Astronomer. Civil servant in the War Office, 1857–75; published papers on solar physics. Secretary to the Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction and the Advancement of Science, 1870–5; employee of the Science and Art Department at South Kensington from 1875?; first director of the Solar Physics Observatory, and professor of astronomical physics, Royal College of Science, South Kensington, 1890–1911. Established the journal Nature in 1869. Knighted, 1897. FRS 1869.
Sources: DNB DSB
(See the bibliography for full references to sources)