Naturalist and accountant. Worked in HM customs as an accountant, 1839–85. Studied entomology, especially microlepidoptera; conducted experiments on the relations between insects and insectivorous birds and published papers in 1869 and 1870. Member of the Entomological Society of London from 1845, serving many times on the council. Fellow of the Linnean Society of London, 1865; Zoological Society of London, 1876.
Sources: Science Gossip n.s. 1 (1894): 49–50. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)