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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From John Murray   25 September [1873]

Summary

Acknowledges CD’s cheque.

Sends CD cheque for profits on Orchids and a statement of stock on hand of CD’s works [missing].

Origin and Expression sales are stagnant.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 437, DAR 210.11: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9071

Matches: 6 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …
  • … prepared for your new works notwithstanding Chas Darwin Esq Dr Darwin on Orchids Cr 1862
  • 1862 June To Printing 1500 No 89 1 9 June By 1500 Copies " 48 1 4 Reams paper 51 17 4 5 …
  • … Cooper do 53 2 – 732 685 on Hand June 1862 " Advertising 27 4 – 768 Sold viz " Com n to …
  • … Trade 25 as 24 6/ 103 4 – 410 do " " 6/5 126 8 2 1862 768 June By Balance deficiency 45 5 …
  • … 1 274 17 3 274 17 3 1862 June To Balance deficiency 45 5 1 June By 685 on hand Sep " …

From E. A. Darwin   [1873–81]

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Summary

Notes on the shoveller, taken from John Gould’s Birds of Great Britain [1862–73].

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873–81]
Classmark:  DAR 69: 47–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13790

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Notes on the shoveller, taken from John Gould’s Birds of Great Britain [1862–73]. …

From W. H. Hall   5 March 1873

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Summary

Asks CD about the origin of certain expressions in man.

Author:  William Honnywill Hall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 53.2: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8800

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou analyse …
  • … electrical stimulation of the frontal muscles of the forehead ( Duchenne 1862 , p.  18). …
  • … CD’s annotated copy of Duchenne 1862  is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 209– …

From Gerard Krefft   3 May 1873

Summary

Suggests hopping lizards may show the connection between reptiles and birds as proposed by Huxley.

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 169: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8895

Matches: 4 hits

  • … nearly every part of Australia ( Krefft 1862 , p.  30). For more on bipedalism in agamid …
  • … Enciclopedia Italiana. 1960–. Krefft, Gerard. 1862. On the vertebrated animals of the …
  • … habits, economy, and geographical distribution. [Read 10 September 1862. ] Transactions of …
  • … Philosophical Society of New South Wales (1862–5): 1–33. Maiden, J. H. 1908. Records of …

From A. W. Bennett   12 July 1873

Summary

Believes some flowers fail to produce seed because of the access of too great a quantity of pollen. Asks for CD’s opinion and references.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8976

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a microscope in his experiments with Viola in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] ). …

To Edward Frankland   12 July 1873

Summary

Seeks the assistance of a professional chemist in securing a qualitative analysis of the fluid secreted by the glands of Drosera which have the power of dissolving animal matter out of the bodies of insects. [See 8979.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  12 July 1873
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8977A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … with gelatine and pure sodium carbonate in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … A.  W.  Hofmann, 27 June 1862, and Insectivorous plants , pp.  111 and 176). Thomas Henry …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   19 November [1873]

Summary

Sends the very little globulin and haemoglobin he has to be tested with artificial gastric juice. He could get more from Samuel William Moore. Perhaps T. L. Brunton knows about the digestion of chlorophyll by animals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  19 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9155

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter from A.  W.  von Hofmann, 27 June 1862, and Insectivorous plants , pp.  110–11). …
  • … Insectivorous plants , pp.  111 and 126. In 1862, August Wilhelm von Hofmann had supplied …

To T. L. Brunton   3 December 1873

Summary

Is interested in comparative nutritive values of chondrin and gelatin. The former seems to excite Drosera more, though albumen does so to a higher degree than either. Also asks if chlorophyll is digested by animals; Drosera digests it hardly at all.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  3 Dec 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9168

Matches: 2 hits

  • … C.  Moore was evidently written in error). In 1862, Hofmann had supplied CD with gelatine …
  • … from A.  W.  von Hofmann, 27 June 1862). CD described his experiments with chlorophyll and …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   14 September [1873]

Summary

Very pleased at JSBS’s discovery ["On the electrical phenomena which accompany the contractions of the leaf of Dionaea muscipula", Rep. BAAS 43 (1873): 133].

Asks for pure animal substances [proteins] for Drosera experiments. His other sources have been T. L. Brunton, Edward Frankland, W. A. Miller (now dead), and Hoffmann of Berlin [A. W. von Hofmann?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  14 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9056

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Miller had died in 1870 ( ODNB ). In 1862, Hofmann had supplied thin sheets of gelatine …
  • … letter from A.  W.  von Hofmann, 27 June 1862, and Insectivorous plants , pp.  110–11). …

From Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen   [1873?]

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Summary

Translation of some of his annotations in Dutch edition of Expression.

Author:  Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 53.1: B44–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8712

Matches: 2 hits

  • … refers to Pieter Harting and Harting 1862–74 . A.  W.  T.  Juynbol. Hartogh Heijs van …
  • … India. London: Ray Society. Harting, Pieter. 1862–74. Leerboek van de grondbeginselen der …

To Francis Darwin   10 October 1873

Summary

Asks for details about microscope parts.

Wants FD to ask Hooker for species of Desmodium; CD believes he has found new movements.

Also ask whether Hooker has Drosophyllum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9095

Matches: 1 hit

  • … had received specimens from Kew in October 1862 and July 1877, but there is no record of …

From W. W. Keen   26 September 1873

Summary

Sends corrections of Descent and Expression.

Author:  William Williams Keen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 89: 24–5, DAR 169: 2, and Expression 2d ed., p. 169 n. 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9072

Matches: 2 hits

  • … York: Charles Scribner. Marsh, George Perkins. 1862. The origin and history of the English …
  • … literature it embodies ( G.  P.  Marsh 1862 ). See Descent 1: 149. CD did not add the …

From Anton Dohrn   7 June 1873

Summary

News of Naples Zoological Station developments.

His remarks on physiology in the Academy were aimed at Prof. Ludwig and his school.

The usual "exact" methods in experimental physiology want only a little pushing to put an end to superstition.

Recounts how he had worked out the explanation of Rhizocephala morphology via the Anelasma – an example of both the power of inheritance and the power of genealogical investigation. R. Kossman’s work has now confirmed AD’s explanation.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8937

Matches: 2 hits

  • … was attached to the host (F.  Müller 1862, pp.  1, 4–5). CD, after reading Müller’s …
  • … the assimilation of nutrients (F.  Müller 1862, p.  8). Robby August Kossmann had written …

From C. H. Blackley   7 July 1873

Summary

Thanks for copy of Wyman’s book.

His own recent researches [on pollen] at high altitudes were inspired by CD’s account in Journal of researches of distances dust may travel.

Author:  Charles Harrison Blackley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8967

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Phoebus wrote a study of hay fever (Phoebus 1862). CD had discussed collecting atmospheric …

To Francis Darwin   [4 September 1873]

Summary

Asks FD to bring any book that gives the affinities of the various earths, alkalis and metals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [4 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 271.9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9040F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … an 1871 reprint of the first edition (Watts 1862–8), and a supplement to the first edition …

To Mary Treat   1 January 1873

Summary

Asks for certain observations to be made on Drosera and Dionaea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Lua Adelia (Mary) Treat
Date:  1 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Amy Nagashima (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8719

Matches: 1 hit

  • … had worked on Drosera between 1860 and 1862 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10); he resumed …

From C. H. Schaible   17 February 1873

Summary

Sends copy of Vinzenz Czerny [Beziehungen der Chirurgie (1872)], which applies Darwinian principles to pathology.

Recommends illustrations dealing with expression in the Atlas of K. H. Baumgärtner’s Kranken-Physiognomik [1839].

Author:  Carl Heinrich Schaible
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 177: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8771

Matches: 1 hit

  • … had been professor of pathology in Freiburg until 1862. In his study of the physiognomy of …

From J. D. Hooker   12 January 1873

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Summary

Drosophyllum is coming from Dublin. Will ship it to Down when it arrives.

The awful honour of Presidency of Royal Society; his aversion to dignities and honours.

R. Strachey [Proc. R. Geogr. Soc. (1873): 450] has paid him and CD a compliment.

Letter from Gladstone.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 146–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8732

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bentham, Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83). Richard Strachey’s paper was read …

From C.-F. Reinwald   4 March 1873

Summary

Recounts the difficulties in preparing the French translation of Origin: the 1870 war, the illness and death of J. J. Moulinié, the alterations and additions from the 6th English edition. Despite competition from Royer’s three editions, Reinwald is contemplating a new edition.

Descent, vol. 1, has almost sold out. Offers CD £40 for rights to reprint a corrected version of Descent.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8797

Matches: 1 hit

  • … English edition of Origin (Royer trans.  1862, Royer trans.  1866, and Royer trans.   …

From Robert Swinhoe   26 March 1873

Summary

Discusses expression among the Chinese. Reports certain physical characters and the practice of certain unusual customs.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 177: 336
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8824

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter from Robert Swinhoe, 12 November 1862 , and Variation 1: 148). CD cited Swinhoe for …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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