DCP-LETT-3630

To H. G. Bronn   30 June [1862]1

June 30

Dear & Honoured Sir.

I have been very unwell otherwise I should have written sooner.2 I enclose answers. & some few corrections & additions—3 I fear that the latter on account of my bad handwriting will give you trouble; but I hope that you will insert them, as they are of some importance   It would have been better to have worked them into the text, but I really have not time.

When you write to Mr. Schweizerbart will you say that I was in such a hurry when I wrote to him that I believe I forgot to thank him for his kind letter of June 7th.4 Please to say that I should very much like to have a Copy of the 2nd. German Edit of the Origin & of the Orchis Book, & I hope he will send me them through Messrs. Williams & Norgate.5

Believe me | Dear Sir | Yours truly obliged | Ch. Darwin.

I assure you that I feel most fully sensible of the great honour & kindness which you have done me in translating my Orchis-book.

What powers of work you must have!—6

[Enclosure 1]

p. 22. fig iii. p. 272 fig XXXI. I know that the letters were omitted. The reader must guess.—

p. 171 indian-rubber = “Gummi” = caoutchouc— The strap or hinge of Labellum is elastic when extended, as well as when bent.—

p. 254. Cocked-hat—an old fashioned hat worn formerly by gentlemen & Officers. [DIAG HERE]

p. 285. I was struck in Brazil & in British Museum with the astonishing diversity of prominences, &c &c on small Homopterous insects: I marvel whenever I think of them.—

Anther-case, I only mean, the walls of the anther, which form the case or receptacle for the pollen.—

p. 104. line 4. for renewed, read removed.

p. 292 “group of spiral vessels” is well translated by your “Spiral gefass-Bündel”. There is no distinction between “groups of vessels” & “vessels”. Sometimes there is only a single vessel in a petal. As the vessels collect from the several organs, the groups get bigger & bigger low down towards, or in, the ovarium, & form the six large ovarian groups or bundles. Generally even a single organ as one petal or one anther has a small bundle or group of vessels.—

Footnotes

1
The text of the letter to Bronn is taken from the copy in DAR 143.
2
CD had been suffering from eczema for three weeks (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862]).
3
Bronn was translating Orchids into German (Bronn trans. 1862). For Bronn’s questions concerning the translation, see the letter from H. G. Bronn, 21 June 1862; for CD’s answers, see enclosure 1. Although CD’s ‘corrections and additions’ have not been located, Bronn trans. 1862 includes some additions by CD in the form of footnotes, most of which are dated June 1862. As these printed additions presumably incorporate at least some of the additions to which CD refers in his letter, they are transcribed here as enclosure 2, and keyed to the relevant passages in Bronn trans. 1862. See also letter to H. G. Bronn, 11 July 1862.
4
Letter from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7 June 1862. CD’s letter to Christian Friedrich Schweizerbart has not been found.
5
The booksellers Williams and Norgate specialised in foreign scientific literature. There are two copies of the second edition of the German translation of Origin (Bronn trans. 1863) in the Darwin Library–CUL, and two copies of the German translation of Orchids (Bronn trans. 1862) in the Darwin Library–Down.
6
CD refers to the speed with which Bronn had prepared a new German edition of Origin and translated Orchids; Bronn had worked ‘night and day’ for two months (see letters from H. G. Bronn, 21 June [1862], and from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862).
7
Bronn was translating Orchids into German (Bronn trans. 1862). For Bronn’s questions concerning the translation, see the letter from H. G. Bronn, 21 June 1862; for CD’s answers, see enclosure 1. Although CD’s ‘corrections and additions’ have not been located, Bronn trans. 1862 includes some additions by CD in the form of footnotes, most of which are dated June 1862. As these printed additions presumably incorporate at least some of the additions to which CD refers in his letter, they are transcribed here as enclosure 2, and keyed to the relevant passages in Bronn trans. 1862. See also letter to H. G. Bronn, 11 July 1862.
8
George Howard Darwin’s observations on the insects visiting Orchis maculata are detailed in a note dated 20 June 1862, which is in DAR 70: 13–14. See also the letter from W. E. Darwin, June 1862.
9
Translated from Bronn trans. 1862, p. 22 n. A similar passage is included in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, p. 142 (Collected papers 2: 139–40).
10
Letter from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7 June 1862. CD’s letter to Christian Friedrich Schweizerbart has not been found.
11
George’s observations on the insects visiting Herminium monorchis are detailed in a series of notes dated 22–7 June 1862, which are in DAR 70: 32–6. See also the letters from Frederick Smith, 27 June [1862] and 28 June 1862.
12
Translated from Bronn trans. 1862, pp. 47–8 n. A similar passage is included in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, p. 145–6 (Collected papers 2: 142–3).
13
The booksellers Williams and Norgate specialised in foreign scientific literature. There are two copies of the second edition of the German translation of Origin (Bronn trans. 1863) in the Darwin Library–CUL, and two copies of the German translation of Orchids (Bronn trans. 1862) in the Darwin Library–Down.
14
George’s observations on the insects visiting Gymnadenia conopsea are detailed in a series of notes dated 21–4 June 1862, which are in DAR 70: 30.
15
Translated from Bronn trans. 1862, p. 52 n. A similar passage is included in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, pp. 146–7 (Collected papers 2: 143–4).
16
CD refers to the speed with which Bronn had prepared a new German edition of Origin and translated Orchids; Bronn had worked ‘night and day’ for two months (see letters from H. G. Bronn, 21 June [1862], and from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862).
17
The letter from Asa Gray has not been found; however, see the letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and nn. 3 and 4.
18
Translated from Bronn trans. 1862, pp. 55–6 n. A similar passage is included in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, pp. 147–8 (Collected papers 2: 144–5).
19
George Howard Darwin’s observations on the insects visiting Orchis maculata are detailed in a note dated 20 June 1862, which is in DAR 70: 13–14. See also the letter from W. E. Darwin, June 1862.
20
George Dickie was professor of botany at Aberdeen University. He communicated his observations on Listera cordata in his letter to CD of 30 May 1862.
21
Translated from Bronn trans. 1862, pp. 94–5 n. This passage occurs in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, pp. 151–2 (Collected papers 2: 148).
22
Translated from Bronn trans. 1862, p. 22 n. A similar passage is included in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, p. 142 (Collected papers 2: 139–40).
23
The reference is to Listera ovata (see Orchids, p. 149).
24
Translated from Bronn trans. 1862, p. 97 n. A similar passage is included in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, p. 151 (Collected papers 2: 148).
25
George’s observations on the insects visiting Herminium monorchis are detailed in a series of notes dated 22–7 June 1862, which are in DAR 70: 32–6. See also the letters from Frederick Smith, 27 June [1862] and 28 June 1862.
26
Gray’s observations on American species of Cypripedium have not been found; however, see the letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n. 16, and 1 July [1862] and nn. 3 and 4.
27
Translated from Bronn trans. 1862, p. 169 n. Cypripedium is discussed in ‘Fertilization of orchids’, pp. 155–6 (Collected papers 2: 152–3).

Letter details

Letter no.
DCP-LETT-3630
From
Darwin, C. R.
To
Bronn, H. G.
Sent from
Down
Source of text
Bronn trans. 1862; DAR 143: 155; Houghton Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts, HarvardUniversity
Physical description
2pp 2pp, A

Summary

Encloses answers and corrections [concerning Orchids]. Thanks HGB for translating it.