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State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, …
  • … Moscow, Russia Darwin Museum Moscow …

Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England DAR …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880]

Summary

Thanks his children for their present of a fur coat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  17 [Jan 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12429

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   17 [January 1880] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 211: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 [Jan …
  • … 1880] Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   10 January 1880

Summary

Circular letter regarding the distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  10 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12414

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   10 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan …
  • … 1880 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his …
  • … handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share. …

From the Darwin children   17 January 1880

Summary

Send CD a present of a fur coat.

Author:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Sara Sedgwick; Sara Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 99: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12428

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From the Darwin children   17 January 1880 …
  • Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. E. …
  • … Sedgwick, Sara Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, H. E. …
  • … Litchfield, H. E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 208 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Sara …
  • … Sedgwick/Sara Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield unstated …
  • … 17 Jan 1880 Charles Robert Darwin

From C. M. C. Darwin   14 April 1879

Summary

Answers CD’s query about Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn.

Sends an introduction for Leonard Darwin to their tenants at Elston Hall.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 138–41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11994

Matches: 39 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From C.  M.  C.  Darwin   14 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 138–41 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 14 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Answers CD’s query about Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn. …
  • … Sends an introduction for Leonard Darwin to their tenants at Elston Hall. …
  • … See letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 2. Robert Darwin (1682–1754) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s father. …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 8 April 1879, n. …
  • … 8 . William Morgan Darwin had no sons. …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1848) …
  • … was Robert Darwin ’s son …
  • … and Erasmus Darwin ’s eldest brother. ( …
  • Darwin pedigree . ) …
  • … Richardson’s portrait depicted Robert Darwin in his ‘great wig and bands’ and looking, …
  • … Bibliography Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … printed for the author. 1984. ] Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. Post Office London …
  • … Otley. April 14 th . 1879 Dear M r . Darwin, , I have to thank you for a long kind letter, …
  • … question about our mutual ancestor, Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn— My Husband and I have …
  • … Balderton, and died 1754— his cousin William Morgan Darwin (who died in 1762. ) being then …
  • … owner of Elston— Rob t . Waring Darwin his son, then got …
  • … me | Y rs .  sincerely | Charlotte M C Darwin 2.2 he ... 1762. ) 2.3] scored blue crayon …
  • … dignified doctor of divinity’ ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 4). Simon Dunning , solicitor, had an …
  • … London directory 1878). George Howard Darwin had made this suggestion (see letter to C. …
  • … M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 2). CD had asked whether Leonard Darwin could photograph Elston Hall (see letter to C. …
  • … M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. 3). The letter of introduction has not been found. …
  • … See letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 and n. 4. …
  • … CD had found letters from Erasmus Darwin and a drawing of Elston Hall from around …
  • … 1750 in a box owned by Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) that had been labelled ‘old …
  • … settlements & deeds’ (see letter to C. M. C. Darwin, 6 April 1879 ). Paul-Adolphe Rajon …
  • … the Elston Estate— Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn was buried at Elston, and we have a …
  • … of Parliament S t .  has a number of old Darwin deeds & papers, which might throw some …
  • … introduction for your son M r . Leonard Darwin to our Tenant at Elston who I am sure will …

To Reginald Darwin   8 April 1879

Summary

Details of family history. Has discovered Dr Darwin did get to Edinburgh before his son, Charles, died.

The more CD reads of Dr Darwin the higher he rises in his estimation.

Is tired of writing letters, "half the fools throughout Europe write to ask me the stupidest questions".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 153: 98; Lawrences Auctioneers, Crewkerne, Somerset (dealers) (2009); LL 3: 219
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11982

Matches: 47 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   8 April 1879 …
  • … Auctioneers, Crewkerne, Somerset (dealers) (2009); LL 3: 219 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 …
  • … Apr 1879 Reginald Darwin
  • … of family history. Has discovered Dr Darwin did get to Edinburgh before his son, Charles, …
  • … died. The more CD reads of Dr Darwin the higher he rises in his estimation. Is tired of …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1879. LL : The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter. …
  • … Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. Moilliet, Amelia and …
  • … questions. — Yours cordially obliged | Charles Darwin P.S Very many thanks about the Seal; …
  • … See letter from Reginald Darwin, 7 April 1879 . The section ‘Since … a copy. ’ was cut out …
  • … CD also mentioned his discovery of letters from Erasmus Darwin and others, and the drawing …
  • … of Elston Hall in Robert Waring Darwin’s deeds box in his letter to C.   …
  • … M.  C.  Darwin, 6 April 1879 . On the engraving by John Allen Wedgwood , …
  • … Keir ( Moilliet and Moilliet 1859 ), mentioned by Reginald Darwin in his letter of 7 April …
  • … 1879 . Reginald Darwin had mentioned that …
  • … he had Erasmus Darwin’s two seals ( …
  • … see letter from Reginald Darwin, 7 April 1879 ). …
  • … CD had asked Reginald Darwin whether he would …
  • … mind if Erasmus Darwin’s poem on the folly of …
  • … atheism was published (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). …
  • … The first four lines appeared in Erasmus Darwin , p. 44. The text from ‘Europe write’ is …
  • … Cotton M.S. ; but George remarks that there is no evidence that this Mr.  Darwin was W.   …
  • Darwin of Cleatham. …
  • … We are much puzzled whether Robert Darwin of Lincoln’s Inn and Father of Dr.  Erasmus was …
  • … at Elston. I have also written to Mrs.  Darwin of Creskeld to ask about this point. By the …
  • … see the letter from V. H. Darwin, 4 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 3. Leonard Darwin of the Royal Engineers was an instructor in chemistry and photography at …
  • … of Military Engineering at Chatham in Kent. Violetta Harriot Darwin had offered to make a …
  • … drawing of Breadsall Priory, Erasmus Darwin’s death place (see letter from V. …
  • … H. Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). …
  • … George Howard Darwin had been in Algiers for several months; he …
  • … was, as CD had anticipated, interested in Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House …
  • … MS; see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). Robert Bruce Cotton had recorded that a …
  • … in his collection in the British Library had been found by a Mr Darwin (see letter …
  • … to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 and n. …
  • … 9). William Darwin (1681–1760) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s uncle. …
  • … Robert Darwin (1682–1754) …
  • … was Erasmus Darwin’s father; his …
  • … brother was William Darwin (1681–1760). Their mother, Anne, lived at Elston Hall with her …
  • … Elston. After Anne Lascelle’s death, Robert Darwin bought Elston Hall from the Lascelles ( …
  • … accessed 23 November 2018)). See letter to C.  M.  C.  Darwin, 6 April 1879. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s eldest son, Charles , died in 1778, while a student at Edinburgh …
  • … before Charles died (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 , n. 5). It was Elizabeth …

To the Darwin children   3 January 1881

Summary

About the distribution of [surplus income] funds among the children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12972

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   3 January 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 169 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   16 September 1881

Summary

A circular letter on the distribution of his money at death and the division ofErasmus’ estate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  16 Sept 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13340

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   16 September 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 183 Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Sept …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   20 December 1881

Summary

Has promised to pay Hooker about £250 annually "for the formation of a perfect MS catalogue of all known plants [Index Kewensis]".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  20 Dec 1881
Classmark:  DAR (CD library—Index Kewensis tom. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13570

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   20 December 1881 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR (CD library— Index Kewensis tom.  1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Dec …
  • … 1881 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

To the Darwin children   8 January 1882

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Summary

Advises his children as to how some money will be distributed among them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  8 Jan 1882
Classmark:  DAR 185: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13603

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   8 January 1882 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … DAR 185: 60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan …
  • … 1882 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …

From Reginald Darwin   7 April 1879

Summary

Is glad CD has found interest in "the old book" [Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book].

Discusses Erasmus Darwin and his belongings, which RD has inherited.

Owns a portrait of Erasmus Darwin by Joseph Wright of Derby.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11980

Matches: 45 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   7 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 210.14: 21 Reginald Darwin Buxton 7 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Keir’s correspondence edited by her grandson James Keir Moilliet . Erasmus Darwin’s father …
  • … was Robert Darwin (1682–1754) . …
  • … red crayon Top of letter : ‘about | Father of Erasmus’ pencil ; ‘R.  Darwin’ red crayon …
  • … Is glad CD has found interest in "the old book" [Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book]. …
  • … Discusses Erasmus Darwin and his belongings, which RD has inherited. …
  • … Owns a portrait of Erasmus Darwin by Joseph Wright of Derby. …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Erasmus, ed. 1780. Experiments establishing a criterion between …
  • … Raeburn, R.A. Edinburgh: P. Neill. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … Chicago Press. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … CD had asked to keep Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down …
  • … House MS) until George Howard Darwin returned from Algiers ( …
  • … see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). ‘A new Song …
  • … in praise of two young Hunters’ was written by Erasmus and John Darwin’s older …
  • … brother, Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1816) . John’s stammer may be indicated in the poem by …
  • … beware) dead’, a hunting cry; King-Hele ed. 2003 , p. 17). Reginald Darwin’s grandmother …
  • … was Elizabeth Darwin , …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s second wife; CD’ …
  • … Portrait Gallery, D34687). Erasmus Darwin’s motto was ‘E conchis omnia’ (everything from …
  • … contained correspondence with Erasmus Darwin, who was a close friend of Keir . The book …
  • … by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Milo. 1994. Portraits of Dr Erasmus Darwin, F.R.S. , by Joseph Wright, James Rawlinson and …
  • … the Royal Society of London 48: 69–84. King-Hele, Desmond, ed. 2003. Charles Darwin’s ‘The …
  • … Life of Erasmus Darwin’. First unabridged edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … s grandmother was Mary Darwin , Erasmus’s first wife. The …
  • … was probably among the loose letters sent by Reginald Darwin with the Commonplace book ( …
  • … see letter from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 ). …
  • … Reginald Darwin’s father …
  • … was Francis Sacheverel Darwin . CD had heard the jockey story from Elizabeth Anne Wheler ( …
  • … 1879 and n. 7). The enclosure in Francis Sacheverel Darwin’s hand has not been found. …
  • … Andrew Duncan was Erasmus Darwin’s son Charles’s Edinburgh professor. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin did travel to Edinburgh when he heard …
  • … Charles was dying (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 , n. 5). Duncan evidently …
  • … Duncan 1824 , pp. 11–12). Charles Darwin (1758–87) was buried in the Duncan family vault …
  • … Buccleuch Parish Church), Edinburgh ( E. Darwin ed. 1780 , p. iv and 135). The city was …
  • … 2000 , p. xv). The inscription on the memorial tablet to Charles Darwin was written by …
  • … his father, Erasmus Darwin ( …
  • … Erasmus Darwin , p. 82). …
  • … For the text on the tablet, see ‘Charles Darwin 1758–78’, http://www.findagrave.com ( …
  • … of Derby painted a portrait of Erasmus Darwin around 1770; Anna Seward described it as a ‘ …
  • … was painted in 1802, shortly before Erasmus Darwin’s death ( M. Keynes 1994 , p. 78). …

From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879

Summary

Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems.

Family news.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 146–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11960

Matches: 30 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   29 March 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 146–9 Reginald Darwin Buxton 29 Mar …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends Dr Erasmus Darwin’s commonplace book, some letters, and poems. Family news. …
  • … C. Darwin was commander of HMS Lord Warden from September 1878 until December 1879 ( …
  • … Archives, ADM 196/15/167). Mary Anne Darwin . For the story about the jockey, see letter …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … de la Mare Publishers. Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … 9): 397–424. Seward, Anna. 1804. Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin. London: J. Johnson. …
  • … offer my best regards & those of M rs Darwin & my son (who is home on a few days leave) …
  • … me| always affec tly yours | Reginald Darwin Top of letter : ‘New Market Jockey Story’ …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 27 March 1879 ; …
  • … CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin were arranging a translation of Ernst Krause ’ …
  • … s sketch of the life of Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ). Matlock and Buxton were spa towns …
  • … of the statements made by Anna Seward in her biography of Erasmus Darwin ( Seward 1804 ). …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House MS) was written between 1776 and 1787; for …
  • … 3. Erasmus Darwin’s son Charles was nineteen when he died. ‘Tardy mails’: slow mail …
  • … letter has not been found. Erasmus Darwin was buried in Breadsall church in Derbyshire ( …
  • … of 1831–6. Reginald’s son, Sacheverel Charles Darwin , was an officer in the Royal Navy. …
  • … Reginald also refers to George Howard Darwin and to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin , who lived in Bassett, Southampton. S. …
  • … and passim . Reginald also refers to Erasmus Darwin’s ‘The folly of atheism’; Emma Sophia …
  • … has not been identified. Reginald’s father was Francis Sacheverel Darwin ; his mother …
  • … was Jane Harriett Darwin . His sisters were Mary Jane Worsley , …
  • … Wilmot , Frances Sarah Huish , Georgiana Elizabeth Swift , Violetta Harriot Darwin , Anne …
  • … Eliza Darwin , and Millicent Susan Oldershaw . …
  • … See letter to Reginald Darwin, 27 March 1879 and n. …

To Reginald Darwin   4 April 1879

Summary

Has been "deeply interested by the great book" [see 11966]. Asks permission to publish extracts.

Did Dr Darwin go to Edinburgh when his son, Charles, died? Asks whether RD has ever heard a story about Dr Darwin that had been told to CD by the Galtons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Reginald Darwin
Date:  4 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 153: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11977

Matches: 40 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Reginald …
  • … To Reginald Darwin   4 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 153: 97 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 …
  • … Apr 1879 Reginald Darwin
  • … Desmond, ed. 1981. The letters of Erasmus Darwin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … Asks permission to publish extracts. Did Dr Darwin go to Edinburgh when his son, Charles, …
  • … whether RD has ever heard a story about Dr Darwin that had been told to CD by the Galtons. …
  • … King-Hele ed. 2003, p. 7). George Howard Darwin visited the British Museum to transcribe …
  • … Mrs Bort from a lithograph by Miss V.  Darwin; and if I could borrow this lithograph, it …
  • … thanks. | Yours affectionately | Charles Darwin P.S.  What a curious story that is about …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book (Down House …
  • … MS; see letter to Reginald Darwin, 1 April 1879 ). The copyist probably made …
  • … rather than just ‘return’; George Howard Darwin arrived back from Algiers, where he had …
  • … 17 April, when he left Down for Cambridge (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD included …
  • … first version of his sketch of Erasmus Darwin’s life; three copies of these first proofs …
  • … from his medical practice in Lichfield, appeared in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 25–6, 28–9, 43– …
  • … 4, and 121. The story of Erasmus Darwin being woken at night in a Newmarket hotel to be …
  • … kindly by Erasmus was published in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 63–4. Elizabeth Anne Wheler , a …
  • … story in her letter of 25 March 1879 ; Francis Sacheverel Darwin was Reginald’s father. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin did travel to Edinburgh and reached …
  • … the city before his eldest son, Charles Darwin , died ( …
  • … Erasmus Darwin , p. 83; King-Hele ed. 1981 , p. 87). It was probably his second son, …
  • … at the time of his death in 1799, and given to CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin, in April …
  • … 1802 ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 76; King-Hele ed. 1981 , …
  • … p. 89). See letter from Reginald Darwin, 2 April 1879 . …
  • … In the letter to Reginald Darwin, 1 April 1879 , CD had mentioned that he thought he would …
  • … Priory (the birth and death places of Erasmus Darwin) in his biographical account. …
  • … The lithograph was made by Violetta Harriot Darwin. The copy was made by Ann …
  • … marriage, was a neighbour of Erasmus Darwin in Full Street, Derby. The copyist wrote ‘? …
  • … Bort’. Sydnope Hall near Matlock, Derbyshire, was purchased by Francis Sacheverel Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin’s father, in the 1820s, and sold after his death in 1858 (‘Sydnope Hall’, …
  • … Sydnope with his cousin William Darwin Fox when they were Cambridge undergraduates (see …
  • … of the Commonplace book by Reginald Darwin, there are two taken from the Derby Mercury of …
  • … 8 April 1874, describing Francis Sacheverel Darwin’s life at Sydnope Hall and the hunt he …
  • … organised in 1837 to kill the last wild boar of his herd. Reginald Darwin felt that he …
  • … had ‘desecrated’ Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace book by pasting in …
  • … newspaper cuttings (see letter from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 ). At the beginning of …
  • … of the preliminary notice of Erasmus Darwin, CD mentioned in a footnote that a rare book …
  • … the history of Lichfield, found by a Mr Darwin in the thatch of a house and presented to …

To C. M. C. Darwin   24 March 1879

Summary

Can CMCD provide a photograph of Elston, the birthplace of Erasmus Darwin, with permission to have it reproduced in Erasmus Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1879
Classmark:  The late Mrs Vivien Kindersley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11950F

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Francis Rhodes Darwin . …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, C. M. C. …
  • … To C.  M.  C.  Darwin   24 March 1879 …
  • … The late Mrs Vivien Kindersley (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin 24 Mar 1879 …
  • … Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
  • … provide a photograph of Elston, the birthplace of Erasmus Darwin, with permission to have …
  • … it reproduced in Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … so that I am not hopeful on this head. I beg leave to remain | Dear M rs . Darwin | Yours …
  • … sincerely | Charles Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … Krause had published a biography of CD’s grandfather Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ). …
  • … CD’s brother was Erasmus Alvey Darwin . See letters from E. …
  • … A. Darwin, 8 March [1879] and 11 March [1879] . CD …
  • … planned to use a photograph of a portrait by Joseph Wright of Erasmus Darwin as the …
  • … frontispiece to Erasmus Darwin (see letter to Ernst Krause, 19 March 1879 and n. 8). …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire, was the seat of the senior branch of the Darwin family and the …
  • … birthplace of Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Orpington. S.E.R. Mar 24/1879 Dear M rs Darwin, I am going to beg a little favour of you. …
  • … published a short life of D r Erasmus Darwin, chiefly in relation to his scientific work. …
  • … be greatly obliged. I fear that is not probable that M r Darwin or yourself possess any …
  • … documents about D r Darwin or letters from him; for if you have any & would not object to …

To the Darwin children   21 February 1879

Summary

Circular about the distribution of the overplus of his income and advice on investment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  21 Feb 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11896

Matches: 26 hits

  • … To the Darwin children   21 February 1879 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, …
  • … Leonard Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, H. E. Litchfield, H. E. …
  • … advisers. Here ends my sermon— Charles Darwin To William Please forward this soon to G. & …
  • … F. “G.  H.  Darwin Esq Villa Beau Séjour Colonne Voirol Algiers. ” …
  • … DAR 210.6: 153 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb …
  • … 1879 Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin
  • … Francis Darwin George …
  • … Howard Darwin
  • … Horace Darwin
  • … Leonard Darwin William …
  • … Erasmus Darwin Henrietta …
  • … Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … Frederick Ransome, 7 February 1866 ). George Howard and Francis Darwin were in Algiers; …
  • … see letter from Francis Darwin, [ c. 25 February 1879]. …
  • … Charles Langton , and CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin . The trust paid out twice yearly on 30 …
  • … probably managed by CD’s son William Erasmus Darwin . The last payment to CD, for £352 10 …
  • … is dated 30 June 1876 and marked ‘W. E. Darwin in Trust money’ (CD’s Account books–banking …
  • … were Henrietta Emma Litchfield and Elizabeth Darwin ; his sons were William Erasmus , …
  • … Howard , Francis , Leonard , and Horace Darwin . CD had purchased shares in the Patent …

From Francis Galton   9 June 1879

Summary

Memorandum about Dr Erasmus Darwin’s bequests.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 June 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.14: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12097F

Matches: 50 hits

  • … Galton, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Memorandum about Dr Erasmus Darwin’s bequests. …
  • … DAR 210.14: 30 Francis Galton 9 June 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … aside from a similar sum given him by his uncle, John Darwin (1730–1805) , it was the sole …
  • … pecuniary aid that Robert ever received ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 85). …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … King-Hele, Desmond. 1999. Erasmus Darwin. A life of unequalled achievement. London: Giles …
  • … Mem: about D r . Erasmus Darwin’s bequests When D r . …
  • … Eras: Darwin died, he appears to have left no money …
  • … to D r . Robert Darwin who was the sole surviving issue of his first marriage with Miss …
  • … M r . Darwin’s) youngest Brother D r . …
  • … Eras. Darwin— Did Issue mean, D r . …
  • … Eras Darwin’s children—or children & …
  • … grandchildren— This much excited Emma Darwin—as D r . Rob et . had 6. children—& Violetta …
  • … decided against the grandchildren M rs . Darwin had only 2 children living at her death …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848) was the …
  • … sole surviving child of Erasmus Darwin and his first wife, Mary Howard . …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin ’s first husband was Edward Sacheverel …
  • … Pole ; her six children by Erasmus Darwin, still living at the time of his death, were …
  • … the illegitimate daughters. Robert Waring Darwin married Susannah Wedgwood (1765–1817) in …
  • … CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin , had five other children: Marianne …
  • … Parker , Caroline Sarah Wedgwood , Susan Elizabeth Darwin , Erasmus …
  • … Alvey Darwin , and Catherine Langton . Violetta Galton ’s eight children …
  • … Adele Bunbury , Agnes Jane Galton , Darwin Galton , Erasmus Galton , Violetta Galton , and …
  • … his grandfather, CD did not discuss Erasmus Darwin’s legacies to any of his children; CD …
  • … that Erasmus had given his son Robert Waring Darwin £20 when he first set up his medical …
  • … £ 30.000. On the other hand, D r . Erasmus Darwin left comparatively very little money & a …
  • … a time, and it is supposed that D r . E.  Darwin was enabled to save what he did by living …
  • … Galton June 9/79. 1st ly . M rs . Eras: Darwin (neé Collier) had a jointure f m . Col l . …
  • … the Rev d John Gisborne— 2nd ly D r . E Darwin lived at Radbourne after his marriage to M …
  • … till M r . Pole was of age— M rs . Erasmus Darwin having £800-a year, besides the rent of …
  • … the Radbourne Let 3 rdly . D r . Eras: Darwin has to educate & place out at Ashbourne, M …
  • … Mother, M rs . Day— 4 thly . — D r . E Darwin lent several thousands, or I think there was …
  • … was left in his will to M rs . Era s . Darwin, (his 2 nd . Wife) & her Children—& it was …
  • … M rs . Archdall’s death. 5 th . When D r . E Darwin died—he left by his second marriage 6. …
  • … If the Archdall money was ever p d . M rs . Darwin was to have it, & the second family …
  • … at M rs . Darwin’s death—& so they did receive f r . 5 to £6,000—each f m .   …
  • … first to last— Had M rs . Eras s . Darwin died soon after her Husband—the Pole Jointure …
  • … money cd.  be paid which was very uncertain— Old M r . Darwin of Elston—left his Property— …
  • … some to his Heir William Darwin—& some to the issue of his ( …
  • … According to CD’s introductory sketch, Robert Waring Darwin received £20 from Erasmus when …
  • … he set up practice in Shrewsbury ( Erasmus Darwin , p. 85). The Poles had four children: …
  • … of the Pole family, a few miles west of Derby, was rented out by the Darwins for most of …
  • … the time until Elizabeth Darwin’s son Sacheverell Pole reached his majority at 21 ( King- …
  • … been employed by Erasmus as a nursemaid for Robert Waring Darwin (see King-Hele 1999, pp. …
  • … 106–7). Robert Waring Darwin (1724–1816) , who died unmarried, was …
  • … the elder brother of William Brown Darwin , who then inherited Elston …
  • … Hall, and of Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … Emma Georgiana Elizabeth Darwin never married. …

To Francis Darwin   12 July [1879]

Summary

Notes observations on sensitivity and movement of radicles.

Has finished chapter [of Movement in plants] on sleeping plants and is now looking over heliotropism notes.

Is perplexed by Erasmus Darwin; Erasmus [A. Darwin] likes it, but Henrietta thinks it much too long.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  12 July [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12152

Matches: 31 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   12 July [1879] …
  • … DAR 211: 62 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 …
  • … July [1879] Francis Darwin
  • … and is now looking over heliotropism notes. Is perplexed by Erasmus Darwin ; Erasmus [A. …
  • Darwin] likes it, but Henrietta thinks it much too long. …
  • … to Lakes & finish it there. I am tired— Ever yours | C.  Darwin (What are your plans, if …
  • … you have any, you degenerate Darwin. ) Abbadabba flourishing & Dumming …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … from 2 to 27 August 1879 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … CD jokingly alludes to some of the more illustrious Darwin ancestors discovered …
  • … by George Howard Darwin while …
  • … researching Darwin family history (see letter from G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 24 June 1879 ). Abbadabba …
  • … was a pet name for Francis’s son, Bernard Darwin . ‘Dumming’: Bernard’ …
  • … s mispronunciation of ‘drumming’ (see letter to Francis Darwin, 4 July [1879] ). …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 . …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 and n. 1. Francis had not mentioned …
  • … Virginia spiderwort; see letter from Francis Darwin, 9 July 1879 and n. 2). CD described …
  • … mustard; see letter from Francis Darwin, [after 16 June 1879] ). In his investigations …
  • … the roots with gold-beater’s skin (see letter to Francis Darwin, 25 June [1879] and n. 5). …
  • … curvature’, see the letter to Francis Darwin, 16 June [1879] , n. 8. The long chapter for …
  • … away from the sun (see letter to Francis Darwin, 25 June [1879] and n. 6). Various members …
  • … proof-sheets of CD’s biographical sketch for Erasmus Darwin ; among them were Henrietta …
  • … Emma Litchfield , Erasmus Alvey Darwin , and …
  • … Emma Darwin . …
  • … The Darwins stayed at Coniston in the Lake District …
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darwin in keywords
Evolution in Commentary
12 Items

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent …
  • … and enclosure). It is in the hand of Ebenezer Norman, Darwin’s copyist and includes minor …
  • … which the fair copy for Gray was made. It was retained by Darwin (DAR 6). This version was …
  • … it has been transcribed here. The transcript does not record Darwin’s corrections and alterations …
  • … printed version is headed: “Abstract of a Letter from C. Darwin, Esq., to Prof. Asa Gray, Boston, U …
  • … 2 The printed version reads: ‘astounded’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 50). 3 The printed …
  • … and even in some degree methodically, followed’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 50). 4 The …
  • … reads: ‘good for carpets, of another for cloth, &c.’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 10 …
  • … not judge by mere external appearances, but who could’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 11 …
  • … reads: ‘and should go on selecting for one object’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 13 The …
  • … reads: ‘in a few years, or at most a few centuries’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 17 At …
  • … of the earth would not hold the progeny of one pair’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 18 The …
  • … 20 The printed version reads: ‘far more’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 52). 21 The printed …
  • … follow to obtain food by struggling with other organisms’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 52). …
  • … natural selection to any profitable extent. The variety’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 52). 25 …

Natural Selection: the trouble with terminology Part I

Summary

Darwin encountered problems with the term ‘natural selection’ even before Origin appeared.  Everyone from the Harvard botanist Asa Gray to his own publisher came up with objections. Broadly these divided into concerns either that its meaning simply wasn’t…

Matches: 18 hits

  • … would make confusion worse confounded ( Charles Darwin to Charles Lyell   6 June [1860 …
  • … was making the selection – precisely the implication Darwin was trying to avoid.  By the time he was …
  • … over many years.  Much of the data that Darwin gathered to support the idea of species change …
  • … by analogy with this practice of artificial selection that Darwin chose to name the adaptive process …
  • … Natural Selection . With that letter to Gray, Darwin enclosed a brilliantly succinct …
  • … now missing response to that exposition that first alerted Darwin to one of the pitfalls he faced: ‘ …
  • … of this enclosure to Gray , along with extracts from Darwin’s 1844 species essay , that was read …
  • … of varieties and species by natural means of selection’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858). Overtaken …
  • … not just for Origin , but for several other publications. Darwin enshrined its working title in …
  • … as he had expected.   ‘I am, also, sorry’ Darwin wrote to Charles Lyell, who had approached the …
  • … Georg Bronn, working on a German translation of Origin , Darwin explained his thinking once again …
  • … breeders. And in the second French edition, and at  Darwin's insistence, ‘sélection’, a …
  • … instinct, as intellectual volition.’ And suggested that Darwin alter ‘some of the phrases which …
  • … I must be a very bad explainer. ( Charles Darwin to Charles Lyell, 6 June [1860]) …
  • … to: one correspondent suggested ‘ Natural Evolution ’; Darwin toyed with ‘Natural preservation’, …
  • … preservation '. (There is now a hole in the letter where Darwin wrote 'natural …
  • … words and sent them back for clarification. The editors of Darwin's correspondence have often …
  • … to them! —a reference to John Edward Gray, who Darwin exclaimed understood Origin ‘ no …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … 25 [November 1859] ) The year 1858 opened with Darwin hard at work preparing his ‘big …
  • … his ninth chapter, on hybridism, on 29 December 1857, Darwin began in January 1858 to prepare the …
  • … appropriate. The correspondence shows that at any one time Darwin was engaged in a number of …
  • … The chapter on instinct posed a number of problems for Darwin. ‘I find my chapter on Instinct very …
  • … ). In addition to behaviour such as nest-building in birds, Darwin intended to discuss many other …
  • … celebrated as a classic example of divine design in nature. Darwin hypothesised that the instinct of …
  • … of construction as it took place in the hive. As with Darwin’s study of poultry and pigeons, many …
  • … founder and president of the Apiarian Society, provided Darwin with information and specimens. His …
  • … For assistance with mathematical measurements and geometry, Darwin called upon William Hallowes …
  • … from the  Beagle voyage; on his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin; and his son William. Even his …
  • … of smaller genera? The inquiry was of great importance to Darwin, for such evidence would support …
  • … of the statistics was still problematic. Hooker thought that Darwin was wrong to assume that …
  • … were not certain. This was a question new to the experts. Darwin was delighted to hear from Asa Gray …
  • … completed and his results written up. With some trepidation, Darwin sent his manuscript off to …
  • … my best.—’ With much of his research completed, Darwin began in mid-June 1858 to write up the …
  • … Wallace enunciated his own theory of natural selection. Darwin’s shock and dismay is evident in the …
  • … Lyell, 18 [June 1858] ). As was his custom, Darwin did not supply a full date on his …
  • … as having been received ‘today’. Following Francis Darwin (LL2:116–17) and relying on Charles Lyell …
  • … dated the letter 18 [June 1858]. However, the accuracy of Darwin’s words has been questioned by John …
  • … 58’ and ‘London Ju 3 58’. Brooks maintains that Darwin received Wallace’s letter even earlier …
  • … & Oriental Company, and assuming that the letter to Darwin was posted at the same time as that …
  • … Marseilles or on 20 May via Southampton. Accordingto Brooks, Darwin kept the letter for a month, …
  • … the date of its arrival in England, the question of whether Darwin held the letter up for any reason …
  • … in this interval are consistent with the normal tenor of Darwin’s work, and he shows no sign of …

The whale-bear

Summary

Darwin came to regard ‘bear’ as a ‘word of ill-omen’.  In the first edition of Origin he told the story of a black bear seen swimming for hours with its mouth wide open scooping insects from the water ‘like a whale’. He went on to imagine that natural…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … me laugh ( William Henry Harvey to Charles Darwin, 24 August 1860 ) Darwin
  • … the whole anecdote from the second edition , but although Darwin cut the speculation about natural …
  • … house may have been intended to appease Richard Owen who, to Darwin’s exasperation, seemed at once …
  • … the grandpapa of Whales! '. Even modified, laid Darwin open to endless ridicule . ‘ …

Survival of the fittest: the trouble with terminology Part II

Summary

The most forceful and persistent critic of the term ‘natural selection’ was the co-discoverer of the process itself, Alfred Russel Wallace.  Wallace seized on Herbert Spencer’s term ‘survival of the fittest’, explicitly introduced as an alternative way of…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … ones. ( Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin, 2 July 1866 )   …
  • … strongest or most healthy. In July 1866 Wallace wrote Darwin a long and impassioned letter in …
  • … to impress it on the general naturalist public. ’ Darwin used the term survival of the …
  • … had been so widely used that, ‘with all its faults’ Darwin said, he would be sorry to see it …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … could explain the differences  between  species, Darwin realised that (other than in the …
  • … and drab plumage of so many male and female birds? Darwin proposed that these characteristics …
  • … role in selecting males. There is very little in Darwin's correspondence that …
  • … to breed and pass it on.  And success in finding mates, Darwin argued, might depend more on using & …
  • … than helped in a fight? In addition to natural weapons, Darwin identified another vital factor in …
  • … of bird-fanciers. And there, for the moment, Darwin left it, publicly at least, pleading that …
  • … Disagreement with Wallace Behind the scenes, Darwin debated the evidence for the operation of …
  • … agreed, but reached a certain degree of compromise. Darwin conceded that Wallace had made a …
  • … inspired by reading  Origin , began to send Darwin observations of characteristics in a whole …
  • … opposite sex.    The response was so good that Darwin’s portfolio of material grew too …
  • … Brent, a writer and bird-fancier, who had been providing Darwin with information and bird specimens …
  • … particularly detailed account of courtship in fowls which Darwin worked over, marking significant …
  • … was bound up with questions of beauty in nature, used by Darwin’s opponents, such as George Douglas …
  • … or might not respond depending on their fertility cycle, and Darwin went on to argue that such …
  • … and human races 'A girl sees a handsome man,’ Darwin  wrote to Wallace in March 1868 , …
  • … a more gorgeous appearance.’ As early as 1864 Darwin was fully convinced not only that sexual …
  • … . Despite his comment on young women and whiskers, Darwin believed that female mate choice …
  • … seemed at odds with improvement of the upper ranks, but, Darwin suggested, the ' ablest men are …
  • … D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin encouraged John Beddoe 's …
  • … number of dark-haired women attracting husbands. Darwin remained interested in the operation …

Natural selection

Summary

How do new species arise?  This was the ancient question that Charles Darwin tackled soon after returning to England from the Beagle voyage in October 1836. Darwin realised a crucial (and cruel) fact: far more individuals of each species were born than…

Matches: 18 hits

  • … species arise?  This was the ancient question that Charles Darwin tackled soon after returning to …
  • … such as Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and the medical writer Erasmus Darwin (Charles Darwin’s grandfather), …
  • … shed fresh light on the problem.  In September 1838, Darwin realised a crucial (and cruel) …
  • … a harsh winter, and others to survive and reproduce?  Darwin’s answer was that some were better …
  • … accumulate, thus leading to new species. This is what Darwin, through an analogy with …
  • … as those between the Great Dane and the dachshund.  Nature, Darwin realised, worked in the same way, …
  • … of this would be the formation of new species.’   Death, Darwin had unexpectedly realized, was the …
  • … the world had ever known. It is not surprising, then, that Darwin reached his insight while thinking …
  • … reasons humans are mentioned only briefly in Origin , Darwin did publish his full thoughts in …
  • … In the two decades following his insights of the late 1830s, Darwin undertook research on virtually …
  • … of just how much variation there is in nature. While Darwin waited to publish his ideas, the …
  • … up with a species theory remarkably similiar to the one that Darwin had been elaborating for so long …
  • … young man of science Thomas Henry Huxley–recognised Darwin’s theory as the first attempt to tackle …
  • … large part this was because natural selection provided (as Darwin later said) a ‘theory to work by’, …
  • … laboratory and field. In part, this was because of Darwin’s own status as a man of science. …
  • … unprecedented scope and power. From the beginning, Darwin was aware of the complexities of …
  • … that is almost unprecedented in the history of science.  As Darwin recognised from the start, …
  • … Related Resources: Abstract of Darwin’s theory The writing of “Origin” …

The "wicked book": Origin at 157

Summary

Origin is 157 years old.  (Probably) the most famous book in science was published on 24 November 1859.  To celebrate we have uploaded hundreds of new images of letters, bringing the total number you can look at here to over 9000 representing more than…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … book appeared.   You can now see examples of letters to Darwin from nearly 250 different people, and …
  • … Lyell , and Joseph Hooker , the two men who arranged for Darwin’s and Wallace’s ideas to be made …
  • … Asa Gray who was an important sounding board for Darwin’s emerging ideas, and Thomas Huxley …
  • … scrap from 1857 comparing his views on species to Darwin’s.  Others, like Hugh Falconer , …
  • … the less well-known scientific collaborators who became Darwin's correspondents, Mary Treat …
  • … was co-opted as an observer in Wales.  Lucy Wedgwood , Darwin’s neice, was one of those who …
  • … of water thrown over me on rising William Darwin Fox , Charles’s cousin and another …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 12 hits

  • …   Darwin made many changes to the text of Origin across different editions …
  • … was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural …
  • … be such a correlation seems to have been first brought to Darwin’s notice by his cousin, William …
  • … and not the fur, and in the first edition of Origin , Darwin stated that ‘cats with blue eyes’ …
  • … water-tight however, and by the third edition of Origin , Darwin had already diluted the claim to …
  • … the time he came to discuss the phenomenon in Variation, Darwin was forced to acknowledge that …
  • … it was only male blue-eyed cats that were hard of hearing. Darwin mentioned Tait’s assertion in the …
  • … about the Fox family cats may have been too imprecise for Darwin, but Fox also described two deaf …
  • … While he had first-hand knowledge of pigeons and dogs, Darwin felt on shakier ground with sheep and …
  • … ‘I have been the more glad to get your Hog case,’ Darwin confided to Wyman, ‘as I was hardly able to …
  • … & constitution ’.   Human races Darwin suspected that ‘correlation of …
  • … send out a questionnaire , but got no responses.   Darwin remained hopeful, using the pages …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … to advance the hypothesis of Pangenesis  (Charles Darwin, Variation , vol. 2, p. 357). …
  • … worked – it was just obvious that it did. Darwin’s attempt to describe how heredity might …
  • … ‘The whole subject of inheritance is wonderful’ Darwin wrote,‘When a new character arises, whatever …
  • … 26 [March 1863] ).   Years before he published, Darwin sent a draft manuscript on Pangenesis …
  • … Huxley was worried that its speculative nature would give Darwin’s critics ammunition, but didn’t …
  • … T. H. Huxley, 16 July 1865 ). 'Your last note' Darwin replied, 'made us …
  • … was indeed 'abominably wildly, horridly speculative'. Darwin never completely gave …
  • … ( from A. R. Wallace, 24 February 1868 ) Darwin’s correspondence as he developed and …

Divergence

Summary

In a later account of how he had come to the evolutionary ideas published in Origin, Darwin wrote: 'Of all the minor points, the last which I appreciated was the importance & cause of the principle of Divergence' (to Ernst Haeckel, [after 10]…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … had come to the evolutionary ideas published in Origin , Darwin wrote: 'Of all the minor …
  • … Haeckel, [after 10] August – 8 October [1864]). Darwin set out to explain how intermediate …
  • … much higher where a variety of crops were grown together. Darwin realised that varied offspring …
  • … and might eventually become established as new species. Darwin saw these processes as the origin of …
  • … finished (see Natural selection , pp. 227–50). Darwin's correspondence suggests that …
  • … of the principle of divergence and the background to Darwin's final formulation of it between …

Alfred Russel Wallace’s essay on varieties

Summary

The original manuscript about varieties that Wallace composed on the island of Gilolo and sent to Darwin from the neighbouring island of Ternate (Brooks 1984) has not been found. It was sent to Darwin as an enclosure in a letter (itself missing), and was…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … that Wallace composed on the island of Gilolo and sent to Darwin from the neighbouring island of …
  • … evenings wrote it out carefully in order to send it to Darwin by the next post, which would leave in …