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Darwin Correspondence Project

To Lawson Tait   4 June [1875]1

Abinger Hall | Wotton, Surrey

June 4th

My dear Sir

I have been much interested by your letter.— When I made little slits in the leaves for the sake of ascertaining the direction in which the motor impulse is transmitted, I found that the lobe on the injured side did not move on irritating one of sensitive filaments on that side, but that the opposite lobe did move. So for case like yours.2 You will be better judge than I, but I attributed the result to the injury affecting power of movement in a greater degree than power of transmission of motor impulse.— You will find one or two analogous facts, & under Drosera what seems to me a truly reflex action.— You will see why I doubt about nerves.3

If you make out about the tails of mice, it will be a beautiful little discovery: I enjoy it the more, because some German sneered at Nat. Selection, & instanced the tail of the mouse: I think it was Bronn.—4

A friend has lent us this house for a month, for a change as I am quite done up with correcting Proofs (very nearly finished, & Dionæa quite finished) of my book.—5

So excuse brevity— You will of course publish on Dionæa—6 I hope so.—

yours very sincerely | Ch. Darwin

Footnotes

The year is established by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Lawson Tait, 2 June [1875].
In his letter of 2 June [1875], Tait described how one side of a heat-damaged leaf-trap of a specimen of Dionaea muscipula (Venus fly trap) curled and closed when a filament on the opposite side was irritated.
In Insectivorous plants, pp. 229–61, CD discussed leaf sensitivity and the lines of transmission of the motor impulse in Drosera rotundifolia (common sundew). CD described the process of aggregation of cells in the glands of tentacles as a reflex action, but noted that the process was different in its action from that in sensory nerves of animals (ibid., pp. 242–3).
In his translation of Origin into German, Heinrich Georg Bronn had appended a chapter in which he discussed CD’s theory (Bronn trans. 1860, pp. 495–520). Bronn argued that some features, such as the length of the tail in rats, had no value, and hence they could not be subject to natural selection (ibid., pp. 504–5). CD discussed Bronn’s objection in Origin 6th ed., pp. 171–2.
CD stayed at Abinger Hall, Dorking, Surrey, the home of Thomas Henry Farrer, from 3 June to 6 July 1875. Insectivorous plants was published on 2 July 1875. (See CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II).)
Tait read a paper on insectivorous plants to the Birmingham Natural History Society on 17 June 1875, and discussed his experiments on Drosera in a letter published in Nature, 29 July 1875, pp. 251–2. He later published a paper, ‘Researches on the digestive principles of plants’ (Tait 1879). He did not publish observations on reflex action in Dionaea.

Bibliography

Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875.

Origin 6th ed.: The origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. 6th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872.

Origin: On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859.

Tait, Lawson. 1879. Researches on the digestive principles of plants. [Read 22 May 1879.] Proceedings of the Birmingham Philosophical Society 1 (1876–9) pt 2: 125–39.

Summary

CD’s observations on the power of movement and transmission of motor impulses in plants. If RLT succeeds with the tails of mice, it will be "a beautiful little discovery"; CD will enjoy it the more "because some German sneered at natural selection and instanced the tail of the mouse" [see 10013].

Letter details

Letter no.
DCP-LETT-10009
From
Charles Robert Darwin
To
Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Sent from
Abinger Hall
Source of text
Natural History Museum (General Special Collections DC AL 1/19)
Physical description
3pp

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 10009,” accessed on 10 July 2020, https://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/letter/DCP-LETT-10009.xml

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 23

letter