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To ?   28 April [1863?]


Discusses exchange of photographs with Édouard Claparède, "for whom I feel the highest respect".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr [1863?]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (6 August 1975, lot 176)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866

To Athenæum   18 April [1863]


Attacks the doctrine of "heterogeny" (spontaneous generation during each geological period) as completely lacking in evidence.

Defends natural selection as connecting large classes of facts in natural history. That certain forms have not changed since remote epochs is not an objection of any force.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 25 April 1863, pp. 554–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4108

From Richard Trevor Clarke   [April? 1863]


Encloses strawberry blossoms used in his crossing experiments.

Author:  Richard Trevor Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Apr? 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 164
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4070

From James Anderson   1 April 1863



Sends CD seeds of Cattleya crispa as requested [see Collected papers 2: 77–8].

Anticipates success for his attempts to cross orchids artificially. Has not had a single seed germinate from a pod that was not produced by artificial crossing.

Author:  James Anderson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4071

From Arthur Rawson   1 April [1863]


Conducted crosses on Gladiolus varieties exactly according to CD’s letter. Flowers of same variety are self-sterile, whether from the same plant or not.

Author:  Arthur Rawson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4072

To Arthur Rawson   2 April [1863]


Discusses unusual primula flowers and asks for details of Rawson’s experiments with gladioli. Asks for loan of Cypripedium but admits he will probably mutilate it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arthur Rawson
Date:  2 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (10 December 2013); Xiling Yinshe Auction Company (dealers) (Autumn 2017 lot 2184)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4072F

From John Scott   [1–11] April [1863]


Studying self-sterility, particularly in Oncidium, where abortion occurs consistently but stigma functions normally. His hybrid orchid crosses show sterility occurs capriciously. Thus it is not a "special endowment".

Disputes Asa Gray’s and Hermann Crüger’s view of rostellar germination.

Doubts absolute sterility of Catasetum.

Disappointed by results with homomorphic cowslips.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1–11] Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 183, DAR 177: 86 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4073

From Arthur Rawson   [6 April 1863]


Provides evidence of self-sterility in Gladiolus.

Has observed three seed-leaves in some Dianthus seedlings.

Cannot cross, or grow from seed, Dielytra spectabilis.

Author:  Arthur Rawson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Apr 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4074

To John Lubbock   5 April [1863]


JL’s review of Lyell’s Antiquity of man (1863) [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 3 (1863): 211–19].

Owen’s review of W. B. Carpenter in Athenæum [28 Mar 1863, pp. 417–19].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  5 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4075

To Maxwell Tylden Masters   6 April [1863]


Comments on MTM’s article ["On the existence of two forms of peloria", Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 3 (1863): 258–62]. Cites interesting case of peloric flower.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  6 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Catherine Barnes (dealer) (January 2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4076

From John Lubbock   7 April 1863


JL is off to visit Scotch "kjökken möddings".

Hopes Lyell is not really vexed by his article.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 170: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4077

From Edward Blyth   7 April 1863



Has seen some curious hybrid ducks and geese of Bartlett’s. Bartlett will do experiments suggested by CD when he has time.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 205
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4078

From H. W. Bates   8 April 1863



Preparations under way to move to London account for delay in thanking CD for his review [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

His book is finished, and he is sending a copy to CD; owing to the great expense few copies will be sent to reviewers.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4079

To H. W. Bates   9 April [1863]


Thanks HWB for his book [Naturalist on the river Amazons]. Feels sure it will often be alluded to in other works.

Asa Gray is fascinated by the "Butterfly paper" ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  9 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (GEN MSS MISC Group 1559 F-1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4080

From Asa Gray   11 April 1863



The war is nearly finished, "rebeldom is ""gone up"" ".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4081

To Daniel Oliver   [12 April 1863]


Working on monstrous Primula. Is ovule anatropous as Asa Gray says, or amphitropous? Does he know natural path of pollen tubes in Primula. Can the tube enter the ovule by the chalaza?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [12 Apr 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 46 (EH 88206029)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4083

To John Scott   12 April [1863]



Encourages JS to publish on sterility of orchids and to experiment on Passiflora.

Doubted Hooker’s poppy case.

Describes case of primrose with three pistils: when pulled apart allowed pollen to be placed directly on ovules. This supports JS’s explanation of H. Crüger’s case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B59, B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4084

From John Scott   [after 12] April [1863]


Thanks for CD’s Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Has not published much because he would be ignored as a gardener; hence he is looking for a foreign appointment.

Has prepared orchid sterility paper at CD’s suggestion [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12] Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4087

From David Thomas Ansted   13 April 1863



Is ready to make some arrangement to repay CD’s bond. Has written to F. Ransome to help arrange repayment and wants CD to write his opinion of a fair scheme.

Author:  David Thomas Ansted
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4088

From Asa Gray   13 April 1863



Hopes CD will finish and bring out his book on variation.

AG will publish extracts of H. W. Bates’s paper on mimetic analogy [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 279–94].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4089
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