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Letter 3635F

Murray, John (b) to Darwin, C. R.

[1 Jul -- 23 Aug 1862]

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    [Awaiting summary]

Transcription

Darwin on Orchids

Dr. Cr. 1862 1862 June 30 To Printing 1500 No Clowes 89 1 9 May By 1500 copies

〃 48 14 Rms. Sht 12 Post 51 17 4 5 Stationers' Hall

〃 Drawing & Engraving 74 2 12 allowed Author

〃 Binding 1000 copies 30 4 2 30 Presented Reviews

〃 Commission allowed. Agents 2 3 732 685 on hand June 30/62

〃 Advertising 27 4 768 Sold Viz

〃 Entering Stationers' Hall 5 358 Trade 25 as 24 6/ 103 4

410 Do 〃  〃 6/5 126 8 2

768 229 12 2

June 30

By Balance Deficiency 45 5 1

274 17 3 274 17 3 1862 1862 June 30 To Balance Deficiency 45 5 1 June 30 By 685 on hand

    Footnotes Add

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    f1 3635f.f1
    The date range is established by the dates mentioned in the account and by the relationship between this document and the letter to John Murray, 24 August [1862] (Correspondence vol. 10).
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    f2 3635f.f2
    For a discussion of the publication of Orchids, see Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix IV.
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    f3 3635f.f3
    William Clowes & Sons, printers.
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    f4 3635f.f4
    Murray ordered 4814 reams of sheet-and-a-half post paper. Sheet-and-a-half post was one and a half times the size of ordinary post; each sheet was about 500 mm by 600 mm, accommodating 12 leaves of an octavo size book (about 200 mm by 125 mm uncut) such as Orchids (Gaskell 1972, p. 224, and Nicholas Smith, CUL, personal information).
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    f5 3635f.f5
    The illustrations for Orchids were made by George Brettingham Sowerby Jr.
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    f6 3635f.f6
    Under the 1842 Copyright Act, five shillings was the cost of making an entry in the Book of Registry of the Stationers' Company, whose headquarters were at Stationers' Hall, London. Registration did not affect copyright, but was `a necessary preliminary to an action at law for copyright infringement' (Seville 1999, p. 235).
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    f7 3635f.f7
    Under the 1842 Copyright Act, four copies of any new work published in the United Kingdom and the British Dominions were to be delivered to an officer of the Stationers' Company for distribution on demand to the Bodleian Library in Oxford, the `Public Library' (now the University Library) in Cambridge, the Faculty of Advocates at Edinburgh, and the library of Trinity College, Dublin. A copy was also to be delivered to the British Museum in London. Before the 1842 Act, the Stationers' Company had been responsible for handling the British Museum's copy as well as those of a number of other libraries legally entitled to copies. See Seville 1999, pp. 233, 262.
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    f8 3635f.f8
    For CD's presentation list for Orchids, see Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix IV. Sixty-five individuals and three institutions are listed. CD presumably paid for the extra copies himself: see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to John Murray, 24 August [1862] and n. 2. See also ibid., letters to John Murray, 9 April [1862] and 2 May [1862].
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    f9 3635f.f9
    Trade purchasers received one free copy in every twenty-five, as was the general practice (Plant 1965, p. 405), and were charged 6s. or 6s. 5d. Orchids went on sale to the public priced at 9s. See Freeman 1977, p. 113.
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    f10 3635f.f10
    This information was conveyed to CD in the letter from John Murray, 24 February [1866] (Correspondence vol. 14).
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    f11 3635f.f11
    The fourth edition of Origin was published in 1866.
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