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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To G. H. Darwin   2 May [1876]

Summary

Comments on the reaction of geologists to GHD’s work on elevation of continents.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  2 May [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10493

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 22, letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] and n. 5). George intended to consult John …

To Nature   6 May [1876]

Summary

Reports seeing flowers of wild cherry bitten off in same manner as primroses [see 9418 and 9444]. In this case it was done by a squirrel, though birds also bite the flowers of the cherry-tree.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  6 May [1876]
Classmark:  Nature, 11 May 1876, p. 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10498

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the same phenomenon with respect to primrose flowers in Nature , 23 April 1874, p. …
  • … 482, and 14 May 1874, pp. 24–5 ( Correspondence vol. …
  • … 22, letters to Nature , 18 April [1874] and 7 …
  • … and 11 May [1874]). …

From Moritz Schiff   8 May 1876

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Summary

Has repeated his observations and experiments used in Insectivorous plants; finds them sound.

Revises his reference to production of pepsin.

Author:  Moritz Schiff
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May 1876
Classmark:  DAR 86: B8–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10500

Matches: 4 hits

  • … physiological laboratory of Florence; Schiff 1874 ), a revised and augmented edition of …
  • … Hermann Loescher. Schiff, Moritz. 1874. Sopra il metodo seguito negli esperimenti sugli …
  • … Richard Fraser, although some time between 1874 and 1877 he left Edinburgh to serve as …
  • … of health for mid-Cheshire ( ODNB ). In 1874, Schiff had published Sopra il metodo sequito …

From Ernst Haeckel   9 May 1876

Summary

Sends Die Perigenesis der Plastidule [1876]. Comments on CD’s theory of Pangenesis. Explains his own theory of Perigenesis.

Returns Webb and Berthelot, Îles Canaries; Géographie botanique [1840].

Describes work on 3d ed. of Anthropogenie.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10501

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vols. 17–23 and this volume). Haeckel 1874 and Haeckel 1868b. CD had mentioned to Haeckel …

From James Murphy   10 May 1876

Summary

A reader of Descent offers two items: 1. Masters observed a pericardial fold in humans and other mammals which is a vestigial left superior vena cava;

2. JM suggests the frenum of the human penis became necessary for vis-à-vis copulation when man became bipedal.

Author:  James Murphy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 323
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10503

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Marshall, John. 1849. On the development of …

To G. J. Romanes   29 May [1876]

Summary

Encloses essay by Haeckel criticising Pangenesis [Die Perigenesis der Plastidule (1876)]. Discusses Haeckel’s theory of inheritance.

Asks about the Physiological Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  29 May [1876]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.493)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10516

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Elsberg, Louis. 1874. Regeneration, or the preservation of organic molecules: …
  • … organic molecules by Louis Elsberg ( Elsberg 1874 ) in Haeckel 1876a, p. 73; at the end of …

From G. H. Darwin   31 May 1876

Summary

His paper on the alterations of the poles and changes in level of continents is in shape.

Sends Cambridge news.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 May 1876
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10519

Matches: 1 hit

  • … practised as barrister in London since 1874, when he also commenced private experiments in …

To G. J. Romanes   4 June [1876]

Summary

Joseph Fayrer can supply cobra poison.

Discusses vivisection.

Mentions visit to the John Hawkshaws.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  4 June [1876]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.494)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10529

Matches: 2 hits

  • … cobra poison from Joseph Fayrer via Thomas Lauder Brunton in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 22, letter from Joseph Fayrer, 17 June 1874 ). Romanes had asked for poison for his work …

From J. H. Kidder   5 June 1876

Summary

Sends his papers ["Contributions to the natural history of Kerguelen Island", U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 1, nos. 2, 3 (1876)], which are inspired by Journal of researches.

Author:  Jerome Henry Kidder
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 169: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10533

Matches: 2 hits

  • … had been surgeon and naturalist to the 1874–5 American transit of Venus expedition to …
  • … the American transit-of-Venus expedition, 1874–5. Bulletin of the United States National …

To A. R. Wallace   17 June 1876

Summary

Further detailed comments on Geographical distribution.

Base treatment [of George Darwin] by Mivart in Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 40–77].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  17 June 1876
Classmark:  British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10538

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Base treatment [of George Darwin] by Mivart in Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 40–77]. …
  • … Bibliography Blanford, Henry Francis. 1874. On the age and correlations of the plant- …
  • … Oceanic continent. [Read 16 December 1874. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] ]Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. Mivart, St George Jackson. 1876. …
  • … Australia in geological time ( Blanford 1874 , p. 540). However, no correspondence with CD …
  • … in the Quarterly Review was [Mivart] 1874 ; George’s article was ‘Beneficial restrictions …
  • … 22, letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 , and Correspondence vol. 23, letter from …

To Auguste Forel   19 June 1876

Summary

Asks how the Coleoptera that inhabit the nests of ants colonise a new nest. Wallace has suggested their ova become attached to winged female ants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Date:  19 June 1876
Classmark:  Universität Zürich, Archiv für Medizingeschichte (AfM ZH PN 31.2:794)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10539

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 22; see also Forel 1874 ). …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & …
  • … and Newport 1845–7 . CD and Forel corresponded about ants in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. …

From J. D. Hooker   20 June 1876

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Summary

JDH’s suggested text for Lyell’s tablet in Westminster Abbey.

Vigner[?] separates digestive principle from Nepenthes, disproving R. L. Tait.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 104: 57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10540

Matches: 1 hit

  • … John Stevens Henslow’s daughter; she died in 1874. Harriet Anne Hooker was Hooker’s eldest …

From Auguste Forel   23 June 1876

Summary

Coleoptera inhabiting ants’ nests. Means of colonisation of new nests.

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 164: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10545

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & Furrer. [ …
  • … Auguste Forel, 19 June 1876 . See Forel 1874 , pp. 422–8. Forel refers to Philipp Wilbrand …
  • … Forel 1920 , p. 276). Anergates ( Forel 1874 , p. 67) is a synonym of Tetramorium . …
  • … Tetramorium caespitum . Forel refers to Lubbock 1874–7 , Vitus Graber and Graber 1875 (The …
  • … London: John Murray. 1875. Lubbock, John. 1874–7. Observations on the habits of ants, …
  • … and wasps. [Read 19 March and 17 December 1874, 4 November 1875, and 1 February 1877. ] …
  • … Suisse (Ants of Switzerland; Forel 1874 , p. 401), Forel suggested isolating unfertilised …

From Bruno Schreiber   24 June 1876

Summary

Describes cosmological ideas of Christian Radenhausen.

Author:  Bruno Schreiber
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 177: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10548

Matches: 1 hit

  • … writer. There is a copy of Radenhausen 1874–6 (Osiris: world laws in the history of the …

To John Scott   1 July 1876

Summary

CD has read the two reports on culture of poppies with interest and has planted seeds.

Suggests an experiment for evidence on whether plants, thought merely varieties, are like species and fail to intercross, despite insect pollination.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  1 July 1876
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10555

Matches: 4 hits

  • … somniferum ) there. Scott had sent five copies each of the reports for the 1874 and 1875 …
  • … growing seasons ( Scott 1874 and 1876) to the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In a letter to …
  • … Linnéenne de Lyon 7: 373–518. Scott, John. 1874. Report on the experimental culture of the …
  • … is subject for the season ending 15th April 1874 . Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Press. …

To Edmund Gurney   8 July 1876

Summary

Read EG’s article ["Some disputed points in music", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 20 (1876): 106–30]. Diversity of musical taste in man indicates that it is acquired during individuals’ lives. The origin of the "sense of sublimity".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edmund Gurney
Date:  8 July 1876
Classmark:  LL 3: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10559

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Gurney, Edmund. 1876. On some disputed …

To Hermann Müller   7 August 1876

Summary

Comments on Fritz Müller’s article on Hedychium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  7 Aug 1876
Classmark:  DAR 146: 437
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10572

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Gammie (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters from J. A. Gammie, 16 February 1874 and …
  • … 28 August 1874 ). …
  • … pp. 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. …
  • … 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. …
  • … 129–30; 12 November 1874, pp. …
  • … 32–3; 10 December 1874, pp. …
  • … 110–12; 31 December 1874, pp. 169–71; 20 May 1875, pp. 50–1; 8 July 1875, pp. 190–1; 13 …

To R. D. Fitzgerald   18 August [1876]

Summary

Thanks for RDF’s Australian orchids [1874]. It comes just as CD’s Orchids [2d ed.] is going to press.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert David Fitzgerald
Date:  18 Aug [1876]
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (A 2546)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10579

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Thanks for RDF’s Australian orchids [1874]. It comes just as CD’s Orchids [2d ed. ] is …

From Milan Radovanović   18 August 1876

Summary

Sends Serbian edition of Ernst Haeckel’s Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte translated by his late brother.

Serbian edition of Origin, translated by MMR, not yet published because of war with Turks.

Author:  Milan Marinković (Milan) Radovanović
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Aug 1876
Classmark:  DAR 176: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10580

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Origin in his letter of 17 September 1874 ( Correspondence vol. 22). CD’s response to …

To Smith, Elder & Co.   21 August [1876]

Summary

Asks for tougher paper to be used for maps in Coral reefs, 2d ed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  21 Aug [1876]
Classmark:  Lehigh University Libraries Special Collections (Honeyman Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10582

Matches: 2 hits

  • … edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. Geological observations 2d ed. : Geological …
  • … published by Smith, Elder & Co. in 1874), pl. 3, showing an overview of the distribution …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

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  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

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  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …
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