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To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter   21 March [1843–82]

Summary

Requests a mixture of verdigris, sal ammoniac, and lamp-black.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  21 Mar [1843–82]
Classmark:  Bromley Central Library, Local Studies Library and Archives (Baxter Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13772

To Edward Cresy   26 [December 1843 – April 1846 or September 1855 – October 1860?]

Summary

Says Hooker does not want plant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Cresy, Jr
Date:  26 [Dec 1843 - Apr 1846 or Sept 1855 - Oct 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 311
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13787

To [Susan? Darwin]   [1843 – 8 March 1846]

Summary

Reports events at Down.

The "atrocious doings" of "Old Price". Price’s dispute with Sir John Lubbock over a boundary fence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  [1843 – 8 Mar 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 154: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13798

To the London Library   1 February [1843 or later]

Summary

Orders John Pye Smith’s book [Relations between the Holy Scriptures and some parts of geological science (1839)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  London Library
Date:  1 Feb [1843 or later]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (Corbett Autograph Collection MS21/3/1/39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13821

To ?   1 March [1843 or later]

Summary

Regrets not having a duplicate of one of his books to give away. "You will before long no doubt be able to borrow a copy."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  1 Mar [1843-82]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (12 November 1963)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13865

To ?   7 August [1843–68?]

Summary

Declines invitation to ride because he is "so very subject to headache".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  7 Aug [1843-68]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (24 October 1979)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13867

To ?   23 January [1843–6 or 1856–69]

Summary

Obliged for memoir with illustrations on most interesting point [unspecified] to occur in many years.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  23 Jan [1843-6 or 1856-69]
Classmark:  Edward Ford (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13873

To Samuel Pickworth Woodward   [14 January 1843]

Summary

Asks SPW to have obsidian specimens and book [Dieudonné de Gratet de Dolomieu, Voyage aux îles de Lipari (1783)] ready when he comes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward; Geological Society of London
Date:  [14 Jan 1843]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-652

From [G. R. Waterhouse]   [1943?]

Summary

Cancelled: enclosures to DCP-LETT-869. List of recent and fossil mammalian species of Brazil.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1843?]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 173–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-655

From [G. R. Waterhouse]   [1943?]

Summary

Cancelled: enclosures to DCP-LETT-869. List of fossil Mammalia from the caverns of Minas Gerais purchased by the British Museum from Claussen.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1843?]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-656

To Richard Owen   [March 1843 – 15 May 1846]

Summary

Invites the Owens to stay at Down, joining Falconer and a few others.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [Mar 1843 –15 May 1846]
Classmark:  Michael H. McHugh (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-657

To Smith, Elder & Co.   [14 January 1843]

Summary

Asks for account.

Discusses delay of Reptiles by Thomas Bell. Asks them to inform R. B. Hinds of delay.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  [14 Jan 1843]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-658

To Smith, Elder & Co.   21 January [1843]

Summary

Discusses his account.

Sends addresses [for subscribers to Zoology].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  21 Jan [1843]
Classmark:  The New York Public Library. Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations. The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-659

To J. S. Henslow   [22 January 1843]

Summary

Comments on JSH’s botanical work with his parishioners. Lyell will be pleased that he has done some fossil botanical work.

Describes a Geological Society meeting about Edward Charlesworth’s complaints.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [22 Jan 1843]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-660

To Charles Maclaren   [c. February 1843]

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Summary

[Written on CD’s annotated copy of a pamphlet reprint of CM’s review of Coral reefs.] CD asks CM to return the pamphlet to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Maclaren
Date:  [c. Feb 1843]
Classmark:  DAR 69: A94v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-661

To the Royal Geographical Society    February 1843

Summary

George Suttor’s paper not worthy of publication in the Journal of the society. It contains no new facts worth insertion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Geographical Society
Date:  Feb 1843
Classmark:  Royal Geographical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-662A

To the Geological Society of London   12 March [1843]

Summary

Asks how many copies of Proceedings are commonly sold.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Geological Society of London
Date:  12 Mar [1843]
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/L/R/7/354)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-663

To William Jackson Hooker   12 March [1843]

Summary

Asks WJH to thank his son [J. D. Hooker, away on Antarctic survey] for his note. Has also read a letter JDH wrote to Lyell. Hopes JDH will publish a journal. If he publishes an Antarctic flora, CD will place his collection of South American alpine plants at his disposal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Jackson Hooker
Date:  12 Mar [1843]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: S. American letters 1838–44, 69: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-664

To W. D. Fox   [25 March 1843]

Summary

Sympathises with WDF’s persisting grief.

Describes Down House and additions being built, which interfere with Geology [of "Beagle"].

Bodily health is improved, but cannot stand mental excitement.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [25 Mar 1843]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-665

From William Mostyn Owen Sr   26 March 1843

Summary

Discusses the death of his son. Thanks CD for his letter of condolence and invites him to visit.

Author:  William Owen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Mar 1843
Classmark:  DAR 98: A3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-666
Document type
letter (92)
Date
1843
01 (8)
02 (3)
03 (8)
04 (9)
05 (2)
06 (2)
07 (8)
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20 Items

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

To celebrate Darwin's 210th birthday, we present a new section on Darwin's works in letters, featuring Journal of researches, Living and fossil cirripedia, Descent of man, and Expression of emotions. And here is a song with lyrics based on…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … works. ( letter to Ernst Dieffenbach, 2 October 1843 ) Darwin published over …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to whom he had also written a letter of recommendation; in 1843 Covington was working as a clerk in …
  • … deafness in one of the letters of recommendation and in 1843 he dispatched a new ear-trumpet for …

George Robert Waterhouse

Summary

George Waterhouse was born on 6 March 1810 in Somers Town, North London. His father was a solicitor’s clerk and an amateur lepidopterist. George was educated from 1821-24 at Koekelberg near Brussels. On his return he worked for a time as an apprentice to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their ‘ descent from common stock’ in a letter of 1843 .   In the same year, Darwin …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … [DAR *119: 13v.] Yarrel’s Birds [Yarrell 1843] (1 Vol read) Last Edit of Malthus …
  • … 1825–36] Prescott. Hist. of Mexico [W. H. Prescott 1843], strongly recommended by Lyell (read …
  • … Travels into the interior of New Zealand [Dieffenbach 1843]. Capt. Porter, Journ of Cruize in …
  • … Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843]  must be studied . London Library …
  • … Essay on serpent (1844). 6 s . 6 d . Edinburgh [Schlegel 1843]. Geograph. Distrib &c &c. …
  • … “Scenes in Sandwich Isl d  & Central America [Jarves 1843] contains good account of Silkworm, …
  • … } Much Botany & [Backhouse 1843] Nat: Hist.— …
  • …  be read. Paper on transmutation of shells [Haldeman 1843–4] already (1844) VI. vols. …
  • … . 42  [P. Miller 1724] Life of Wilkie [Cunningham 1843] & Chantry [G. Jones 1849]. …
  • … 1833] (Boot) Leslie life of Constable [Leslie 1843]. (Emma) (read) M rs  Fry’s Life …
  • … 1847].— Cunningham Life of Wilkie [Cunningham 1843] [DAR *119: 23v.] …
  • … 3 d  Part of Clarendons History [Hyde 1704]. 1843 Jan 10. Last Vol of Clarendons …
  • … 1842–6] Mar 1. Lieut. Eyres Narrative [?V. Eyre 1843].— May 7 th . F. Horner’s life …
  • … Bremer [Bremer 1843a].— [DAR 119: 13a] 1843 Feb 20 th . L. Jenyns notes …
  • … d[itt]o. —— 26 Hinds Regions of Vegetation [Hinds 1843]. June 10 th . Linnæan Trans. …
  • … of London ] to end of Vol: XVIII & Part I. of V. 19 (1843) 25. Murray Domestic Poultry.— …
  • … Nov 30. Dieffenbach’s New Zealand [Dieffenbach 1843] 1844 Wiegman on Hybrids—German— …
  • … Phillips 1822] (very poor) [DAR 119: 13b] 1843 May 20 th  Carlyle’s Past …
  • … 1844 Jan 7 th  Borrow’s Bible in Spain [Borrow 1843]. 22. Hallam Constitu History …
  • … 30 1. Vol of Prescotts Hist of Mexico [W. H. Prescott 1843] /Oct 1 st / 2 d  & 3 d  Vol …
  • … July 5 th  Owens Lectures on Invertebrata [R. Owen 1843–6] Aug 1 Bradley’s Husbandry 3. …
  • … —— d[itt]o Salmon Fishing in Tweed [Scrope 1843]. (d[itt]o) 20 th  Reflections on the Study …
  • … Nov. 20 Liebig’s familiar letters on Chemistry [Liebig 1843] —— Ranke’s Popes of Rome 3 vols …
  • … 3 d . 25 th  Forbes Alps [J. D. Forbes 1843] —— Crawfords Embassy to Siam …
  • … Philadelphia ]; skimmed. 24 th . Report. Zoolog. 1843. 1844. Ray Soc. [Ray Society 1847] …
  • … —— 10 Neander’s Life of St Bernard [Neander 1843] interesting —— Feuerbachers Trials …
  • … 27 Abbott Travels from Khiva to Heraut [James Abbott 1843] (very good) Nov. 7 th  Leslie’s …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … October 1842] To William Darwin Fox, [4 September 1843] To Charles Lyell, 8 …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … of the living species he had collected. By the end of 1843 he had also completed the writing of a …
  • … the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle  from February 1838 to October 1843. The correspondence provides a …
  • … in articles on  Sagitta , finished during the autumn of 1843, and  Planariae, described in 1844 …
  • … unless they went to some other authority. Towards the end of 1843, he increasingly hoped that …
  • … thinking during this period and in his letters of 1843, Darwin was clearly testing his evolutionary …
  • … I am looking for' ( Letter to G. R. Waterhouse, [26 July 1843] ).  It is interesting to …
  • … twelve letters from Darwin to Kemp in the years 1840 to 1843 have come to light; they were published …
  • … flowers’ to the  Gardeners’ Chronicle , [late August 1843], expresses his interest in ‘unity of …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … correspondence with George Robert Waterhouse. On [26 July 1843] ( Correspondence vol. 2), for …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 714 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [13 or 20 Nov 1843] Darwin knows Cambridge botanist J. …

Joseph Dalton Hooker

Summary

The 1400 letters exchanged between Darwin and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) account for around 10% of Darwin’s surviving correspondence and provide a structure within which all the other letters can be explored.  They are a connecting thread that spans…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … spans forty years of Darwin’s mature working life from 1843 until his death in 1882 and bring into …
  • … lives of the two men.  Their correspondence began in 1843 when Hooker, just returned from …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Murray, who followed his father as head of the business in 1843, had spent a year studying geology …

Henrietta Darwin born

Summary

Daughter, Henrietta Emma, born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Daughter, Henrietta Emma, born …

Meets Joseph Hooker

Summary

Darwin begins a 40-year friendship with Joseph Dalton Hooker.  In November Hooker begins work on Darwin's Beagle plant specimens.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin begins a 40-year friendship with Joseph Dalton Hooker.  In November Hooker begins work on …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … domestic influence and social obligations ,  (London, 1843). Somerville, M.,  On …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 717  - Hooker, J. D. to Darwin, [28 November 1843] Hooker thanks Darwin for his …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  vol. 2, letter to A. Y. Spearman, 9 October 1843, n. 1). Darwin's inner circle: first …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … command in 1841, and eventually returned to England in 1843. Shortly after, he unwittingly involved …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … in exact manner of grown up person.— March 1 st . 1843. Annie shows no signs of skill in …
  • … was natural acting & deceit. 39v. [54] Jan. 20 1843 Willy 3 years & a month. …
  • … to something he used to say when a baby. 40  Feb 1843. Willy says “No” in the fiercest way …
  • … later; Anne Elizabeth was born in 1841 and Henrietta Emma in 1843. Mrs Locke was probably the …
  • … name and address of a Mrs Locke are noted in Emma Darwin’s 1843 diary. [16] The following …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Mr. Maclaren. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal  34 (1843): 47-50.  [ Shorter publications …

Suggested reading

Summary

There is an extensive secondary literature on Darwin's life and work. Here are some suggested titles that focus Darwin’s correspondence, as well as scientific correspondence and letter-writing more generally. Collections of Darwin’s letters …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Edinburgh Review 183 : 306–35. Roberts, W. 1843. History of letter-writing from the …

Robert FitzRoy

Summary

Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Durham in 1841. He was appointed governor of New Zealand in 1843, but was relieved of this post in …