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Darwin Correspondence Project

Charles Bell


Anatomist and surgeon. Best known for his investigations of the nervous system and the expression of emotions in humans. Illustrated his own works. Co-owner of and principal lecturer at the Great Windmill Street School of Anatomy, London, 1814–25. Surgeon at the Middlesex Hospital, 1812–36. Professor of surgery, Edinburgh University, 1836. Knighted, 1831. FRS 1826.




Record of the Royal Society of London.


DSB: Dictionary of scientific biography. Edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie and Frederic L. Holmes. 18 vols. including index and supplements. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. 1970–90.

ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.

Record of the Royal Society of London: The record of the Royal Society of London for the promotion of natural knowledge. 4th edition. London: Royal Society. 1940.