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Naevius (fl. 235–04 BCE)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Naevius fl. 235–04 BCE Italian epic poet and dramatist. Oxford Classical Dictionary 20 …

To C. W. Fox   10 [April] 1880

Summary

Condolences upon the death of CWF’s father, William Darwin Fox.

[Wrongly dated March by CD.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Woodd Fox
Date:  10 [Apr] 1880
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Pearce/Darwin Fox collection RBSC-ARC-1721-3-04)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12572

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Pearce/Darwin Fox collection RBSC-ARC-1721-3-04) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 10 [ …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   7 April [1875]

Summary

Sends the Memorial [concerning animal experimentation].

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-2-04)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9917A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-2-04) John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet 7 Apr [ …

To W. D. Fox   28 August [1837]

Summary

Proof-sheets [of Journal of researches] are tumbling in. Mentions future plans for Zoology and geological works. Has £1000 from Government for illustrations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  28 Aug [1837]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Pearce/Darwin Fox collection RBSC-ARC-1721-10-04)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-374

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin Fox collection RBSC-ARC-1721-10-04) Charles Robert Darwin London, Gt Marlborough …

From Asa Gray   4 August 1862

Summary

Gives J. T. Rothrock’s observations on the structure and fertility of the two forms of Houstonia. Mentions his own observations on Rhexia virginica and Gymnadenia tridentata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3679

Matches: 1 hit

  • … styled: stigmatic hairs are in length —.04 mm. Short-styled — " " .023" long wide Long- …

From J. S. Burdon Sanderson   25 April 1874

Summary

Purpose of experiments was to determine digestive activity of liquids containing pepsin. Gives required amounts of hydrochloric, propionic, butyric and valerianic acids. Describes experiment and gives results. Also experimented on digestive activity of butyric acid at greater temperatures than the termperature of the body.

Author:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.2: 65–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9427F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … centimeters of HCl.  are in grammes 4 . 04 of Propionic acid, 4 . 82 of Butyric acid, and …
Document type
letter (5)
people (1)
Addressee
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1837 (1)
1862 (1)
1874 (1)
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23 Items
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … improvement to Jones’s diet ( see letter to T. H. Huxley, 4 October [1865] ). It was not until …
  • … for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early June, he wrote to …
  • … from the Linnean Society ( letter to [Richard Kippist], 4 June [1865] ). The paper was published …
  • … to high scientific account’ (A. Gray 1865–6, pp. 273-4). Darwin had also written to Gray on 19 …
  • … for him to read attentively ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [4 June 1865] ). The fact that …
  • … do it if it ever can be done’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [4 June 1865] ); the hard work of …
  • … keep out of contact with him’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 4 May [1865] ). Darwin contributed …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of  Descent , he wrote to Philip Lutley Sclater on 4 January , ‘Heaven knows, whether the book …
  • … produce physiological changes ( letter from Michael Foster, 4 June [1871] ). Pangenesis …
  • … can hardly sit up, so no more’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 4 August [1871] ). On 23 September he …
  • … good as twice refined gold’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 September [1871] ). The months …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … curs in London’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [4 February 1876] ). 'The heat of …
  • … as stemming a torrent with a reed’, he told Romanes on 4 June , but added, ‘Frank … who sputters …
  • … the previous year ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [after 4 September 1876] ). ...all sorts of …
  • … say is do not commit suicide’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [4 June 1876] ). By midsummer, Darwin …
  • … size of pollen grains & state of stigma’, he told Gray on 4 December. Darwin also adopted …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … He expressed his views to his daughter Henrietta on 4 January : ‘I wd gladly punish severely …
  • … eyes of one variety into another ( Variation 2d ed. 1: 420–4, 2: 360). Darwin had encouraged …
  • … become wholly white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing …
  • … am very glad indeed of your work,’ Darwin replied on 4 November , ‘though I cannot yet follow all …
  • … occasions and finally arranged a visit to Down House on 4 May, but was not content with just one …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 June 1866, and in a letter to his …
  • … before the season is over’ ( letter from John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, …
  • … is known on the subject’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 and 4 August [1866] ). And on the next day: …
  • … he had sounded the charge’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [4 September 1866] ). 'Natural …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … write the chapter on geology ( letter to J. F. W. Herschel, 4 February [1848] ). Letters between …
  • … into a sessile, adult organism ( Correspondence vol. 4, Appendix II). One particular aspect of …
  • … affinities of the cirripedes ( Correspondence vol. 4, Appendix II). In some cases he felt he …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … to long hours of work’ ( letter to Easton and Anderson, 4 May [1874] ). At the end of June, …
  • … by her canaries ( letter from T. M. Story-Maskelyne, 4 May 1874 ). In a second letter to  Nature …
  • … Society of France ( letter to Eugène Desmarest, 4 March 1874 ). He featured in the scientific …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … la Darwin!’ ( letter from Hugh Falconer, 3 November 186[4] ). The French botanist, Charles Victor …
  • … bearded this lion in his den’ ( letter to B. D. Walsh, 4 December [1864] ). Walsh also supported …
  • … been any failure of justice’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 4 November 1864 ). Huxley …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … his criticisms in a letter in the  Athenæum , on 4 April, concluding with an invitation to Lyell …
  • … that he had started the previous year ( letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] ). The results were …
  • … as anything in orchids’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] ). He acquired tropical …
  • … slaves stops all my enthusiasm’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] ). He urged Gray not to hate …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send …
  • … whether it was worth reading ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 4 February 1867 ). In a letter to his son …
  • … 13, letter to J. D. Hooker, 9 February [1865] and n. 4). Darwin’s wife and children also …

Darwin in letters, 1861: Gaining allies

Summary

The year 1861 marked an important change in the direction of Darwin’s work. He had weathered the storm that followed the publication of Origin, and felt cautiously optimistic about the ultimate acceptance of his ideas. The letters from this year provide an…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a favourable opportunity’ ( letter from Joseph Leidy, 4 March [1861] ). However, the publication …
  • … to Nat. History.—’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, 4 April [1861] ). He also advised that the public …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and affection’. He hinted as much in his letter of 4 June : ‘you will see I have done an …
  • … family friend, Elinor Dicey, Darwin wrote to Henrietta on 4 October , ‘You ought to have seen …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the …
  • … the project as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … would be assured ( Origin  5th ed., pp. 103–4). The terminology that Darwin and others employed in …
  • … think we have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not …
  • … William Whitaker, and others ( Origin  5th ed., pp. 352–4). Later in the year he was pleased to …
  • … and for special ends’ ([Wallace] 1869b, pp. 393–4). Darwin was astonished by Wallace’s …
  • … able to work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the “Origin of Species”’ ( letter from A. R. Wallace, 4 October 1868 ). Heaven protect …
  • … The British envoy in China, Robert Swinhoe, remarked on 4 August that Darwin’s queries had …
  • … who had also criticised Darwin’s theory in print, wrote on 4 March, ‘you force public attention to …
  • … ). Barber’s paper was read before the Linnean Society on 4 February 1869, but remained unpublished …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … what actually occurred in nature ( see letter to Asa Gray, 4 April [1858] , and  Natural …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Cecil, to attend a séance ( letter from M. C. Stanley, 4 June 1872 ). There was increasing …
  • … habitual grounds of ill health ( letter from J. S. Craig, 4 November 1872 , and letter to J. S. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … next considered sound. He explained to John Tyndall on 4 December: ‘The day before yesterday & …
  • … of himself at Belfast,’ Darwin wrote to Hooker on 3 or 4 March . ‘I have often called him “that …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … accounting, Darwin reckoned that he had started writing on 4 February 1868, only five days after the …

Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of 1844 ( Foundations ; Correspondence  vols. 3 and 4). In particular, he undertook to …
  • … In 1850, he had written to Hooker ( Correspondence  vol. 4, letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 [June …
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