Scottish lawyer and social anthropologist. MA, King’s College, Aberdeen, 1849. Studied mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge. Began practising law in Edinburgh in 1857. Published on kinship, marriage, and the law. Moved to London in 1870. Appointed parliamentary draughtsman for Scotland, 1871. Regarded as one of the founders of modern British social anthropology.
Sources: ODNB. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)