Danish-born journalist and publisher. Originally named Peter Lund, he assumed the surname Simmonds on his adoption by a British naval lieutenant of that name. Midshipman on board the brig Cygnet, 1826. Sugar planter in Jamaica, 1831–4. Secretary to the founder of the Royal Agricultural Society from 1841. Founder of Simmonds’s Colonial Magazine and Foreign Miscellany; editor, 1844–9. Newspaper and advertising agent in London, 1849–59. Owner and editor of the Technologist, 1860–6; of the Journal of Applied Science, 1870–81. Wrote for a wide variety of journals, and published several books on commercial agriculture.
Sources: R. Desmond 1994, Men and women of the time 1895, Modern English biography NUC Post Office London directory 1849–59, Simmonds’s Colonial Magazine and Foreign Miscellany 1–16 (1844–9). (See the bibliography for full references to sources)