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To J. D. Hooker   [29 December 1880]

Summary

Asks JDH to read the enclosed Memorial, sign it, and send it to T. H. Huxley.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 Dec 1880]
Classmark:  Jeffrey Winograd (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11300F

From W. E. Darwin   10 February [1880]

Summary

"Dia" [as a prefix] means "through, across".

WED’s wife would like to meet the Huxleys.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 209.7: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11352

From B. J. Sulivan   2 January [1880]

Summary

Repeats extracts of a letter received from Bishop Stirling’s daughter containing anecdotes and observations of the Fuegian natives.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 308
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11818

From Francis Darwin   [before 15 December 1880]

Summary

Will stay until London until after the Linnean Society meeting unless CD wants anything. Asks to send abstracts of papers. Has made short abstracts of papers for Nature.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 15 Dec 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12379F

From William Clowes & Sons   [before 8 November 1880]

Summary

Explains delay in printing proofs [of Movement in plants?].

Author:  William Clowes & Sons
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 8 Nov 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12380

From James Torbitt   [18 March 1880]

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Summary

On the disease-resisting qualities and yield of certain potatoes.

Author:  James Torbitt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [18 Mar 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 52: E15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12381

To W. E. Darwin   [before 16 September 1880]

Summary

Wants some more rubber bands for his wrist.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [before 16 September 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12383

From Maria   [1880–2]

Summary

On the Christian God; questioning of CD’s religious beliefs.

Author:  Maria
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1880–2]
Classmark:  DAR 201: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12385

To Maria   [1880–2]

Summary

Regrets he has not time to develop points touched on in her letter and that he does not understand what information she wants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maria
Date:  [1880–2]
Classmark:  DAR 201: 24v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12386

From Maria   [1880–2]

Summary

Writes at length on importance of God and Catholicism, and the need to seek salvation.

Author:  Maria
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1880–2]
Classmark:  DAR 201: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12387

From O. A. Ainslie   2[5] November 188[0]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s letter, and further discussion of the sale of Tromer Lodge.

Author:  Oliver Alexander Ainslie
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2[5] Nov 188[0]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 11b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12388

To Williams & Norgate   [before 4 September 1880]

Summary

Requests a list of books.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  [before 4 Sept 1880]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (11 July 2017)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12390F

To Horace Darwin   1 January 1880

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Summary

Arrangements regarding HD’s allowances.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 185: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12392

From C. H. Tindal   1 January 1880

Summary

Encloses extracts from the correspondence of [the Ven. Robert] Clive concerning Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  Charles Harrison Tindal
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 227.7: 11–13,16,18, 25, 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12392F

From Samuel Butler   2 January 1880

Summary

Asks CD for reference to the edition of Kosmos that contains the original of Ernst Krause’s article on Dr Erasmus Darwin. There are serious differences between the translation by W. S. Dallas and the Feb [1879] article by Krause on which CD, in the preface to Erasmus Darwin, says it was based. SB notes in particular that the concluding sentence of the translation, which is clearly aimed at [SB’s] Evolution, old and new, is not in the original. Since readers will assume the text of Erasmus Darwin was written before his book appeared, SB asks for an explanation.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B65–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12393

From Joseph Prestwich   2 January 1880

Summary

Having reviewed the history of the Glen Roy debate ["On the origin of the parallel roads of Lochaber, and their bearing on other phenomena of the glacial period", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 170 (1880): 663–776], JP wishes to know whether it is accurate to say CD has abandoned the marine theory.

Author:  Joseph Prestwich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 174: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12394

To Samuel Butler   3 January 1880

Summary

Krause altered the MS [of his essay on Erasmus Darwin] considerably before sending it to be translated. This is a common practice, but CD now regrets he did not state in his preface that the article had been modified. The translation had been arranged before SB’s book [Evolution, old and new] was announced.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  British Library (Add MS 34486 D ff. 84–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12396

To Joseph Prestwich   3 January 1880

Summary

JP is right; CD gave up [Glen Roy theory] when he read T. F. Jamieson ["On the parallel roads of Glen Roy", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 19 (1863): 235–58].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Prestwich
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 147: 253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12397

From J.-H. Fabre   3 January 1880

Summary

Sends a copy of his Souvenirs entomologiques [1879].

Author:  Jean-Henri Casimir (Jean-Henri) Fabre
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 164: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12398

To B. J. Sulivan   3 January 1880

Summary

Returns BJS’s Christmas good wishes.

The progress of Tierra del Fuego is almost as wonderful as that of Japan.

Is sorry to hear about Mellersh.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Date:  3 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 147: 515
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12399
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Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1866] ; 8 June [1867-72?] ) and Sophy ( 8 October [1880] ). The …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 12742 - Darwin, H. to Darwin, [7 October 1880] Horace writes to his father …
  • … Letter 12745 - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S., [8 October 1880] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … 12760 - Wedgwood, K. E. S. to Darwin, [15 October 1880] Darwin’s niece, Sophy, …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms featured in the news announcement in May 2014 that a citizen science project had been launched to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … His interest in earthworms never waned, but it was not until 1880 that he began to draw together the …
  • … present!’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton Dyer, 23 November [1880] (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew)). In …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 12389 - Johnson, M. to Darwin, [January 1880] Mary Johnson tells Darwin about her …
  • … 12745 - Darwin to Wedg wood, K. E. S., [8 October 1880] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … 12760 - Wedgw ood, K. E. S. to Darwin, [15 October 1880] Darwin’s niece, Katherine …
  • … publication of  The Movement  of Plants   in 1880 and his “assistance” is proudly …
  • … publication of  The Movement  of Plants   in 1880 and his “assistance” is proudly …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 14 October [1862] To Joseph Prestwich, 3 January 1880

Earthworms

Summary

As with many of Darwin’s research topics, his interest in worms spanned nearly his entire working life. Some of his earliest correspondence about earthworms was written and received in the 1830s, shortly after his return from his Beagle voyage, and his…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … alone. Similarly, The Power of Movements in Plants (1880) was a study of incredible empirical …
  • … Letter 12745 - Darwin to Sophy Wedgwood, 8 October 1880 Darwin writes to his niece …
  • … weeds, in a gravel path.” [ Letter 12760 , 15 October 1880] Letter 13406 - Mary …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on experiments for The Power of Movement in Plants (1880). The correspondence between Darwin …
  • … to his theory of evolution by natural selection. This 1880 book sought to illustrate that evolution …
  • … Darwin, C.R. The power of movement in plants. 1880. London: John Murray. Chapter nine: …
  • … publication of  The Power of Movement in Plants in 1880. After reading Chapter Nine of …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 12610 : Preston, S. T. to Darwin, 20 May 1880 In correspondence with the engineer …
  • … Letter 12615 : Darwin, C. R. to Preston, S. T., 22 May 1880 "My conviction as yet …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 12757 — Darwin, C. R. to Aveling, E. B., 13 Oct 1880 In this letter marked “private”, …
  • … Letter 12879 — Darwin, C. R. to Fegan, J. W. C., [Dec 1880 – Feb 1881] Darwin writes to J. W. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … supported Fegan’s work in the village, writing in 1880 or 1881: ‘your services have done more for …
  • … in the village’ (letter to J. W. C. Fegan, [December 1880 – February 1881] ). Indeed, the Darwin …

Florence Caroline Dixie

Summary

On October 29th 1880, Lady Florence Dixie wrote a letter to Charles Darwin from her home in the Scottish Borders; “Whilst reading the other day your very interesting account of A Naturalist’s Voyage round the world,” she said, “I came across a passage…of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … On October 29th 1880, Lady Florence Dixie wrote a letter to Charles Darwin from her home in …
  • … species, as detailed in her book Across Patagonia (1880). Perhaps most famously, Dixie …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 12389 - Johnson, M. to Darwin, [January 1880] Mary Johnson tells Darwin about a …

Volume 26 (1878) available now

Summary

Investigating the movements and 'sleep' of plants, finally elected a corresponding member of the French Académie des sciences, trying to secure a government grant to support an Irish correspondent's attempts to breed a blight-resistant…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and specimens. His work on plant movement was published in 1880; Francis published some of their …

Hunt for new letters: last chance!

Summary

Think you know of a letter to or from Darwin that we haven’t found? Let us know! Although we already know of more than 15,000 letters that Darwin exchanged with nearly 2000 correspondents around the world, letters continue to come to light in both…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … editors established that the letter was written by Darwin in 1880 to a pharmacist in Chicago, Herod …

George Robert Waterhouse

Summary

George Waterhouse was born on 6 March 1810 in Somers Town, North London. His father was a solicitor’s clerk and an amateur lepidopterist. George was educated from 1821-24 at Koekelberg near Brussels. On his return he worked for a time as an apprentice to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … He remained at the British Museum until his retirement in 1880, but his early skills in architecture …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … this topic together ( The Power of Movement in Plants, 1880). Perhaps Francis Darwin, whom the …

Volume 27 (1879) now published

Summary

In 1879, Darwin continued his research on movement in plants and researched, wrote, and published a short biography of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin as an introduction to a translation of an essay by Ernst Krause on Erasmus’s scientific work. Darwin’s son…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Farrer was won round, and the wedding was planned for early 1880.   …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1861, in 1863 and 1864, from 1871 to 1875, and in 1878 and 1880 (CD’s Classed account books (Down …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to England by the Patagonian Missionary Society , and in 1880, Sulivan was instrumental in …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … distribution [but see Wallace’s Island life (1880), p. 323]. …
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