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Letter 4206

Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John

6 June [1863]

    Summary Add

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    CD has spoken to Hooker of JS's scientific merit, but has not suggested him for a colonial appointment.

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    Advice on style of writing.

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    Making extensive extract of JS's orchid paper to communicate to Linnean Society [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 162–7].

Transcription

Down Bromley Kent

June 6th.

Dear Sir

I fear that you think that I have done more than I have with respect to Dr. Hooker. I did not feel that I had any right to ask him to remember you for a Colonial appointment: all that I have done is to speak most highly of your scientific merits. Of course this may hereafter fructify.— I really think you cannot go on better for educational purposes than you are now doing, observing, thinking & some reading beat, in my opinion, all systematic education. Do not despair about your style: your letters are excellently written; your scientific style is a little too ambitious. I never study style: all that I do is to try to get subject clear as I can in my own head, & express it in the commonest language which occurs to me.— But I generally have to think a good deal before simplest arrangement & words occur to me.— Even with most of our best English writers, writing is slow work: it is a great evil but there is no help for it— I am sure you have no cause to despair.—

I hope & suppose your sending a paper to Linn. Socy will not offend your Edinburgh friends; you might truly say that you sent the paper to me, & that (if it turns out so) I thought it worth communicating to Linn. Socy.—

I shall feel great interest in studying all your facts on Primula, when they are worked out & seed counted. Size of capsules is often very deceptive. I am astonished how you can find time to make so many experiments.

If you like to send me your paper tolerably well written, I would look it over & suggest any criticisms; but then this would cause you extra copying. Remember, however, that Ld. Brougham habitually wrote everything important three times over.—

The cases of the Primulæ which lose by variation their dimorphic character seem to me very interesting. I find that the mid-styled (by variation) P. Sinensis is more fertile with own pollen even than a heteromorphic union!

If you have time it will be very good to experiment on Linum Lewisii: I wrote formerly to Asa Gray begging for seed.— If you have time I think experiments on any peloric flowers would be useful.—

I shall be sorry (& I am certain it is a mistake on part of the Society) if your Orchid paper is not printed in extenso. I am now at work compiling all such cases, & shall give a very full abstract of your observations. I hope to add in autumn some from you on Passiflora— I would suggest to you the advantage at present of being very sparing in introducing theory in your papers (I formerly erred much in geology in that way): let theory guide your observations, but till your reputation is well established be sparing in publishing theory. It makes persons doubt your observations.— How rarely R. Brown ever indulged in theory, too seldom perhaps.— Do not work too hard, & do not be discouraged because your work is not appreciated by the majority.—

Dear Sir | Yours faithfully | C. Darwin

    Footnotes Add

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    f1 4206.f1
    The year is established by the relationship between this letter and the letter from John Scott, [3 June 1863].
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    f2 4206.f2
    Joseph Dalton Hooker. See letter from John Scott, [3 June 1863].
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    f3 4206.f3
    See letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 May [1863]. See also letter to John Scott, 23 May [1863].
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    f4 4206.f4
    Scott had been elected an associate of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 10 July 1862 (Transactions and Proceedings of the Botanical Society [of Edinburgh] 14 (1883): 160), and, to date, had read all his papers there (Scott 1862a, 1862b, 1862c, 1862d, and 1863a). However, CD had offered to communicate an account of Scott's work on dimorphism in Primula to the Linnean Society, when finished, if Scott thought it would not be adequately noticed by the Botanical Society of Edinburgh (Scott 1864a; see letter from John Scott, 3 March 1863 and n. 19).
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    f5 4206.f5
    Henry Peter Brougham, Baron Brougham and Vaux.
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    f6 4206.f6
    In the spring of 1862, having written `Dimorphic condition in Primula', CD discovered an equal-styled form of Primula sinensis, and found that the flowers were `abnormally fertile in comparison with those of ordinary long-styled plants when self-fertilized' (`Illegitimate offspring of dimorphic and trimorphic plants', p. 415). In 1863, CD carried out a similar experiment on some equal-styled plants of P. sinensis. The flowers produced a higher average number of seeds than CD had observed in any legitimate union, and CD considered that they had not only lost `their proper dimorphic structure and peculiar functional power', but had acquired `an abnormal grade of fertility' (ibid., pp. 416--17).
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    f7 4206.f7
    See letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863]. See also letter from John Scott, [26 July -- 2 August 1863].
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    f8 4206.f8
    See letter to John Scott, 20 [June 1863] and nn. 6--7.
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    f9 4206.f9
    CD refers to Scott's paper on the pollination of orchids (Scott 1863a), which was read before the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 14 May 1863. An abstract of the paper was published in the Edinburgh Evening Courant, 28 May 1863, p. 8; however, Scott was concerned that it would not be published in full in the society's Transactions (see letter from John Scott, [3 June 1863] and n. 14).
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    f10 4206.f10
    CD wrote a draft of the section of Variation on `Crossing & Sterility' between 1 April and 16 June 1863 (Variation 2: 85--191; see `Journal' (Correspondence vol. 11, Appendix II)). Scott 1863a is discussed in Variation 2: 133.
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    f11 4206.f11
    In Origin, pp. 250--1, CD listed Passiflora among those genera in which individual plants had been found to be `far more easily fertilised by the pollen of another and distinct species, than by their own pollen.' In his letter to Scott of 11 December [1862] (Correspondence vol. 10), CD suggested that Scott carry out further experiments on this subject, which Scott had indicated he would do (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862], and this volume, letters from John Scott, [1--11] April [1863] and 21 May [1863]). Scott's article on the sterility and hybridisation of species of Passiflora was communicated to the Linnean Society by CD in 1864 (Scott 1864d); CD discussed this paper in Variation 2: 137--8.
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    f12 4206.f12
    In 1861, CD had concluded that one of his earliest geological papers, `Parallel roads of Glen Roy', was `one long gigantic blunder', and that his theory to account for the geological phenomena described in it was completely erroneous (see Correspondence vol. 9, letter to T. F. Jamieson, 6 September [1861]).
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    f13 4206.f13
    Robert Brown (1773--1858).
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