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Letter 1950

Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D.

8 Sept [1856]
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    Summary Add

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    Whether or not there should be movement of particles according to Tyndall's theory of glacial action ["Observations on glaciers", Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 2: 54–8, 441–3].

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    CD subscribes to H. C. Sorby's view of gneiss [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 55 (1853): 137–50].

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    Seed-salting.

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    Pigeons.

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    Significant differences in skeletons of domesticated rabbits.

Transcription

Down Bromley Kent

Sept. 8th

My dear Hooker

I got your letter of the 1st this morning; & a real good man you have been to write. Of all the things I ever heard, Mrs Hooker's pedestrian feats beats them. My Brother is quite right in his comparison of “as strong as a woman”,—as a type of strength.— Your letter, after what you have seen in Himalaya &c, gives me a wonderful idea of the beauty of the Alps. How I wish I was one half or one quarter as strong as Mrs Hooker: but that is a vain hope. You must have had some very interesting work with glaciers &c. When will the glacier structure & motion ever be settled! When reading Tyndall's paper it seemed to me that movement in the particles must come into play in his own doctrine of pressure; for he expressly states that if there be pressure on all side, there is no lamination: I suppose I cannot have understood him, for I shd have inferred from this that there must have been movement parallel to planes of pressure. Sorby read paper to Brit. Assoc. & he comes to conclusion that Gneiss &c may be metamorphosed cleavage or strata; & I think he admits much chemical segregation along the planes of division. I quite subscribe to this view, & shd have been sorry to have been so utterly wrong, as I shd have been, if foliation was identical with stratification.

I have been no where & seen no one & really have no news of any kind to tell you.— I have been working away as usual (floating plants in salt-water inter alia & confound them, they all sink pretty soon, but at very different rates) working hard at Pigeons &c &c By the way I have been astonished at differences in skeletons of domestic Rabbits: I showed some of the points to Waterhouse & asked him whether he could pretend that they were not as great as between species, & he answered “they are a great deal more”.— How very odd it is that no zoologist shd ever have thought it worth while to look to the real structure of varieties.—

I most earnestly hope that at Vienna you will make particular enquiries about the pure Laburnum, which one year bore the hybrid flowers & on one sprig the C. purpureus.— Dr Reissik(?) is name of man I think.— Bentham will not believe that it was a pure Laburnum, & it does seem quite incredible, notwithstanding the clear statements in the Flora. Please enquire particularly whether the hybrid or purple or pure bears seeds: I have just got the seeds of a yellow branch from the sterile hybrid to sow & see what will come up.— Really this case ought to be investigated, & if you, the King of Sceptics believe, all others may.—

My poor wife keeps very uncomfortable, but rather better than she was.

With our kindest regards to Mrs Hooker. | Believe me | My dear Hooker | Ever yours | C. Darwin

    Footnotes Add

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    f1 1950.f1
    Dated by the reference to Hooker's holiday in Switzerland (see n. 3, below).
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    f2 1950.f2
    The letter has not been found.
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    f3 1950.f3
    The Hookers were on a walking holiday in Switzerland, where they by chance met Thomas Henry Huxley and John Tyndall who had gone to the Alps to investigate James David Forbes's theory of glacial movement (L. Huxley ed. 1900, 1: 145, and Eve and Creasey 1945, p. 64).
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    f4 1950.f4
    Tyndall 1856. See letter to J. D. Hooker, 5 August [1856].
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    f5 1950.f5
    Sorby 1856.
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    f6 1950.f6
    Henry Clifton Sorby proposed that cleavage took place when metamorphosed stratified rock that had been foliated was subjected to contortion and pressure. Thus slaty cleavage could not, as CD had thought, be partially developed foliation. The problem of the origin of cleavage and foliation had been the subject of much of CD's correspondence with Daniel Sharpe and Charles Lyell in 1854 and 1855 (see Correspondence vol. 5).
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    f7 1950.f7
    Rabbits and their skeletal variations are discussed in chapter 4 of Variation.
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    f8 1950.f8
    George Robert Waterhouse had classified wild rabbits in Waterhouse 1846–8.
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    f9 1950.f9
    See letter to J. D. Hooker, 22 June [1856].
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    f10 1950.f10
    George Bentham.
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    f11 1950.f11
    CD refers to the brief account of Siegfried Reissek's anomalous laburnum given in Hornschuch 1848, pp. 25–7. See letter to J. D. Hooker, 22 June [1856], n. 2.
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    f12 1950.f12
    Hooker wrote the following note at the end of the letter: ‘Only that one time produced red &c flowers impossible that it was a graft The same thing observed in Hungary & Bohemia in many gardens also at Schoenberg’.
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    f13 1950.f13
    Emma Darwin was in her sixth month of pregnancy. Her last child, Charles Waring Darwin, was born on 6 December 1856.
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