Is concerned about the education of his boys and is undecided between Rugby and Bruce Castle schools; is inclined toward the latter, but afraid to experiment on so important a subject.
Reports on his pear-trees.
Down Farnborough Kent
My dear Fox
I am very much obliged for your juicy, as my poor dear Father used to call an
interesting, letter.— We were very glad to get the sentence about Bruce Castle
school, for we are still in an awesome state of indecision between Rugby &
it. I knew you were just the man to apply to to get
information upon any out of the way subject.— We have taken much pains in
making enquiries, & upon the whole the balance is decidedly favourable; yet
there is so much novelty in the system that we cannot help being much afraid at trying
an experiment on so important a subject. At Bruce castle, they do not begin Latin, till
a Boy can read, write, spell, & count well: they have no punishments
except stopping premiums on good behaviour. I do not see how we are ever to come to a
decision; but we must soon.— Willy is 11 this coming Christmas,
& backward for his age; though sensible & observant. I rather think we
shall send him to Bruce C. School.— Your
own system of Education sounds capital, & why you
You say you are teaching riding: we have been teaching Willy & we began without stirrrups, & in consequence Willy got two severe falls, one almost serious; so we are thinking of giving him stirrups; more especially as I am assured, that a Boy who rides well without stirrups has almost to begin again when he takes to stirrups: Can you give me any wisdom on this head; pray do if you can?—
I never heard anything half so wonderful as your stock of cows, pigs horses &
children: well might Sir Philip tell me it was marvellous what your farm
did.— How earnestly I wish we were nearer to each
other: I sh
You ask after my Pear trees; those against the wall continue to bear very well for young trees; but my standards have not borne at all; & I doubt whether the besom system of tying up, answers for them.— I have planted my Rivers Quince Dwarfs, which I got on your recommendation.—
Whenever you can do pray pay us a visit even for one day.—
Susan & Catherine's tour answered capitally
Yours affectionately | C. Darwin
Do you intend to educate your Boys altogether at home?— The first-rate tutor at whom Willy now is, teaches nothing on earth but the Latin Grammar, & his charge is 150£ per annum! Bruce Castle is cheap with extras about 80£.
Have you any curiosity to read a pamphlet descriptive of Bruce Castle?—
- f1 1362.f1See letter to W. D. Fox, 4 September .
- f2 1362.f2The final decision was to send William to Rugby School. He entered the school in early February 1852 (Rugby School register). In his letter to W. D. Fox, 7 March  (Correspondence vol. 5), CD confessed that he had not had the courage to break away from ‘the old stereotyped stupid classical education’.
- f3 1362.f3See letter to W. D. Fox, [May 1850].
- f4 1362.f4See letter to Syms Covington, 23 November 1850, n. 4.
- f5 1362.f5See letter to W. D. Fox, 6 February .
- f6 1362.f6See Correspondence vol. 2, letter to W. D. Fox, [20 November 1843].
- f7 1362.f7Henry James Wharton, vicar of Mitcham, Surrey. CD's Account Book (Down House MS) has an entry for 19 August 1850: ‘Whartton Rev
d — Willy School 74 3 6.’ Emma Darwin 2: 145, notes that Wharton was schoolmaster of a preparatory school that William attended. Emma Darwin's diary records that ‘Willy went to school’ on 28 January 1850.
- f8 1362.f8Probably A. Hill 1833.