Questions GNS on remains found in caves on Caldy Island. [CD's pencilled queries sent via Frances Allen].
Whether Mr Smith be willing I read his paper to Geolog.
(1. Were any bones of any of the skeletons found in proper relative <p>osition, as if animal had been washed in whole.—
<2.>Are bones rounded, or broken.
(3) Are there any stones, angular, or rounded, of limestone or of foreign rock in mud.— Are there horizontal lines of deposition in mud.
(4) Distance of Caldy Isd from main & depth of channel.—
(5) Particularly describe whether beaks of birds were embedded actually with Elephants bones, or chiefly in upper part of fissure.
(6) Describe same for fishes bones.
It would be a very valuable present <to>
If Mr Smith has no duplicates to spare., if he would send the birds beaks & bones to my house, I would (as soon as pretty well) get them described & examined & account written by good anatomist & append account to his paper & most carefully return them to him, or to any one who would lend them him for this purpose, & pay carriage And without they are examined by Anatomist, they are almost useless to science
- f1 576.f1The letter was actually written to CD's sister-in-law, Elizabeth Wedgwood, who was asked to send a note with the questions to G. N. Smith. As the letter from Frances Allen to G. N. Smith, 19 August , explains, she thought it better to send the letter itself to Smith. Elizabeth had built a school on Caldy Island and presumably knew Smith personally (Emma Darwin 2: 106).
- f2 576.f2The Geological Society did not publish the paper, but Smith later described the fossils at the British Association meeting in Oxford (G. N. Smith 1860).
- f3 576.f3Answer inserted by Smith: (No)
- f4 576.f4Answer inserted by Smith: (Broken.)
- f5 576.f5Answer inserted by Smith: (Angular Limestone.)
- f6 576.f6Answer inserted by Smith: (Near Top earth mixt with recent shells— | Earth like rotten bones. | Caves 50 feet above sea mark.)
- f7 576.f7Answer inserted by Smith:
of mile— 3 4
- f8 576.f8Answer inserted by Smith: (14 ft to 4–18 ft)
- f9 576.f9Answer inserted by Smith: In upper part— 2 or 3 feet under the surface—
- f10 576.f10Answer inserted by Smith: Ditto