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State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia

Matches: 2 hits

  • … State Darwin Museum, …
  • … Moscow, Russia Darwin Museum Moscow …

Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England

Matches: 1 hit

  • Darwin Archive, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England DAR …

The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html

Matches: 1 hit

  • … The History Buff (website) www.ehistorybuff.com/darwin_als.html History Buff …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin [13 January 1861]

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Summary

Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046F

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin [13 January 1861] …
  • … DAR 185: 117 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin [13 Jan …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. …
  • … H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates. …
  • … London. B. at 2 o .30’— Your affect | C.  Darwin Dear Wm, I expect Eva will come with you, …
  • … 11 January 1861, and left on 21 January (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Emma was mistaken …
  • … The letter is dated by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s dental treatment (see n.   …
  • … 3, below) and references in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242; see nn.  2 and 8, below). …
  • … Sunday. CD refers to his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, who lived at 6 Queen Anne Street, …
  • … London, and to Francis and George Howard Darwin, who, according …
  • … to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), went to London on 10 January 1861, returning to Down on …
  • … treatment between December 1860 and February 1861 (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [9 December 1860] (DAR …
  • … 251: 2226), letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [30 January 1861] (DAR 219.1: 36), [12 February 1861] (DAR 219.1: 37), and [20  …
  • … further identified. London Bridge station. Emma Darwin added this note to CD’s letter. The …
  • … House with William on 14 January 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); to the London home …

To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828

Summary

[Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s present one having become dangerous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Darwin family
Date:  3 Oct 1828
Classmark:  L
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-50

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin family …
  • … To the Darwin Family    3 October 1828 …
  • … L Charles Robert Darwin [Shrewsbury] 3 …
  • … Oct 1828 Darwin family …
  • … The ‘petition’ is in Caroline Darwin’s hand. The subscribers’ names are in their own …
  • … requisite for the purchase of new Double barrd Gun— Value £20— £.  s.  d. W Darwin 5= 0 …
  • … = 0 Miss Darwin 5 . …
  • … 0– 0 Miss Susan Darwin 5 "  0 . …
  • … 0 Miss Cath Darwin 5 "  0 "  0. …
  • … Caroline Darwin on behalf of CD] …
  • … submits a petition to Darwin family for £20 to purchase a new double-barrelled gun, CD’s …
  • … a Distressed Sportsman— 1828. Oct 3— Charles Darwin gent—humbly petitions all benevolently …
  • … liable to destroy the aforesaid Charles Darwins legs arms, body & brains & consequently …

From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863

Summary

Glad to find they are cousins.

Sends his book [High Elms (pseud.), The game-preserver’s manual (1858)].

Author:  Edward Levett Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 17–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4295

Matches: 27 hits

  • … From Edward Levett Darwin   7 September 1863 …
  • Darwin, E. …
  • … L. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 99: 17–18 Edward Levett Darwin Derby 7 Sept …
  • … 1863 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … day or other it will result in being personal . Yours very sincerely | Edw d L Darwin Chr. …
  • Darwin Esq | F.R.S. …
  • … cousin, once removed ( Darwin pedigree ). CD and his family had gone to Malvern Wells, …
  • … a common one yet there are I know other Darwins. Your Wife sent me 2/1 for a copy of the …
  • … Edward Darwin was CD’s first cousin, son of …
  • … his father’s half-brother, Francis Sacheverel Darwin ( …
  • Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … No other correspondence between CD and Edward Darwin has been found. …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently sent for a copy of …
  • … considerably enlarged’ edition of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual , which was …
  • … published in 1863 (E.  L.  Darwin 1863). …
  • … Emma Darwin had apparently …
  • … sent Edward Darwin a copy of An appeal , a four-page circular concerning the cruelty of …
  • … s manual are the only works by Edward Darwin listed in the NSTC . The reference may be to …
  • … the particular procedures necessary for trapping foxes ([E.  L. Darwin] 1859, pp.  25–6). …
  • … Marcus Huish, of Castle Donnington, Leicestershire, was married to Edward Darwin’s sister, …
  • … Frances Sarah ( Darwin pedigree ). The reference is to Samuel Boteler and …
  • … Hall, Nottinghamshire; Samuel Boteler Bristowe was CD’s and Edward Darwin’s second …
  • … August (see letter from G.  B.  Sowerby Jr to Emma Darwin, 22 July 1863, and Appendix IX). …
  • … See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.  D.  Fox, [ …
  • … September 1863] . The two parts of Edward Darwin’s Game preserver’s manual dealt with the …
  • … steel trap stands, as it always must, pre-eminent’ ([E.  L.  Darwin] 1859, p.  22). The …

From Francis Parker   22 April 1867

Summary

Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children.

Author:  Francis (Frank) Parker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 174: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5510

Matches: 24 hits

  • … Parker, Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 174: 19 Francis (Frank) Parker Chester 22 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends £600 bequeathed by Susan Darwin to CD’s younger children. …
  • … 100 Henrietta Emma Darwin …  100  …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin .... . . 100 Cha …
  • … s . Rob t . Darwin (Specific Legacy— a …
  • … portrait of Miss Darwins father —valued at …
  • … £4—) Henrietta Emma Darwin (a Silver Tea Urn—valued at £28 . 2 . 6)— …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD’s sister, died in October 1866 (see Correspondence vol.  14). …
  • … were the executors of her will (Susan Elizabeth Darwin’s will, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … I am | Yours very sincerely | Francis Parker Charles Darwin Esq re . Down Bromley Kent. …
  • … Extract from the Will of the late Miss Susan Elizabeth Darwin dated 1 st . November  …
  • … 1865— “I give and bequeath to my nephews George Howard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin   …
  • … Leonard Darwin, and …
  • … Horace Darwin and my …
  • … nieces Henrietta Emma Darwin and …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin (the younger sons and daughters …
  • … of my Brother Charles Robert Darwin) One hundred pounds each”— I send you in a separate …
  • … cover the Undermentioned Legacy receipts for signature— Value Geo. Howard Darwin …  100  …
  • … Francis Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Leonard Darwin .... . …
  • … 100 Horace Darwin . ....  …

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

Matches: 26 hits

  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] . …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 [October 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Oct …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … by the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . See letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and n.  2, and letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . CD reported this observation in ‘Three forms of …
  • … My dear old fellow | Your affect | C.  Darwin Months hence will do about counting seed; …
  • … and the letters from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [19 November 1862] and [2 December 1862? ], in DAR 219.1: 67–8). William had …
  • … DAR 226.1). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  4, and letter …
  • … and Hampshire Bank, Southampton. Henrietta Emma Darwin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [ …
  • … s visit to Down House on 31 October, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242): ‘Ch. …
  • … Lubbock, 25 October 1862 , n.  5. Elizabeth Darwin started at a school in Kensington run …
  • … by Miss Buob, on 27 January 1863 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … and the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [29 October 1862], in DAR 219.1: …
  • … 63). The Darwins’ governess, Camilla Ludwig, was on an extended visit to her family in …
  • … in order to separate her from Horace Darwin. The Down surgeon, Stephen Paul Engleheart, …
  • … from which he had been suffering earlier in the year. See the letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27 May 1862], and [6 November  …
  • … in DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64; see also Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and CD’s Classed account …
  • … of Down. On Saturday 1 November 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that …
  • … having become friendly with Elinor Mary Bonham-Carter (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …

Darwin, Emma (1808–96)

Matches: 20 hits

  • … scientific work - she passed scientific requests from Darwin along to her correspondents. …
  • Darwin saw Emma as an exemplary wife. Relevant Gender Resources: http:// …
  • … scientists-wives Primary Sources: Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-441 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-542 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-761 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-4498f Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … www.darwinproject.ac.uk/entry-7922 Darwin Correspondence Database, https:// …
  • … Desmond and James Moore and Janet Browne, ‘Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882)’, Oxford …
  • … www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/7176, accessed 20 Feb 2013] Emma Darwin (1904) and (1915). …
  • … WSL,26,27 Wedgwood, Josiah II Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Emma Darwin 1808–96 Youngest daughter of Josiah Wedgwood II. …
  • … in 1839. Further Information: Emma Darwin née Wedgwood (1808-1896) was the youngest …
  • … of Josiah Wedgwood II. In January 1839 she married her first cousin, Charles Darwin. …
  • … She and Darwin had 10 children. Emma was religious: she had been baptised in the …
  • … beliefs. Early in her relationship with Darwin, Emma expressed concern about his religious …
  • … salvation. In spite of her concerns over Darwin’s religious beliefs, Emma remained …
  • … husband’s work throughout his life. Indeed, Darwin entrusted Emma with ensuring that his …
  • … even if he died suddenly. Emma often took over Darwin’s correspondence when he was feeling …
  • … unwell. Darwin recognised the critical role Emma played in helping to manage his …

To W. E. Darwin   26 April [1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for eyeglass.

Reports on health of Horace and family matters.

Has finished Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  26 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3520

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   26 April [1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … when Joseph Dalton Hooker was also visiting Down House (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … DAR 210.6: 96 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Apr [ …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … you saw Hooker work on plant. — Farewell, dear old fellow | Yours affect y . | C.  Darwin
  • … proofs of Orchids (see n.  6, below). Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records that the ‘Boys …
  • … went to school’ on Monday 28 April 1862. George Howard Darwin and …
  • … Francis Darwin both attended Clapham Grammar School in south-west …
  • … London (see DNB s.v. Darwin, G.  H. , …
  • … and F.  Darwin 1920, p.   …
  • … 63). Leonard Darwin had been tutored privately by George Varenne Reed since summer 1859 ( …
  • … Wedgwood. There is an entry in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on 25 April 1862 that …
  • … half-yearly payment to Clapham Grammar School. See also letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [3 February 1862] (DAR 219.1: 48). Leonard was sent home from Clapham with …
  • … see CD’s Classed account book (Down House MS), letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [13 December 1862] (DAR 219.1: 69), and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … G.  V.  Reed, 12 January 1863). Emma Darwin wrote in her diary (DAR 242) that she ‘Went to …
  • … was a family nickname for George (see, for example, the letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [26 March 1858] (DAR 219.1: 33), which begins ‘My dear Georgy’, but later …
  • … write to & not Gingo’). CD refers to Horace Darwin who had been ill since the beginning of …
  • … the year. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), Camilla Ludwig, …
  • … governess at Down House, accompanied Horace Darwin to the home of his aunt Sarah Elizabeth …

From E. A. Darwin, Charles Darwin, and W. E. Darwin to Thomas Salt 12 April 1864

Summary

Instructions concerning the payment of the principal and interest of the mortgage to Mr Childe.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin; Erasmus Alvey Darwin; Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Salt
Date:  12 Apr 1864
Classmark:  Rachel Salt (private collection); sold at Spink’s, July 2018
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4460F

Matches: 14 hits

  • … E. Darwin Thomas Salt Esq re | Belmont | Shrewsbury …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. Salt, Thomas …
  • … From E. A. Darwin, …
  • … Charles Darwin, and W. …
  • … E. Darwin to Thomas Salt 12 April 1864 …
  • … Salt (private collection); sold at Spink’s, July 2018 William Erasmus Darwin Erasmus …
  • … Alvey Darwin Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin 12 Apr 1864 Thomas Salt …
  • … from CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin (Shropshire Archives, SA D3651/B/47/1/1/1/1/6). …
  • … Robert Waring Darwin’s children had inherited the loans. Charles Langton was married to …
  • … principal to the account of the Re vd Charles Langton at the same Bank. E A Darwin | Ch. …
  • … R. Darwin | W. …

From E. A. Darwin   11 October [1866]

Summary

Disposal of Susan’s effects. Legacies to CD’s children. EAD has taken the letters and papers and asked Henry [Parker] to forward the George Richmond pictures of CD and Emma.

Caroline looks "miserably ill".

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B48–51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5238

Matches: 23 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   11 October [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B48–51 Erasmus Alvey Darwin London, Queen Anne St …
  • … 11 Oct [1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … year is established by the reference to Susan Elizabeth Darwin and her estate (see n.   …
  • … 2, below). Susan Darwin had died on 3 October 1866 ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [4 October  …
  • … been sent to CD (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 7 October [1866] ). In a codicil to her …
  • … Catherine Langton (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 19 February [1866] and n.  6). The …
  • … George Richmond made portraits of CD in 1839 and 1840, of Emma Darwin in 1840 and 1842, …
  • … and of Erasmus Alvey Darwin in 1850 (Lister 1981, p.  156; see also frontispieces to …
  • … tureen is mentioned in the will (will of Susan Elizabeth Darwin, Probate Registry, York). …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin, CD’s eldest son, inherited the farm at Claythorpe, Lincolnshire. …
  • … property from her father, Robert Waring Darwin, who had purchased another farm, for CD, at …
  • … of Susan’s estate (see letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 7 October [1866] and n.   5). ‘ …
  • … D r D’ is probably a reference to Erasmus Darwin, but may refer …
  • … to Robert Waring Darwin. …
  • … CD and Erasmus Alvey Darwin were the executors …
  • … of Robert Waring Darwin’s will (will …
  • … of Robert Waring Darwin, Department of Manuscripts and Records, National Library of Wales, …
  • … Aberystwyth). CD’s son George Howard Darwin was interested in genealogy and collected …
  • … on the family. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, [before 20 February 1866] and n.  2. …
  • … are to Henrietta Emma and Elizabeth Darwin. Erasmus probably meant to write ‘Henry’ …

From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868]

Summary

Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5799

Matches: 15 hits

  • Darwin, C. M. …
  • … C. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin   25 January [1868] …
  • … a Clapham in Yorkshire, but Horace and Leonard Darwin were at school in Clapham, London. …
  • … DAR 99: 34–5 Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin Otley 25 Jan [ …
  • … 1868] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Expresses her pleasure at seeing George Darwin’s name as Second Wrangler. …
  • … us know. With very kind regards, believe me | Y rs .  sincerely | Charlotte M C Darwin
  • … The year is established by the reference to George Howard Darwin’s examination (see n.  3, …
  • … below). Charlotte had eight children ( Darwin pedigree ). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was second in the mathematical honours examination at Cambridge; the …
  • … University calendar 1868). Francis Rhodes Darwin. George attended Clapham Grammar School …
  • … Otley. Jan y . 25 th . Dear M r . Darwin, Judging by my own feelings as a Parent, I feel …
  • … s as second Wrangler at Cambridge— M r . Darwin begs to unite with me in Congratulations …
  • … to yourself & M rs . Darwin, and we so much regret, that you did not tell us of your bo

From W. E. Darwin to Emma and/or Charles Darwin c. 20–5 September 1877

Summary

Description of their English dinner companions at a foreign hotel.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Darwin
Date:  c. 20-25 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11146F

Matches: 8 hits

  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Emma …
  • … DAR 210.5: 18 William Erasmus Darwin c. …
  • … 20-25 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin
  • … From W.  E.  Darwin to Emma …
  • … and/or Charles Darwin c .  20–5 September 1877 …

From Emma and Charles Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [20 May 1864]

Summary

CD much obliged for specimen and drawings.

Author:  Emma Darwin; Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [20 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 97: A7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3366

Matches: 17 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Emma and Charles Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin   [20 May 1864] …
  • … DAR 97: A7 Emma Darwin Charles …
  • … Robert Darwin unstated [20 May …
  • … 1864] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] , and by …
  • … George Howard, Francis, and Leonard Darwin’s arrival at Down on 21 May 1864 (see n.  5, …
  • … lived at Maer until 1847, had recently visited Down (see letter from Emma Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [17 May 1864] and n.  4). For CD’s speculation on the …
  • … Pulmonaria angustifolia , see letter to W.  E. Darwin, 14 May [1864] and nn.  6 and 7. …
  • … p.  115). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] and n.  8. The photographs arrived …
  • … for example, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] ). See letter from H.  E.  Darwin to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [18 May 1864] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, [19 May 1864] and n.  3. CD wrote in Forms of flowers , …

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]

Summary

Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

Matches: 19 hits

  • … his name? ) get on in health? Read Bates’ Book; you will like it— good night | C.   Darwin
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [10 May 1863] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … E.  Darwin, [17 November 1861] ). Bates 1863. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 111 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place [10 …
  • … May 1863] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  E. Darwin, 8 May [1863] , and by the address. …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins stayed at Leith Hill Place, near Dorking, Surrey, the home of Josiah …
  • … on a Sunday. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] . The plant was subsequently …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 17 [October 1861] , and letter from W.   …
  • … angustifolia (see letter from W.  E. Darwin, 4 May [1863] , n.  1). CD was trying to …
  • … Correspondence vol.  12, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 May [1864] . For CD’s conclusions on …
  • … pp.  105– 10. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 8 May [1863] and n.  5. As part of his …
  • … plants that were apparently fertile without insect aid. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins returned to Down from Leith Hill Place on Wednesday 13 May 1863. ‘ …
  • … Skimp’ was a family nickname for Horace Darwin (Freeman 1978). Horace had been unwell …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10). George Howard Darwin. His and CD’s observations of insects …

From Sara Sedgwick Darwin   [3 December 1877]

Summary

Describes her and W. E. Darwin’s honeymoon.

Author:  Sara Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Dec 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11267F

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Sara Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Sara Sedgwick Darwin   [3 December 1877] …
  • … Describes her and W. E. Darwin’s honeymoon. …
  • … DAR 210.5: 23 Sara Darwin [3 Dec …
  • … 1877] Charles Robert Darwin

To W. E. Darwin   10 [December 1856]

Summary

Writes of arrangements for the end of the school-term.

Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  10 [Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2019

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To W.  E. Darwin 10 [December 1856] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Dec …
  • … 1856] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … for the end of the school-term. Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin]. …
  • … in your examination Your affect. | C.  Darwin What a nice letter that was of Georgys. — …
  • … Dated by the reference to the birth of Charles Waring Darwin. …
  • … Emma Darwin noted in her diary that after …
  • … his school-term ended, George Howard Darwin went directly to the home of Hensleigh and …
  • … and a fellow student of William Erasmus Darwin’s at Rugby. Henry Hemmings, a servant of …
  • … Wedgwood, was probably on his way to Barlaston (see letter to G.  H. Darwin and W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 [November 1856]). …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … diary, the Darwin boys stayed with Fanny Mackintosh Wedgwood …
  • … until Saturday, 27 December, which was William Darwin’s birthday. …
  • … Emma Darwin recorded in her diary on 26 December, ‘came down to breakfast’. CD recorded …

To W. E. Darwin   [24 July 1862]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants, valerian and Erythraea. Would like to look at them; suggests WED draw up a paper on them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3632

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [24 July 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 101 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 July …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … of nectar or position of flowers in the two forms? Good Night— I am tired. — | C.  Darwin
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . There is a series of observations and drawings of the parts …
  • … relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] , and by reference …
  • … a postscript, written in pencil, in Emma Darwin’s hand: ‘Enquire a little about quiet sea …
  • … the end of next week’. George Howard Darwin and Francis stayed with William in Southampton …
  • … from 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). The …
  • … the Thursday prior to the week ending 2 August 1862. Leonard Darwin was recovering from …
  • … scarlet fever (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [ …
  • … 1862] , letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862], 9 July [1862], and [after 14 July 1862], …
  • … Gray, 14 July [1862] ). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and letter to W.   …
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Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little …
  • … of   On the origin of   species , intended to be Darwin’s last, and of  Expression of the …
  • … books brought a strong if deceptive sense of a job now done: Darwin intended, he declared to Alfred …
  • …  27 July [1872] ). By the end of the year Darwin was immersed in two of the studies that …
  • … of books and papers, and the latter formed the subject of Darwin’s last book,  The formation of   …
  • … worms , published in the year before his death.  Despite Darwin’s declared intention to take up new …
  • … begun many years before. In his private life also, Darwin was in a nostalgic frame of mind, …
  • … The last word on Origin The year opened with Darwin, helped by his eldest son William, …
  • … on 30 January , shortly after correcting the proofs, and Darwin’s concern for the consolidation of …
  • … and sixth editions were costly to incorporate, and despite Darwin’s best efforts, set the final …
  • … closely involved in every stage of publication of his books, Darwin was keen to ensure that this …
  • … to bring out the new edition in the United States, Darwin arranged with Murray to have it …
  • … had to be reset.  The investment in stereotype reinforced Darwin’s intention to make no further …
  • … A worsening breach The criticisms against which Darwin had taken the greatest trouble to …
  • … objections to the theory of natural selection’, Darwin refuted point by point assertions published …
  • … Although Mivart was among those who wrote in January to wish Darwin a happy new year, before the …
  • … critical and anonymously published review of  Descent . Darwin’s supporters had rallied to his …
  • … The republication of Wright’s paper had been arranged by Darwin himself (see  Correspondence  vol. …
  • … so bigotted a person as I am made to appear’, complained Darwin ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 5 …
  • … that he would willingly acknowledge himself at fault if only Darwin would renounce `fundamental …
  • … letter to St G. J. Mivart, 8 January [1872] ).  Despite Darwin’s request that he drop the …
  • … ( letter from St G. J. Mivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have the last word in …
  • … 11 January [1872] ). 'I hate controversy,’ Darwin wrote later in the year, possibly with this …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 3 August [1872] ).  Darwin's theories under siege …
  • … sexual selection in human evolution, continued to trouble Darwin.  ‘At present natural selection is …
  • … about the level of support for his theories abroad and Darwin, directing operations from the safe …
  • … 13 December 1872 ).  'Here is a bee' Darwin discussed the reception of his …
  • … selection to bees (H. Müller 1872), and with his reply Darwin enclosed an account of research he had …
  • … By the time  Origin  was published in February, Darwin was in London, making the first of several …
  • … he found a mixed blessing: ‘I hope my Brain likes it,’ Darwin wrote about one of these holidays; ‘as …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … the work of collecting, and the construction of theory. Darwin was not simply a gentleman naturalist …
  • … of the most advanced laboratory methods and equipment. Darwin used letters as a speculative space, …
  • … Specialism and Detail Darwin is usually thought of as a gentleman naturalist and a …
  • … across and drew together different fields of knowledge. But Darwin also made substantial …
  • … discussion was often the starting point for some of Darwin's most valuable and enduring …
  • … correspondence about barnacles. Letter 1514 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 11 Apr …
  • … cirripedes morning & night.” Letter 1480 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 23 Apr …
  • … stages than Huxley thinks. Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] …
  • … laboratories. It often took place in domestic settings. Darwin used his house and garden as a site …
  • … cross-pollination, or the climbing habits of plants. One of Darwin's most important …
  • … of botanical experimentation. Letter 4895 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 20 Sept …
  • … probable. Letter 5173 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 2 Aug 1866 Müller …
  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … species. Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites …
  • … Copepoden [1863]. Letter 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] …
  • … Microscopes This collection of letters between Darwin and a variety of correspondents shows …
  • … ranks second only to geology. Letter 1018 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [6 Nov 1846 …
  • … like to meet Hooker in London. Letter 1166 — Darwin, C. R. to Owen, Richard, [26 Mar …
  • … scientific enquiry (1849)]. Letter 1167 — Darwin, C. R. to Henslow, J. S., [1 Apr …
  • … Smith & Beck of 6 Colman St. City for a simple microscope. Darwin finds this microscope …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Discussion Questions | Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth …
  • … Letters Darwin’s Notes On Marriage [April - July 1838] In these notes, …
  • … of family, home and sociability. Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] …
  • … theories, & accumulating facts in silence & solitude”. Darwin also comments that he has …
  • … Letter 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède …
  • … are not those of her sex”. Letter 4038 - Darwin to Lyell, C., [12-13 March 1863] …
  • … critic”. Letter 4377 - Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, [2 January 1864] Haeckel …
  • … works”. Letter 4441 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [30 March 1864] Lydia Becker …
  • … to study nature. Letter 4940 - Cresy, E. to Darwin, E., [20 November 1865] …
  • … masculine nor pedantic”. Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] …
  • … , (1829). Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written …
  • … them ears”. Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah …
  • … thinking”. Letter 8079 - Norton, S. R. to Darwin, [20 November 1871] Sarah …
  • … pamphlet herself. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle  voyage was one …
  • … a family Busy as he was with scientific activities, Darwin found time to re-establish family …
  • … close contact. In November 1838, two years after his return, Darwin became engaged to his cousin, …
  • … daughter, Anne Elizabeth, moved to Down House in Kent, where Darwin was to spend the rest of his …
  • … his greatest theoretical achievement, the most important of Darwin’s activities during the years …
  • … identifications of his bird and fossil mammal specimens, Darwin arrived at the daring and momentous …
  • … in species. With this new theoretical point of departure Darwin continued to make notes and explore …
  • … present in the version of 1859. Young author Darwin’s investigation of the species …
  • … the  Beagle  had returned to England, news of some of Darwin’s findings had been spread by the …
  • … great excitement. The fuller account of the voyage and Darwin’s discoveries was therefore eagerly …
  • … suitable categories for individual experts to work upon, Darwin applied himself to the revision of …
  • … of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle. Darwin’s volume bore the title  Journal …
  • … visited by H.M.S. Beagle .  Also in November 1837, Darwin read the fourth of a series of papers to …
  • … to the Society of 9 March 1838), had been developed by Darwin from a suggestion made by his uncle, …
  • … Sedgwick, [after 15 May 1838] ). The new research Darwin undertook after 1837 was an …
  • … time, the parallel terraces, or ‘roads’, of Glen Roy. Darwin had seen similar formations on the …
  • … roads of Glen Roy’,  Collected papers  1: 88–137). Darwin later abandoned this view, calling it a …
  • … contemporaneous unstratified deposits of South America”, Darwin continued to defend his and Lyell’s …
  • … 1842, having heard of evidence of glaciation in North Wales, Darwin made a tour there in order to …
  • … more satisfactorily than any alternative explanation. Darwin eventually relinquished this theory and …
  • … the Beagle voyage In addition to his work on geology Darwin undertook to provide a …
  • … The correspondence provides a nearly complete record of Darwin’s arrangements with the Treasury, his …
  • … , by Thomas Bell—a total of nineteen quarto issues. Darwin contributed a substantial portion of the …
  • … and habitats of the species. Mr Arthrobalanus Darwin had originally planned to include …
  • … Archipelago off the coast of Chile. These unexpectedly led Darwin to devote eight years (1846–54) …
  • … As the correspondence from these years shows, that work put Darwin in communication with most of the …
  • … and corals by William Lonsdale ( Collected papers , 2). Darwin’s crustacean specimens, originally …
  • … Only the plants were neglected. During the voyage Darwin had expected that J. S. Henslow would …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his …
  • … promotion of his theory of natural selection also continued: Darwin’s own works expanded on it, …
  • … a keen interest in the progress of his views through Europe, Darwin negotiated, in addition to a …
  • … the family over the summer. But towards the end of the year, Darwin was able once more to turn his …
  • … of the Scottish press hissed). Huxley, while advocating Darwin’s theory, had again espoused the view …
  • … experimental production of new ‘physiological’ species. Darwin attempted to dissuade him from this …
  • … delivered a series of lectures to working men that reviewed Darwin’s theory, and sent copies to …
  • … about the vars. of Tobacco.' At the end of the year, Darwin seemed resigned to their …
  • … common man This correspondence with Huxley made Darwin keener than ever to repeat the …
  • … began writing long, intelligent, and informative letters, Darwin, impressed, gave him the commission …
  • … ). Two sexual forms: Primula and Linum Darwin’s views on the phenomenon of …
  • … when crossed with another plant of the reciprocal form. Darwin concluded that the two forms existed …
  • … in  Primula ’, p. 92 ( Collected papers  2: 59)). Darwin later recalled: ‘no little discovery of …
  • … , p. 134). On completion of his  Primula  paper, Darwin repeated his crosses through a …
  • … George Bentham at Kew were also tapped for their knowledge. Darwin, initially hopeful, became …
  • … one by one 6700 seeds of Monochætum!!’ By October, Darwin was flagging and declared to Gray: ‘I am …
  • … is something very curious to be made out about them.’ Darwin persisted with his experiments through …
  • … proved more profitable subjects for investigation, and Darwin was soon filling portfolios with notes …
  • … to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin amassed on heterostyly in this year …
  • … experiments led directly to publication. Many years earlier, Darwin had observed dimorphism in  …
  • … One of the multi-volume treatises through which Darwin groaningly trawled seeking cases of …
  • … Lythrum , the purple loosestrife. By the summer, Darwin was experimenting. ‘To day I have been …
  • … forms produced fertile seed. The case clearly excited Darwin, who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa …
  • … evidence with which to sway Huxley. By October, Darwin had decided that the case warranted a …
  • … own specimens of the orchid  Catasetum tridentatum ,that Darwin described before the ‘placid …
  • … that were believed to constitute three distinct genera. Darwin explained that the three flowers …
  • … since the previous summer. Orchids Darwin had enjoyed observing the orchids: he …
  • … son, William, his language was more blunt ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 February [1862] ): ‘whether …

Henrietta Emma Darwin

Summary

Henrietta “Etty” Darwin (1843–1927) was the eldest of Charles Darwin’s daughters to reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her father as well as companion and correspondent to both of her parents.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Henrietta “Etty” Darwin (1843–1927) was the eldest of Charles Darwin’s daughters to reach adulthood. …
  • … she edited passages of   The Autobiography of Charles Darwin  (1887), as well as a collection …
  • … Henrietta provided far more than grammatical assistance; Darwin asked her to help clarify and …
  • … or brothers, Henrietta was an essential lynchpin in the Darwin circle, and helped anchor both the …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … results of the  Beagle  voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but throughout these …
  • … species and varieties. In contrast to the received image of Darwin as a recluse in Down, the letters …
  • … Down House was altered and extended to accommodate Darwin’s growing family and the many relatives …
  • … The geological publications In these years, Darwin published two books on geology,  Volcanic …
  • … papers for all these organisations. Between 1844 and 1846 Darwin himself wrote ten papers, six of …
  • … 2, letter to A. Y. Spearman, 9 October 1843, n. 1). Darwin's inner circle: first …
  • … not (it is like confessing a murder) immutable Darwin’s earlier scientific friendships …
  • … friends, with the addition of Hooker, were important to Darwin for—among other things—they were the …
  • … scientific issues that arose out of his work on species. Darwin discussed his ideas on species …
  • … Only two months after their first exchange, early in 1844, Darwin told Hooker that he was engaged in …
  • … correspondence that his close friends were not outraged by Darwin’s heterodox opinions and later in …
  • … But although eager for the views of informed colleagues, Darwin was naturally protective of his …
  • …  vol. 4, letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 [February 1847]). Darwin can be seen as a cautious strategist, …
  • … candidate, known to be working on species and varieties, was Darwin himself: as he told his cousin …
  • … the book to him. But, as his letters to Hooker show, Darwin carefully considered and then rejected …
  • … Perhaps the most interesting letter relating to Darwin’s species theory, which also bears on his …
  • … to his wife Emma, dated 5 July 1844 , just after Darwin had completed the final draft of his …
  • … who would undertake to see the work through the press. Darwin also listed possible editors: at first …
  • … on the work. But the list was subsequently altered after Darwin’s second, and possibly third, …
  • … Hooker’s was added. Much later, by the autumn of 1854 when Darwin began sorting out his notes in …
  • … the cover to that effect. The full consideration that Darwin gave to the future editing and …
  • … he was for much of the time too ill even to write letters, Darwin felt that his life was only too …
  • … in his health. Volcanoes, rocks, and fossils Darwin’s published work during this …
  • … elevation of extensive tracts of land relative to the sea. Darwin put forward a new explanation of …
  • … whose subsequent work led to the general acceptance of Darwin’s views.  South America  drew …
  • … structure of the land could best be explained by elevation. Darwin presented a wholeheartedly …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …
  • … an unusually large number of letters sent by members of the Darwin family to be studied. However, in …
  • … required them to work long hours away from their family. Darwin was unusual in being able to pursue …
  • … this part of Kent as ‘extraordinarily rural & quiet’ (Darwin to his sister Catherine,  [24 July …
  • … left their children in the care of servants in the country. Darwin frequently expressed regrets that …
  • … meetings and social events in the capital. As a result, Darwin rarely spent a day without the …
  • … ‘visits’ to see their father when he was working (Darwin to his wife Emma,  [7-8 February 1845] ). …
  • … children’s development in diaries and letters. However, Darwin was unusual for the systematic …
  • … was far more typical of mid-nineteenth-century fathers was Darwin’s intense involvement in his …
  • … to incessant anxiety & movement on account of Etty.’ (Darwin to W. D. Fox,  18 October [1860] …
  • … who did not have specialist scientific or medical interests. Darwin expressed enduring grief …
  • … terribly anxious, but fear has almost driven away grief.’ (Darwin to W. D. Fox,  2 July [1858] ). …
  • … after her birth in 1842 had a far more limited impact on Darwin. However, the intensity of grief …
  • … in a profession were a substantial drain on family finances. Darwin wrote about the ‘awesome state …

The correspondence of Charles Darwin

Summary

The correspondence of Charles Darwin (F. Burkhardt, et al.eds, Cambridge University Press 1985–) is the definitive edition of all known surviving letters – more than 15,000 – written by and to Charles Darwin.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … The correspondence of Charles Darwin (F. Burkhardt,  et al. eds, Cambridge University Press 1985 …
  • … letters – more than 15,000 – written by and to Charles Darwin. It is an important source for …
  • … to the published volumes form the basis to the ' Darwin's life in letters ' pages. …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished …
  • … used these notebooks extensively in dating and annotating Darwin’s letters; the full transcript …
  • … *128). For clarity, the transcript does not record Darwin’s alterations. The spelling and …
  • … book had been consulted. Those cases where it appears that Darwin made a genuine deletion have been …
  • … a few instances, primarily in the ‘Books Read’ sections, Darwin recorded that a work had been …
  • … of the books listed in the other two notebooks. Sometimes Darwin recorded that an abstract of the …
  • … own. Soon after beginning his first reading notebook, Darwin began to separate the scientific …
  • … the second reading notebook. Readers primarily interested in Darwin’s scientific reading, therefore, …
  • … editors’ identification of the book or article to which Darwin refers. A full list of these works is …
  • … page number (or numbers, as the case may be) on which Darwin’s entry is to be found. The …
  • … in the bibliography that other editions were available to Darwin. While it is likely that Darwin
  • … where we are not certain that the work cited is the one Darwin intended, we have prefixed the …
  • … mark. Complete or partial runs of journals which Darwin recorded as having read or skimmed …
  • … to the journal appear, and the location of abstracts in the Darwin archive and journals included in …
  • … no means a complete representation of the books and journals Darwin read. The Darwin archive …
  • … are not found listed here. The description given by Francis Darwin of his father’s method of …
  • … number and the general orientation of the works upon which Darwin drew, particularly in the process …
  • … Autobiography , p. 119). †The scientific books in Darwin’s library were catalogued in 1875, …
  • … by H. W. Rutherford ( Catalogue of the library of Charles Darwin now in the Botany School, …
  • … 1929. At that time, most were transferred for exhibition in Darwin’s study when Down House was …

Emma Darwin

Summary

Emma Darwin, Charles Darwin's wife and first cousin, was born Emma Wedgwood, the eighth and youngest child of Josiah Wedgwood II and Bessy Allen. Her father was the eldest son of the famous pottery manufacturer, Josiah Wedgwood I. Her mother was one…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Emma Darwin, Charles Darwin's wife and first cousin, was born Emma Wedgwood, the eighth and …
  • … father's eldest sister, Susannah, had married Robert Waring Darwin of Shrewsbury, and had six …
  • … in Gower Street, London. Their first child, William Erasmus Darwin, was born in December the same …
  • … in the published volumes of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin . This is partly because on the …
  • … home. A great deal of her correspondence survives in the Darwin Archive–CUL, along with her …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, Darwin

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … Sources | Discussion Questions | Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s …
  • … . After completing four Beagle -related publications, Darwin dissected, classified, and wrote …
  • … him as a major figure in the British zoological community. (Darwin's earlier geological …
  • … merit ). Barnacles and speciation Darwin’s work on barnacles was a key component …
  • … in its entirety, both living forms and fossilized remains, Darwin was able to see the fascinating …
  • … diversity might have developed over time. In his studies, Darwin classified the various barnacle …
  • … barnacles to crustaceans more generally. Significantly, Darwin's detailed research into a …
  • … On the Origin of Species. This body of evidence helped Darwin convince his readers of the …
  • … 1827.” In Barrett, P. ed., The collected papers of Charles Darwin. 2 vols. Chicago: University Press …
  • … anatomy of Mr. Arthrobalanus. Letter 1140 —Darwin to J. C. Ross, 31 Dec 1847 …
  • … the lost explorer John Franklin. Letter 1253 —Darwin to Albany Hancock, [21 Sept 1849] …
  • … Supplementary Reading Stott, Rebecca. 2004. Darwin and the Barnacle . New York: Farber …
  • … were to his studies? 3. From what regions does Darwin request barnacle specimens? Why was it …
  • … from so many different parts of the world? 4. How did Darwin's observations of the …
  • … on the mutability of species? Describe the significance of Darwin's barnacle work to his ideas …
  • … at Harvard: After reading about and discussing Darwin’s observations of barnacles, the class …
  • … barnacle slides, many of them from the period in which Darwin’s own barnacle collection was being …

Getting to know Darwin's science

Summary

One of the most exciting aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the opportunity it gives to researchers to ‘get to know’ Darwin as an individual. The letters not only reveal the scientific processes behind Darwin’s publications, they give insight…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … One of the most exciting aspects of Charles Darwin’s correspondence is the opportunity it gives to …
  • … of sharing some of the knowledge gained from our work on Darwin’s correspondence with university …
  • … in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Research assistants from the Darwin Correspondence Project joined in a …
  • … the class in the following  video . Darwin Resources from Darwin
  • … set of teaching modules. Each module features a theme from Darwin’s research and life. In every …
  • … objective of the course was to introduce students both to Darwin’s most influential ideas, and to …
  • … from  On the Origin of Species  (1859) and several of Darwin’s other published works dating from …
  • … in Kent. The students analysed each topic in the context of Darwin’s correspondence, and then …
  • … that he himself undertook. Topics ranged from Darwin’s early life and education, to the …
  • … of mud, and a green thumb. In some cases, the class updated Darwin’s technological arsenal: for …
  • … smart phones) instead of rulers and pens! Integrating Darwin’s correspondence with exercises …
  • … course, reading the letters enriched their understanding of Darwin’s life and work. The letters …
  • … we were looking at to life, and gave much context to who Darwin was from childhood to old age, as a …
  • … integral part of the full comprehension of it. Knowing that Darwin was a devoted family man, …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence …
  • … Russel Wallace. This letter led to the first announcement of Darwin’s and Wallace’s respective …
  • … the composition and publication, in November 1859, of Darwin’s major treatise  On the origin of …
  • …  exceeded my wildest hopes By the end of 1859, Darwin’s work was being discussed in …
  • … Charles Lyell, 25 [November 1859] ). This transformation in Darwin’s personal world and the …
  • … The 'big book' The year 1858 opened with Darwin hard at work preparing his ‘big …
  • … his ninth chapter, on hybridism, on 29 December 1857, Darwin began in January 1858 to prepare the …
  • … appropriate. The correspondence shows that at any one time Darwin was engaged in a number of …
  • … The chapter on instinct posed a number of problems for Darwin. ‘I find my chapter on Instinct very …
  • … ). In addition to behaviour such as nest-building in birds, Darwin intended to discuss many other …
  • … celebrated as a classic example of divine design in nature. Darwin hypothesised that the instinct of …
  • … of construction as it took place in the hive. As with Darwin’s study of poultry and pigeons, …
  • … founder and president of the Apiarian Society, provided Darwin with information and specimens. His …
  • … For assistance with mathematical measurements and geometry, Darwin called upon William Hallowes …
  • … from the  Beagle voyage; on his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin; and his son William. Even his …
  • … bees and bee-hives. Variation and reversion Darwin also continued the botanical work …
  • … of smaller genera? The inquiry was of great importance to Darwin, for such evidence would support …
  • … of the statistics was still problematic. Hooker thought that Darwin was wrong to assume that …
  • … were not certain. This was a question new to the experts. Darwin was delighted to hear from Asa Gray …
  • … completed and his results written up. With some trepidation, Darwin sent his manuscript off to …
  • … in the letters of 1858 also relate to questions that Darwin had begun to explore earlier. Letters to …
  • … rush to publish With much of his research completed, Darwin began in mid-June 1858 to write …
  • … Wallace enunciated his own theory of natural selection. Darwin’s shock and dismay is evident in the …
  • … Charles Lyell, 18 [June 1858] ). As was his custom, Darwin did not supply a full date on his …
  • … as having been received ‘today’. Following Francis Darwin ( LL 2: 116–17) and relying on Charles …
  • … dated the letter 18 [June 1858]. However, the accuracy of Darwin’s words has been questioned by John …

Science, Work and Manliness

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters In 1859, popular didactic writer William Landels published the first edition of what proved to be one of his best-selling works, How Men Are Made. "It is by work, work, work" he told his middle class audience, …

Matches: 13 hits

  • … In describing what they did using the language of labour, Darwin and his male colleagues asserted …
  • … 1. Which elements of the scientific process do Darwin and his male correspondents tend to …
  • … another's scientific work? How does this differ from how Darwin praised women's work ? …
  • … Letters Letter 282 - Darwin to Fox, W. D., [9 - 12 August 1835] Darwin
  • … thinking and hammering”. Letter 1533 - Darwin to Dana, J. D., [27 September 1853] …
  • … the labour bestowed on it are “really surprising” and Darwin hopes that Dana’s health withstood the …
  • … the subject. Letter 2669 - Bunbury, C. J. F. to Darwin, [30 January 1860] …
  • … labour and patience”. Letter 4262 - Darwin to Gray, A., [4 August 1863] Darwin
  • … which was “no slight labour”. Letter 3901 - Darwin to Falconer, H., [5 & 6 January …
  • … worked out paper on which Falconer has worked very hard. Darwin hopes that Falconer’s extreme labour …
  • … you are!”. Letter 4997 - Wallace, A. R. to Darwin, [4 February 1866] Wallace …
  • … investigation as a physical and laborious process, he envies Darwin and other “hard working …
  • … in the editorial process. Letter 9157 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity …
  • … feminine powers of feeling and aesthetic appreciation, Darwin and his male colleagues struggled to …
  • … Letters Letter 109 - Wedgwood, J. to Darwin, R. W., [31 August 1831] Darwin
  • … professional work on his return. Letter 158 - Darwin to Darwin, R. W., [8 & 26 …
  • … and taking in the aesthetic beauty of the world around him. Darwin describes the “striking” colour …
  • … and walks into town with Emma. Letter 555 - Darwin to FitzRoy, R., [20 February 1840] …
  • … an Infant ’. Letter 2781 - Doubleday, H. to Darwin, [3 May 1860] Doubleday …
  • … borders of his garden. Letter 2864 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [12 July 1860] …
  • … saw anything so beautiful”. Letter 4230 - Darwin to Gardeners’ Chronicle, [2 July 1863] …
  • … brought into the house immediately after a rain storm. Here, Darwin’s scientific investigation is …
  • … the “delicate siliceous shells” might at least provide Darwin with aesthetic pleasure. …
  • … his bedroom. Letter 4469 - Hooker, J. D. to Darwin, [20 April 1864] Hooker …
  • … life to science. Letter 4472 - Hooker, J. D. to Darwin, [26 or 27 April 1864] …
  • … to contribute more than this. Letter 6044 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H., [24 March 1868] …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s  Origin of species , printing …
  • … surprised both the publisher and the author. One week later Darwin was stunned to learn that the …
  • … But it was the opinion of scientific men that was Darwin’s main concern. He eagerly scrutinised each …
  • … his views. ‘One cannot expect fairness in a Reviewer’, Darwin commented to Hooker after reading an …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1860] ). Darwin’s magnanimous attitude soon faded, …
  • … but ‘unfair’ reviews that misrepresented his ideas, Darwin began to feel that without the early …
  • … it was his methodological criticism in the accusation that Darwin had ‘deserted the inductive track, …
  • … to J. S. Henslow, 8 May [1860] ). Above all else Darwin prided himself on having developed a …
  • … was a hypothesis, not a theory, therefore also displeased Darwin. Comparing natural selection to the …
  • … F. Bunbury, 9 February [1860] ). This helps to explain why Darwin was delighted by the defence of …
  • … issue of  Macmillan’s Magazine . Fawcett asserted that Darwin’s theory accorded well with John …
  • … induction, ratiocination, and then verification. Darwin and his critics Specific …
  • … the origin of life itself, which the theory did not address. Darwin chose to treat this as an …
  • … things, about the multitude of still living simple forms. Darwin readily admitted that his failure …
  • … it into his method of reasoning about global change. Darwin also knew that Lyell was a powerful …
  • … of the origin and distribution of blind cave animals. Darwin attempted to answer each of these …
  • … to one another. Harvey’s letters reveal aspects of Darwin’s theory that gave contemporary …
  • … discomfort. After several long letters were exchanged, Darwin finally decided that Harvey and other …
  • … whose offspring should be infertile,  inter se ,’ Darwin’s theory would remain unproven (T. H. …
  • … among animal groups could give rise to new species, Darwin found Huxley’s lecture irritating and …
  • … because more accustomed to reasoning As Darwin himself well recognised and fully …
  • … relatively advanced forms of life. Many singled out Darwin’s own discussion of the absence of …
  • … into the multitude of the earth’s present inhabitants. Darwin agreed, for example, with Alfred …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 18 May 1860 ). Darwin began to tabulate (and categorise) his …
  • … eye to this day gives me a cold shudder Certainly Darwin was disappointed by the small …
  • … such a marvellously perfected structure as the eye. As Darwin admitted to Lyell, Gray, and others, …
  • … to Asa Gray, 3 April [1860] ). By the end of 1860, Darwin was disheartened that so few of …

Darwin in letters, 1861: Gaining allies

Summary

The year 1861 marked an important change in the direction of Darwin’s work. He had weathered the storm that followed the publication of Origin, and felt cautiously optimistic about the ultimate acceptance of his ideas. The letters from this year provide an…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … The year 1861 marked an important change in the direction of Darwin’s work. By then, he had …
  • … propagation, hybridism, and other phenomena that, as Darwin said in his  Autobiography , he had …
  • … provide an unusually detailed and intimate understanding of Darwin’s problem-solving method of work …
  • … 1860 that a new edition of  Origin  was called for, Darwin took the opportunity to include in the …
  • … of natural selection. With this work behind him, Darwin took steps to convince those who …
  • … ( letter to Asa Gray, 26–7 Februrary [1861] ). Darwin drew up a carefully thought-out list of …
  • … pamphlet (see Correspondence vol. 9, Appendix III). However, Darwin himself remained unconvinced by …
  • …  began to decline later in the year, scientific interest in Darwin’s views continued unabated and …
  • … the third edition and the comments of naturalists with whom Darwin corresponded, showed that a …
  • … the theory of natural selection for their particular fields. Darwin relished these explorations, …
  • … the  Zoologist  by George Maw, for example, singled out Darwin’s explanation of the numerous …
  • … remained notable instances of design in nature. Although Darwin, in his subsequent correspondence …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, 20 July [1861] ). One reason for Darwin’s interest in this piece may have …
  • … and embryological relationships between organisms. Darwin also found the review by the young …
  • … ( see second letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 [April 1861] ). Darwin continued to stress to his …
  • … Gaining allies It is not surprising, then, that Darwin was pleased that the methodology …
  • … maintaining that nature offered more evidence of design than Darwin was willing to admit. With the …
  • … Botany, simple geology & palæontology.' Moreover, Darwin found an important …
  • … Cambridge political economist and convert to his theory, Darwin learned of Mill’s view that the …
  • … accordance with the strict principles of Logic’ and that Darwin’s methodology was ‘the only one …
  • … 1862, p. 18 n.). Later in the summer Fawcett himself made Darwin’s methodology the subject of a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. He subsequently sent Darwin a copy of the manuscript and some …
  • … ( letter to Henry Fawcett, 18 September [1861] ). Darwin added some new names in 1861 to …
  • … geologists’, Archibald Geikie. Geikie had approved of Darwin’s chapter on the imperfection of the …
  • … Civil War. Undoubtedly, the news that most excited Darwin was word from Henry Walter Bates, …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … The following extracts and selected letters explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual …
  • … Selected letters Letter 1113 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [2 September 1847] …
  • … of dark eyebrows. Letter 489 – Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1859] …
  • … on his life and character. Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] …
  • … progenitor.    Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin
  • … lower animals. Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 8146 – Darwin to Treat, M., [5 January 1872] …
  • … of her work on Drosera. Letter 10546 – Darwin to Editor of The Times , [23 June …
  • … progress of physiology. Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] …
  • … with the sight of blood. Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] …
  • … from Mrs Cutting.  Letter 13607 – Darwin to Kennard, C. A., [9 January 1882] …
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