Physician and pharmacologist. MB, Edinburgh, 1866; MD 1868. Studied pharmacology in Vienna and Berlin, and physiological chemistry in Amsterdam and Leipzig, 1868–70. Lecturer in materia medica and pharmacology, Middlesex Hospital, 1870; St Bartholomew’s, 1871. Casualty physician, St Bartholomew’s, 1871–5; assistant physician, 1875–97; physician, 1897–1904. Studied the physiology of digestion and experimented on insectivorous plants for Darwin. Created baronet, 1908. FRS 1874.
Sources: Complete dictionary of scientific biography Correspondence vol. 21, letter from T. L. Brunton, 2 December 1873 ODNB. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)