Geologist and army officer. Served with the Royal Welsh Fusiliers in the Crimea and India, 1855–8. Captain, 1862. Left the army in 1865, and emigrated to New Zealand in 1866. Employed by Auckland provincial government to survey coal deposits. Assistant geologist to the geological survey of New Zealand, 1871–3. Provincial geologist of Otago, 1873–6. Professor of natural science, University of Otago, 1877–80. Professor of biology, Canterbury College, 1880–93. Curator of Canterbury Museum from 1893. FRS 1892.
Sources: DNZB Stenhouse 1990, G. M. Thomson 1884–5. (See the bibliography for full references to sources)