Further additions and corrections for American Origin.
Views of Owen, G. H. K. Thwaites, and W. H. Harvey on CD's theories.
Down Bromley Kent
My dear Gray
I now send some more M.S. & I sh
I have not yet been able to read coolly a second time all your Review; I have had to
lend it to so many persons.— I have had a long letter from
Farewell my kind friend. Believe me— Yours most sincerely | C. Darwin
If possible I sh
P.S. Since the above was written I have received Appletons letter to you with his P.S.— I much fear that the additions herewith sent will be too late.
You might tell the Appletons that I mean to leave all future Editions of the ``Origin'' (as far as I can tell) in its present state with the additions now sent.—
Hearty thanks about the money. I should have thought the
With renewed thanks | Ever yours | C. D.
- f1 2726.f1Dated by the reference to a revised American edition of Origin.
- f2 2726.f2Gray was superintending a revised and augmented edition of Origin in the United States (see letters from Asa Gray, [10 January 1860], [17 January 1860], and 23 January 1860). CD had already sent Gray new material and alterations to be incorporated into the edition (see letters to Asa Gray, 28 January , 1 February , and [8 or 9 February 1860]). See also letter to Asa Gray, 2 March .
- f3 2726.f3The additional material for the chapter on natural selection was added to the new edition in a separately paginated section inserted between pages 116 and 117 (Origin US ed., pp. 116*--21*). See Appendix IV. The alterations to the text on p. 336 of Origin, `On the state of development of ancient forms', were the same as those made to Origin 2d ed. (Origin US ed., pp. 293--4). This material was substantially revised in the third edition (see Peckham ed. 1959, pp. 547--8).
- f4 2726.f4CD was strongly in favour of prefixing Gray's review of Origin ([Gray] 1860a) to the new American edition (see letter to Asa Gray, [8 or 9 February 1860]). CD had received sheets of the review in February (see letters to Asa Gray, 18 February  and 24 February ).
- f5 2726.f5Letter from Francis Boott, 29 February 1860. Boott was a close friend of Gray's. He had written to Gray about his favourable reaction to CD's theory on 5 January 1860 (Gray Herbarium, Harvard University).
- f6 2726.f6CD appended a note to his discussion of Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck's views on species change in the historical sketch for the authorised American edition of Origin that reads: `It is curious how completely my grandfather, Dr. Erasmus Darwin, anticipated these erroneous views in his Zoonomia (vol. i. pp. 500--510), published in 1794.' (Origin US ed., p. vi n.). The reference is to E. Darwin 1794--6.
- f7 2726.f7See letter from G. H. K. Thwaites, [14 February 1860].
- f8 2726.f8See letters to Charles Lyell, 18 [and 19 February 1860], and to J. D. Hooker, 26 [February 1860]. William Henry Harvey had also written a long letter to Gray on 9 February 1860 itemising his objections to CD's theory (Gray Herbarium, Harvard University).
- f9 2726.f9The December 1859 issue of Macmillan's Magazine contained Thomas Henry Huxley's review `Time and life: Mr Darwin's Origin of species'. The verses in `Colloquy of the Round Table', attributed to Thomas Hughes and David Masson (Wellesley index 1: 557), read (Macmillan's Magazine 1 (1859--60): 157):
Rumours there were and ominous whisperings | Of the great bomb-shell book from Murray's press, | Threatening flagration in the common mind, | And scientific warring not less loud | Than that which followed the ``Vestiges''— I mean | Charles Darwin's ``Origin of Species | By Natural Selection;'' in which words | The author indicates this principle | As principle-in-chief of all his work, | That Nature is a progress of conditions | Still tightening, tightening, tightening through the ages, | Growing more strict and difficult, and thus | Strangling the worser breeds, and letting through | The finer, subtler, stronger, who escape | Minus their clumsier parts, and modified | On and still on for ever.
- f10 2726.f10CD's copy of the revised and augmented American edition of Origin is in the Cambridge University Library.
- f11 2726.f11See letter from Asa Gray, 20 February 1860, and also Dupree 1959, pp. 271--2.
- f12 2726.f12See letter from Asa Gray, 20 February 1860.