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Darwin Correspondence Project

From Lucy Caroline Wedgwood   [25 April 1870]1


Dear Uncle Charles

I have at last made out for certain that my dog does raise his lip on the side on which he is attacked, without raising it on the other.

I tried making a horse kick by whipping him behind when riding him several times and always with the same result: he just turned his ears round before kicking but never once laid them flat as before biting.2

The horse when I scratch him stretches out his nose, opens his mouth a little, and with lips parted &

CD annotations

1.1 I have … other. 1.2] ‘Sneering’ in margin, blue crayon
2.1 I tried … behind] crossed pencil
3.1 The horse … & 3.2] crossed pencil
Top of letter: ‘L. Wedgw’ pencil ‘April 25 1870 | Leith Hill Place’3 ink


The date is established by the annotation. In 1870, 25 April was a Monday.
CD discussed the expressions of dogs and horses in Expression, pp. 117–18 and 129–30, but did not mention Wedgwood.
Wedgwood lived at Leith Hill Place in Surrey.


Aggressive behaviour of dogs and horses.

Letter details

Letter no.
Lucy Caroline Wedgwood/Lucy Caroline Harrison
Charles Robert Darwin
Sent from
Source of text
DAR 181: 59
Physical description

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 7174,” accessed on 19 March 2019,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 18