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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To F. T. Buckland   2 October 1866

Summary

Declines contributing to Land and Water. Asks if F. T. Buckland can insert a question about the feet of otter hounds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Buckland, F. T.
Date:  02 Oct 1866
Classmark:  Rendells
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5227F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Rendells Charles Robert Darwin 02 Oct 1866 Buckland, F. T. …

From Francis Darwin to Thomas Edison   [20–9 December 1877]

Summary

His father asks him to thank TAE for sending the curious case of the insects [see 11271].

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Alva Edison
Date:  [20–9 Dec 1877]
Classmark:  Thomas Edison National Park (Edison Document File, 1878 Folder: (D-78-02) Edison, T.A. – General)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11312A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Edison Document File, 1878 Folder: (D-78-02) Edison, T.A. – General) Francis Darwin Down [ …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Paper: Boston Daily Advertiser; Date: 05-02-1888; Volume: 151; Issue: 24471; Page: 8; …
  • … Paper: Boston Daily Advertiser; Date: 06-02-1895; Volume: 165; Issue: 132; Page: 4; …

From Asa Gray   4 August 1862

Summary

Gives J. T. Rothrock’s observations on the structure and fertility of the two forms of Houstonia. Mentions his own observations on Rhexia virginica and Gymnadenia tridentata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3679

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pollen .020.  x .017 Short-styled " .036 x .02 : in the fresh plants, but dry. Distended …

From T. L. Brunton   28 February 1874

thumbnail

Summary

Reports negative results of his experiments on digestion of chlorophyll by Drosera and by animals. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 126.]

Sends references for chondrin.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 47–8, DAR 160: 340
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9322

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and water 2 ........... dogs stomach with dilute HCl .02% 3 ........... glycerine & water …
Document type
letter (4)
people (1)
Date
1862 (1)
1866 (1)
1874 (1)
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Evolution in Commentary
7 Items

Survival of the fittest: the trouble with terminology Part II

Summary

The most forceful and persistent critic of the term ‘natural selection’ was the co-discoverer of the process itself, Alfred Russel Wallace.  Wallace seized on Herbert Spencer’s term ‘survival of the fittest’, explicitly introduced as an alternative way of…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … ones. ( Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin, 2 July 1866 )   …
  • … Principles of biology (Spencer 1864–7, 1: 444–5, 2: 48, et passim ).  Wallace was so taken with …
  • … (the copy is now in Cambridge University Library, Keynes.M.2.27). Shorthand for the survival and …
  • … of the fittest in the last paragraph of Variation (2: 432), but although he altered the chapter …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … letter from Wallace to his friend Frederick Bates, dated 2 March 1858, arrived in England (McKinney …
  • … concluded, ‘essentially unresolvable’ (Beddall 1988, p. 2). The correspondence between mid …
  • … the rag is worth anything?’ (letter to T. H. Huxley, 2 June [1859] ). But as critical letters …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of Pangenesis  (Charles Darwin, Variation , vol. 2, p. 357). It was crucial to …
  • … domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole subject …
  • … from generation to generation’ ( Variation , vol. 2, p. 2). He postulated that heredity occurred …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … now heard of ‘a few authentic exceptions’ ( Variation 2: 329), and still they kept coming .  …
  • … th and 6 th editions.  As he explained ( Variation 2: 319–38), he had formerly used ‘the …
  • … the two examples Darwin refers to in the book ( Variation 2d, 2: 322 n. 24).  By this stage …

Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … picking out, can do. Even Breeders have been astonished 2  at their own results. They can act on …
  • … sheep good for carpet & another for cloth &c. 9 (2.)   Now suppose there was a …
  • … weight if cropped with several species of grasses than with 2 or 3 species. 34  Now every single …
  • … are enclosed in square brackets in the manuscript. 2 The printed version reads: ‘astounded’ …

Natural Selection: the trouble with terminology Part I

Summary

Darwin encountered problems with the term ‘natural selection’ even before Origin appeared.  Everyone from the Harvard botanist Asa Gray to his own publisher came up with objections. Broadly these divided into concerns either that its meaning simply wasn’t…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … I suppose “natural selection” was bad term but to change it now, I think, would make confusion …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Although natural selection could explain the differences  between  species, Darwin realised that …