American zoologist. Specialist in molluscs and brachiopods. Studied at Lawrence Scientific School, Harvard University, 1859–62, and worked as an assistant to Louis Agassiz, but did not take a degree. With Alpheus Hyatt, Alpheus Packard Jr, and Frederic Ward Putnam, founded the American Naturalist in 1868. Professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at Bowdoin College, 1871–4. Travelled in Japan, 1877–80. Director of the Peabody Museum in Salem, Massachusetts, 1880–1916.
Sources: ANB. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)