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Letter 1082

Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D.

[18 Apr 1847]
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    Thanks for H. C. Watson's interesting letter. Disagrees with him on intermediate varieties.

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    CD has read latest numbers of JDH's The botany of the Antarctic voyage [pt I, Flora Antarctica (1844–7)]; notes several sentences against "us Transmutationists".

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Sunday

My dear Hooker

I return with many thanks Watson's letter which I have had copied: it is a capital one & I am extremely obliged to you for obtaining me such valuable information: Surely he is rather in a hurry when he says intermediate varieties must almost be necessarily rare, otherwise they would be taken as the types of the species; for he overlooks numerical frequency as an element. Surely if A. B C were three varieties & if A were a good deal the commonest (therefore, also, first known) it would be taken as the type, without regarding whether B was quite intermediate or not, or whether it was rare or not.— What capital essays W. would write, but I suppose he has written a good deal in the Phytologist; you ought to encourage him to publish on variation; it is a shame that such facts as those in his letter shd remain unpublished; I must get you to introduce me to him Would he be a good & sociable man for Dropmore? though if he comes Forbes must not, (& I think you talked of inviting Forbes) or we shall have a glorious battle. I shd like to see sometime the war-correspondence: have you the Phytologist & cd you sometime spare it; I wd go through it quickly.— I have not heard from Murray; I am rather sorry to hear about Dr Holland being probably the reviewer: he does not know enough of Nat. Hist. & between ourselves he is so dreadfully conceited & vain that he never wd condescend to learn, or to think enough of the labours of others.— I have read your 5 last numbers, & as usual been much interested in several points; especially with your discussions on the beach & potato; I see you have introduced several sentences against us transmutationists.

I have also been looking through the latter vols. of the Annals. of Nat. Hist, & have read two such soulless pompous papers of Hinds, quite worthy of the Author of the Regions of Vegetation. The contrast of the papers in the Annals with those in the Annales is rather humiliating; so many papers in the former, with short descriptions of species, without one word on their affinities, internal structure, range, or habits.— I am now reading Royle & I have picked out some things which have interested me; but he strikes me as rather dullish & with all his Materia Medica smells of the Doctor's shop. I shall ever hate the name of Materia Medica, since hearing Duncan's lectures at 8 oclock in a winter's morning—a whole, cold, breakfastless hour on the properties of rhubarb!

I hope your journey will be very prosperous— believe me my dear Hooker | Ever yours C. Darwin.

I think I have only made one new acquainta<nce> of late, that is R. Chambers, and I have just received a presentation copy of the 6th Edit of the Vestiges: somehow I now feel perfectly convinced he is the Author. He is in France & has written to me thence.—

    Footnotes Add

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    f1 1082.f1
    See letter from Hewett Cottrell Watson to J. D. Hooker, 12 April 1847.
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    f2 1082.f2
    Watson wrote numerous articles for the Phytologist. His theoretical pieces were concerned with his efforts to demonstrate progressive development in species from the geographical relationships and distribution of plants (see Egerton 1979).
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    f3 1082.f3
    The expedition to Dropmore that Hooker and CD were planning during the week of the 1847 British Association meeting in Oxford (‘Journal’; Correspondence vol. 4, Appendix I). See also letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 October 1849, in which CD recalled ‘that Heavenly day at Dropmore’.
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    f4 1082.f4
    Watson believed that Edward Forbes had appropriated his scheme of subdividing the British flora into five ‘elements’ based on the countries from which the plants originally came. He published several bitter attacks on Forbes during 1846 (Correspondence vol. 3, letter from J. D. Hooker, [before 3 September 1846]). Both men corresponded with Hooker, whom they considered an intermediary (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Archives).
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    f5 1082.f5
    CD recorded in his reading notebook on 13 July 1847 that he had read volumes one and two of the Phytologist ‘to p. 860’ (DAR 119; Correspondence vol. 4, Appendix IV).
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    f6 1082.f6
    John Murray, publisher of CD's Journal of researches 2d ed. and founder and publisher of the Quarterly Review.
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    f7 1082.f7
    CD probably refers to a review of his Coral reefs by Henry Holland in a forthcoming number of the Quarterly Review (no. 81, September 1847, pp. 468–500); but it is possible that he may be discussing a review of Ross 1847 and W. J. Hooker 1843, in which J. D. Hooker's work on Antarctic plants was mentioned (Quarterly Review, no. 81, June 1847, pp. 166–87). The author of the latter is given as Francis Egerton in Wellesley Index 1: 730.
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    f8 1082.f8
    J. D. Hooker 1844–7 was issued in 25 numbers; by April 1847 the publishers had issued 23 of these (Wiltshear 1913, p. 357).
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    f9 1082.f9
    CD refers to Hooker's discussion of the Antarctic beech Fagus antarctica and the wild potato Solanum tuberosum (J. D. Hooker 1844–7, pp. 345–9 and pp. 329–32). One sentence against transmutationists is the following on p. 347: ‘Surely so strongly marked a difference between otherwise very nearly allied species, growing side by side under perfectly similar conditions, is a strong argument in favour of their being originally separate creations.’
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    f10 1082.f10
    The reference is probably to Richard Brinsley Hinds's paper, ‘Memoirs on geographic botany’, which appeared in two parts in the Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Hinds 1845).
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    f11 1082.f11
    Hinds 1843. See Correspondence vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 March [1845], for CD's comments on this work.
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    f12 1082.f12
    Annales des Sciences Naturelles. CD read the three series of this journal from December 1846 to April 1847 (DAR 119; Correspondence vol. 4, Appendix IV). His notes on various papers from the Annales are in DAR 72 and DAR 74.
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    f13 1082.f13
    On 20 April 1847, CD recorded reading John Forbes Royle's ‘Illust. of Botany of Himalaya’ (Royle 1839) (DAR 119; Correspondence vol. 4, Appendix IV).
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    f14 1082.f14
    Andrew Duncan, professor of materia medica at Edinburgh University, 1821–32, whose lectures CD attended. See Correspondence vol. 1, letter to Caroline Darwin, 6 January 1826, and Autobiography, p. 47.
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    f15 1082.f15
    Hooker set out on 17 April for a two-week visit to Cambridge. CD's letter, addressed to Kew, was redirected to Hooker, ‘care of C. C. Babington, Esqr e. | St John's College | Cambridge’.
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    f16 1082.f16
    See letter to Robert Chambers, [28 February 1847], and letter to Charles Lyell, [7 March 1847].
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    f17 1082.f17
    Robert Chambers's authorship of Vestiges of the natural history of creation ([Chambers] 1844) was a carefully guarded secret, although several of CD's contemporaries believed the book was indeed by Chambers.
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