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To F. J. Cohn   1 January 1875

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Summary

Asks whether he might copy two of FJC’s drawings of Aldrovanda. He would like to have a proof of the plate for two woodcuts to be used in his forthcoming book [Insectivorous plants].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Date:  1 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 185: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9795A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Cohn 1875a) with his letter of 4 October 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). CD’s annotated …

From Daniel Oliver   2 January 1875

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Summary

The generic name Genlisea must be preserved for Utriculariaceae with five-part calyces.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9796

Matches: 5 hits

  • … John Murray. 1875. Warming, Eugenius. 1874. Bidrag til Kundskaben om Lentibulariaceæ. I. …
  • … den naturhistoriske Forening i Kjöbenhavn (1874): 33–58. (Resumé in French, pp. 8–15. ) …
  • … plant) with his letter to 24 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). Oliver had earlier …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, 19 December 1874 ). 5-merous: pentamerous, having five parts. …
  • … paper on Genlisea and Utricularia ( Warming 1874 ) in Insectivorous plants , pp.  397 n.   …

From J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Summary

Disapproves of Huxley’s article [review of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie] in Academy [7 (1875): 16–18].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9797

Matches: 11 hits

  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … vol.  22, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ). Hooker’s presidential address to …
  • … the Royal Society of London was delivered on 30 November 1874 (J.  D.   …
  • … it were reprinted in Nature , 31 December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196– …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). Hooker wrote ‘74’ …
  • … Darwin by St George Jackson Mivart in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). …
  • … In his letter of 29 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22), Hooker had suggested that …
  • … to Huxley’s letter to CD of 23 December 1874 ( ibid. ), in which Huxley said that he hoped …
  • … to Hooker with his letter of 24 December [1874] ( ibid. ). Huxley had lambasted ‘the …
  • … Ernst Haeckel’s book Anthropogenie (Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.   …
  • … the writer of this paper [ [Mivart] 1874 ] outrages decency by insinuations against Mr.   …

To J. D. Hooker   3 January [1875]

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Summary

Has not heard from Mivart; CD is convinced he is a hypocrite.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 363–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9798

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Warming, Eugenius. 1874. Bidrag til Kundskaben om Lentibulariaceæ. I. …
  • … den naturhistoriske Forening i Kjöbenhavn (1874): 33–58. (Resumé in French, pp. 8–15. ) …
  • … address to the Royal Society of London, made on 30 November 1874 (J.  D.   …
  • … it were reprinted in Nature , 31 December 1874, pp.  175–8, and 7 January 1875, pp.  196– …
  • … there is an annotated copy of Warming 1874  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … vol.  22, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). Huxley had learned about the …
  • … communicated with Mivart about it in December 1874 (see Correspondence vol.  22). CD had …
  • … 22, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December [1874] ). CD refers to Hooker’s presidential …

To H. E. Litchfield   4 January [1875]

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Summary

Describes his views on vivisection. Cannot sign petition of F. P. Cobbe, with its attack on Rudolf Virchow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  4 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9799

Matches: 1 hit

  • … s letter has not been found. In December 1874, Frances Power Cobbe had begun to circulate …

From J. D. Hooker   5 January 1875

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Summary

Huxley strongly dissuades JDH from writing to Mivart because of his Presidency of Royal Society. JDH will hold his letter until he hears what Bentham says.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 2–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9800

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 22, letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 , enclosure. George Bentham, who worked on …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national …
  • … Howard Darwin’s paper on marriage ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70, G.  H.  Darwin 1873b; see …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 ). Thomas Henry Huxley was a secretary of the …

To Friedrich Max Müller   5 January 1875

Summary

Has read FMM’s article in Contemporary Review [25 (1875): 305–26].

Never suspected FMM was responsible for the Quarterly Review article ["Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77]; knows it was written by Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Max Müller
Date:  5 Jan 1875
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) catalogue 89 (October 2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9802

Matches: 10 hits

  • … article ["Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77]; knows it was written by Mivart. …
  • … vol.  22, Appendix V. G.  H.  Darwin 1874 was a discussion of William Dwight Whitney’s …
  • … Max Müller’s ‘Lectures on Mr.  Darwin’s philosophy of language’ ( Whitney 1874 ). CD …
  • … had attempted but failed to have Whitney 1874  republished in the Contemporary Review ( …
  • … letter from J.  T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 ). …
  • … to Mr. Darwin. Contemporary Review 25 (1874–5): 305–26. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … Whitney, William Dwight. 1874. Darwinism and language. [Essay review of works by August …
  • … CD’s views on language (G.  H.  Darwin 1874). Müller noted that George’s defence had been …
  • … article in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 ), and denied that he was the author of …

From Joseph Fayrer   6 January 1875

Summary

Encloses results of experiments on influence of snake poison on ciliary action and vegetable protoplasm.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 58.2: 71, 73–82, DAR 164: 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9806

Matches: 4 hits

  • … will be seen by his remarks. June 29 th . 1874 Influence of Cobra poison Ciliary action. …
  • … oval [DIAG HERE] form, than usual. Aug 25— 1874 Newts blood examined. under 1/8 th object …
  • … perceptible change observed June 29 th . 1874— Action of Cobra poison on muscle Expert 1. …
  • … destroyed the action of the ciliae Nov r . 1874 Expt. XXX A little cobra poison dissolved …

To J. D. Hooker   6 January [1875]

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Summary

Is not inclined to restrain himself from expressing his opinion of Mivart. Huxley’s article in Academy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 365–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9805

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … Darwin in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). John Lubbock’s book was on …
  • … of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie (Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.  16– …

To T. H. Huxley   6 January 1875

Summary

Thanks THH for his article in the Academy and his defence of CD and G. H. Darwin against Mivart. Still thinks he should write plainly to Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  6 Jan 1875
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 313)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9804

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of Ernst Haeckel’s Anthropogenie (Haeckel 1874) in the Academy , 2 January 1875, pp.  16– …
  • … Mivart) against George Howard Darwin in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). …
  • … In December 1874, Huxley had written to Mivart about his attack on George, but had advised …
  • … 22, letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). See also ibid. , Appendix V. Samuel …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. Origin : On the origin of species by …

To Daniel Oliver   6 January [1875]

Summary

CD’s observations [for Insectivorous plants] seem to indicate that the same species of Genlisea may bear two kinds of bladders, so he asks for rhizomes and leaves of three species to test this possibility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  6 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9803

Matches: 4 hits

  • … letter and the letter from Daniel Oliver, 19 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). …
  • … In his letter of 19 December 1874, Oliver had written, ‘It is too bad to talk of asking “ …
  • … plant), from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in December 1874 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 22, letter from Daniel Oliver, 24 December 1874 . Utricularia montana is a synonym of U.   …

From J. D. Hooker   7 January 1875

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Summary

Tyndall, T. A. Hirst and Spencer dissuade him from writing to Mivart, but he will let him feel his disapproval.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 4–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9807

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Mivart on George Howard Darwin ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70; see Correspondence vol.  22, …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … it in his letter to Hooker of 22 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). Hooker was …

From Friedrich Max Müller   7 January 1875

Summary

FMM discusses his reply to George Darwin’s article [see 9711].

Intends within a year to place his whole argument before CD when, he hopes, his difficulties connected with the origin of language will be carefully considered by CD.

Author:  Friedrich Max Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 285
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9808

Matches: 10 hits

  • … article in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 ) was St George Jackson Mivart. Whitney …
  • … in the Quarterly Review was [Mivart] 1874 ; it contained an attack on George Howard …
  • … CD’s views on language (G.  H.  Darwin 1874). Müller noted that George’s defence had been …
  • … article in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 ), and denied that he was the author of …
  • … that article. In his article (G.  H.  Darwin 1874), George had drawn attention to William …
  • … Müller 1873 ) in the North American Review ( Whitney 1874 ). The quotation is from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin 1874, p.  894; the ‘Oxford linguist’ was Max Müller himself. In …
  • … to Mr. Darwin. Contemporary Review 25 (1874–5): 305–26. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] …
  • … and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die …
  • … Wilhelm Engelmann. Whitney, William Dwight. 1874. Darwinism and language. [Essay review of …

To J. D. Hooker   8 January [1875]

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Summary

JDH would be rash not to follow advice of his friends. [CD’s] wife and George oppose his writing to Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 367–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9809

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … article by George Howard Darwin ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, …

From Alpheus Hyatt   8 January [1875]

Summary

Encloses report on his paper "Old age characteristics among ammonites", [Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 17 (1875): 236–41].

Stability of long inherited characters. Dependence of some recently acquired characters on the environment.

Author:  Alpheus Hyatt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 358
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9233

Matches: 7 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Hyatt, Alpheus. 1874. Abstract of a memoir on the ‘Biological …
  • … relations of the Jurassic ammonites’. [Read 16 December 1874. ] Proceedings of …
  • … the Boston Society of Natural History 17 (1874–5): 236–41. …
  • … by the date of the enclosure. Hyatt wrote 1874 in error. Hyatt had spent time in 1872 and …
  • … Society of Natural History in 1875 ( Hyatt 1874 ). Hyatt refers to Emma Darwin and to …
  • … yours | A Hyatt EVENING TRANSCRIPT | WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1874. B OSTON S OCIETY OF …
  • … N ATURAL H ISTORY . | December 16, 1874. Professor Hyatt presented a paper on “Old Age …

From F. J. Cohn   9 January 1875

Summary

Thanks CD for his letter of 1 Jan 1875. Will send a paper on the genus Volvox ["Die Entwicklungsgeschichte der Gattung Volvox", Cohn Beitr. Biol. Pflanz. 1 (1875) Heft 3: 99–115].

Informs CD of his discoveries of the "house"-building capacity of Difflugia, one of the lowest forms of organism.

Sends CD his writing on Aldrovanda and Utricularia, which he is welcome to use in his forthcoming book [Insectivorous plants].

Has observed a Dionaea fertilised without insect aid.

Author:  Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9810

Matches: 3 hits

  • … He had received a specimen from Daniel Oliver in October 1874 ( Correspondence vol. …
  • … 22, letter from Daniel Oliver, 20 October 1874 . ) …
  • … Botanische Probleme’ (Botanical problems; Cohn 1874) has been found in the Darwin Archive– …

To Ernst Haeckel   11 January [1875]

Summary

Thanks for F. v. Hellwald [Culturgeschichte (1875)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  11 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1:1-52/ 33 [9886])
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9811

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter and the letter from Ernst Haeckel, 20 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22). …
  • … In his letter of 20 December 1874 ( Correspondence vol.  22), Haeckel had offered to send …

To St G. J. Mivart   12 January 1875

Summary

StGJM’s article in the Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 40–77] contains wholly false and malicious accusations against CD’s son George. Since StGJM has refused to make any sort of retraction, CD will not hold any future communication with him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  12 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 97: C36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9812

Matches: 5 hits

  • … s article in the Quarterly Review [137 (1874): 40–77] contains wholly false and malicious …
  • … the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. …
  • … Your article in the Q.  R.  for July 1874 contains a wholly false & malicious accusation …
  • … of vice to check population (that is, of prostitution; [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70, G.  H.   …
  • … Darwin 1873). In the October 1874 issue of the Quarterly Review , a letter from George …

To G. J. Romanes   13 January [1875]

Summary

Describes accounts of potato grafting in a German journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  13 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.461)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9814

Matches: 3 hits

  • … naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin , 17 November 1874, pp.  104–8. CD mentioned Magnus’s …
  • … by the reference to the 17 November 1874 issue of the Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft …
  • … an annotated copy of the 17 November 1874 issue of the Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft …

From J. D. Hooker   14 January 1875

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Summary

Is on the eve of another row with the Office of Works about his application for assistance.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 6–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9815

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 8 December 1874 . Douglas Strutt Galton was director of works …
  • … 22, letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 29 November [1874] ). Hooker had engaged William Turner …
Document type
letter[X]
Correspondent
Accademia dei Lincei (1)
Bachmaier, Anton (1)
Balfour, F. M. (1)
Belt, Thomas (1)
Bennett, A. W. (1)
Bentham, George (1)
Bianconi, G. G. (2)
Brown, T. C. (1)
Burdon Sanderson, J. S. (1)
Carus, J. V. (3)
Coan, T. M. (1)
Cohn, F. J. (4)
Cooke, R. F. (8)
Cookson, B. A. E. (1)
Cupples, George (2)
D. Appleton & Co (1)
Darwin, C. R. (175)
Darwin, Emma (1)
Darwin, Francis (2)
Darwin, G. H. (5)
Darwin, H. E. (1)
Darwin, W. E. (2)
Dawkins, W. B. (1)
Delpino, Federico (3)
Dew-Smith, A. G. (1)
Dodel-Port, Arnold (1)
Dohrn, Anton (3)
Douglas, J. C. (1)
Dowie, Annie (1)
Fayrer, Joseph (1)
Fiske, John (1)
Fitzgerald, R. D. (1)
Foster, Michael (1)
Fox, W. D. (1)
Fritsche, Gustavus (1)
Galton, Francis (3)
Gilbert, J. H. (2)
Gray, Asa (2)
Haeckel, Ernst (2)
Hallett, F. F. (1)
Harris, George (1)
Heer, Oswald (2)
Hesse-Wartegg, Ernst von (1)
Hoare, J. N. (1)
Hoek, P. P. C. (1)
Hooker, J. D. (23)
Huxley, H. A. (1)
Huxley, T. H. (5)
Hyatt, Alpheus (2)
Innes, J. B. (3)
John Murray (6)
Jäger, Gustav (1)
Knowles, J. T. (2)
Linnean Society (1)
Litchfield, H. E. (1)
Litchfield, R. B. (1)
Malm, A. W. (1)
Masłowski, Ludwik (1)
Max Müller, Friedrich (3)
Mivart, S. G. J. (1)
Murray, John (b) (5)
Müller, Fritz (1)
Müller, Hermann (1)
Nevill, D. F. (2)
Norton, C. E. (1)
Ogle, William (1)
Oliver, Daniel (3)
Papé, Charlotte (1)
Piggot, Horatio (1)
Rolleston, George (1)
Romanes, G. J. (10)
Royal Society of London (1)
Sachs, Julius (1)
Scott, W. H. (1)
Segrave, W. F. (1)
Sella, Quintino (1)
Smith, Elder & Co (1)
Stanley, E. H. (1)
Story-Maskelyne, Nevil (1)
Sulivan, B. J. (1)
Sully, James (1)
Tait, Lawson (8)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (1)
Thiselton-Dyer, W. T. (2)
Thomasson, J. P. (1)
Traube, Moritz (2)
Treat, Mary (1)
Tylor, E. B. (3)
Wedgwood, Emma (1)
Weir, J. J. (1)
Weismann, August (1)
Whitney, W. D. (1)
Wilder, B. G. (1)
Wolfe, G. A. (1)
Woolner, Thomas (1)
Wright, Chauncey (1)
Zacharias, Otto (3)
Date
1875
01 (37)
02 (21)
03 (19)
04 (12)
05 (11)
06 (10)
07 (16)
08 (11)
09 (11)
10 (12)
11 (8)
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Francis Darwin marries

Summary

The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' son, Francis, marries Amy Ruck; Francis starts work as his father's assistant …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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