Geologist and palaeontologist. Apprenticed to James de Carle Sowerby in 1835. Assistant to Adam Sedgwick, 1842–6. Assistant to Edward Forbes on the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 1846; palaeontologist to the survey, 1854–63, where his duties included the preparation of specimens for exhibition in the Museum of Practical Geology.
(See the bibliography for full references to sources)