John Chapman

1822–94

Physician, author, and publisher. Studied medicine in Paris, 1842. Publisher and bookseller at 142 Strand, London, until 1860. Editor and proprietor of the Westminster Review, 1851–94. MD, St Andrews, 1857; practised as a physician. Advocated the application of an ice-bag to the spine as a remedy particularly for diarrhoea and cholera.

Sources: ODNB. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)