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Letter 3823

Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R.

24 Nov 1862

    Summary Add

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    Gives reference to his observations on tendrils [Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 4: 98–9].

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    Notes cases in which the pollen of the fertilising plant affects the form of the fruit of the fertilised plant, e.g., gourds and maize.

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    Discusses the Civil War and the attitudes of the English press.

Transcription

Cambridge. [Massachusetts]

Nov. 24, 1862.

My Dear Darwin.

As another peculiar stamp is waiting for Leonard's collection, and I have notes &c—to fill it, here goes for an early response to yours of the 6th inst.

About Max Müller. Surely you can't wonder that the attempt to account for the ``first origin of language'' or of anything else, should be the ``least satisfactory''.

The use that I fancied could be made of Max Muller's book,—or rather of history of language—is something more than illustration, but only a little more,—i.e. you may point to analogies of development & diversification of language—of no value at all in evidence in support of your theory, but good & pertinent as rebutting objections, urged against it.

Bishop Colenso's book will make a noise in England, indeed. I have only read the notice in the Athenæum

You detest the spirit of the Times quoad U.S. The Athenæum is just as bad in its little penny-trumpet way, every chance it can get from the very first. Can you be much surprised that we return dislike with interest. But we are pleased to find there sensible & fair writers,—such as Cairnes & Mill.

No, dear Darwin, we don't scorn your joining in the prayer that we daily offer that ``God would help our poor country'', and I know and appreciate your honest & right feeling.

I see also, from the English papers I read how you must picture us as in the extreme of turmoil and confusion and chaos.— But if you were here, you would open your eyes to see everything going on quietly, hopefully, and comfortably as possible. I suppose we do not appreciate our miseries. We accept our misfortunes and adversities, but mean to retrieve them,—and would sink all that we have before giving up. We work hard, & persevere, and expect to come out all right,—to lay the foundations of a better future, no matter if they be laid in suffering. That will not hurt us now, and may bring great good hereafter.

I never saw, and have scarcely heard of Miss Cooper's book you ask after. She is the daughter of late J. Fenimore Cooper, the novelist. The village she describes must be Cooperstown—in the county adjacent to that in which I was brought up,—a region, which every time I visit it, I say it is the the fairest of lands, and the people the happiest.

Oh—as to the weeds,—Mrs. Gray says she allows that our weeds give up to yours. Ours are modest, woodland, retiring things, and no match for the intrusive, pretentious, self-asserting foreigners. But I send you seeds of one native weed which corrupted by bad company—is as nasty and troublesome as any I know, viz. Sycios angulatus,—also of a more genteel Cucurbitacea, Echinocystis lobata (the larger seeds). Upon these, especially upon the first, I made my observations of tendrils coiling to the touch. Put the seeds directly into the ground; they will come up in spring, in moist garden soil. My observations were made on a warm sunny day. I doubt if you have warmth and sunshine enough in England to get up a sensible movement.

My note about them is in Proceed. Amer. Acad. 4, p. 98, reprinted in Sill. Jour. March, 1859, p. 277. I must own, that upon casually taking them up since, I never have obtained such very good results, as upon 2 days of Aug. 1858.

Upon gourds affecting each others fruits, I have made no observations at all. I have only referred to that,—as a well-known thing—at least, of common repute here,—and then referred to maize, where the soft sweet-corn, when fertilized by hard yellow-corn, the grain so fertilized takes the character of the fertilizer. My note about it is in Acad. Proceed. vol. IV, I think.— You have the vols, (which I have not in reach now), & can find it by the Index. It does not amount to much. Nothing on Maize I know of except Bonafous' folio volume. I am going to get & send you grains of 4 or 5 sorts of maize. About the involucrate form, I wrote in my last.

Whenever I post to you a Boston Semi Weekly Advertizer, please to send it on to Dr. Boott.

Ever, dear Darwin | Yours cordially | Asa Gray

    Footnotes Add

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    f1 3823.f1
    Letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862]. Since June 1862, Gray had regularly sent Leonard Darwin North American postage stamps for his collection.
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    f2 3823.f2
    Max Müller 1861. See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n. 3.
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    f3 3823.f3
    See letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862, and letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862].
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    f4 3823.f4
    See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n. 7. Gray refers to volume 1 of Colenso 1862--79, and to the review published in the Athenæum, 1 November 1862, pp. 553--4.
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    f5 3823.f5
    See letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] and n. 15. Gray refers to the American Civil War.
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    f6 3823.f6
    The Irish political economist John Elliot Cairnes was the author of The slave power (Cairnes 1862), which made a great impression in both Britain and America, and has been described as `the most powerful defence of the cause of the Northern states ever written' (DNB). John Stuart Mill wrote a number of articles in support of the Union cause in the American Civil War, a copy of one of which Gray had sent to CD earlier in 1862 (Mill 1862; see letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and n. 8).
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    f7 3823.f7
    Cooper 1855. See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n. 8.
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    f8 3823.f8
    James Fenimore Cooper.
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    f9 3823.f9
    Cooperstown is a town in New York State (Seltzer 1952); Asa Gray was brought up in the nearby villages of Sauquoit and Paris Furnace, New York State (Dupree 1959, pp. 4--5).
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    f10 3823.f10
    Jane Loring Gray. See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn. 9 and 10.
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    f11 3823.f11
    See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn. 17 and 21.
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    f12 3823.f12
    CD's annotated copy of the volume of the Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, in which A. Gray 1858b was published, is in the Darwin Library--CUL. A. Gray 1858b was reprinted in the American Journal of Science and Arts (A. Gray 1859), commonly known as `Silliman's journal' after its founder, Benjamin Silliman.
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    f13 3823.f13
    Gray refers to his observations, given before the American Academy of Arts and Sciences on 9 February 1858, which were reported in the Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 4 (1860): 21--2.
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    f14 3823.f14
    Bonafous 1836.
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    f15 3823.f15
    Gray refers to the postscript, now missing, to his letter of 10 November 1862 (see letter to Asa Gray, 26[--7] November [1862]).
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    f16 3823.f16
    Gray refers to the American botanist Francis Boott, who had been resident in London for many years (Dupree 1959).
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