Naturalist and writer on religious topics. Lecturer on botany to the Royal Infirmary Medical School, Liverpool, 1858–66. Also lectured on biology at the Liverpool School of Science. Served as surgeon and naturalist on H.M.S. Rifleman and H.M.S. Serpent on voyages of exploration in the China seas, 1866–7; carried out research in marine zoology. On his return to Liverpool, became senior physician of the Northern Hospital and took a leading part in the intellectual life of the city.
Sources: Desmond, Ray 1977 DNB
(See the bibliography for full references to sources)