Herbert Spencer

1820–1903

Philosopher. Civil engineer on the railways, 1837–41 and 1844–6. Became sub-editor of the Pilot, a newspaper devoted to the suffrage movement, in 1844. Sub-editor of the Economist, 1848–53. From 1852, author of papers on evolution and numerous works on philosophy and the social sciences.

Sources: DNB DSB

(See the bibliography for full references to sources)