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To Francis Darwin   [July 1874 – September 1876]

Summary

Has had a nice stay with William, who is charming but rather languid and cannot read to himself.

Love to Amy [Darwin] and Mrs Ruck.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [July 1874–Sept 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9523A

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   [July 1874 – September 1876] …
  • … DAR 271.4: 1 Charles Robert Darwin [July 1874– …
  • … Sept 1876] Francis Darwin
  • … charming but rather languid and cannot read to himself. Love to Amy [Darwin] and Mrs Ruck. …

To W. E. Darwin   [27 October 1861]

Summary

Discusses affairs at Down and Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [27 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3302

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [27 October 1861] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6 Charles Robert Darwin Down [27 Oct …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … M r . A.  seems rather bitter against M r Hacon. In Haste | Your affect | C.  Darwin
  • … House from 25 to 28 October 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary). …
  • … William Darwin had taken lodgings at 1 Carlton Place, Southampton. CD refers to George …
  • … CD’s solicitor. Hacon had represented the Darwins in the legal negotiations preceding the …
  • … Dated by the references to Emma and Henrietta Emma Darwin’s trip to London …
  • … and to Emily Catherine Darwin’s visit to Down House (see nn.  8 and 9, below). William’s …
  • … on 22 October 1861 (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 22 October [1861] ). Daniel Town was a …
  • … Charles R.  Fletcher Lutwidge. See letter to W.  E. Darwin, 22 October [1861] and n.  9. …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 22 October [1861] . The ‘Crays’ are three small villages to …
  • … of Southampton introducing William (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 12 October [1861] ). …
  • … Emma and Henrietta Emma Darwin had gone to London on 21 October  …
  • … 1861 and Emma returned on 26 October (Emma Darwin’s diary). …
  • … Emily Catherine Darwin, CD’s younger sister, stayed at Down …

From Francis Darwin   [1–15 March 1873]

Summary

Has sent Vichy water, discusses prescription. Tell Arthur Parslow not to continue on colchicum for gout if doesn’t suit him. May go to Pryor’s on Sunday.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1-15 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8714F

Matches: 15 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [1–15 March 1873] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 10 Francis Darwin [1-15 Mar …
  • … 1873] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … s solution (see n.  3, below), and by the fact that the Darwins left Down for London …
  • … on 15 March 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … George Howard Darwin. Fowler’s solution contains potassium arsenite; it was once …
  • … tonic (see Harley ed.  1876, p.  294). Emma Darwin recorded in her diary, ‘began Arsenic’ …
  • … poor old mother is better— Yours affec | F Darwin Shall I be wanted at home next Sunday, …
  • … Joseph Parslow. Moore visited Down on 1 March 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Emma Darwin had influenza from 26 February  …
  • … 1873 until about 6 March (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …
  • … 242); letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Horace Darwin, [6 March 1873], DAR 258: 573). Marlborough Robert Pryor had visited Down …

To Emma Darwin   [25 May 1848]

Summary

Anxiety about R. W. Darwin’s health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Darwin
Date:  [25 May 1848]
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1179

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Emma …
  • … To Emma Darwin [25 May 1848] …
  • … Anxiety about R. W. Darwin’s health. …
  • … DAR 210.8: 30 Charles Robert Darwin Shrewsbury [25 …
  • … May 1848] Emma Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin referred to CD as her ‘nigger’ …
  • … as a term of endearment ( Emma Darwin 2: 104). …
  • … Woodhouse, were close family friends of the Darwins. Before and during his undergraduate …
  • … Correspondence vol.  1, letter to Caroline Darwin, [9 November 1836] ; Correspondence …
  • … vol.  2, Appendix IV, ‘Darwin’ s notes on marriage’). …

From E. A. Darwin to Emma Darwin   25 [November 1865]

Summary

Does not like the photos; thinks they should try again.

Last account of Susan Darwin reports she is having a good deal of faintness.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Darwin
Date:  25 [Nov 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B119–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4942

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, Emma …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin to …
  • … Emma Darwin   25 [November 1865] …
  • … DAR 105: B119–20 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 25 [ …
  • … Nov 1865] Emma Darwin
  • … they should try again. Last account of Susan Darwin reports she is having a good deal of …
  • … and 9 December 1865. Susan Elizabeth Darwin, the elder sister of CD and Erasmus, had been …
  • … husband Charles Langton; Susan Elizabeth Darwin lived at The Mount, Shrewsbury (Freeman …
  • … and the letter from Edward Cresy to Emma Darwin, 20 November 1865 . CD evidently sat for a …
  • … on 2 March 1866. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), CD did not visit London again …
  • … book (Down House MS)). See letter from Edward Cresy to Emma Darwin, 20 November 1865 . …
  • … See letter from Edward Cresy to Emma Darwin, 20 November 1865  and nn.  2 and 3. In his …
  • … Henry Bence Jones. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), CD and Emma had stayed with …

From E. A. Darwin   19 February [1866]

Summary

Division of Catherine’s estate.

Arrangements for EAD’s will.

Wishes CD would pay him another visit.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5010

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   19 February [1866] …
  • … DAR 105: B40–1 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 19 Feb [ …
  • … 1866] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … this letter and the letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866]. The letter from CD has …
  • … been found. See letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 17 February [1866]. Emily Catherine Langton ( …
  • … 13301)). William Erasmus Darwin was CD’s eldest son. George became an undergraduate …
  • … University calendar 1867, p.  400, F.  Darwin 1916). The references are to the family of …
  • … Allen, lived near Tenby at Cresselly, South Wales ( Darwin pedigree , Freeman 1978). …
  • … of Emily Catherine Langton. Susan Elizabeth Darwin was the the younger of CD and Erasmus’s …
  • … had attended Catherine when she was dying (undated letter from H.  E. Darwin to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin (DAR 245: 273)). …
  • … George Howard Darwin was CD’s second son. …
  • … s death in 1881, George and William Erasmus Darwin appear to have acted as executors (see …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 28 August 1881 ( Calendar no.   …

From Reginald Darwin   11 July 1879

Summary

Is gratified if he has helped [with Erasmus Darwin].

Thanks for another consignment of family records.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 July 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 158–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12146

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   11 July 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 158–9 Reginald Darwin Buxton 11 July …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Is gratified if he has helped [with Erasmus Darwin ]. Thanks for another consignment of …

From Reginald Darwin   12 November 1879

Summary

Thanks for copy of Erasmus Darwin. The refutation of Miss Seward is admirable and conclusive.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 162–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12310

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   12 November 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 162–3 Reginald Darwin Buxton 12 Nov …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Thanks for copy of Erasmus Darwin . The refutation of Miss Seward is admirable and …

To Francis Darwin   [September 1875 or later?]

Summary

Asks FD to make out [Hermann] Hoffmann’s conclusions about the fertilisation of Phaseolus multiflorus [in Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung des Werthes von Species und Varietät (1869)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [Sept 1875 or later?]
Classmark:  CUL, Darwin Pamphlet Collection R112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9219A

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   [September 1875 or later? ] …
  • … CUL, Darwin Pamphlet Collection …
  • … R112 Charles Robert Darwin [Sept 1875 or later? ] …
  • … Francis Darwin

From W. E. Darwin   5 August 1862

Summary

Has read CD’s long letter on Lythrum and agrees with it. Is examining the pollen of the different types.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 27.2 (ser. 2): 32 bis, DAR 162: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3683

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   5 August 1862 …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 27.2 (ser. 2): 32 bis, DAR 162: 92 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 5 Aug …
  • … 1862 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … three sexual forms. See also letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  7. …
  • … letter has not been found; however, Emma Darwin discussed the ‘account of Bournemouth’, in …
  • … just returned. Your affect son | W.  E Darwin. [Enclosure] drawn Cam. Lucida. Aug 1. 62. …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and nn.  6 and …
  • … 7. CD refers to Francis and George Howard Darwin, who arrived on a visit to their brother …
  • … on 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). CD had …
  • … the other two forms (see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 , and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862]). The reference is to Lythrum hyssopifolia ( …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  9). See enclosure. …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  8. Orley Farm , by Anthony …
  • … in book form in 1862 (Trollope 1862). The letter from Emma Darwin has not been found. …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin visited William in Southampton on 2 and …
  • … 3 August, bringing Francis and George Howard Darwin with her (see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] ). See also letter …
  • … to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  3. …
  • … is near Bournemouth in Hampshire. Emma Darwin added a postscript to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , asking William to inquire about ‘quiet sea places near …
  • … 8 [August 1862]). In the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862], CD asked William to …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin   [4 May 1863]

Summary

Glad to hear of the plant; CD instructs WED to make further observations. If it is a good case he will insist on WED’s sending a communication to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [4 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 219.1: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4139F

Matches: 19 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin   [4 May 1863] …
  • … DAR 219.1: 55 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Emma Darwin Hartfield [4 May …
  • … 1863] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Dated by the references to the Darwin family’s visits to Hartfield Grove and Leith Hill …
  • … 2 and 8, below); the Monday before the Darwin family left Hartfield Grove was 4 May 1863. …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwin family stayed at Hartfield Grove in Hartfield, Sussex, the home of …
  • … Correspondence vol.   6, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [17 February 1857] and n.  10). Sophy …
  • … Trinity College, Cambridge (Freeman 1978, Darwin pedigree , Admissions to Trinity College, …
  • … Cambridge ). In 1863, George Howard Darwin competed unsuccessfully for an entrance …
  • … Josiah Wedgwood III and his wife Caroline, CD’s sister. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins stayed at Leith Hill Place from Wednesday 6 May 1863 until 13 May, …
  • … Appendix II)). Henrietta Emma and Horace Darwin. Emma apparently refers to the photograph …
  • … 23 May [1863] ). On Sunday 3 May 1863, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that it …

From E. A. Darwin   7 May [1864]

Summary

Henry Holland sends thanks for Zoonomia.

Sir Henry would not expect podophyllin to be good for CD.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4489

Matches: 11 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   7 May [1864] …
  • … DAR 105: B27 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 7 May [ …
  • … 1864] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Marginalia 1: 185–7). On CD’s use of podophyllin, see the letter from E.  A.  Darwin to …
  • … Emma Darwin, 30 [March 1864? ] and n.  4. See also letter from William Jenner to [William …
  • … He began doing so on 24 March 1864 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). The reference is …
  • … to Henry Holland, who had asked to borrow a copy of Erasmus Darwin’s Zoonomia (E.   …
  • Darwin 1794–6). See letter from E.   …
  • … A.  Darwin, [15? April 1864] . CD’s annotated copy of this work is in the Rare Books Room …

To W. E. Darwin   [February–March 1881?]

Summary

Discusses some business matters

and E. A. Darwin’s health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [Feb–Mar 1881?]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13035

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [February–March 1881? ] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 177 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 4 [Feb–Mar 1881? ] …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin
  • … Discusses some business matters and E. A. Darwin’s health. …

From W. E. Darwin 23 March 1882

Summary

News of Great Western Railway dividend; discussion of Leonard Darwin’s ‘exciting news’.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Mar 1882
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13734F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin 23 March 1882 …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 111) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 23 Mar …
  • … 1882 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … News of Great Western Railway dividend; discussion of Leonard Darwin’s ‘exciting news’. …

To CD’s Children   10 January 1880

Summary

Circular letter regarding the distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Darwin children
Date:  10 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12414

Matches: 6 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin children …
  • … DAR 210.6: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 …
  • … Jan 1880 Darwin children …
  • … distribution of CD’s excess income, with a note addressed to W. E. Darwin concerning his …
  • … handling of Elizabeth Darwin’s share. …

From Horace Darwin   [18 September 1880]

Summary

Found worm-casts atop a 2555–foot hill.

Author:  Horace Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Darwin
Date:  [18 Sept 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12717

Matches: 5 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Horace Darwin, Emma …
  • … From Horace Darwin   [18 September 1880] …
  • … DAR 162: 73 Horace Darwin Turin [18 …
  • … Sept 1880] Emma Darwin

To W. E. Darwin   [after 14 July 1862]

thumbnail

Summary

Leonard’s illness.

Polymorphism in valerian and Erythraea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [after 14 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3650

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [after 14 July 1862] …
  • … DAR 185: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 14 …
  • … July 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … send specimens, see the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] . In the letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , William had suggested that Erythraea centaurium might offer …
  • … have hardly considered Valerian yet— It is a fearful illness of Lenny | yours | C.  Darwin
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . …
  • … Leonard Darwin was suffering from …
  • … scarlet fever (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); see also letters to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and 9 July [1862], and letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] and …
  • … of Valeriana (see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 ). For CD’s request that …

From Francis Darwin   [after 16 May 1871]

Summary

He is waiting to hear about the requirements for the MB examination before considering the possible trip to north America.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 16 May 1871]
Classmark:  Philip Trevelyan (private collection) DAR 274.1: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7761F

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [after 16 May 1871] …
  • … Philip Trevelyan (private collection) DAR 274.1: 17 Francis Darwin Cambridge [after 16  …
  • … May 1871] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, [14 May 1871] and n.  5. …
  • … The annotations are for CD’s letter to Francis Darwin, 21 May [1871] . …
  • … between this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 16 May [1871] . Francis’s friend was …
  • … London (see first letter from Francis Darwin, [after 22 May 1871]). Francis was hoping to …
  • … in the summer with his brother George Howard Darwin and two friends (see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [14 May 1871] ). …
  • … See letter to Francis Darwin, 16 May [1871] . See letter from …
  • … disappointment— Your affectionate son | F.  Darwin I have 5 guineas fees to pay, so will …

To W. E. Darwin   22 October [1861]

Summary

Tells of a shooting competition at Down.

Has been working hard at orchid drawings with G. B. Sowerby, Jr.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  22 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3294

Matches: 15 hits

  • … Horses & cannot get a pair that will do. — Good Night | My dear old fellow | C.  Darwin
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   22 October [1861] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Oct [ …
  • … 1861] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … for Orchids (see letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 12 October [1861], and to John Murray, [21  …
  • … Street, London (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 12 October [1861] ). Upon joining the …
  • … for Farnborough, Kent, of which William Darwin was captain. The corps had been formed in …
  • … and maltsters, of Farnborough, Kent. The Darwin’s butler, Joseph Parslow, had joined the …
  • … Lubbock, 17 December [1859] ). William Darwin had recently moved to Southampton and was …
  • … corps of the Kent Rifle Volunteers. See also letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [27 October 1861] . …
  • … Emma and Henrietta Emma Darwin attended a performance of Jacob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn- …
  • … on Tuesday evening, 22 October 1861 (Emma Darwin’s diary). The major attraction of this …
  • … 1861, p.  548). Francis and George Howard Darwin, aged thirteen and sixteen, respectively, …

To W. E. Darwin   [8 December 1860]

Summary

Asks identity of [Henry] Fawcett, who wrote a capital article on the Origin in Macmillan’s Magazine [3 (1860): 81–92], "A popular exposition of Mr Darwin".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [8 Dec 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3014

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [8 December 1860] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6 Charles Robert Darwin Down [8 Dec …
  • … 1860] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … the Origin in Macmillan’s Magazine [3 (1860): 81–92], "A popular exposition of Mr Darwin". …
  • … Miss Pugh goes on Monday. — Farewell | My dear old man | Yours affect y | C.  Darwin
  • … 1857 (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [November 1857] ). …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary, …
  • … Emily Catherine Darwin visited Down from 8 to 11 December 1860. …
  • … Miss Pugh had been governess to the Darwin children during the years 1856 and 1857 ( …
  • … Babington 1851, a copy of which is in the Darwin Library–CUL. Fawcett 1860. Henry Fawcett …
  • … the Christmas holidays on 13 December (Emma Darwin’s diary). William had begun to paint in …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1876 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 24 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from 1874 on this website.  The full texts of the …
  • … 22 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1878 on this website.  The full texts of the letters are not yet available online but are in volume 26 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin, published by Cambridge…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1878 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 26 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’ Darwin confessed in January1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months. January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 26 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from 1875 on this website.  The full texts of the …
  • … 23 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …

Controversy

Summary

Disagreement & Respect|Conduct of Debate|Darwin & Wallace The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes.…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1877 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 25 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The …
  • … of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwin’s botany was increasingly a …
  • … assisted his father’s research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his son’s own …
  • … The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. Darwin received two elaborate photograph albums …
  • … from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of …
  • … sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • … no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of …
  • … (‘Recollections’, p. 419). During the winter and spring, Darwin was busy preparing the manuscript of …
  • … and presented to the Linnean Society of London. In the book, Darwin adopted the more recent term …
  • … as dimorphic without comparing pollen-grains & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton …
  • … measurements of the size and number of pollen-grains, Darwin compared the fertility of individual …
  • … primrose and purple loosestrife. In the course of his work, Darwin found a number of other …
  • … dreadful work making out anything about dried flowers’, Darwin complained to Asa Gray on 8 March …
  • … which include heterstyled species. This pleases me.’. Darwin dedicated the book to Gray, ‘as a small …
  • … separate publications together into a larger whole enabled Darwin to advance more speculative views …
  • … both pollen and seeds’ ( Forms of flowers , p. 344). Darwin was typically pessimistic about the …
  • … be sold’. His publisher knew from previous experience that Darwin was a poor judge of sales, and …
  • … after completing his manuscript of Forms of flowers , Darwin took up the problem of ‘bloom’ in …
  • … characteristic whose purpose was little understood. Darwin had begun studying bloom in August 1873, …
  • … exchanged between Down and Kew over the next six months. Darwin corresponded most often with the …
  • … been for your kindness, we sh d . have broken down’, Darwin wrote back on 5 September . ‘As it …
  • … injury from pure water resting on leaves’. In the end, Darwin did not publish on the subject, but …
  • … on leaves and the distribution of the stomata’ (F. Darwin 1886). Alongside his work on bloom, …
  • … closely to the leaves and required a tolerable shake’. Darwin gained another valuable observer in …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and Francis devised a method of …
  • … the phenomenon in a Euphorbia (spurge) plant at Kew. Darwin then asked him to disturb the plant …
  • … card, and bits of glass. Encouraging Francis Darwin greatly enjoyed working with …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Early Days

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin exhibited a keen interest in the natural world. His boyish fascination with naturalist pursuits deepened as he entered college and started to interact with…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Questions | Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin
  • … started to interact with fellow natural history enthusiasts. Darwin's correspondence from this …
  • … Under the mentorship of Robert Grant at Edinburgh, Darwin undertook original research about the …
  • … of bryazoan. In correspondence from his student days, Darwin negotiates complicated relationships …
  • … SOURCES Books Browne, Janet. Darwin's Origin of Species: A Biography. (2008 …
  • … so pleasant receiving letters.” Letter 68 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [15 July 1829] …
  • … must take to complete his degree. Letter 78 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [25 Mar 1830] …
  • … visit beetling in Cambridgeshire. Letter 98 —Darwin to Caroline Darwin [28 Apr 1831] …
  • … DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Do you think Darwin resented that his work was published under …
  • … letters to his brother Erasmus? 4. Why do you think Darwin was unable to take courses in …
  • … EXPERIMENT In order to experience some of Darwin's observations and experiments with …

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … March 1849, ten years before  Origin  was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker …
  • … Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to …
  • … See the letter At various periods in his life Darwin suffered from gastrointestinal …
  • … fatigue, trembling, faintness, and dizziness. In 1849, Darwin’s symptoms became so severe that he …
  • … for three months while he took Dr Gully’s water cure. In Darwin’s letter to Hooker, he described Dr …
  • … See the letter After returning from Malvern, Darwin continued his hydropathic …
  • … 1863. In a letter to Hooker in April of 1861, for example, Darwin used his delicate physiology to …
  • … Edward Wickstead Lane, and at Ilkley with Dr Edmund Smith, Darwin sought advice from his consulting …
  • … of a fashionable spinal ice treatment. In April 1864, Darwin attributed his improved health to Dr …
  • … to J. D. Hooker, 13 April [1864] ) Why was Darwin’s so ill? Historians and others have …
  • … that there were psychological or psychosomatic dimensions to Darwin’s most severe periods of crisis. …
  • … letter to F. T. Buckland, 15 December [1864] ). On Darwin’s early stomach troubles, see …
  • … , and letter to Robert FitzRoy, [20 February 1840] . Darwin’s health diary (Down House MS), which …
  • … occurrences of flatulence (see Colp 1977, pp. 46-7). Darwin first mentioned attacks of …
  • … daily (see Correspondence vol. 12, letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [6 May 1864] ). …
  • … up food.  In his letter to Chapman of 16 May [1865] , Darwin stated that his sickness was ‘always …
  • … 64). Fainting and ‘rocking’ had been recorded in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on several occasions …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, …
  • … set of selected letters is followed by letters relating to Darwin's 1881 publication …
  • … throughout Variation . Letter 2395 - Darwin to Holland, Miss, [April 1860] …
  • … anonymised and masculinised. Letter 3316 - Darwin to Nevill, D. F., [12 November …
  • … Nevill is referenced by name for her “kindness” in Darwin’s Fertilisation of Orchids . …
  • … critic. Letter 4370 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [April - May 1865] Darwin
  • … as “friends in Surrey”. Letter 4794 - Darwin to Lyell, C., [25 March 1865] …
  • … B”. Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s …
  • … in the final publication. Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - …
  • … in Expression . Letter 5817 - Darwin to Huxley, T. H., [30 January 1868 …
  • … baby in Mary Barton. Letter 8321 - Darwin to Litchfield, H. E., [13 May …
  • … at him. Letter 7345 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [15 June 1872] Darwin’s …
  • … I can implicitly rely”. Letter 8427 - Darwin to Litchfield H. E., [25 July 1872] …
  • … contribution to the same work was carefully referenced , Darwin made no mention of Henrietta’s …
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