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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To G. H. Darwin   19 April [1874]

Summary

Is sorry to hear the news about the cousin question – a real misfortune.

Congratulates GHD on being nearly finished with work on Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  19 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9419

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   19 April [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 19 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Apr [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … Appendix II)). See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874  and n.  4. William Clowes …
  • … with the Descent. — Your affect. | C.  Darwin We go to London on Tuesday morning— How …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874 . George was correcting the …
  • … for Descent 2d ed. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874  and n.  7. George was …

To G. H. Darwin   [21 April 1874]

Summary

GHD’s corrections seem very good. Murray hopes there will be few corrections in Descent. CD assured him no changes have been made merely for improving style.

Wants very much to hear about "the terrible cousin affair".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [21 Apr 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9423

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [21 April 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 20 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [ …
  • … 21 Apr 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … and n.  3). See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874 . George had been compiling …
  • … on cousin marriage (see letters from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 April 1874  and 20 April 1874 ). …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … hurry in deciding. I do hope you will keep decently well. Your affect. Father | C.  Darwin
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874 . In 1874, the first Tuesday …

To G. H. Darwin   27 May [1874]

Summary

D. A. Spalding has asked for information to help with his experiments on sense of direction in animals. Has arrived at same results as GHD with blindfolded children. Will GHD let him have his results?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  27 May [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9472

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   27 May [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 21 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 May [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … forward them. He found a difference in left handed children. yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … not been found (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 10 June 1874  and n.  4). For details of …
  • … Spalding’s visit is not recorded in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), but see the letter from …

To G. H. Darwin   [29 May 1874]

Summary

CD has forwarded proofs of Descent [2d edition]. Urges GHD not to work on them if his poor health makes them too tiring.

Thanks GHD about Spalding [i.e., for responding to Spalding’s request, see 9472].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [29 May 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9474

Matches: 11 hits

  • … I do hope we may have better account of you before long Yours affect y . | C.  Darwin
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [29 May 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 22 Charles Robert Darwin Down [29 May …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … between this letter, the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] , and the letter from …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874 . CD was preparing the second edition of Descent . The letter …
  • … CD at Down (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] and n.  2). William Clowes & Sons …

To G. H. Darwin   10 June 1874

Summary

Comments on GHD’s paper ["Marriages between first cousins in England and their effects", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 18 (1875): 22–41]. Hopes it will be published and read at the Statistical Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  10 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9487

Matches: 12 hits

  • … on direction to Spalding. — I return old Proofs & your Paper. Yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   10 June 1874 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 23 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 June …
  • … 1874 George Howard Darwin
  • … have not been found (see letters to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] and [29 May 1874] ). …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … to the Statistical Society of London on 16 March 1875 (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a; see also G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin 1875b, and letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874  and n.  2). The draft seen by CD has not been found. The letter …
  • … in two parts (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874  and n.  1). Douglas Alexander …

To G. H. Darwin   [27 July 1874]

Summary

Advises GHD to get an eminent counsel. If counsel’s opinion is that the reviewer [Mivart, in "Primitive man", Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 40–77] has falsified GHD’s statements, GHD should send the opinion to the Quarterly Review and demand publication, and if refused publish elsewhere. Then CD must decide whether to cut John Murray [publisher of Q. Rev.] which will put CD in a nice perplexity [over his rights to the stereotyped editions of past works].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [27 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9568

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [27 July 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 25 Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall [27 …
  • … July 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … perhaps be able to justify his essentially false statements. Yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … restrictions to liberty of marriage’ (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a) were described as approving of …
  • … laws and encouraging vice. Erasmus Alvey Darwin and Hensleigh Wedgwood. John Murray was …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Wellesley index : …

To G. H. Darwin   [30 July 1874]

Summary

Hasty note to express his most decided opinion that letter [to Q. Rev.] should not give a sketch of GHD’s essay – only an explicit denial "& do not allude to me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [30 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9576

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [30 July 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 26 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett [30 July …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 . …
  • … CD arrived at William Erasmus Darwin’s home in Bassett, Southampton, …
  • … on Thursday 30 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD refers to the letter George …
  • … Mivart] 1874 , p.  70 (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874  and nn.  1 and 3). …

To G. H. Darwin   1 August [1874]

Summary

GHD’s article will not do. It is too long and the denial seems weak and confused; also, it ought to be in the form of a letter to the editor. Encloses draft of the sort of letter of denial he thinks GHD should write.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  1 Aug [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 27, 29, 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9580

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   1 August [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 27, 29, 32 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 1 Aug [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … Bibliography Dawson, Gowan. 2007. Darwin, literature and Victorian respectability. …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 . George had drafted an …
  • … restrictions to liberty of marriage’ (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a; see also letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). The attack was in an anonymous essay review in the Quarterly …
  • … or oppressive laws. — Yours affect | C.  Darwin P.S.  Since my letter was written I have …
  • … subject proceeds “Elsewhere he (M r G.  Darwin) speaks in an approving strain … complex …
  • … the Contemporary Review in 1873 (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a). In his original paper, George had …
  • … might be required before marriage (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, pp.  418–19). He anticipated the …

To G. H. Darwin   [5 or 6 August 1874]

Summary

Has no objection to sending GHD’s letter as it is. The only accusation it seems necessary to rebut is about licentiousness. Regrets this is not made more prominent.

Gives some suggestions for GHD’s reply to Mivart’s attack.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [5 or 6] Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 28, 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9588

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [5 or 6 August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 28, 30 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 5 Aug 1874 …
  • … 6 Aug 1874 George Howard Darwin
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. [ …
  • … this letter and the letters from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and 6 [August] 1874 . …
  • … Quarterly Review (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). The draft has not been …
  • … found. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and n.  3. Mivart had written, ‘ …
  • … staying with his eldest son, William Erasmus Darwin, at Southampton. See letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 1 August [1874] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 August 1874  and n.  4. John Murray was the publisher of …
  • … to see it. Yours affectionately | C.  Darwin As soon as I receive a fair copy signed & …
  • … could eventually be implemented (G.  H.  Darwin 1873a, pp.  424–5). Mivart had assumed …

To G. H. Darwin   [8 August 1874]

Summary

Approves of GHD’s letter [to Q. Rev. 137 (1874): 587–9] and his present plan, which removes all CD’s objections. Will make his own letter to Murray less imperious. "It will be a dreadful evil to me, if … we come to a quarrel."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [8 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9596

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [8 August 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 31 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett [8 Aug …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … come to a quarrel. — Yours affect | C.  Darwin Write to Clowes for Proof to be sent here …
  • … to the proof-sheets of Descent (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). CD and …
  • … his wife, Emma, were staying with their son William Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. [ …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 . In 1874, the Saturday …
  • … was 8 August. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 . George had enclosed a …
  • … 587–9). CD probably refers to a letter sent to him via Emma Darwin; see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] . George had suggested that CD avoid risking a break …
  • … over his dispute; see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [6 or 7 August 1874] . For CD’s original …
  • … the enclosure to the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 [August] 1874 ; for the letter as sent, …

To G. H. Darwin   [20? August 1874]

Summary

Likes GHD’s article ["Professor Whitney on the origin of language", Contemp. Rev. (1874): 894]. "You have defended me nobly."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [20? Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9711

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [20? August 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 38 Charles Robert Darwin Down [20? …
  • … Aug 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … was published in the November issue; the Darwins must have seen the manuscript or proof- …
  • … under discussion, see Radick 2008 , pp.  19–49. This sentence was added by Emma Darwin. …
  • … conjectured from the relationship between this letter and the letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 23 August [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.21). In this letter, Emma wrote that …
  • … she had read the manuscript of G.  H.  Darwin 1874c (see n.  2, below). In 1874 the …
  • … for the Contemporary Review (G.  H.  Darwin 1874c), in which he had discussed William …

To G. H. Darwin   19 October [1874]

Summary

Advice to GHD on whether to accept invitation to lecture at the Royal Institution.

Murray has sent the Quarterly Review issue. CD has told Murray that he is convinced Mivart is the author and what he thinks of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  19 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9687

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   19 October [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 33 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Oct [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … telling me about Balfour Yours affect | C.  Darwin On account of any proofs of Index let …
  • … to Abinger Hall (see letter from G.  H.   Darwin, 18 October 1874  and n.  14). Francis …
  • … Maitland Balfour; see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874  and n.  17. George was …
  • … sheets of Descent 2d ed. ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 18 April 1874 ). It was published in …
  • … man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1874. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. Science Progress in the Twentieth …
  • … between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 . Letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 . George had been invited by William Spottiswoode to give a …
  • … development in dress (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874  and nn.  1, 2, and …
  • … Institution lecture (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ). CD refers to the …
  • … Jackson Mivart following George Howard Darwin’s letter defending himself against the …
  • … criticism; and, without implying that Mr.  Darwin has in “thought” or “word” approved …

To G. H. Darwin   22 October [1874]

Summary

Sends index [of Descent, 2d ed.] with instructions for proof-reading.

Asks GHD questions about heat transmission; he wants to use it as an analogy to illustrate transmission of motor impulses through leaves of Dionaea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  22 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9693

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   22 October [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 34 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Oct [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1871. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … transmission of the motor impulse through the leaves of Drosera. Yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 24 October 1874 . George was assisting …

To G. H. Darwin   [24 October 1874]

Summary

Writes about instructions to compositor and return of proofs [of Descent]. Requests return of 2d volume of Descent, to which he may want to refer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [24 Oct 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9696

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [24 October 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 35 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 Oct …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … of Descent ; see the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] and n.  2. In November  …
  • … language’ in the Contemporary Review (G.  H.  Darwin 1874c). In his review, he defended CD …
  • … see Radick 2008 , p.  47). See letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] and n.  3. …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … between this letter, the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 22 October [1874] , and the letter from …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, 24 October 1874 . In 1874, 24 October was a Saturday. Apus appears in …

To G. H. Darwin   25 [October 1874]

Summary

Thanks GHD for clear lecture on heat.

Will keep paper on proportion of sexes, in case GHD wants it again.

Wants him to translate some pages of Swedish or Norwegian sent by A. W. Malm, "a good man".

Glad to see the statistical paper ["Theory of exchange value", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 17 (1875): 243–53].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  25 [Oct 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9697

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   25 [October 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 36 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 [Oct …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … wants me to read. Your affect | C.  Darwin P.S.  I have been glad to see the Statistical …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 24 October 1874 . See the letter from …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, 24 October 1874 . In his letter of 24 October 1874 , George reported on …
  • … of London on 16 March 1875 (G.  H. Darwin 1875a), has not been found. William Lucas …

To G. H. Darwin   5 November [1874]

Summary

Mainly family news.

Eager to read GHD’s political economy MS "though Heaven knows whether I shall understand it".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  5 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9712

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   5 November [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 37 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … shall understand it. Yours affect ly | C.  Darwin We were much interested by your account …
  • … is established by the references to Emma Darwin’s illness and the visit from the Josiah …
  • … one of his manuscripts (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [4 November 1874] and n.  2). CD …
  • … refers to the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [4 November 1874] ; the card from George has not …
  • … They left on Wednesday 11 November (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George was writing on …
  • … of Great Britain ( letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 19 October [1874] ). After discussion with …
  • … CD, George decided to decline the invitation (see letters from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 15 November [1874] and 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.24 and 25)). The …
  • … been found. George’s health had been improving for four months (letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 25 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.25)). Emma recorded in her diary that …
  • … 7 November 1874, and in a letter to Leonard Darwin, 15 November [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.24), …

To G. H. Darwin   18 November [1874]

Summary

Sends Murray’s report of November sales of CD’s books. "I am well content."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  18 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9724

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   18 November [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 39 Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Nov [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. …
  • … Naturalist’s voyage around the world’. Emma Darwin. This letter, probably dictated by CD, …

To G. H. Darwin   27 November [1874]

Summary

CD thinks better of "cousin paper" than GHD does.

With respect to GHD’s "viscous work", remembers endless discussions of movement of viscous matter 20 years back, apropos of movement of glaciers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  27 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9735

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   27 November [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 40 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Nov [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … copies yesterday. I am glad your days at least are not very bad. Yours affect | C.  Darwin
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. …
  • … Society of London in March 1875 (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a). George was writing a paper on …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Farrer to Horace Darwin, 26 November 1874 (DAR 258: 1566)). George’s …
  • … Royal Society of London in 1878 (G.  H.  Darwin 1878). The experiment with pitch had been …
  • … political economy (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 5 November [1874] and n.  6). CD probably …
  • … article on the theory of exchange value (G.  H.  Darwin 1875d). CD probably refers to the …
  • … that Thomas Henry Farrer provided to Horace Darwin from the register of wrecks held by the …

To G. H. Darwin   2 December [1874]

Summary

Appleton will bring out the new edition of Descent in the U. S., so GHD’s work will now be in three editions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  2 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9741

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   2 December [1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 41 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec [ …
  • … 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … edit this edition ( letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 November [1874] ). A German translation …

To G. H. Darwin   [6 December 1874]

Summary

Returns historical sketch [of GHD’s "cousin paper"?] with comments. "For Heavens sake put a sentence in some conspicuous place that your results seem to indicate that consanguineous marriage, as far as insanity is concerned, cannot be injurious in any very high degree."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9746

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [6 December 1874] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 42 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [ …
  • … 6 Dec 1874] George Howard Darwin
  • … am in great force. Yours affec | C.  Darwin P.S.  I have had the satisfaction of telling …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. [ …
  • … this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . In 1874, the Sunday …
  • … was 6 December. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . CD had presumably read …
  • … s paper on cousin marriage (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a), headed ‘Literature on the subject’ in …
  • … Erasmus Alvey Darwin. CD refers to Thomas Henry Huxley; see also letter to H.  A.   …
  • … restrictions to liberty of marriage’; G.  H.  Darwin 1873a) in an anonymous essay review …
  • … insanity acquired late in life’ in G.  H.  Darwin 1875a, pp.  173, 175. CD’s daughter …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  19, letter to H.  E.  Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). At the end of the …
  • … of his paper, George wrote (G.  H.  Darwin 1875a, p.  172): Taking into account the …
  • … the subjects George was working on, see the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . …
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Correspondent
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? As part of our For the Curious series of simple interactives, ‘Darwin working from home’ lets you explore objects from Darwin’s study and garden at Down House to learn how he worked and what he had to say about it. And not…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …
  • … de Vries and Julius Wiesner on the causes of plant movement, Darwin wrote on 25 July, ‘I am …
  • … is here the cure for all evils’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [24 and 25 July 1878] ). …

Early Days

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin exhibited a keen interest in the natural world. His boyish fascination with naturalist pursuits deepened as he entered college and started to interact with…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Questions | Experiment The young Charles Darwin From an early age, Darwin
  • … started to interact with fellow natural history enthusiasts. Darwin's correspondence from this …
  • … Under the mentorship of Robert Grant at Edinburgh, Darwin undertook original research about the …
  • … of bryazoan. In correspondence from his student days, Darwin negotiates complicated relationships …
  • … SOURCES Books Browne, Janet. Darwin's Origin of Species: A Biography. (2008 …
  • … so pleasant receiving letters.” Letter 68 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [15 July 1829] …
  • … must take to complete his degree. Letter 78 —Darwin to William Darwin Fox [25 Mar 1830] …
  • … visit beetling in Cambridgeshire. Letter 98 —Darwin to Caroline Darwin [28 Apr 1831] …
  • … DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. Do you think Darwin resented that his work was published under …
  • … letters to his brother Erasmus? 4. Why do you think Darwin was unable to take courses in …
  • … EXPERIMENT In order to experience some of Darwin's observations and experiments with …
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