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To Hugo de Vries   19 February 1874

Summary

Thanks for copies of HdV’s two articles on climbing plants (Vries 1873a and 1873b).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugo de Vries
Date:  19 Feb 1874
Classmark:  Amsterdam Artis Library (De Vries 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9303F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Hugo de Vries   19 February 1874
  • … Amsterdam Artis Library (De Vries 1) Charles Robert Darwin 19 Feb 1874 Hugo de Vries …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 19 1874 Dear Sir I beg leave to thank you very sincerely for …

To Octavius Pickard-Cambridge   [before 20 February 1874]

Summary

Discusses meaning of term "sexual selection".

Comments on variability in males.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Octavius Pickard-Cambridge
Date:  [before 20 Feb 1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (437)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9304

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Octavius Pickard-Cambridge   [before 20 February 1874] …
  • … 437) Charles Robert Darwin Down [before 20 Feb 1874] Octavius Pickard-Cambridge ‘Rec d .   …
  • … on 20 th Feby 1874. O.PL. ’ …
  • … from Octavius Pickard-Cambridge, 17 February 1874 . CD had asked Pickard-Cambridge for …
  • … the females. In his letter to 17 February 1874, Pickard-Cambridge had suggested that ‘ …

To J. P. Cooke   20 February 1874

Summary

Thanks for his election as Foreign Honorary Member.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Parsons Cooke
Date:  20 Feb 1874
Classmark:  American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Letterbook 07-36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9305

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  P.  Cooke   20 February 1874
  • … Sciences (Letterbook 07-36) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Feb 1874 Josiah Parsons Cooke …
  • … American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 28 January 1874. For the diploma, see Appendix III. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb.  20 th 1874 Sir I beg leave to acknowledge your letter of …

To Ludwig Rütimeyer   20 February 1874

Summary

Thanks for LR’s essay on living and fossil turtles [Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuchâtel 9 (1873): 439–41].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer
Date:  20 Feb 1874
Classmark:  Universitätsbibliothek Basel, Handschriften (G IV 91, 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9306

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Ludwig Rütimeyer   20 February 1874
  • … G IV 91, 6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Feb 1874 Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 20 1874 Dear Sir I write a line to thank you for the renewed …

From T. N. Staley   20 February 1874

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Summary

General observations on the native Hawaiian population.

Author:  Thomas Nettleship Staley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 89: 191–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9307

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From T.  N.  Staley   20 February 1874
  • … DAR 89: 191–4 Thomas Nettleship Staley Croxall 20 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Croxall Vc, Lichfield Feb.  20 th . 1874 My Dear Sir I have been away from home or should …
  • … letter from T.  N.  Staley, 12 February 1874. Staley refers to James Cook and the Sandwich …
  • … See letter from T.  N.  Staley, 12 February 1874 . In Descent 2d ed. , p.  187, CD cited …

From George Cupples   21 February 1874

Summary

Answers to queries are being sent.

Enclosure 1: statistics on puppies bred by Rayner in 1873.

Enclosure 2 from W. N. Massey: number of males or females raised depends entirely on preference of greyhound breeders.

Enclosure 3 from E. L. Williams: breeders prefer to destroy bitch pups.

Enclosure 4: Thomas Morse answers CD’s three queries, transmitted by GC: (1) in deerhounds, females predominate, three to one; (2) in all but cattle, females are less worth preserving; (3) TM rears all the young.

Enclosure 5: John Wright responds to CD’s queries about proportion of sexes in births of horses, cattle, and dogs.

Enclosure 6: G. W. Hickman cannot give reliable answers to CD’s queries on proportion of sexes born [in greyhounds?].

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 91–2, 94–7, 102–13, 117–19; DAR 161: 301
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9309

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From George Cupples   21 February 1874
  • … 7, 102–13, 117–19; DAR 161: 301 George Cupples unstated 21 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from George Cupples, 7 February 1874 ). Text in square brackets in this set of …
  • … s . Morse Osmaston Manor, | Derby. Feb 18. 1874. With respect to questions No 1 & No 2. I …
  • … Pershore R d . | Birm m . Feb.  19 th . 1874. Dear Sir, I am afraid I cannot personally …
  • … Barton Street. | Gloucester. Febry 10 th . 1874. D r Sir, Your favor to hand this day— in …

From F. W. Rayner to George Cupples   21 February 1874

Summary

Statistics on puppies bred by him in 1873.

Author:  Rayner, W. F.
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  21 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 102–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9308

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From F.  W.  Rayner to George Cupples   21 February 1874
  • … DAR 90: 102–6 Rayner, W. F. Cupar 21 Feb 1874 George Cupples …

From P. F. Perfil’eva   22 February 1874

Summary

Asks for CD’s photograph.

Author:  Perfil’eva, P. F.
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 174: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9337

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From P.  F.  Perfil’eva    22 February 1874
  • … DAR 174: 36 Perfil’eva, P. F. Moscow 22 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Moscou Fevr.  22/6. 1874. Monsieur! Ayant eu le plaisir de lire plusieurs de vos ouvrages …
  • … Moscow Febr.  22/6. 1874. Sir! Having had the pleasure of reading several of your works …

From A. S. G. Canning   23 February 1874

Summary

More details on pea-fowl.

Author:  Albert Stratford George Canning
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9313

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From A.  S.  G.  Canning   23 February 1874
  • … Stratford George Canning London, Portman Square, 31 23 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … has not been found, but see the letters from A.  S.  G.  Canning, 16 February 1874 and …
  • … 18 February 1874. Canning had offered information on peafowl for the second edition of …
  • … 31. Portman Square Feb ry 23 d . | 1874. Sir I received your letter & wish to supply any …

To John Lubbock   23 February 1874

Summary

CD wishes to acquire a piece of JL’s land.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  23 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 261.7: 8 (EH 88205933)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9310

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Lubbock   23 February 1874
  • … 88205933) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Feb 1874 John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 23. 1874 My dear Lubbock I am going to beg a great favour of …

From B. J. Sulivan   23 February 1874

Summary

The Bishop of Falkland says the Fuegian natives’ health does not suffer through increased civilisation. Relates the Bishop’s observations on the state of Tierra del Fuego and its populace.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 301
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9311

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From B.  J.  Sulivan   23 February 1874
  • … DAR 177: 301 Bartholomew James Sulivan Bournemouth 23 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from B.  J.  Sulivan, 7 February 1874 . Stirling had brought four Fuegian youths of …
  • … letter from B.  J.  Sulivan, 7 February 1874  and n.  2. Horace N.  Watts. Orundellico ( …

From William Withers   23 February 1874

Summary

Thanks CD for presenting books to a gardeners’ society.

Author:  William Withers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 181: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9312

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From William Withers   23 February 1874
  • … DAR 181: 133 William Withers Brasted 23 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …

To Albert Günther   25 February 1874

Summary

Has given in Descent 2: 12, an account from AG of the brushes on the sides of Monacanthus; has now learned of brush-like scales on the males of Mallotus. Asks whether the two genera are related.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  25 Feb 1874
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library (38)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9315

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Albert Günther   25 February 1874
  • … Library (38) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Feb 1874 Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 25 1874 My dear D r Günther I have given, in my Descent, …

From T. N. Staley   25 February [1874]

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Summary

Introduction of tropical fruits in Hawaiian Islands.

Author:  Thomas Nettleship Staley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Feb [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 89: 195–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9314

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From T.  N.  Staley   25 February [1874] …
  • … DAR 89: 195–6 Thomas Nettleship Staley Croxall 25 Feb [1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from T.  N.  Staley, 20 February 1874 . CD’s letter to Staley has not been found; …
  • … see, however, the letter from T.  N.  Staley, 20 February 1874. 77 o F. : 25 o C. …

To W. T. Goodale 26 February [1874]

Summary

Has not the strength to discuss WTG’s letter, and points out that every organism develops from a single cell.

Does not wish to see the Book WTG offered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Walter T. Goodale
Date:  26 Feb [1874]
Classmark:  Stephen R. Marzilli (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9313F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Goodale 26 February [1874] …
  • … R. Marzilli (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin 26 Feb [1874] Walter T. Goodale …
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  T.  Goodale, 11 February 1874 . In …
  • … his letter to CD of 11 February 1874, Goodale had queried an objection to development …

From George Graham to George Cupples   26 February [1874]

Summary

Responds to CD’s questions (transmitted by GC) on greyhound breeding and proportion ofsexes reared.

Author:  George Augustus Graham
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  26 [Feb 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 90: 120–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9317

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From George Graham to George Cupples   26 February [1874] …
  • … DAR 90: 120–3 George Augustus Graham Rednock 26 [Feb 1874] George Cupples …

From Albert Günther   26 February 1874

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Summary

Comments on several points in Descent,

doubts facts about Monacanthus brushes

and the two Cyprinidae males attending the female when spawning.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 89: 26–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9316

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Albert Günther   26 February 1874
  • … Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther British Museum 26 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … British Museum Febr.  26 th . 1874 My dear Sir The sexual difference in Mallotus has been …
  • … See letter to Albert Günther, 25 February 1874 . Günther refers to his Catalogue of …
  • … See letter to Albert Günther, 25 February 1874  and n.  2. Acanthurus is the lancetfish or …

To H. B. Tristram   26 February [1874]

Summary

Asks HBT whether he received the certificate nominating Robert Swinhoe for the Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Baker Tristram
Date:  26 Feb [1874]
Classmark:  Wheldon & Wesley (dealers) 1984
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9317A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To H.  B.  Tristram   26 February [1874] …
  • … Wesley (dealers) 1984 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Feb [1874] Henry Baker Tristram …
  • … letter to H.  B.  Tristram, 16 February 1874 . Robert Swinhoe had asked CD to propose him …
  • … letter from Robert Swinhoe, 9 February 1874 ). Swinhoe was not elected until 1876 ( Record …

From W. S. Dallas   27 February 1874

Summary

Asks CD to allow his name to be put on a committee to establish a Scientific Societies Club for the fellows of the six societies that will have rooms in Burlington House.

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9319

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  S.  Dallas   27 February 1874
  • … DAR 162: 29 William Sweetland Dallas Geological Society 27 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … references have been found to the club after 1874. No reply to this letter has been found. …
  • … to plans to form a Scientific Societies’ Club in Nature , 12 February 1874, p.   …
  • … 292, Popular Science Review 13 (1874): 77, and John …
  • … Bull , 4 April 1874, p.  217. Burlington House was occupied …
  • … Chemical Society, who were joined in 1874 by the Geological Society (Horace B. Woodward …
  • … Society, Somerset House. | W.C. 27 February 1874 My dear Sir I have no doubt that you have …

From Eugène Desmarest   27 February 1874

Summary

CD has been elected an Honorary Member of the Society.

Author:  Eugène Desmarest; Secretary, Soc. Entomol. France
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 162: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9320

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Eugène Desmarest    27 February 1874
  • … Eugène Desmarest Secretary, Soc. Entomol. France Paris 27 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published in Annales de la Société entomologique de France 5th ser.  4 (1874): XLVI.   …
  • … See letter to Eugène Desmarest, 4 March 1874 . …
  • … de la Société auxquelles vous avez droit à partir de 1874. M r . Charles Darwin …
  • … sa séance de mercredi dernier (25 fevrier 1874) vous a-t-elle élu membre honoraire ; elle …
  • … at last Wednesday’s meeting (25 February 1874), it elected you an honorary member . In …
  • … s publications in Paris, to which you are entitled from 1874 onwards. M r . Charles Darwin …
  • … communication à notre prochain séance (11 Mars 1874). La Société n’ose espérer que vous …
  • … can present it at our next meeting (11 March 1874). The Society hardly dares hope that you …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’ Darwin confessed in January1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months. January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

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  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

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  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

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  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

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  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

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  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

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  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

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  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …
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