To W. H. Fitton1 [c. 28 June 1842]
[Capel Curig, N. Wales]
Yesterday (and the previous days) I had some most interesting work in examining the marks left by extinct glaciers—2 I assure you no extinct volcano could hardly leave more evident traces of its activity and vast powers. I found one with the lateral moraine quite perfect, which Dr Buckland did not see. Pray, if you have any communication with Dr Buckland, give him my warmest thanks for having guided me, through the published abstract of his memoir,3 to scenes, and made me understand them, which have given me more delight, than I almost ever remember to have experienced, since I first saw an extinct Crater— The valley about here, & the Inn, at which I now am writing, must once have been covered by at least 800 or 1000 ft in thickness of solid Ice!— Eleven years ago, I spent a whole day in the valley,4 where yesterday every thing but the Ice of the Glacier was palpably clear to me, and I then saw nothing but plain water, and bare Rock. These glaciers have been grand agencies; I am the more pleased with what I have seen in N. Wales, as it convinces me that my views, of the distribution of the boulders on the S. American plains having been effected by floating Ice, are correct.5 I am also more convinced that the valleys of Glen Roy & the neighbouring parts of Scotland have been occupied by arms of the Sea,6 & very likely, (for on that point I cannot of course doubt Agassiz & Buckland) by glaciers also.
[Excerpt copied from a letter CD wrote to WHF.]
CD’s gratefulness to William Buckland for his guidance on the glaciated terrain of N. Wales. "I am also convinced that the valleys of Glen Roy … have been occupied by arms of the Sea, & very likely, (for on that point I cannot of course doubt Agassiz & Buckland) by glaciers also."
Please cite as
Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 632,” accessed on 1 October 2016, http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/DCP-LETT-632