Businessman, science teacher, and writer on scientific and social issues. Inherited his father’s business of seed crushing and oil extraction. Worked as science teacher in Liverpool. Founder, with Robert Hardwicke, and editor of the Popular Science Review, 1862–4. Helped launch the Quarterly Journal of Science and occasionally acted as editor until 1870. Called to the bar, 1870, and then campaigned as social reformer and writer.
Sources: Lightman ed. 2004. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)