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To F. T. Buckland   2 October 1866

Summary

Declines contributing to Land and Water. Asks if F. T. Buckland can insert a question about the feet of otter hounds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Buckland, F. T.
Date:  02 Oct 1866
Classmark:  Rendells
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5227F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Rendells Charles Robert Darwin 02 Oct 1866 Buckland, F. T. …

From Francis Darwin to Thomas Edison   [20–9 December 1877]

Summary

His father asks him to thank TAE for sending the curious case of the insects [see 11271].

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Alva Edison
Date:  [20–9 Dec 1877]
Classmark:  Thomas Edison National Park (Edison Document File, 1878 Folder: (D-78-02) Edison, T.A. – General)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11312A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Edison Document File, 1878 Folder: (D-78-02) Edison, T.A. – General) Francis Darwin Down [ …

Kennard, C. A. (1827–1907)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Paper: Boston Daily Advertiser; Date: 05-02-1888; Volume: 151; Issue: 24471; Page: 8; …
  • … Paper: Boston Daily Advertiser; Date: 06-02-1895; Volume: 165; Issue: 132; Page: 4; …

From Asa Gray   4 August 1862

Summary

Gives J. T. Rothrock’s observations on the structure and fertility of the two forms of Houstonia. Mentions his own observations on Rhexia virginica and Gymnadenia tridentata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3679

Matches: 1 hit

  • … pollen .020.  x .017 Short-styled " .036 x .02 : in the fresh plants, but dry. Distended …

From T. L. Brunton   28 February 1874

thumbnail

Summary

Reports negative results of his experiments on digestion of chlorophyll by Drosera and by animals. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 126.]

Sends references for chondrin.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 47–8, DAR 160: 340
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9322

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2 ................…dogs stomach with dilute HCl .02% 3 ................…glycerine & water …
Document type
letter (4)
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1862 (1)
1866 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to me. So the world goes.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 February [1865] ). However, Hooker, at the …
  • … idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not until 25 …
  • … abstract of the paper was read before the Linnean Society on 2 February, and in April Darwin wrote …
  • … 1867), and Darwin summarised them in  Variation  2: 106–7, concluding, ‘it follows from Mr. Scott …
  • … and professional seniority ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ); but Darwin’s feelings …
  • … in healing this ugly breach’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ), Darwin seems to have …
  • … of weather-forecasting ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and nn. 2 and 5), and he may …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … in plants , pp. 112–13). He explained to Francis on 2 July : ‘I go on maundering about the …
  • … tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘& work by myself will be …
  • … [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong horizontal axis about 2 feet long which goes round by clockwork …
  • … animal instinct and intelligence. ‘Frank’s son, nearly 2 years old (& we think much of his …
  • … more expertly. ‘I conclude that a child—just under 2 years is inferior in intellect to a monkey.’ …
  • … & a baby in your house!’ ( letter to G. J. Romanes, 2 September [1878] ). More …
  • … seems to me quite ridiculous’ ( letter to John Price, 2 April [1878] ). When a wealthy businessman …
  • … was ‘deeply gratified’, remarking to Skertchly on 2 March : ‘It is the greatest possible …
  • … that such checks had been in action during the last 2 or 3 centuries, or even for a shorter time in …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … spirit séance’ at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old …
  • … Ernst Haeckel’s  Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no …
  • … Asa Gray, vary in the United States ( letter to Asa Gray, 2 May 1856 )? What about weeds? Did they …
  • … complained Darwin in 1857 ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [2 May 1857] ). Making mistakes …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … on some Marantaceous plant to make out meaning of 2 sets of differently coloured stamens.’ At …
  • … and a mere mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly …
  • … sold some 1700 Copies!!!’ After the initial publication on 2 July, two further printings were needed …
  • … you were born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old …
  • … on her sister. He had described the case in Variation 2: 14–16, suggesting that such regrowth …
  • … the eyes of one variety into another ( Variation 2d ed. 1: 420–4, 2: 360). Darwin had encouraged …
  • … at its sensitiveness. If you blow gently at it from 1 or 2 feet distance, it absorbs moisture & …
  • … meeting: ‘I did so enjoy my afternoon’, she wrote on 2 July , ‘and if it were not too much to ask …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … climber & therefore sacred’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 June [1864] ). When Darwin …
  • … your part  over  them’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 April 1864] ). Hooker warned Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … his son to continue the observations. ‘I got out within 2 minutes of a very heavy shower’, William …
  • … & make him think better of his work’. Hooker replied on 2 March , ‘I cannot tell you with …
  • … covering the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … been received ‘today’. Following Francis Darwin ( LL 2: 116–17) and relying on Charles Lyell’s …
  • … letter from Wallace to his friend Frederick Bates, dated 2 March 1858, arrived in England (McKinney …
  • … concluded, ‘essentially unresolvable’ (Beddall 1988, p. 2). The correspondence between mid …
  • … the other’s ideas (see letters to J. D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] , 11 March [1859] , and 7 …
  • … the rag is worth anything?’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 2 June [1859] ). But as critical letters …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … & decay with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry …
  • … is a good omen for the future” ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 2 August [1873] ). But he was more …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … atrociously’, Darwin wrote to Alfred Russel Wallace on 2 February , ‘I meant to say exactly the …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Wales was there & Gen. Sabine presented your father who made 2 of the best bows he cd muster. …
  • … apparition of your face at R.S. Soirèe—which I dreamed of 2 nights running. Tyndall came up to me in …
  • … of  Principles of biology . ( Letter from A. R. Wallace, 2 July 1866. ) Darwin agreed that …
  • … use of ‘awesomely long words’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 October [1866] ). He later expressed …
  • … to sign a list of those in favour of prosecution on 2 November 1866. Spencer enclosed a letter by …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … condition in  Primula ’, p. 92 ( Collected papers  2: 59)). Darwin later recalled: ‘no little …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other species proved more …
  • … opposition to the  Origin  ’ ( letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). Henry Walter Bates …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … diminished even further when he and his family departed on 2 September for more than a month at a …
  • … that ‘there are almost certainly several cases of 2 or 3 or more species blended together & now …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to every one else I suspect’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 2 August 1870 ). Darwin had visits …
  • … had thrown him (letter from G. H. Darwin to H. E. Darwin, [21 – 2 February 1870] (DAR 251: 2243)). …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … not the direct result of natural selection ( Variation  2: 185–9). Wallace seized upon this point …
  • … Friedrich Hildebrand sent his praise for  Variation  on 2 January , and reported on experiments …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin wrote in his chapter on pangenesis ( Variation  2: 365). Darwin had developed his …
  • … selection, but had not elaborated further ( Variation  2: 75). In notes for his reply to a letter …
  • … to Hermann Müller, 11 February 1867, in Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 111–16). Hermann sent Darwin some …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … hypothesis, first published in 1868 ( Variation 2: 357–404). Others had attempted but failed to …
  • … out that in less than a day he could type no more than ‘ 2 or 3 times as slowly as writing ’ (DAR …
  • … eczema, was able to rest his mind ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 2 May [1876] ). Darwin even cautioned …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … and corals by William Lonsdale ( Collected papers , 2). Darwin’s crustacean specimens, originally …
  • … that he had printed and distributed ( Correspondence vol. 2, Appendix V). As P. J. Vorzimmer has …
  • … his engagement (transcribed in Correspondence vol. 2, Appendix IV). During the same period he …
  • … in an autobiographical fragment ( Correspondence vol. 2, Appendix III). The letters that Emma and …
  • … been many thousands of years old. At the time when volume 2 of The Correspondence was published, …

Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the field after 4 hours battle’ (letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 July 1860). Other correspondents …
  • … ‘I can pretty plainly see’, he commented to Huxley on 2 December, ‘that if my view is ever to be …
  • … to end in proving it to be an animal.’ ( Emma Darwin  2: 177). As was so frequently the …
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