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State Darwin Museum, Moscow.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, Moscow. …
  • Darwin Museum Moscow …

The Charles Darwin Trust, London, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The Charles Darwin Trust, London, England Quentin Keynes’ bequest …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin [13 January 1861]

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Summary

Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046F

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin [13 January 1861] …
  • … DAR 185: 117 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin [13 Jan …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. …
  • … H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates. …
  • … London. B. at 2 o .30’— Your affect | C.  Darwin Dear Wm, I expect Eva will come with you, …
  • … 11 January 1861, and left on 21 January (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Emma was mistaken …
  • … The letter is dated by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s dental treatment (see n.   …
  • … 3, below) and references in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242; see nn.  2 and 8, below). …
  • … Sunday. CD refers to his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, who lived at 6 Queen Anne Street, …
  • … London, and to Francis and George Howard Darwin, who, according …
  • … to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), went to London on 10 January 1861, returning to Down on …
  • … treatment between December 1860 and February 1861 (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [9 December 1860] (DAR …
  • … 251: 2226), letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [30 January 1861] (DAR 219.1: 36), [12 February 1861] (DAR 219.1: 37), and [20  …
  • … further identified. London Bridge station. Emma Darwin added this note to CD’s letter. The …
  • … House with William on 14 January 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); to the London home …

To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828

Summary

[Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s present one having become dangerous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Darwin family
Date:  3 Oct 1828
Classmark:  L
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-50

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin family …
  • … To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828 …
  • … L Charles Robert Darwin [Shrewsbury] 3 …
  • … Oct 1828 Darwin family …
  • … The ‘petition’ is in Caroline Darwin’s hand. The subscribers’ names are in their own …
  • … requisite for the purchase of new Double barrd Gun— Value £20— £.  s.  d. W Darwin 5= 0 …
  • … = 0 Miss Darwin 5 . …
  • … 0– 0 Miss Susan Darwin 5 "  0 . …
  • … 0 Miss Cath Darwin 5 "  0 "  0. …
  • … Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] …
  • … submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s …
  • … a Distressed Sportsman— 1828. Oct 3— Charles Darwin gent—humbly petitions all benevolently …
  • … liable to destroy the aforesaid Charles Darwins legs arms, body & brains & consequently …

From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863

Summary

Glad to find they are cousins.

Sends his book [High Elms (pseud.), The game-preserver’s manual (1858)].

Author:  Edward Levett Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4295

Matches: 27 hits

  • … From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863 …
  • Darwin, E. …
  • … L. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 17–18 Edward Levett Darwin Derby 7 Sept …
  • … 1863 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … day or other it will result in being personal . Yours very sincerely | Edw d L Darwin Chr. …
  • Darwin Esq | F.R.S. …
  • … cousin, once removed ( Darwin pedigree ). CD and his family had gone to Malvern Wells, …
  • … a common one yet there are I know other Darwins. Your Wife sent me 2/1 for a copy of the …
  • … Edward Darwin was CD’s first cousin, son of …
  • … his father’s half-brother, Francis Sacheverel Darwin ( …
  • Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … No other correspondence between CD and Edward Darwin has been found. …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently sent for a copy of …
  • … considerably enlarged’ edition of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual , which was …
  • … published in 1863 (E.  L.  Darwin 1863). …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently …
  • … sent Edward Darwin a copy of An appeal , a four-page circular concerning the cruelty of …
  • … s manual are the only works by Edward Darwin listed in the NSTC . The reference may be to …
  • … the particular procedures necessary for trapping foxes ([E.  L. Darwin] 1859, pp.  25–6). …
  • … Marcus Huish, of Castle Donnington, Leicestershire, was married to Edward Darwin’s sister, …
  • … Frances Sarah ( Darwin pedigree ). The reference is to Samuel Boteler and …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire; Samuel Boteler Bristowe was CD’s and Edward Darwin’s second …
  • … August (see letter from G.  B.  Sowerby Jr to Emma Darwin, 22 July 1863, and Appendix IX). …
  • … See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.  D.  Fox, [ …
  • … September 1863] . The two parts of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual dealt with the …
  • … steel trap stands, as it always must, pre-eminent’ ([E.  L.  Darwin] 1859, p.  22). The …

From Francis Parker   22 April 1867

Summary

Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children.

Author:  Francis (Frank) Parker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 174: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5510

Matches: 24 hits

  • … Parker, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 174: 19 Francis (Frank) Parker Chester 22 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children. …
  • … 100 Henrietta Emma Darwin …  100  …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin .... . . 100 Cha …
  • … s . Rob t . Darwin (Specific Legacy— a …
  • … portrait of Miss Darwins father —valued at …
  • … £4—) Henrietta Emma Darwin (a Silver Tea Urn—valued at £28 . 2 . 6)— …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD’s sister, died in October 1866 (see Correspondence vol.  14). …
  • … were the executors of her will (Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s will, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … I am | Yours very sincerely | Francis Parker Charles Darwin Esq re . Down Bromley Kent. …
  • … Extract from the Will of the late Miss Susan Elizabeth Darwin dated 1 st . November  …
  • … 1865— “I give and bequeath to my nephews George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin   …
  • … Leonard Darwin, and …
  • … Horace Darwin and my …
  • … nieces Henrietta Emma Darwin and …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin (the younger sons and daughters …
  • … of my Brother Charles Robert Darwin) One hundred pounds each”— I send you in a separate …
  • … cover the Undermentioned Legacy receipts for signature— Value Geo. Howard Darwin …  100  …
  • … Francis Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Leonard Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Horace Darwin . ....  …

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

Matches: 26 hits

  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] . …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 [October 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Oct …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … by the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . See letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and n.  2, and letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . CD reported this observation in ‘Three forms of …
  • … My dear old fellow | Your affect | C.  Darwin Months hence will do about counting seed; …
  • … and the letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [19 November 1862] and [2 December 1862? ], in DAR 219.1: 67–8). William had …
  • … DAR 226.1). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  4, and letter …
  • … and Hampshire Bank, Southampton. Henrietta Emma Darwin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [ …
  • … s visit to Down House on 31 October, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242): ‘Ch. …
  • … Lubbock, 25 October 1862 , n.  5. Elizabeth Darwin started at a school in Kensington run …
  • … by Miss Buob, on 27 January 1863 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … and the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [29 October 1862], in DAR 219.1: …
  • … 63). The Darwins’ governess, Camilla Ludwig, was on an extended visit to her family in …
  • … in order to separate her from Horace Darwin. The Down surgeon, Stephen Paul Engleheart, …
  • … from which he had been suffering earlier in the year. See the letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27 May 1862], and [6 November  …
  • … in DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64; see also Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and CD’s Classed account …
  • … of Down. On Saturday 1 November 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that …
  • … having become friendly with Elinor Mary Bonham-Carter (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …

From E. A. Darwin, Charles Darwin, and W. E. Darwin to Thomas Salt 12 April 1864

Summary

Instructions concerning the payment of the principal and interest of the mortgage to Mr Childe.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin Erasmus Alvey Darwin Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Salt
Date:  12 Apr 1864
Classmark:  Rachel Salt (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4460F

Matches: 14 hits

  • … E. Darwin Thomas Salt Esq re | Belmont | Shrewsbury …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. Salt, Thomas …
  • … From E. A. Darwin, …
  • … Charles Darwin, and W. …
  • … E. Darwin to Thomas Salt 12 April 1864 …
  • … Rachel Salt (private collection) William Erasmus Darwin Erasmus …
  • … Alvey Darwin Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin 12 Apr 1864 Thomas Salt …
  • … from CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin (Shropshire Archives, SA D3651/B/47/1/1/1/1/6). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin’s children had inherited the loans. Charles Langton was married to …
  • … principal to the account of the Re vd Charles Langton at the same Bank. E A Darwin | Ch. …
  • … R. Darwin | W. …

Darwin, Emma (1808–96)

Matches: 20 hits

  • … scientific work - she passed scientific requests from Darwin along to her correspondents. …
  • Darwin saw Emma as an exemplary wife. Relevant Gender Resources: http:// …
  • … scientists-wives Primary Sources: Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-441 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-542 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-761 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-4498f Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-7922 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … Desmond and James Moore and Janet Browne, ‘Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882)’, Oxford …
  • … www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/7176, accessed 20 Feb 2013] Emma Darwin (1904) and (1915). …
  • … WSL,26,27 Wedgwood, Josiah II Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Emma Darwin 1808–96 Youngest daughter of Josiah Wedgwood II. …
  • … in 1839. Further Information: Emma Darwin née Wedgwood (1808-1896) was the youngest …
  • … of Josiah Wedgwood II. In January 1839 she married her first cousin, Charles Darwin. …
  • … She and Darwin had 10 children. Emma was religious: she had been baptised in the …
  • … beliefs. Early in her relationship with Darwin, Emma expressed concern about his religious …
  • … salvation. In spite of her concerns over Darwin’s religious beliefs, Emma remained …
  • … husband’s work throughout his life. Indeed, Darwin entrusted Emma with ensuring that his …
  • … even if he died suddenly. Emma often took over Darwin’s correspondence when he was feeling …
  • … unwell. Darwin recognised the critical role Emma played in helping to manage his …

To W. E. Darwin   26 April [1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for eyeglass.

Reports on health of Horace and family matters.

Has finished Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  26 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3520

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   26 April [1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … when Joseph Dalton Hooker was also visiting Down House (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … DAR 210.6: 96 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Apr [ …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … you saw Hooker work on plant. — Farewell, dear old fellow | Yours affect y . | C.  Darwin
  • … proofs of Orchids (see n.  6, below). Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records that the ‘Boys …
  • … went to school’ on Monday 28 April 1862. George Howard Darwin and …
  • … Francis Darwin both attended Clapham Grammar School in south-west …
  • … London (see DNB s.v. Darwin, G.  H. , …
  • … and F.  Darwin 1920, p.   …
  • … 63). Leonard Darwin had been tutored privately by George Varenne Reed since summer 1859 ( …
  • … Wedgwood. There is an entry in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on 25 April 1862 that …
  • … half-yearly payment to Clapham Grammar School. See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [3 February 1862] (DAR 219.1: 48). Leonard was sent home from Clapham with …
  • … see CD’s Classed account book (Down House MS), letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [13 December 1862] (DAR 219.1: 69), and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … G.  V.  Reed, 12 January 1863). Emma Darwin wrote in her diary (DAR 242) that she ‘Went to …
  • … was a family nickname for George (see, for example, the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [26 March 1858] (DAR 219.1: 33), which begins ‘My dear Georgy’, but later …
  • … write to & not Gingo’). CD refers to Horace Darwin who had been ill since the beginning of …
  • … the year. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), Camilla Ludwig, …
  • … governess at Down House, accompanied Horace Darwin to the home of his aunt Sarah Elizabeth …

From E. A. Darwin   11 October [1866]

Summary

Disposal of Susan’s effects. Legacies to CD’s children. EAD has taken the letters and papers and asked Henry [Parker] to forward the George Richmond pictures of CD and Emma.

Caroline looks "miserably ill".

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B48–51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5238

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   11 October [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B48–51 Erasmus Alvey Darwin London, Queen Anne St …
  • … 11 Oct [1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … year is established by the reference to Susan Elizabeth Darwin and her estate (see n.   …
  • … 2, below). Susan Darwin had died on 3 October 1866 ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [4 October  …
  • … been sent to CD (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 7 October [1866] ). In a codicil to her …
  • … Catherine Langton (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 19 February [1866] and n.  6). The …
  • … George Richmond made portraits of CD in 1839 and 1840, of Emma Darwin in 1840 and 1842, …
  • … and of Erasmus Alvey Darwin in 1850 (Lister 1981, p.  156; see also frontispieces to …
  • … tureen is mentioned in the will (will of Susan Elizabeth Darwin, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, CD’s eldest son, inherited the farm at Claythorpe, Lincolnshire. …
  • … property from her father, Robert Waring Darwin, who had purchased another farm, for CD, at …
  • … of Susan’s estate (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 7 October [1866] and n.   5). ‘ …
  • … D r D’ is probably a reference to Erasmus Darwin, but may refer …
  • … to Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin were the executors …
  • … of Robert Waring Darwin’s will (will …
  • … of Robert Waring Darwin, Department of Manuscripts and Records, National Library of Wales, …
  • … Aberystwyth). CD’s son George Howard Darwin was interested in genealogy and collected …
  • … on the family. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, [before 20 February 1866] and n.  2. …
  • … are to Henrietta Emma and Elizabeth Darwin. Erasmus probably meant to write ‘Henry’ …

From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868]

Summary

Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5799

Matches: 15 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868] …
  • … a Clapham in Yorkshire, but Horace and Leonard Darwin were at school in Clapham, London. …
  • … DAR 99: 34–5 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 25 Jan [ …
  • … 1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler. …
  • … us know. With very kind regards, believe me | Y rs .  sincerely | Charlotte M C Darwin
  • … The year is established by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s examination (see n.  3, …
  • … below). Charlotte had eight children ( Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was second in the mathematical honours examination at Cambridge; the …
  • … University calendar 1868). Francis Rhodes Darwin. George attended Clapham Grammar School …
  • … Otley. Jan y . 25 th . Dear M r . Darwin, Judging by my own feelings as a Parent, I feel …
  • … s as second Wrangler at Cambridge— M r . Darwin begs to unite with me in Congratulations …
  • … to yourself & M rs . Darwin, and we so much regret, that you did not tell us of your bo

From W. E. Darwin to Emma and/or Charles Darwin c. 20–5 September 1877

Summary

Description of their English dinner companions at a foreign hotel.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin Emma Darwin
Date:  c. 20-25 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11146F

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Emma …
  • … DAR 210.5: 18 William Erasmus Darwin c. …
  • … 20-25 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin
  • … From W.  E.  Darwin to Emma …
  • … and/or Charles Darwin c .  20–5 September 1877 …

From Emma and Charles Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [20 May 1864]

Summary

CD much obliged for specimen and drawings.

Author:  Emma Darwin Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [20 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 97: A7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3366

Matches: 17 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Emma and Charles Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin   [20 May 1864] …
  • … DAR 97: A7 Emma Darwin Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin unstated [20 May …
  • … 1864] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] , and by …
  • … George Howard, Francis, and Leonard Darwin’s arrival at Down on 21 May 1864 (see n.  5, …
  • … lived at Maer until 1847, had recently visited Down (see letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [17 May 1864] and n.  4). For CD’s speculation on the …
  • … Pulmonaria angustifolia , see letter to W.  E. Darwin, 14 May [1864] and nn.  6 and 7. …
  • … p.  115). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] and n.  8. The photographs arrived …
  • … for example, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] ). See letter from H.  E.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [18 May 1864] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] and n.  3. CD wrote in Forms of flowers , …

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]

Summary

Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

Matches: 19 hits

  • … his name? ) get on in health? Read Bates’ Book; you will like it— good night | C.   Darwin
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [10 May 1863] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … E.  Darwin, [17 November 1861] ). Bates 1863. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 111 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place [10 …
  • … May 1863] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  E. Darwin, 8 May [1863] , and by the address. …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins stayed at Leith Hill Place, near Dorking, Surrey, the home of Josiah …
  • … on a Sunday. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] . The plant was subsequently …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 17 [October 1861] , and letter from W.   …
  • … angustifolia (see letter from W.  E. Darwin, 4 May [1863] , n.  1). CD was trying to …
  • … Correspondence vol.  12, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 May [1864] . For CD’s conclusions on …
  • … pp.  105– 10. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] and n.  5. As part of his …
  • … plants that were apparently fertile without insect aid. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins returned to Down from Leith Hill Place on Wednesday 13 May 1863. ‘ …
  • … Skimp’ was a family nickname for Horace Darwin (Freeman 1978). Horace had been unwell …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10). George Howard Darwin. His and CD’s observations of insects …

From Sara Sedgwick Darwin   [3 December 1877]

Summary

Describes her and W. E. Darwin’s honeymoon.

Author:  Sara Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Dec 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11267F

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Sara Sedgwick Darwin   [3 December 1877] …
  • … Describes her and W. E. Darwin’s honeymoon. …
  • … DAR 210.5: 23 Sara Darwin [3 Dec …
  • … 1877] Charles Robert Darwin

To W. E. Darwin   10 [December 1856]

Summary

Writes of arrangements for the end of the school-term.

Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  10 [Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2019

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To W.  E. Darwin 10 [December 1856] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Dec …
  • … 1856] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … for the end of the school-term. Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin]. …
  • … in your examination Your affect. | C.  Darwin What a nice letter that was of Georgys. — …
  • … Dated by the reference to the birth of Charles Waring Darwin. …
  • … Emma Darwin noted in her diary that after …
  • … his school-term ended, George Howard Darwin went directly to the home of Hensleigh and …
  • … and a fellow student of William Erasmus Darwin’s at Rugby. Henry Hemmings, a servant of …
  • … Wedgwood, was probably on his way to Barlaston (see letter to G.  H. Darwin and W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 [November 1856]). …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … diary, the Darwin boys stayed with Fanny Mackintosh Wedgwood …
  • … until Saturday, 27 December, which was William Darwin’s birthday. …
  • … Emma Darwin recorded in her diary on 26 December, ‘came down to breakfast’. CD recorded …

To W. E. Darwin   [24 July 1862]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants, valerian and Erythraea. Would like to look at them; suggests WED draw up a paper on them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3632

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [24 July 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 101 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 July …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … of nectar or position of flowers in the two forms? Good Night— I am tired. — | C.  Darwin
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . There is a series of observations and drawings of the parts …
  • … relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] , and by reference …
  • … a postscript, written in pencil, in Emma Darwin’s hand: ‘Enquire a little about quiet sea …
  • … the end of next week’. George Howard Darwin and Francis stayed with William in Southampton …
  • … from 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). The …
  • … the Thursday prior to the week ending 2 August 1862. Leonard Darwin was recovering from …
  • … scarlet fever (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [ …
  • … 1862] , letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862], 9 July [1862], and [after 14 July 1862], …
  • … Gray, 14 July [1862] ). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and letter to W.   …
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Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher …
  • … and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 …
  • … Chapman wasn’t the first medical practitioner Darwin contacted around this time. In 1863, Darwin
  • … however, his health grew worse.  In his ‘Journal’, Darwin wrote that he fell ill again on 22 April …
  • … more attacks of vomiting and seeking another opinion, Darwin wrote to Chapman. On the day that …
  • … life (the section, ‘I feel nearly … food’, is in Emma Darwin’s hand). Darwin began the ice …
  • … given up the treatment (see letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [10 July 1865]). …
  • … Busk, 28 April 1865). In November and December 1863, Darwin had consulted the stomach …
  • … solutions to aid digestion ( Correspondence vol. 11, Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, 8 December [1863]) …
  • … D. Hooker, 26[-7] March [1864] ( Correspondence vol. 12), Darwin remarked that Jenner had found …
  • … Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Darwin Evolution Collection (3314) and is …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 26 hits

  • Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed …
  • … , it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet when this study …
  • … anomalous. Moreover, as the letters in this volume suggest, Darwin’s study of cirripedes, far from …
  • … classification using the most recent methods available, Darwin was able to provide a thorough …
  • … his views on the species question (Crisp 1983).    Darwin’s interest in invertebrate zoology …
  • … Robert Edmond Grant. In his Autobiography (pp. 49–50), Darwin recalled: ‘Drs. Grant and …
  • … numerous references to the ova of various invertebrates, and Darwin’s first scientific paper, …
  • … marine organisms was exercised during the Beagle voyage. Darwin expressed his current enthusiasm …
  • … earlier researches in Edinburgh on the ova of invertebrates, Darwin was particularly well prepared …
  • … In 1835, in the Chonos Archipelago off the coast of Chile, Darwin found ‘most curious’ minute …
  • … In the zoological notes made during the Beagle voyage, Darwin recorded: ‘The thick shell of some …
  • … the absence of a shell and its unusual parasitic nature, Darwin recognised that it differed greatly …
  • … Such a revaluation had not been undertaken when, in 1846, Darwin began to examine several …
  • … of as many genera as I could procure.’ For fourteen months Darwin pursued an anatomical study of …
  • … British Museum and himself a cirripede expert, suggested to Darwin that he prepare a monograph of …
  • … and advised him on procuring other collections. At the time Darwin committed himself to this study, …
  • … his attention for the next seven years. To appreciate why Darwin would have undertaken such a study, …
  • … and nineteenth-century naturalists (Knight 1981). Many of Darwin’s contemporaries—Edward Forbes, …
  • … (Desmond 1982; Richards 1987; Winsor 1969).    Darwin’s views on classification were tempered …
  • … in arranging groups (S. Smith 1965; Ospovat 1981, p. 108). Darwin’s frequent discussions with Owen …
  • … the common design perceived among organisms. Within Darwin’s maturing evolutionary perspective, the …
  • … 1969, p. 83).    By the early 1840s, then, Darwin’s ideas on classification were well …
  • … [26 July 1843] ( Correspondence vol. 2), for example, Darwin confidently proclaimed his …
  • … to Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire’s philosophical anatomy, Darwin incorporated the concepts of analogy and …
  • … from a similarity in their basic plan of organisation, for Darwin homology revealed actual …
  • … species from another previously existing form.    Darwin’s evolutionary interpretation of the …

What did Darwin believe?

Summary

What did Darwin really believe about God? the Christian revelation? the implications of his theory of evolution for religious faith? These questions were asked again and again in the years following the publication of Origin of species (1859). They are…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … What did Darwin really believe about God? the Christian revelation? the implications of …
  • … rhetoric of crusading secularists, many of whom take Darwin as an icon. But Darwin was very …
  • … Letters became an important medium through which Darwin’s readers sought to draw him out on matters …
  • … the religious implications of his work. Letters written to Darwin by persons unknown to him became …
  • … seeking direction for their own. In December 1866 Darwin received a letter from Mary Boole, a …
  • … See the letter Boole, like a number of Darwin’s readers, found a way of reconciling the …
  • … with some form of religious belief. But when Boole asks Darwin about specific points of belief, such …
  • … See the letter In his response to Boole, Darwin implies that certain questions are beyond …
  • … Science, or by the so called “inner consciousness”’. Darwin does not dismiss different forms of …
  • … such territory in this letter to a stranger. Emma Darwin In what is perhaps …
  • … mind. See the letter In this letter, Darwin is quite clear that he has never …
  • … he says, is often in a state of flux. What did Darwin mean by the term “agnostic”? The word …
  • … about questions such as the existence and nature of God. For Darwin, it also seems to imply that …
  • … be answered by science, and other questions that can not. Darwin had made this point in his response …
  • … their engagement in 1838, we find an early expression of Darwin’s religious doubts. Darwin’s …
  • … with you. See the letter We know from Darwin’s scientific notebooks from this …
  • … these differences to be shared. The tendency amongst Darwin scholars has been to assume that …
  • … part, sustained their marriage. If not deeply religious, Darwin was at least not disrespectful to …
  • … and wifely devotion have appeared only as a background to Darwin’s own life and intellectual …
  • … was another important religious tradition in the Darwin and Wedgwood families. Josiah Wedgwood, who …
  • … the Darwins and Wedgwoods, together in the first place. Darwin had attended a Unitarian school in …
  • … writer Frances Power Cobbe. All were regular guests of Darwin’s brother Erasmus, and of Emma’s …
  • … only to recite the liturgy. But we know, from Francis Darwin’s comments, that Emma used to make the …
  • … Emma’s Bible also contains some annotations by Darwin. These indicate a critical reading of …
  • … approaches to the text. They also show that Darwin looked to the Bible as a guide to moral …
  • … you do not consider your opinion as formed’. As Darwin would later reveal to Fordyce and …

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, …
  • … London for further medical training (see letter from E. A. Darwin, [29 September 1826] ). However …
  • … of England. This list is difficult to date precisely. Darwin mentions reading  Granby  in a …
  • … The position of  Granby  on the list would suggest that Darwin was very busy reading in January …
  • … of chemistry in 1801. Other books illustrate Darwin’s wider scientific interests, and also …
  • … , which was edited by David Brewster; and Robert Grant took Darwin to meetings of the Wernerian …
  • … university. There are several books of travel, and Darwin seems to have been particularly …
  • … arctic zoology. Two titles are closely connected with Darwin’s family.  Zoonomia  was …
  • … a week between March 1750 and March 1752. Both he and Dr Darwin had Lichfield connections, but the …
  • … Almack’s ,  Granby  and Brambletye House.  Darwin wrote to his sister Susan on 29 January …
  • … <Ni>tric Oxide?   (DAR 19: 3–4) Darwin’s student booklist - the text …
  • … Henry Chemistry 17  2 Vols 8 Vo Sewards memoirs of Darwin 18  1 Vol 8 Vo. Several …
  • … 3 Abernethy 1822. There is a lightly annotated copy in the Darwin Library–CUL, bound with Abernethy …
  • … 14 Bostock 1824–7. Volume 1 is in the Darwin Library–Down. 15 Jameson trans. 1827. There …
  • … 1826 as an ‘entertaining book’ (see letter to S. E. Darwin, 29 January [1826] ). The letter from …
  • … younger sons. 17 Henry 1823. Volume 2 is in the Darwin Library–CUL. 18 Seward …

Joseph Dalton Hooker

Summary

The 1400 letters exchanged between Darwin and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) account for around 10% of Darwin’s surviving correspondence and provide a structure within which all the other letters can be explored.  They are a connecting thread that spans…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … No single set of letters was more important to Darwin than those exchanged with his closest friend, …
  • …  They are a connecting thread that spans forty years of Darwin’s mature working life from 1843 until …
  • … an admirer of the older man, was approached about working on Darwin’s collection of plants from the  …
  • … admitted into the small and select group of those with whom Darwin felt able to discuss his emerging …
  • … a murder”. When Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) sent Darwin a letter in 1858 outlining an almost …
  • … simultaneous publication of papers by both men, and secured Darwin’s claim to the theory of …
  • … Much of the most important experimental work conducted by Darwin after the publication of  Origin …
  • … father as director in 1865, was perfectly placed to provide Darwin with exotic species, and to help …
  • … correspondents. Hooker was a frequent visitor to Darwin at his home in Downe, Kent, and …
  • … Of the many hundreds of letters that passed between Darwin and Hooker all but a handful of those …
  • … “in remembrance of his lifelong friendship with Charles Darwin”. At some time between those two …
  • … University Library, in 1948, together with the bulk of the Darwin archive, following transfer of …
  • … of their relationship with the recipient.  The use Darwin made of the information in letters …
  • … editions. And letters written in pencil suggest Darwin was unwell – you can’t use an ink dip …
  • … Going public: On 28 June 1858, just a few days after Darwin received Alfred Russel Wallace‘s …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. …
  • … father or an atheist. Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: …
  • … to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued work on insectivorous …
  • … , published in 1875. Investigating the sundew's sensitivity, Darwin found that the glandular …
  • … to bend inward, so that the plant closed like a fist. Darwin was fascinated by this transmission of …
  • … 2 scientific secretaries work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As …
  • … proposed that he give up his medical career and become Darwin's secretary. This was a useful …
  • … appeared anonymously in the Edinburgh Review in April. Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas Henry Huxley, in the hope …
  • … poor health, and in financial trouble because of a law suit. Darwin, though not in the best of …
  • … Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to reflect on his own …
  • … As well as mentioning the traits listed above, Darwin revealingly declared, 'Special talents, …

Visiting the Darwins

Summary

'As for Mr Darwin, he is entirely fascinating…'  In October 1868 Jane Gray and her husband spent several days as guests of the Darwins, and Jane wrote a charming account of the visit in a sixteen-page letter to her sister.  She described Charles…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … As for Mr Darwin, he is entirely fascinating…   Darwin often discouraged would-be …
  • … her sister, Susan Loring.  She described Charles and Emma Darwin, their daughter Henrietta, Down …
  • … on— Since a severe attack of illness, Mr. Darwin sits on an easy chair raised very high, …
  • … and grounds Tuesday I had a little walk with Mrs. Darwin round their grounds— The house …
  • … easy chairs of all shapes & kinds, from Mr. Darwin’s great throne, to “the latest instrument of …
  • … After breakfast there were prayers in the drawing-room, Mrs. Darwin leading the services— Then some …
  • … a little uncertain, & kept very quiet all day— Darwin’s Expression experiment (or the …
  • … the glass!— The experiment was one in which Darwin asked a succession of visitors  to …
  • … were being stimulated by electric probes. Henrietta Darwin The oldest daughter …
  • … for Bromley, where we again took Cabs for Down, where Mr. Darwin lives— It was so dark by the time …
  • … first Cab, & whilst waiting for the second to draw up, Mr. Darwin came out into the hall to …
  • … home face! We made quite a party for dinner—Mr. & Mrs. Darwin, she in black velvet, two …
  • … Tyndal, Wm. Hooker, a boy of 16 but looking only 14, Leonard Darwin— I can’t get used to being grand …
  • … dinner with lively talk— When the ladies retired, Mrs. Darwin’s sister, Miss Wedgewood, & niece, …
  • … of the Country, will allow— Later I got talking with Mrs. Darwin & Mrs. Kempson, & happened …
  • … After breakfast there were prayers in the drawing-room, Mrs. Darwin leading the services— Then some …
  • … charming talks now & then— It was a rare chance when Mr. Darwin, Dr. Hooker, Dr. Tyndal & Dr …
  • … that does not often come in one’s way— Mrs. Darwin’s brother came to breakfast, Mr. Wedgewood, whose …
  • … quick interest in so many things. As for Mr. Darwin, he is entirely fascinating— He is tall & …
  • … in recommending “My Lady Ludlow”— Mrs. Darwin is very lovable, with her sweet, placid manner …
  • … & Mrs. Kempson came to dine— In the afternoon Mrs. Darwin took me in the carriage to call on the …
  • … walks. Tuesday I had a little walk with Mrs. Darwin round their grounds— The house faces, …
  • … easy chairs of all shapes & kinds, from Mr. Darwin’s great throne, to “the latest instrument of …
  • … always in use— Since a severe attack of illness, Mr. Darwin sits on an easy chair raised very high, …
  • … at lunch or breakfast— The two young footmen then— Mr. Darwin came to lunch, but always breakfasted …

Calendars to the correspondence of Charles Darwin

Summary

In 1985, the Darwin Correspondence Project produced its first publication, A Calendar to the Correspondence of Charles Darwin: 1821–1882 (New York: Garland), which contained a detailed summary of every letter Darwin was then known to have sent or received.…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … In 1985, the Darwin Correspondence Project produced its first publication,  A Calendar to the …
  • … Calendar  is still a standard reference work for Darwin scholars. In 1996 a separate …
  • … into the process of collecting and organising the wealth of Darwin correspondence.    …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … On 14 May 1856, Charles Darwin recorded in his journal that he ‘Began by Lyell’s advice  writing …
  • … more for the sake of priority than anything else—Darwin was reluctant to squeeze his expansive …
  • … Natural selection . Determined as he was to publish, Darwin nevertheless still felt cautious …
  • … specialist in Madeiran entomology, Thomas Vernon Wollaston. Darwin also came to rely on the caustic …
  • … in London. Natural Selection Not all of Darwin’s manuscript on species has been …
  • … of pigeons, poultry, and other domesticated animals. As Darwin explained to Lyell, his studies, …
  • … can William Bernhard Tegetmeier continued to help Darwin acquire much of the material for …
  • … on domestic animals in India and elsewhere. William Darwin Fox supplied information about cats, dogs …
  • … mastiffs. The disparate facts were correlated and checked by Darwin, who adroitly used letters, …
  • … can.’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 8 February [1857] ). Darwin also attempted to test ideas …
  • … garden species with their wild congeners. Many of Darwin’s conclusions about the variation of …
  • … these chapters are not extant. It seems likely that Darwin used the manuscript when compiling  The …
  • … or lost during the process. Before the publication of Darwin's correspondence from these years, …
  • … light on the role that these ideas were intended to play in Darwin’s formal exposition. …
  • … selection could not act without varieties to act upon, Darwin wanted to know where, how, and in what …
  • … Making the fullest possible use of his botanical friends, Darwin cross-examined them on different …
  • … and conditions of existence? One useful example that Darwin intended to include in his book was the …
  • … relatives. But a last-minute check with Hooker revealed that Darwin was mistaken: ‘You have shaved …
  • … was wrong ( letter to John Lubbock, 14 July [1857] ). Darwin thought his results showed that …
  • … than relinquish the results achieved after so much effort, Darwin began the whole laborious project …
  • … Such perseverance is perhaps the key to this period in Darwin’s life. He brought the same quality of …
  • … This was the origin and function of sex in nature. Darwin had always been intrigued by the …
  • … must occasionally be cross-fertilised by other individuals. Darwin sought information on this …
  • … request led Huxley to make a note for future reference, ‘Darwin, an absolute & eternal …
  • … not give a categorical answer. Nor could the botanists that Darwin asked about plants whose flowers …
  • … George Bentham, and the Belfast botanist George Dickie. Darwin’s theoretical notions also encouraged …
  • … Science at home: the botanical experiments Darwin’s researches into the purpose and results …
  • … papilionaceous flowers would allow for cross-fertilisation. Darwin carried out his researches with …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent …
  • … and enclosure). It is in the hand of Ebenezer Norman, Darwin’s copyist and includes minor …
  • … which the fair copy for Gray was made. It was retained by Darwin (DAR 6). This version was …
  • … it has been transcribed here. The transcript does not record Darwin’s corrections and alterations …
  • … printed version is headed: “Abstract of a Letter from C. Darwin, Esq., to Prof. Asa Gray, Boston, U …
  • … 2 The printed version reads: ‘astounded’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 50). 3 The printed …
  • … and even in some degree methodically, followed’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 50). 4 The …
  • … reads: ‘good for carpets, of another for cloth, &c.’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 10 …
  • … not judge by mere external appearances, but who could’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 11 …
  • … reads: ‘and should go on selecting for one object’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 13 The …
  • … reads: ‘in a few years, or at most a few centuries’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 17 At …
  • … of the earth would not hold the progeny of one pair’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 18 The …
  • … 20 The printed version reads: ‘far more’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 52). 21 The printed …
  • … follow to obtain food by struggling with other organisms’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 52). …
  • … natural selection to any profitable extent. The variety’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 52). 25 …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Species theory In November 1845, Charles Darwin wrote to his friend and confidant Joseph …
  • … and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). What led Darwin to engage in this work when he was …
  • … group. Light is shed on the close relationship between Darwin’s systematic descriptive work and the …
  • … often frustrating taxonomical maze. Throughout these years, Darwin was also struggling with a …
  • … explained in detail in letters to friends and relatives, Darwin felt sufficiently restored in health …
  • … Nevertheless, it is evident from his correspondence that Darwin’s two hours at the microscope did …
  • … Phillips, and Daniel Sharpe, demonstrating the extent of Darwin’s continued involvement in …
  • … and naturalists, most notably James Dwight Dana, Henry Darwin Rogers, and Bernhard Studer, and the …
  • … In the midst of all this activity, Hooker responds to Darwin’s particular queries and sends …
  • … British government in scientific research during the period. Darwin also contributed to these …
  • … scientific work of naval officers and travellers in general. Darwin was asked by the editor, Sir …
  • … to J. F. W. Herschel, 4 February [1848] ). Letters between Darwin and Richard Owen, author of the …
  • … zoology between them. Owen included in his chapter notes by Darwin on the use of microscopes on …
  • … the leading questions and wide views spelt out by Darwin in the Admiralty  Manual  are also those …
  • … Inverness, in which he maintained that the terraces, which Darwin believed to be of marine origin, …
  • … of Glen Roy had produced a lake and the consequent beaches. Darwin carefully re-examined his own …
  • … editor of the  Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal , Darwin asked for it to be destroyed. Only the …
  • … ). Other letters to colleagues at this time indicate that Darwin was beginning to feel that the Glen …
  • … 8 [September 1847] ). The second geological theory Darwin felt the need to defend had to do …
  • … that only a great rush of water could carry them up hills. Darwin’s response was to explain such …
  • … rocks and foliation in metamorphic rocks, on the other. Darwin maintained that cleavage was the …
  • … to convince other prominent geologists, among them Lyell, so Darwin was keenly interested in what …
  • … subject. The letters also reveal that Lyell sought Darwin’s advice in the preparation of new …
  • … Manual of elementary geology . In addition, Lyell asked for Darwin’s view of his major new theory …
  • … on slopes with dips of more than three or four degrees. Even Darwin, Lyellian though he was, had …

What Darwin Read

Summary

Follow the links to resources about the books and papers, mostly scientific, that Darwin read as student at Edinburgh, during the Beagle voyage, and later in his life. Darwin and his family also read works of fiction by Anthony Trollope, George Eliot,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about the books and papers, mostly scientific, that Darwin read as student at Edinburgh, during the …

Darwin and ecological science

Summary

The word ‘ecology’ did not exist until 1867, and was not used in an English publication until 1876; Darwin himself never used it, yet it was his work on the complex interactions of organisms and habitats that inspired the word’s creation and he is often…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 1867, and was not used in an English publication until 1876; Darwin himself never used it, yet it …
  • … of ecology’.    Between 2006 and Darwin's bicentenary in 2009, with support …
  • … published during the life of the grant,  ‘Was Darwin an ecologist?’ , explores how the …
  • … ‘Beauty and the seed’ explores a puzzle that Darwin never solved – why some plants produce seeds …
  • … it. ‘The evolution of honeycomb’ follows Darwin’s experiments and observations on …
  • … regularity of the wax cells in honeycomb. ‘Darwin and Down’ explores Darwin’s use of …

Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The …
  • … life but I trust happy The anguish felt by Darwin is painfully expressed in letters …
  • … speak of her again. Yet the family gradually recovered, Darwin’s monographs were printed, and Darwin
  • … to the cirripedes. Before turning to his species work, Darwin somewhat ruefully recorded in his …
  • … monographs by natural history societies, though welcomed by Darwin, did not run smoothly. …
  • … the  Correspondence  describes the major achievements of Darwin’s cirripede work as a whole and …
  • … societies, which were supported by subscriptions, was that Darwin’s volumes were not publicly …
  • … in Germany at the forefront of work in invertebrate zoology, Darwin began a correspondence with …
  • … provided the foundations for a relationship with Darwin that soon developed into a valued friendship …
  • … April 1854, when his cirripede study was drawing to a close, Darwin re-entered London scientific …
  • … with lots of claret is what I want Perhaps Darwin’s decision to take a more active …
  • … to substantiate it is manifest in the correspondence. Darwin’s friends and colleagues were …
  • … outspoken young naturalists like Huxley, reacted eagerly to Darwin’s suggestions, although not …
  • … for the geographical distribution of animals and plants. Darwin began a series of researches on the …
  • … with the effects of known changes in climate and geology. Darwin boldly rejected the popular idea of …
  • … Some of the most interesting letters in this volume set out Darwin’s practical researches and …
  • … Variation and extinction The other main focus of Darwin’s research centred on determining the …
  • … seeds and bees An interest in variation naturally led Darwin to study the works of plant …
  • … views concerning decreased fertility of hybrids, Darwin began in the spring of 1855 a series of …
  • … a subject to which he returned in later years. Darwin also undertook experiments relating to …
  • … study, like another on sensitive plants, was an attempt by Darwin to ‘break the constitution of …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of Darwin (2007), which considers the …
  • … belief, and the importance of a historical understanding of Darwin’s work.   …
  • … White: This is part of a series of interviews that the Darwin Correspondence Project at the …
  • … range of fields, and our aim is to discuss the importance of Darwin, historically and today, and to …
  • … for design in biology, and -just out – a wonderful book on Darwin and philosophy. Thanks very much …
  • … introduction. 2. The unusual role Darwin plays today Dr …
  • … the books which, frankly, are a bit of a harder read. So, Darwin’s study of variation, for example, …
  • … reason, I suppose, is basically the thought that, basically, Darwin got it right: in some sense or …
  • … I’d like to make. And another reason is that Darwin puzzles over so many of the conceptual …
  • … debates that we have right now. 3. Darwin’s reputation among scientists …
  • … in science. Do you think this has something to do with how Darwin’s reputation was forged in the …
  • … Einstein is as important for physics, I would say, as Darwin is for biology. There’s a …
  • … as deep philosophical questions. And so, if you think that Darwin’s basic views really do have …
  • … as I say, some people have viewed as certainly inherent in Darwin’s work. 4. …
  • … to that, if I can, is: what’s usually stripped out from Darwin’s own work now as in some ways being …
  • … 5. Does historical accuracy about Darwin matter? Dr White: Part of what we’re …
  • … - and in biology in particular – why should the historical Darwin matter at all? Dr Lewens: …
  • … contains the answer within it. I mean, the very fact that Darwin himself is used today by prominent …
  • … over what the real nature of Darwinism is, and the fact that Darwin is always invoked to try to …
  • … Darwinism, partly shows the importance of looking at what Darwin himself really said. You need to …
  • … as well as simply seeing whether or not the invocations of Darwin which real biologists these days …
  • … general view of life; a general philosophy – by looking at Darwin’s own claims more directly, as …

Instinct and the Evolution of Mind

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Slave-making ants For Darwin, slave-making ants were a powerful example of the force of instinct. He used the case of the ant Formica sanguinea in the On the Origin of Species to show how instinct operates—how…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … | Experiment Slave-making ants For Darwin, slave-making ants were a powerful …
  • … speculate about how it might have developed evolutionarily. Darwin corresponded about slave-making …
  • … with entomological experts who classified the ant species Darwin collected and advised him on how …
  • … in 1859, friends, acquaintances, and strangers wrote to Darwin about his treatment of the remarkable …
  • … Russel Wallace. The case of F. sanguinea intrigued Darwin's network of scientific …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species . 1859. London: John …
  • … Manuscripts Excerpts from Charles Darwin's Notebook C , p. 166 Excerpts …
  • … of Mind Letter 2226 —Frederick Smith to Darwin, 26 Feb 1858 In this letter, …
  • … Museum, identifies the species of an ant described by Darwin in a previous letter and advises him on …
  • … activities of F. sanguinea . Letter 2235 —Darwin to Frederick Smith, [before 9 Mar …
  • … mostly about the behavior of slave-making ants, which Darwin sent Smith. Darwin routinely sent …
  • … only to Smith. Letter 2456 —Frederick Smith to Darwin, 30 Apr 1859 Here Smith …
  • … known habitat in Britain. Letter 2265 —Charles Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [26 Apr …
  • … from other communities. Letter 2306 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Hooker, 13 [July 1858] …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … it came and how it arose.   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 …
  • … roots in the nineteenth-century controversies surrounding Darwin’s work on evolution. Yet Darwin is …
  • … in order to support a particular position. Whose Darwin is the true Darwin, and what are the …
  • … available key letters on on science and religion from Darwin's correspondence. The work was …
  • … ' Religion ' pages on this site.  The aim of the 'Darwin and religion' …
  • … through the engagement of the present with the past. Darwin’s letters provide a unique resource for …
  • … on people from a wide range of backgrounds. The picture that Darwin’s letters present of his …
  • … or indeed in most modern scholarship. At least 200 of Darwin’s correspondents were clergymen, …
  • … for morality and religious belief. The letters show that Darwin’s work could mean many different …
  • … of a fascinating series of letters exchanged between Darwin and his friend Asa Gray, Harvard …
  • … essay prize offered for the most interesting exploration of Darwin’s correspondence in the context …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It …
  • … unique window into this complicated relationship throughout Darwin’s life, as it reveals his …
  • … belief (and doubt) than many non-conformist denominations. Darwin’s parents attended a Unitarian …
  • … the necessary studies to be a clergyman. During Darwin’s lifetime, the vast majority of the …
  • … income was essential to enjoy a gentlemanly lifestyle. For Darwin, who could rely on the financial …
  • … compatible with the pursuit of scientific interests. Indeed, Darwin’s Cambridge mentor, John Stevens …
  • … (Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine (1887): 321). Darwin started on his journey around the world …
  • … it even through a grove of Palms.—’ (letter to Caroline Darwin, 25–6 April [1832] ). Darwin’s …
  • … Museum or some other learned place’ (letter from E. A. Darwin, 18 August [1832] ). Writing to Fox …
  • … about—’ (letter to W. D. Fox, [9–12 August] 1835 ). Darwin’s doubts about orthodox belief, and …
  • … in 1838 and 1839, as can be read here. In the end, Darwin chose a middle course—a life of ease in …
  • … within six years of his return from the  Beagle  voyage, Darwin moved to Down House, in the …
  • … where their children Mary and Charles were buried; later Darwin’s brother Erasmus, Emma’s sister …
  • … of Emma, whose religious scruples are discussed here. But Darwin’s correspondence reveals his own …
  • … Although he was not the principal landowner in Down, Darwin was a gentleman of means, and clearly …
  • … made inroads on Anglican authority in the countryside. The Darwin family took an interest in, and …
  • … Many of the letters highlighted in this section focus on Darwin’s long-standing relationship with …
  • … To the end of his life Innes refused to be persuaded by Darwin’s theory of evolution, but …
  • … cordial; in the first extant letter of the correspondence, Darwin wrote to Innes expressing concern …
  • … to 1869 (letter to J. B. Innes, [8 May 1848] and n. 2). Darwin praised Innes to John William …
  • … from Down (letter to J. B. Innes, 15 December [1861] ). Darwin and Innes continued to correspond …
  • … Innes, 7 December 1868 ). Innes had a tendency to tease Darwin about his theories rather than …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental …
  • … hothouse early in 1863 marked something of a milestone in Darwin’s botanical work, since it greatly …
  • …  vol. 5, letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 April [1855] ). Darwin became increasingly involved in …
  • … Though his greenhouse was probably heated to some extent, Darwin found himself on several occasions …
  • … make observations and even experiments on his behalf. Darwin’s decision to build a hothouse …
  • … Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for this purpose a glass …
  • … of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) Darwin told Hooker: I have …
  • … Encyclopedia of gardening  (Loudon 1835), a copy of which Darwin signed in 1841 (see the copy in …
  • … of heat’ (p. 1100). The latter was the sense in which Darwin used the word. The building of …
  • … accounts (Down House MS)). When it was completed, Darwin told Turnbull that without Horwood’s aid he …
  • … ). Even before work on the hothouse started, however, Darwin began making preparations to …
  • … plants’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January [1863] ). Darwin apparently refers to the catalogues …
  • … whom he had dealt over many years. In his letter to Hooker, Darwin mentioned that he hoped to be …
  • … (letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 January 1863] ). Darwin agreed to send Hooker his list of …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 January [1863] ). Darwin probably gave his list of plants to …
  • … [1863] ). On 20 February, the plants from Kew had arrived. Darwin was delighted, telling Hooker: ‘I …
  • … moss, peat, and charcoal (see the letter from Henrietta Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [22 …
  • … (see letter from J. D. Hooker, [6 March 1863] ). Darwin derived enormous pleasure from his …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 24[–5] February [1863] ). Darwin’s aesthetic appreciation of the …
  • … the tropics. Even before he left on the Beagle  voyage, Darwin used the hothouses in the Cambridge …
  • … (see  Correspondence  vol. 1, letter to Caroline Darwin, [28 April 1831] ), and when, on the  …
  • … again’ ( Correspondence  vol. 1, letter to Catherine Darwin, May–June [1832] ). Years later, …
  • … 8 October [1845] ). Having indulged his senses, Darwin soon began the more serious work of …
  • … department at Kew, had helped select the plants for Darwin). Hooker had also sent seeds, and was …
  • … (letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 February [1863] ). Darwin’s hothouse became an important focus …

Darwin and Religion

Summary

When Darwin published On the Origin of Species, was there a clear cut division between those who supported science and those who supported God? Find out how Darwin’s letters reveal a complex reaction from all sides and a desire from Darwin to keep his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils explore the reaction to Darwin’s findings as evidenced through his letters. Activities …
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