Architect and geologist. Draughtsman for the London and North Western railway company, 1853–60. Set up in private practice as an architect and civil engineer, 1860; architect to the Liverpool School Board, 1870–1902. Joined the Liverpool Geological Society in 1870; fellow of the Geological Society of London, 1872; awarded its Murchison medal, 1896. Worked on local glacial and post-glacial deposits, and published nearly 200 scientific papers, including The origin of the mountain ranges (1886).
Sources: ODNB. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)