Édouard Marie Heckel


French pharmacist, physician, and botanist. Studied at the naval medical school, Toulon, then studied flora in Martinique for therapeutic agents, 1859. Pharmacist, first class, Montpellier, 1867; MD 1869; doctorate in natural sciences, 1875. Botanised in Australia, China, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and elsewhere. Served as a physician in the Franco-Prussian War; resigned from the navy in 1874. Professor of botany, Faculty of Sciences, Marseille, 1877; of materia medica, École de plain exercise de médicine et de pharmacie, 1879. Translated CD’s Cross and self fertilisation and other works into French.

Sources: Osborne 2014, pp. 165–9 (See the bibliography for full references to sources)