CD does not mind C. R. Bree's dull, unvarying abuse and misrepresentation, but when he doubts CD's deliberate word, "that is the act of a man who has not the soul of a gentleman in him".
JSH's letter in Athenæum ["Flints in the drift", 20 Oct. 1860, p. 516] is interesting.
H. Freke's paper [On the origin of species by means of organic affinity (1861)] is beyond CD's scope.
15 Marine Parade | Eastbourne
My dear Henslow
Many thanks for your note & for all the trouble about the seeds, which will be most useful to me next spring.— On my return home I will send the shillings.—
I concluded that D
I read with interest your letter in Athenæum. Lyell seems to consider the deposits ordinary fluviatile beds, & not as showing signs of a debacle. It is the most interesting subject which Geology has turned up for many a long year.—
My poor girl improved during the first four weeks here, but has had this last week a fearful attack, & is much exhausted, & we are much dispirited about her.— When we shall be able to take her home, I cannot conjecture.
My dear old master | Yours affect. | C. Darwin
- f1 2964.f1See letters to J. S. Henslow, 14 May , 17 May , and 28 September .
- f2 2964.f2CD usually paid a small sum to the girls in Henslow's parish who collected seeds for him.
- f3 2964.f3CD refers to Charles Robert Bree's denial of the antiquity of the so-called celts or flint implements found in drift deposits (Bree 1860, p. 220):
They have never yet been found to occupy any stratum, in which they could not have been buried by the ancient people, who used them as spear heads. Professor Henslow has several which I gave him, and which were found in the gravel-beds in Suffolk, mingled with bones of the mammoth and rhinoceros. Surely we are not called upon to found an argument against special creation, upon such facts as these?Henslow discussed the subject in a letter to the Athenæum, 11 February 1860, pp. 206--7.
- f4 2964.f4Bree 1860, p. 244. Bree insinuated that CD might have fabricated the remark by a `celebrated author and divine' included in Origin 2d ed., p. 481. Bree wrote: `I think we ought to have had the name of this Divine, given with this remarkable statement. I confess that I have not yet fully made up my mind, that any Divine could have ever penned lines, so fatal to the truths he is called upon to teach.' Charles Kingsley had made the remark in a letter to CD (see Correspondence vol. 7, letter from Charles Kingsley, 18 November 1859).
- f5 2964.f5A letter from Henslow discussing his recent examination of celts in drift deposits in France was published in the Athenæum, 20 October 1860, p. 516. See also letter to J. S. Henslow, 28 September .
- f6 2964.f6CD refers to a point discussed in Henslow's letter in the Athenæum (see n. 5, above). Henslow concluded that at least a few sites showed signs of the gravel having been disturbed, and hence the evidence was insufficient to conclude decisively that the implements were contemporaneous with the gravel deposits. He suggested that localised `cataclysmic action' of water might have washed out and intermingled deposits from the Chalk with those in the gravel (Athenæum, 20 October 1860, p. 516).
- f7 2964.f7Freke 1860. There is a copy of the review of Origin by Henry Freke in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection--CUL.
- f8 2964.f8CD refers to a satirical attack on Erasmus Darwin's evolutionary poems composed by John Hookham Frere and George Canning and published in the political journal they edited, the Anti-Jacobin ([Frere and Canning] 1798). Samuel Wilberforce had quoted a long passage on the generation of `filaments of organization' from the satire in his anonymous review of Origin ([Wilberforce] 1860, p. 255). Henry Freke also discussed the generation of living matter in his review (Freke 1860).