Summary

Has read first sheets of JDH’s Flora Tasmaniae [introductory] essay [published separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)]. Criticises lack of evidence supporting views that best marked varieties occur at edges of range of species and that species remain under cultivation for many generations and suddenly begin to vary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Apr [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2450

Matches: 3 hits

To J. D. Hooker   [22 November 1859]

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CD hopes Woodward was not the Athenæum reviewer. "The manner in which he drags in immortality, & sets the Priests at me … is base".

JDH has made CD feel he can "face a score of savage reviewers".

H. C. Watson has written to him in tremendous praise of the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2542

Matches: 4 hits

To J. D. Hooker   6 May [1859]

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JDH’s comments on style of Origin MS leave CD confused.

CD advises on how to get Acacia to set seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 May [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2458

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   6 May [1859] …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 July [1859] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 July [1859] . …
  • Hooker’s views on reversion were given in Hooker 1859, pp. viii–ix. CD’s copy of Hooker 1859 is in the Darwin Library–CUL; these pages were annotated by CD, and three passages are marked ‘good’. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] . …

To J. D. Hooker   21 [December 1859]

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Summary

Delighted JDH coming to Down. They will discuss Origin. JDH’s remarks that theory explains too much are excellent, yet CD cannot see his error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2591

Matches: 3 hits

From J. D. Hooker   [9 March 1859]

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Outlines the basic categories of phanerogams.

Places Gymnospermae in the dicotyledons.

Evaluates the variable utility of embryological characters in plant classification.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 Mar 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 152–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2428

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [9 March 1859] …
  • Hooker’s ‘note on embryology’. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 March [1859] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] . …
  • Hooker was one of the few botanists who believed that the Coniferae were highly developed plants in taxonomic terms. See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from J.  D. Hooker, 22 November 1856 . Hooker 1859. …

To J. D. Hooker   26 [December 1859]

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High, detailed praise for introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae [reprinted as On the flora of Australia (1859)]. CD expects it to convert botanists from doctrine of immutable creation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 33, 30a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2606

Matches: 3 hits

To J. D. Hooker   11 May [1859]

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JDH finds style of CD’s MS obscure.

CD wary of JDH’s starting point on variability: it is not inherent, it does not lead necessarily to divergence, and it must be distinguished from inheritance.

Asa Gray has misread CD’s views on pre-glacial migrations and botched the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 May [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2461

Matches: 2 hits

From J. D. Hooker   [15 March 1863]

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JDH battling with Lyell over treatment of species question in Antiquity of man. Distressed by Lyell’s raising false priority issue between JDH and CD. Falconer involved in a priority squabble.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 117–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4040

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 420, Lyell referred to Hooker’s assertion in J.  D. Hooker 1859 , p.  viii, that ‘species …
  • … and n.  17. Hooker’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniæ ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ) was …
  • … published in June, 1859’. Hooker’s Flora Tasmaniæ (J.  D.  Hooker 1860a) was published in …
  • J.  D.  Hooker, [24 March 1863] ). He was apparently misled by an erroneous statement on the first page of J.  D.  Hooker 1859 , …
  • Hooker, on the theory of “Creation by variation” as applied to the vegetable kingdom’, in which he discussed J.  D.  Hooker 1859 . Hooker was mistaken in his recollection (see n.  7, above, letter to J.  D.   …

From J. D. Hooker   [2 June 1866]

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He is not grieved at CD’s omissions of his [JDH’s] work [from Origin, 4th ed.]. It proves nothing – claims only to be illustration of using CD’s methods.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 June 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5110

Matches: 1 hit

To J. D. Hooker   29 [December 1859]

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Queries possible misprint in JDH’s introduction to Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2613

Matches: 2 hits

From J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1858]

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At work on the introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

Discusses the effects of climate and geography on "vegetable strife".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2367

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday before CD’s reply (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [23 November 1858] ). Hooker 1859. …
  • J.  D. Hooker, 14 November [1858] . Letter from W.  H. de Vriese to J.  D. Hooker, 21 September 1858. In his letter, Vriese had failed to answer CD’s question. Hooker considered this question in Hooker 1859, …

To J. D. Hooker   11 April [1859]

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Murray has read first three chapters of Origin and abides by his offer to publish.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Apr [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2452

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 April [1859] …
  • J.  D. Hooker, 11 March [1859] ). CD requested their return in the letter to J.  D. Hooker,2 April [1859] . …

To J. D. Hooker   24 December [1866]

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Has finished Variation. May insert a chapter on man.

Still puzzled by seeds of Adenanthera.

New Zealand and Borneo flora problems continued.

Fritz Müller found six genera of dimorphic plants in one day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 309, 309b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5321

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Freeman 1978 ). Hooker’s essay on the Australian flora ( J.  D.  Hooker 1859 ) was written …
  • J.  D.  Hooker 1860b), but was published separately. CD’s annotated copy of J.  D.  Hooker 1859   …

To J. D. Hooker   [27 October or 3 November 1859]

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More detailed comments on JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae]. Remarks on struggle of vegetation are admirable.

JDH will receive Origin in about ten days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 Oct or 3 Nov] 1859
Classmark:  DAR 115: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2512

Matches: 4 hits

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   5 January 1860

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Opinions on the Origin: AG thinks it masterly; Agassiz considers it very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2638

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker was J.  D.  Hooker’s mother. She was suffering from ‘inflammation in the cavity of the Tibia’ (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [12 December 1859] …

From J. D. Hooker   26 November 1862

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Returns Asa Gray letter. Gray has made a great blunder in his criticism of Oliver: he mistakes perpetuation of a variety for "propagation of variation". Confusion between "action of physical causes" and "effects of physical causes". Neither crossing nor natural selection has made so many divergent individuals, but simply variation. "If once you hold that natural selection can create a character your whole doctrine tumbles to the ground." CD’s failure to convey this, and the false doctrine that "like produces like" is at bottom of half the scientific infidelity to CD’s doctrine. There is something to the objection that CD has made a deus ex machina of natural selection since he neglects to dwell on the facts of infinite incessant variations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3831

Matches: 1 hit

  • Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . CD, Hooker, and Charles Lyell had corresponded extensively on this point (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [20 December 1859] , …

To J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1859]

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Curious about author of review of Origin in Athenæum.

W. B. Carpenter has written and sounds converted, as has Quatrefages [de Bréau], who will "go a long way with" CD.

Has been ill and thus had time to brood about reception of book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2537

Matches: 2 hits

To J. D. Hooker   23 [April 1861]

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Lieut. F. W. Hutton’s original review [Geologist 4 (1861): 132–6, 183–8] understands that mutability cannot be directly proved.

CD met Bentham at Linnean Society and asked him to write up his views on mutability.

Opinion of Owen.

Conversation with Lyell on antiquity of man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 [Apr 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3098

Matches: 2 hits

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [20 December 1859] ; …
  • Hooker 1859 on its own merits in his review ([R.  Owen] 1860b), see Correspondence vol.  8, letters to Asa Gray , 25 April [1860] , and to J.  D.  Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   5 [March 1859]

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Will read JDH’s printers’ slips on variation.

CD has been so ill, he wonders whether he will get his book done, though so nearly completed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 [Mar 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2424

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 [March 1859] …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] . CD refers to the proof-sheets of Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   3 February [1868]

Summary

Comments on Wollaston’s troubles

and his book [Coleoptera Hesperidum (1867)].

Mohl’s claim to foreign membership in Royal Society very strong.

Has been in despair about Variation – not worth a fifth part of the labour it cost him.

Is reading F. A. W. Miquel’s Flora du Japon [Prolusio florae Japonicae (1866–7)]; wonders whether A. Murray could be correct in his view that an area of the sea prevented Asiatico-Japan flora colonising western N. America.

Comments on A. Murray’s book [Geographical distribution of mammals (1866)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 44–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5835

Matches: 1 hit

  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 1 February 1868 . CD refers to J.  D.  Hooker 1867, 1853, 1859, 1860, …
Document type
letter (115)
Addressee
Date
1856 (1)
1857 (1)
1858 (6)
1859 (40)
1860 (14)
1861 (2)
1862 (7)
1863 (13)
1864 (5)
1865 (6)
1866 (4)
1867 (4)
1868 (3)
1869 (2)
1874 (1)
1879 (2)
1880 (2)
1881 (2)
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