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To Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette   [before 14 September 1844]

Summary

Asks whether salt and carbonate of lime (in the form of seashells) would act upon each other if slightly moistened and left in great quantities together. The question occurs from CD’s having found in Peru a great bed of recent shells that were mixed with salt, decayed and corroded "in a singular manner". Mentions, as relevant to the value of seashells as manure, that they are dissolved more rapidly by water than any other form of carbonate of lime.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 14 Sept 1844]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, no. 37, 14 September 1844, pp. 628–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-778

To E. A. Darwin   [before 1 October 1844]

Summary

Writes about canal shares EAD holds as trustee.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Date:  [before 1 Oct 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-678

To Solicitor?   1 October 1844

Summary

CD and Emma request transfer of some shares to E. A. Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Solicitor
Date:  1 Oct 1844
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 977)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-779

To Adolf von Morlot   10 October [1844]

Summary

Says AM’s letters on glacial action not publishable since they do not give facts. Suggests readings on the subject of glaciers. Expresses doubts about AM’s theory that Scandinavian glaciers brought the boulders he was studying.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Adolphe Morlot (Adolph von Morlot)
Date:  10 Oct [1844]
Classmark:  Burgerbibliothek Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-780

To James David Forbes   11 October [1844]

Summary

Discusses a specimen of Mexican obsidian with an unusual laminated structure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James David Forbes
Date:  11 Oct [1844]
Classmark:  University of St Andrews Special Collections (Papers of J. D. Forbes: msdep7 – Incoming letters 1844, no.57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-781

To Leonard Jenyns   12 October [1844]

Summary

Asks whether LJ can throw light on this subject: "What are the checks and what the periods of life by which the increase of any given species is limited?" CD has been driven to conclude that species are mutable; allied species are co-descendants from common stocks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  12 Oct [1844]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-782

To Emma Darwin   [20 or 27 October 1844]

Summary

Has been discussing wills and other legal matters with his father.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [20 or 27] Oct 1844
Classmark:  Emma Darwin 2: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-783

From J. D. Hooker   28 October 1844

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Summary

Discusses the connection between climate and vegetation. Believes that an equable climate is unfavourable to increase of species either by importation or modification of existing forms; illustrates his view with reference to particular floras. Hopes to acquire facts to support CD’s idea that isolation is important in producing new forms. Considers the floras of islands some of which do have distinctive species but others of which do not. Agrees that the wide ranges of cryptogams are a consequence of their means of dispersal. Asks for references to works on original creation and species mutability in order to get the best notions of "the (mad) theories of some men from Lamarck’s twaddle upwards".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Oct 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 16–23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-784

From Henry Denny   30 October 1844

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Summary

Has never heard of species of same genus [of parasites] being found on both birds and mammals, or different genera and species being found on animals in the domestic and wild states. Implications of this for relationship of aperea and guinea-pig.

Author:  Henry Denny
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Oct 1844
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 273
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-785

To J. D. Forbes   [November? 1844]

Summary

Believes JDF’s discoveries in the structure of glacier ice will explain the structure of many volcanic masses. Will JDF’s views throw any light on the primary laminated rocks?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James David Forbes
Date:  [Nov? 1844]
Classmark:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 2 1845: 18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-786

To Henry Denny   7 November [1844]

Summary

Discusses HD’s information that same species of birds at remote stations have identical parasites. Urges him to investigate N. American land-bird parasites.

Is deeply interested in everything connected with geographical distribution, and the differences between species and varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Denny
Date:  7 Nov [1844]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-787

From J. D. Hooker   8 November 1844

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Summary

Sends notes on Infusoria for Ehrenberg.

Comments on distribution of species in natural orders that have local distributions. Intermediate forms between species of Lycopodium.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Nov 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 24–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-788

To J. D. Hooker   [10–11 November 1844]

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Summary

Origin of Antarctic brash ice.

Further on case of Lycopodium: does JDH know any genera of plants whose species are variable in one continent but not in another? Discussion on variations between floras as regards species richness, and factors affecting geographical distribution. On species, CD expects "that I shall be able to show even to sound naturalists that there are two sides to the question of the immutability of species; – that facts can be viewed and grouped under the notion of allied species having descended from common stocks". Mentions books and papers for and against species mutability. CD believes past absurd ideas arose from no one’s having approached subject on side of variation under domestication.

Would like to see Clarke’s paper

and would welcome visit from JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10-11 Nov 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-789

To J. D. Forbes   13 [November 1844]

Summary

Mexican specimen of laminated obsidian.

Comments on Forbes’s publication comparing lava streams and glaciers. Mentions ice-action theories of a young German.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James David Forbes
Date:  13 [Nov 1844]
Classmark:  University of St Andrews Special Collections (Papers of J. D. Forbes: msdep7 – Incoming letters 1844, no.65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-790

From J. D. Hooker   14 November 1844

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Summary

Differences in variability of species within a single genus. Further observations on Lycopodium.

Interested in Humboldt’s river with different floras on opposite banks, and other unexplained cases of very local distributions.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Nov 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 26–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-791

To J. D. Hooker   [18 November 1844]

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Summary

Would like JDH to visit. Regrets he will not be fit to visit JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [18 Nov 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-792

To Leonard Jenyns   25 [November 1844]

Summary

On checks to increase of species and the observations which led him to regard species as mutable in form. Would welcome "at some future time" LJ’s criticism of the "sketch" of his conclusions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  25 [Nov 1844]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-793

To W. A. Leighton   25 November [1844?–6]

Summary

Thanks for procuring cuttings of weeping yew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Allport Leighton
Date:  25 Nov [1844-6]
Classmark:  Fraser’s Autographs (dealer) (May 2013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-653F

To Susan Darwin   [27 November 1844?]

Summary

Sends thanks for money.

Comments on treatment prescribed by his father.

Encloses notes by John Higgins with investment advice. Discusses advisability of investing in farmland in Lincolnshire. Cites advice of Sir John Lubbock concerning purchase of land.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  [27 Nov 1844?]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A9–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-833

To Adolf von Morlot   28 November [1844]

Summary

Mentions his Plutonic view of earth history.

Cites Lyell’s opinions on loess.

CD doubts contemporaneousness of extinct great animals with ice period.

Cites applicability of Forbes’s theory of glacier structure to structure of volcanic obsidian.

CD is falling astern in the geological race for knowledge.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Adolphe Morlot (Adolph von Morlot)
Date:  28 Nov [1844]
Classmark:  Burgerbibliothek Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-794
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