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Darwin Correspondence Project

Andrew Smith


Army surgeon. Stationed in South Africa, 1820–36. Principal medical officer at Fort Pitt, Chatham, 1836; deputy inspector-general, 1845. Director-general, army and ordnance medical departments, 1853–8. Blamed in the press for the scandalous state of medical care of British troops in the Crimean campaign, but was exonerated of dereliction of duty by parliamentary committees. An authority on South African zoology. Knighted, 1858. FRS 1857.




ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.