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To Francis Darwin   28 June [1879]

Summary

Discusses the movements of radicles. His observations show that sensitivity to touch resides in the root tip and he believes that sensitivity to gravity governing geotropic responses is also in the root tip. Would much like to convert Julius von Sachs to his ideas on radicle movement.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  28 June [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12128

Matches: 24 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   28 June [1879] …
  • … is, I am not even staggered by him. I am tired— goodbye my dear old fellow | C.  Darwin
  • … DAR 211: 59 Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hammer 28 …
  • … June [1879] Francis Darwin
  • … year is established by the address; the Darwins stayed at the home of Laura Mary Forster , …
  • … 1879 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The Darwins had just arrived at West Hackhurst (see …
  • … n. 1, above). George Howard Darwin had been in London …
  • … doing research on the Darwin family for CD (see letter from G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 24 June 1879 and n. 1). John Scott Burdon Sanderson had previously assisted CD …
  • … by causing injury to the root ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1879] ). …
  • … Sachs’ curvature’, see the letter to Francis Darwin, 16 June [1879] , n. 8. CD and Francis …
  • … in the roots of this species (see letter to Francis Darwin, 6 and 7 June [1879] and n. …
  • … 5, and letter from Francis Darwin, [after 16 June 1879] and n. 4). …
  • … of Great Britain 7 (1873–5): 332–5. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the …
  • … by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … by CD for information about Erasmus Darwin ’s medical practice; CD was writing an …
  • … introductory biographical sketch of his grandfather for Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1879] . …
  • … CD went to London on 26 June 1879; the Darwins stayed at the home of …
  • … CD’s brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … In his letter from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1879] , Francis told CD that Julius …

From Reginald Darwin   4 August 1879

Summary

Sends an address by Dr Erasmus Darwin [to the Derby Philosophical Society].

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 160–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12180

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   4 August 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 160–1 Reginald Darwin Buxton 4 Aug …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends an address by Dr Erasmus Darwin [to the Derby Philosophical Society]. …
  • … is in my Mother’s hand— With kindest regards | affec tly Yours | Reginald Darwin
  • … Manchester University Press. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German …
  • … by W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … probably returned it to Reginald. Erasmus Darwin gave an address to the newly formed Derby …
  • … 8 (1976): 393). CD quoted from the address in his introduction to Erasmus Darwin , pp. 55– …
  • … 6. Jane Harriett Darwin . …
  • … I say “original” tho’ it is not in D r Darwin’ s hand writing, but is probably a “fair …

To Francis Darwin   22–3 May 1881

Summary

Is sending chapter [of Earthworms] for FD to look over.

Comments on FD’s work on movements of mould.

Is glad to hear about Julius von Sachs and the circumnutation theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  22[–23] May 1881
Classmark:  DAR 211: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13170

Matches: 12 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   22–3 May 1881 …
  • … DAR 211: 75 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22[–23] …
  • … May 1881 Francis Darwin
  • … 1881): 105–7. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Sterne, …
  • … Ernst Krause. ) 1881a. Charles Darwin’s neue Beobachtungen über das Bewegungsvermögen der …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Francis. 1880a. On the power possessed by leaves of placing …
  • … Society ( Botany ) 18 (1881): 420–55. Darwin, Francis. 1880c. The theory of the growth of …
  • … Society ( Botany ) 18 (1881): 406–19. Darwin, Francis. 1881b. Ueber Circumnutation bei …
  • … with observations on their habits. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1881. Elfving, …

To E. A. Wheler   12 April 1879

Summary

Thanks EAW for assistance. Describes plans for writing preliminary sketch [for Ernst Krause’s Erasmus Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth Anne Galton; Elizabeth Anne Wheler
Date:  12 Apr 1879
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/1/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11990

Matches: 26 hits

  • … sure I do not know; but I will do my best. Yours affectionately obliged | Charles Darwin
  • Darwin, C. R. Galton, E. A. Wheler, E. A. …
  • … GALTON/1/1/9/1/1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Apr 1879 Elizabeth Anne Galton/Elizabeth …
  • … Describes plans for writing preliminary sketch [for Ernst Krause’s Erasmus Darwin ]. …
  • … CD’s biography of Erasmus Darwin was intended as a preliminary sketch to the …
  • … translation of Ernst Krause’s essay on Erasmus Darwin’s scientific work ( Krause 1879a ). …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
  • … travelled to Lichfield to consult Erasmus Darwin , whom he thought ‘the greatest physician …
  • … when he might expect to die. CD recounted the story in Erasmus Darwin , pp. 105– …
  • … The letter to J. K. Moilliet has not been found. CD’s father, Robert Waring Darwin , was …
  • … Erasmus Darwin’s youngest son from his first marriage. …
  • … included an engraving made from this drawing of Elston Hall (Erasmus Darwin’s birthplace) …
  • … in Erasmus Darwin , p. 3. …
  • … The letter from James Keir to Robert Waring Darwin , 12 May 1802, is in DAR 227.6: 76. …
  • … See also letter to Reginald Darwin, 10 April [1879] . …
  • … 6. Reginald Darwin had …
  • … lent Erasmus Darwin’s Commonplace (Down House MS) …
  • … book to CD, and Violetta Harriot Darwin made a drawing …
  • … of Breadsall Priory (Erasmus Darwin’s death place) …
  • … for use in Erasmus Darwin (see letter …
  • … from Reginald Darwin, 29 March 1879 , and letter from V. …
  • … H. Darwin, 9 April 1879 and n. 8). …
  • … he had the letters written by Erasmus Darwin to James Keir (see letter from E. A. Wheler, …

From Francis Darwin   2 May 1876

Summary

Has read letter from Jemmy. Amy has been practicing on the printing machine. Fritz has come back from the Vicar of Orpington.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1876
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10492F

Matches: 16 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   2 May 1876 …
  • … DAR 274.1: 23 Francis Darwin 2 May …
  • … 1876 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Ruck in October (see letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [24–5 October 1876] (DAR …
  • … come back from the Vicar of Orpington who was taking care of him Yrs affec | Frank Darwin
  • … had praised Francis’s recent publications (see letter to Francis Darwin, [1 May 1876] ). …
  • … Jemmy was Horace Darwin’s nickname; Francis possibly refers to a letter from Horace …
  • … May 1876, Horace had sent George Howard Darwin a typewritten letter from London (DAR 258: …
  • … on the same day. Francis and his wife, Amy Darwin, had been practising typing on a dummy …
  • … of the arrival of CD’s typewriter (see letter from Francis Darwin, [1 May 1876] and n. 4). …
  • … Edward Frankland (see letter from Francis Darwin, [1 May 1876] and n. 2). Fritz was a dog …
  • … Francis’s brother-in-law. Fritz ran away around 23 April 1876 (letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, 24 April [1876] (DAR 239.23: 1.42)). Presumably he was found by …
  • … was a very distant relative of Amy Darwin. It is unclear why Fritz had been brought …

From Reginald Darwin   2 April 1879

Summary

Will try to find an engraving of [Breadsall] Priory.

Offers a photograph of Dr Erasmus Darwin’s house in Derby.

Author:  Reginald Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 150–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11968

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Reginald Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Reginald Darwin   2 April 1879 …
  • … DAR 99: 150–1 Reginald Darwin Buxton 2 Apr …
  • … 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … of [Breadsall] Priory. Offers a photograph of Dr Erasmus Darwin’s house in Derby. …
  • … reply of 4 April, in which he mentioned that George Howard Darwin was interested in ‘old …
  • … things’ (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 4 April 1879 ). …
  • … regards | Most sincerely yours | Reginald Darwin 1.6 I ... consequence— 1.7] scored red …
  • … CD had asked for a photograph of Breadsall Priory, where Erasmus Darwin died (see …
  • … letter to Reginald Darwin, 1 April 1879 ). …
  • … Violetta Harriot Darwin. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin had a medical practice in Lichfield, Derbyshire; he retired in 1781 and …

From G. H. Darwin   10 May 1879

Summary

Sends abstracts of more articles [on Dr Erasmus Darwin] from Monthly Magazine.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12048

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   10 May 1879 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Thomson who sent it to Down, otherwise it w d . have come here Yours affec | G H Darwin
  • … DAR 210.2: 76 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 10 …
  • … May 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Sends abstracts of more articles [on Dr Erasmus Darwin] from Monthly Magazine . …
  • … Cambridge, where George lived (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 May 1879 and n. 6). …
  • … found one article that CD wanted on Erasmus Darwin in the Monthly Magazine, or, British …
  • … Register (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 May 1879 and n. 1). The extracts have not been …
  • … not been found. From 6 to 8 May 1879, the Darwins visited Worthing to meet Anthony Rich , …
  • … lunched with on 7 May (see letter to G. H. Darwin, 7 May [1879] ). George had met Rich in …
  • … January (see letter to W. E. Darwin, 10 January [1879] and n. …
  • … 2) Leonard Darwin and …
  • … Horace Darwin . George was probably planning to visit William Thomson in …
  • … wife, Frances Anna Thomson , had told Horace Darwin that they would be in Glasgow until 20 …
  • … 1879 and would be glad to see George any time before then (letter from Horace Darwin to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, [19 April 1879]; DAR 258: 868). In his letter of 5 May 1879 , George mentioned …

From Francis Darwin   [28 October 1877?]

Summary

FD has sent proofs; nutating of Ricinus; Horace Darwin and the wormograph.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Oct 1877?]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11302F

Matches: 17 hits

  • Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Francis Darwin   [28 October 1877? ] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 45 Francis Darwin [28 Oct 1877? ] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin
  • … FD has sent proofs; nutating of Ricinus; Horace Darwin and the wormograph. …
  • … is Richard going on? Yr affec son | Frank Darwin Many thanks for Nature which I have sent …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, Horace. 1901. On the small vertical movements of a stone laid on the …
  • … University Press. Movement in plants : The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. …
  • … to CD’s return to Down, and from Horace Darwin’s work on the worm stone (see nn. 2 and 6, …
  • … 24 October 1877 (see letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [ c. 25 October 1877] ( …
  • … by blocking it (see letter from Leonard Darwin, 28 November 1877 and n. 2), probably in …
  • … with blackened oats ( Avena sativa ), see Movement in plants , pp. 167–8. Bernard Darwin, …
  • … Francis Darwin’s son, was just over a year …
  • … old. Horace Darwin was building an apparatus to measure the rate at which stones on the …
  • … replaced by a copper rod of slightly larger diameter ( H. Darwin 1901 , p. 253). Horace …

To G. H. Darwin   13 July [1876]

Summary

All rejoice that J. C. Adams thinks well of GHD’s work and will present his paper to the Royal Society.

Gives news of his other sons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  13 July [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10561

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   13 July [1876] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 56 Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 July [ …
  • … 1876] George Howard Darwin
  • … of the dynamometer was published in the institution’s Proceedings ( H. Darwin 1876 ). …
  • … Francis Darwin had discovered protoplasmic filaments in glands lining the cups of Dipsacus …
  • … Bibliography Darwin, George Howard. 1877. On a suggested explanation of the obliquity of …
  • … Philosophical Magazine 5th ser. 3: 188–92. Darwin, Horace. 1876. [Description of a dead- …
  • … Oh Lord what a set of sons I have, all doing wonders. Ever your affect | C.  Darwin
  • … this letter and the letter from G. H. Darwin, 1 June 1876 . John Couch Adams had read …
  • … geological changes on the earth’s axis (G. H. Darwin 1876b) and had evidently also given a …
  • … work on the obliquity of planets to their orbits ( G. H. Darwin 1877 ; see letter from G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 1 June 1876 and nn. 2 and 5). Adams communicated the former …
  • … Royal Society of London on 13 October 1876 (G. H. Darwin 1876b, p. 271). The latter paper …
  • … the Philosophical Magazine . Andrew Clark, one of the Darwin family doctors, had visited …
  • … on 8 July 1876 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George suffered from periodic bouts of …
  • … unable to work as a result. William Erasmus Darwin was recovering from concussion suffered …
  • … n. 3). William and his sister Elizabeth Darwin stayed at Tunbridge Wells for a week, after …
  • … to Scotland, returning to Down on 31 August 1876 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Horace Darwin (Jemmy was his nickname) had designed a dead-weight rotary dynamometer, …

To W. E. Darwin   10 [December 1856]

Summary

Writes of arrangements for the end of the school-term.

Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  10 [Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2019

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To W.  E. Darwin   10 [December 1856] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Dec …
  • … 1856] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … for the end of the school-term. Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin]. …
  • … in your examination Your affect. | C.  Darwin What a nice letter that was of Georgys. — …
  • … Dated by the reference to the birth of Charles Waring Darwin. …
  • … Emma Darwin noted in her diary that after …
  • … his school-term ended, George Howard Darwin went directly to the home of Hensleigh and …
  • … and a fellow student of William Erasmus Darwin’s at Rugby. Henry Hemmings, a servant of …
  • … Wedgwood, was probably on his way to Barlaston (see letter to G.  H. Darwin and W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 [November 1856]). …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … diary, the Darwin boys stayed with Fanny Mackintosh Wedgwood …
  • … until Saturday, 27 December, which was William Darwin’s birthday. …
  • … Emma Darwin recorded in her diary on 26 December, ‘came down to breakfast’. CD recorded …

To W. E. Darwin   [24 July 1862]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants, valerian and Erythraea. Would like to look at them; suggests WED draw up a paper on them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3632

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [24 July 1862] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, W. E. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 101 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 July …
  • … 1862] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … of nectar or position of flowers in the two forms? Good Night— I am tired. — | C.  Darwin
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . See letter from …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . There is a series of observations and drawings of the parts …
  • … relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] , and by reference …
  • … a postscript, written in pencil, in Emma Darwin’s hand: ‘Enquire a little about quiet sea …
  • … the end of next week’. George Howard Darwin and Francis stayed with William in Southampton …
  • … from 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). The …
  • … the Thursday prior to the week ending 2 August 1862. Leonard Darwin was recovering from …
  • … scarlet fever (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [ …
  • … 1862] , letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] , 9 July [1862] , and [after 14 July  …
  • … Gray, 14 July [1862] ). See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and letter to W.   …

From Charles and Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin   [4 May 1863]

Summary

Glad to hear of the plant; CD instructs WED to make further observations. If it is a good case he will insist on WED’s sending a communication to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [4 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 219.1: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4139F

Matches: 27 hits

  • Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, …
  • … Emma Darwin, W. E. …
  • … From Charles and Emma Darwin to …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin   [4 May 1863] …
  • … DAR 219.1: 55 Charles Robert Darwin Emma …
  • … Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Hartfield [4 May …
  • … 1863] William Erasmus Darwin
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William …
  • … species of the genus Linum. By Charles Darwin. [Read 5 February 1863. ] Journal of the …
  • … Dated by the references to the Darwin family’s visits to Hartfield Grove and Leith Hill …
  • … 2 and 8, below); the Monday before the Darwin family left Hartfield Grove was 4 May 1863. …
  • … According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwin family stayed at Hartfield Grove in Hartfield, Sussex, the home of …
  • … Correspondence vol.   6, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [17 February 1857] and n.  10). Sophy …
  • … College, Cambridge ( Freeman 1978 , Darwin pedigree , Admissions to Trinity College, …
  • … Cambridge ). In 1863, George Howard Darwin competed unsuccessfully for an entrance …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Darwin pedigree : Pedigree of …
  • … the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p. : …
  • … printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees , by Richard Broke Freeman. …
  • … remarkable sexual relations. By Charles Darwin. [Read 21 November 1861. ] Journal of the …
  • … Josiah Wedgwood III and his wife Caroline, CD’s sister. According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … DAR 242), the Darwins stayed at Leith Hill Place from Wednesday 6 May 1863 until 13 May, …
  • … Appendix II)). Henrietta Emma and Horace Darwin. Emma apparently refers to the photograph …
  • … 23 May [1863] ). On Sunday 3 May 1863, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) that it …

To G. H. Darwin   12 July 1879

Summary

CD thinks nothing had better be done about the deeds at present.

Henrietta thinks Erasmus Darwin almost too dull to publish.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  12 July 1879
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12149

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   12 July 1879 …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 87 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July …
  • … 1879 George Howard Darwin
  • … about the deeds at present. Henrietta thinks Erasmus Darwin almost too dull to publish. …
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … L. Chester, 12 July 1879 and n. 1. Emma Darwin was probably amused by George’s discovery …
  • … ancestor (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 24 June 1879 ). Henrietta Emma Litchfield …
  • … had read the proof-sheets of CD’s introductory essay for Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … Erasmus Alvey Darwin apparently liked it ( …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] and n. 9). …

From E. A. Darwin   25 September [1873]

Summary

EAD sees advantages to Frank’s becoming CD’s assistant.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B90–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9069

Matches: 13 hits

  • Darwin, E. …
  • … A. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   25 September [1873] …
  • … Hospital, London (F.  Darwin 1920, p.  63 n.  1). …
  • … DAR 105: B90–1 Erasmus Alvey Darwin Abinger Hall 25 …
  • … Sept [1873] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to E.  A.  Darwin, 20 September 1873 . …
  • … Francis Darwin wished to give up his medical training and become CD’s secretary (see …
  • … letter to E.  A.  Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). …
  • … Amy Ruck was Francis Darwin’s fiancée. …
  • … Erasmus Darwin was staying with Thomas Henry and Katherine Euphemia Farrer; his home was …
  • … Street, London. Francis lived with Erasmus Darwin while studying medicine at St George’s …
  • … seemed to believe in him. After all he is a Darwin and the chances are against any of our …

To Francis Darwin   [before 26 June 1873]

Summary

Sends FD £5 for the loan of his microscope.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [before 26 June 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13794

Matches: 10 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   [before 26 June 1873] …
  • … DAR 211: 5 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 26 …
  • … June 1873] Francis Darwin
  • … M r Francis Darwin to Ch. …
  • Darwin Esq The loan of a Microscope 5£. …
  • … P.S. | M r F.  Darwin cannot afford to lend his microscopes on such low terms on any …
  • … and the first letter from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] . Francis had offered to …
  • … CD was able to acquire one (see first letter from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). …

From G. H. Darwin   1 June 1876

Summary

Greatly excited by the astronomical implications of his work.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 June 1876
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10522

Matches: 21 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   1 June 1876 …
  • Darwin, G. …
  • … H. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … DAR 210.2: 54 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 1 …
  • … June 1876 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … Edinburgh: Chambers Harrap Publishers. 1998. Darwin, George Howard. 1877. On a suggested …
  • … a long way yet Y rs affectionately | George Darwin Of course I’d made a mistake wh.  makes …
  • … because Horace was ill (letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [30 May 1876] (DAR …
  • … It was a device to demonstrate planetary motion ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [4 June 1876] , …
  • … and letter from Horace Darwin to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 6 March 1876 (DAR 258: 858)). …
  • … George got right. See letter from G. H. Darwin, 31 May 1876 . He published his theory in ‘ …
  • … of planets to their orbits’ ( G. H. Darwin 1877 ). Nebular hypothesis: the theory of …
  • … sylvestris , now D. fullonum ; see letter from Francis Darwin, [28 May 1876] , and F. …
  • Darwin 1877b). See letter from James …
  • … Paget, 30 May 1876 . William Erasmus Darwin had been injured on 10 May …
  • … 1876, when his horse fell (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); letter to W. D. …
  • … George was in correspondence with Horace Darwin about a machine he had had made by …
  • … a machinist in Clerkenwell, London (letter from Horace Darwin to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 25 May 1876 ( DAR 258: 861)). An appointment to …
  • … on the earth’s axis of rotation’ (G. H. Darwin 1876b). Francis had discovered protoplasmic …

From W. E. Darwin   [1 August 1862]

Summary

Suggests sending plant specimens. Asks about visit of Emma and the boys.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Aug 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3585G

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [1 August 1862] …
  • Darwin, W. …
  • … E. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 13) William Erasmus Darwin [1 Aug …
  • … 1862] Charles Robert Darwin
  • … three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864. ] Journal of the …
  • … between this letter and the letters from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 and 2 August [1862] ( …
  • … of the incomplete letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ( Correspondence vol. 10). …
  • … collecting plants (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). …
  • … E. Darwin, [July 1862? ] (DAR 219.1: 47)). …
  • … In a letter to William of [late July 1862] (DAR 219.1: 59), Emma Darwin reported that …
  • … Susan Elizabeth Darwin, CD’s sister, had ‘a great fancy for larking down to Southampton …
  • … to do all the crosses Your affect son | W E Darwin please get Mama to write before Brodie …
  • … Francis and George Howard Darwin were going to stay with William in Southampton; they …
  • … were due to arrive on 1 August (letter from Emma Darwin to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, [late July 1862] (DAR 219.1: 59)). However, they did not arrive until 2 …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter from G. H. Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n. 3). By ‘ …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). William was helping CD …
  • … who had been William and Anne Elizabeth Darwin’s nurse until 1851, would arrive towards …
  • … the end of Francis and George’s stay (letter from Emma Darwin to W. …

To G. H. Darwin   31 May [1879]

Summary

Sends a letter [missing] on the chance that GHD might give the writer information about tides.

Rejoices at GHD’s friendship with Sir W. Thomson and grand vein of research he has struck on.

First draft of life of Dr [Erasmus] D[arwin] is nearly finished.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  31 May [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12073

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To G. H. Darwin   31 May [1879] …
  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, G. H. …
  • … DAR 210.1: 83 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 May [ …
  • … 1879] George Howard Darwin
  • … Bibliography Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … do heartily rejoice. — —Floreat the name of Darwin, of which, however, I am awfully sick, …
  • … have now nearly finished first rough copy of old D r . D' Life. — your affect | C. Darwin
  • … to the draft of his biographical account of Erasmus Darwin , which he began writing in …
  • … May 1879 (see letter to Reginald Darwin, 2 May 1879 ). The enclosure has not been found; …
  • … paper submitted for publication. George Darwin had been planning to visit William Thomson …
  • … in Glasgow (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 10 May 1879 and n. 5). …
  • … CD spent about six weeks writing his biographical account of Erasmus Darwin ( …
  • … Erasmus Darwin ; CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …

To Francis Darwin   20 September [1876]

Summary

Suggests German works worth translating.

Is glad FD is keeping busy; he has worked excellently on proof-sheets [of Orchids (1877)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  20 Sept [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10611

Matches: 20 hits

  • Darwin, C. …
  • … R. Darwin, Francis …
  • … To Francis Darwin   20 September [1876] …
  • … DAR 211: 11 Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 …
  • … Sept [1876] Francis Darwin
  • … tender & thoughtful kindness. My very dear son | Your affectionate Father | C.  Darwin
  • … See letter to Francis Darwin, 16 September [1876] and n. 1. CD was …
  • … self fertilisation . Mary Anne Ruck was Amy Darwin’s mother; Arthur Ashley Ruck was Amy’s …
  • … brother. Francis had told Emma Darwin, ‘the love & care of Mrs Ruck & Atty …
  • … are beautiful’ (quoted in the letter from Emma Darwin to …
  • … Leonard Darwin, [26 September 1876] (DAR 239.23: 1.50)). …
  • … Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et …
  • … and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. …
  • … 1876. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio with the …
  • … this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 16 September [1876] . CD’s heavily annotated …
  • … animals), but none have been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL (see letters from Johann von …
  • … editor of Popular Science Review . Francis’s wife, Amy Darwin, had died a few days after …
  • … the birth of her son, Bernard Darwin (see letter to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, 11 September [1876] ). Francis’s paper ‘On the protrusion of protoplasmic …
  • … was read in March 1877 and published later in the year (F. Darwin 1877a, 1877b). …

From W. S. Dallas   9 May 1879

Summary

Has CD seen Samuel Butler’s Evolution, old and new [1879], which contains a biography of Erasmus Darwin and exposition of his philosophy? "Does not this rather take the wind out of our sails?"

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1879
Classmark:  DAR 99: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12045

Matches: 18 hits

  • … Dallas, W. S. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … the wind out of our sails? Believe me | yours very truly | W.  S.  Dallas C.  Darwin Esq G …
  • … DAR 99: 106 William Sweetland Dallas Geological Society 9 May 1879 Charles Robert Darwin
  • … which contains a biography of Erasmus Darwin and exposition of his philosophy? "Does not …
  • … Samuel Butler discussed Erasmus Darwin , CD’s grandfather, in S. Butler 1879 , pp. …
  • … Ernst Krause’s revised essay on Erasmus Darwin ( Krause 1879a ) for publication …
  • … as part of Erasmus Darwin . …
  • … Erasmus Darwin had published his evolutionary views in …
  • … Zoonomia ( E. Darwin 1794–6 ). …
  • … new: or, the theories of Buffon, Dr. Erasmus Darwin, and Lamarck, as compared with that of …
  • … Mr. Charles Darwin . London: Hardwicke …
  • … and Bogue. Darwin, Erasmus. 1794–6. Zoonomia; or, the laws of organic life. …
  • … 2 vols. London: J. Johnson. Erasmus Darwin. By Ernst Krause. Translated from the German by …
  • … be writing the panegyric of D r . Erasmus Darwin & his Philosophy— There are over 20 pages …
  • … of the life of D r . Darwin & 40 of exposition of his views & quotations from the “ …
  • … W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1879. …
  • … Krause, Ernst. 1879a. Erasmus Darwin, der Großvater …
  • … und Vorkämpfer Charles Darwin’s: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Descendenz-Theorie. Kosmos …
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Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig …
  • … as the creator of this dramatisation, and that of the Darwin Correspondence Project to be identified …
  • … correspondence or published writings of Asa Gray, Charles Darwin, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Jane Loring …
  • … Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles Darwin Actor 3 – In the dress of a modern day …
  • … Agassiz, Adam Sedgwick, A Friend of John Stuart Mill, Emma Darwin, Horace Darwin… and acts as a sort …
  • … the play unfolds and acting as a go-between between Gray and Darwin, and between the audience and …
  • … this, he sends out copies of his Review of the Life of Darwin. At this time in his life, Asa …
  • … friends in England, copies of his ‘Review of the Life of Darwin’… pencilling the address so that it …
  • … Joseph D Hooker GRAY:   3   Charles Darwin… made his home on the border of the little …
  • … are kept in check by a constitutional weakness. DARWIN: A plain but comfortable brick …
  • … by every blessing except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach …
  • … pursuits and the simplicity of his character. DARWIN:   5   I am allowed to work now …
  • … own house, where he was the most charming of hosts. DARWIN:   6   My life goes on …
  • … being a part of [an unpublished] manuscript. Darwin settles down to write. His tone is …
  • … THE CONCURRENCE OF BOTANISTS: 1855 In which Darwin initiates a long-running correspondence …
  • … gossip about difficult colleagues (Agassiz). Gray realizes Darwin is not revealing all of his …
  • … man, more formally attired and lighter on his feet than Darwin. He has many more demands on his time …
  • … catches his attention. He opens the letter. DARWIN:  8   April 25 th 1855. My …
  • … filled up the paper you sent me as well as I could. DARWIN:  10   My dear Dr Gray. I …
  • … is condensed in that little sheet of note-paper! DARWIN:  11   My dear Hooker… What …
  • … surprising good. GRAY:   12   My dear Mr Darwin, I rejoice in furnishing facts to …
  • … of the sort to the advancement of science… DARWIN:  13   I hope… before [the] end of …
  • … reasonably expect… Yours most sincerely Asa Gray. DARWIN:  16   My dear Gray… Your …
  • … Journal, as a nut for [Professor] Agassiz to crack. Darwin and Gray share a joke at the …
  • … will turn up that he cannot explain away… DARWIN:  22   Hurrah I got yesterday my …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a …
  • … community. Here is a selection of letters exchanged between Darwin and his workforce of women …
  • … Women: Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin
  • … peculiarities in inheritance. Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October …
  • … garden. Letter 4523 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [6 June 1864] Darwin’s …
  • … . Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber …
  • … Letter 6535 - Vaughan Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] …
  • … Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November1872] Anne Jane Cupples, …
  • … observations on the expression of emotion in dogs with Emma Darwin. Letter 8676 - …
  • … and offers to observe birds, insects or plants on Darwin’s behalf. Letter 8683 - …
  • … ears. Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 27 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an …
  • … the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his …
  • … 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography …
  • … a holiday in the Lake District in August did little to raise Darwin’s spirits. ‘I wish that my …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] ). From July, Darwin had an additional worry: the …
  • … that his grandfather had felt the same way. In 1792, Erasmus Darwin had written: ‘The worst thing I …
  • … contained a warmer note and the promise of future happiness: Darwin learned he was to be visited by …
  • … Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 …
  • … the veteran of Modern Zoology’, but it was in Germany that Darwin was most fêted. A German …
  • … ). The masters of Greiz College in Thuringia venerated Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while …
  • … accepted in Germany. ‘On this festive day’, Haeckel told Darwin, ‘you can look back, with justified …
  • … Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and serene evening of life’. This …
  • … on the theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … March, with encouragement from his brother, Erasmus Alvey Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the …
  • … he first began to reflect on the transmutation of species. Darwin’s correspondence reveals the scope …
  • … he exchanged information and ideas. Letter 346: Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, C. S., 27 Feb 1837 …
  • … one stock.” Letter 2070: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [before 29 Sept 1857] …
  • … down of former continents.” Letter 3054: Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 2 Feb [1861] …
  • … that languages, like species, were separately created. Darwin writes to the geologist Charles Lyell …
  • … I tell him is perfectly logical.” Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug …
  • … loud noise?” Letter 7040: Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, C. R., [1868-70?] As …
  • … gradually growing to such a stage” Letter 8367: Darwin, C. R. to Wright, Chauncey, 3 June …
  • … unconsciously altering the breed. Letter 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 …
  • … Letter 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and …
  • … Language […]” Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The …
  • … of race […]” Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s …
  • … and comparative philologist Archibald Sayce wrote to Darwin with a series of detailed questions …
  • … how a child first uttered the word ‘mum’. In his reply, Darwin told Sayce “that ‘mum’ arose from …

Darwin and working from home

Summary

Ever wondered how Darwin worked? As part of our For the Curious series of simple interactives, ‘Darwin working from home’ lets you explore objects from Darwin’s study and garden at Down House to learn how he worked and what he had to say about it. And not…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … fixed on the spot where I shall end it .  Charles Darwin to Robert FitzRoy, 1 October 1846 …
  • … collaboration of his family. ►  Darwin's Study   Explore Darwin& …
  • … is the study that can be seen at Down House today. Darwin's daily routine …
  • … 6 pm Rested again in bedroom with ED [Emma Darwin] reading aloud. 7 …
  • … him. Account summarised in Charles Darwin: A Companion  by R.B. Freeman, …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those …
  • … a broad variety of women had access to, and engaged with, Darwin's published works. A set of …
  • … women a target audience? Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] …
  • … that his views are original and will appeal to the public. Darwin asks Murray to forward the …
  • … and criticisms of style. Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] …
  • … it had been proofread and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 …
  • … typically-male readers. Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] …
  • … and style. Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] …
  • … impeding general perusal. Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September …
  • … content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] Reade …
  • … of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] Reade …
  • … women. Letter 8611 - Cupples, A. J. to Darwin, E., [8 November 1872] …
  • … Cupples got hold of it first. Darwin’s female readership …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … activities for building and maintaining such connections. Darwin's networks extended from his …
  • … when strong institutional structures were largely absent. Darwin had a small circle of scientific …
  • … section contains two sets of letters. The first is between Darwin and his friend Kew botanist J. D. …
  • … about Hooker’s thoughts. Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] …
  • … is like confessing a murder”. Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844 …
  • … of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera. Darwin and Gray Letter 1674 …
  • … of the species. Letter 1685 — Gray, Asa to Darwin, C. R., 22 May 1855 Gray …
  • … of alpine flora in the USA. Letter 2125 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 20 July [1857] …
  • … have in simple truth been of the utmost value to me.” Darwin believes species have arisen, like …
  • … or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants. Darwin discusses fertilisation in the bud …
  • … exchange This collection of letters between Darwin and Hooker, while Darwin was writing his …
  • … to information exchange. Letter 1202 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct [1848] …
  • … followed automatically. On the issue of nomenclature reform, Darwin opposes appending first …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 14 hits

  • Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of …
  • … portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that Darwin undertook throughout his lifetime …
  • … was jokingly lamenting his role as an intermediary for Darwin and his correspondents from around the …
  • … of friends and relatives was not a pursuit unique to Darwin (the exchange of photographic images was …
  • … reinforced his experimental and scientific network. Darwin’s Portraits Darwin sat for …
  • … famous photographers to studio portraitists looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between …
  • … in nineteenth-century photography. Darwin’s first photo-chemical experience …
  • … This particular daguerreotype is unique in terms of Darwin’s collection of photographs – it is the …
  • … exchanged, but rather was an object of display placed on a Darwin family mantlepiece. The image …
  • … in London and made at least four different exposures of Darwin between 1853 and 1857. They …
  • … While this image is notable as the first popular image of Darwin, the extent to which Darwin
  • … me look atrociously wicked.” Image: Charles Darwin, by Maull & Polyblank, albumen …
  • … Portrait Gallery, London (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) Darwin’s next experience with the …
  • … with the results. In 1860-61 and again in 1864 Charles Darwin sat for his eldest son, William Darwin

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts of the letters are not yet available online but are in volume 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin, published by Cambridge…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin , published by Cambridge …
  • … to adapt to varying conditions. The implications of Darwin’s work for the boundary between animals …
  • … studies of animal instincts by George John Romanes drew upon Darwin’s early observations of infants, …
  • … of evolution and creation. Many letters flowed between Darwin and his children, as he took delight …
  • … Financial support for science was a recurring issue, as Darwin tried to secure a Civil List pension …
  • … with Samuel Butler, prompted by the publication of Erasmus Darwin the previous year. …
  • … Charles Harrison Tindal, sent a cache of letters from two of Darwin’s grandfather’s clerical friends …
  • … divines to see a pig’s body opened is very amusing’, Darwin replied, ‘& that about my …
  • … registry offices, and produced a twenty-page history of the Darwin family reaching back to the …
  • … the world’ ( letter from J. L. Chester, 3 March 1880 ). Darwin’s sons George and Leonard also …
  • … and conciliate a few whose ancestors had not featured in Darwin’s Life . ‘In an endeavour to …
  • … think I must pay a round of visits.’ One cousin, Reginald Darwin, warmed to George: ‘he had been …
  • … an ordinary mortal who could laugh’ ( letter from W. E. Darwin to Charles and Emma Darwin, 22 July …
  • … whose essay on Erasmus’s scientific work complemented Darwin’s biographical piece. Krause’s essay …
  • … Kosmos in February 1879, an issue produced in honour of Darwin’s birthday. Krause enlarged and …
  • … superficial and inaccurate piece of work’, although Darwin advised him not to ‘expend much powder …
  • … in the last sentence. When Butler read Erasmus Darwin , he noted the reference to his work, and …
  • … the position I have taken as regards D r Erasmus Darwin in my book Evolution old & New, and …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 7 hits

  • … for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters. Here are a few …
  • … family discussion: If you were going to interview Darwin about his life and work, what …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: Darwin sent back rocks, soils, plants and animal specimens …
  • … world without going on a voyage? More Darwin and the Beagle  Voyage activities …
  • … Follow-up family discussion: If you were Darwin how would you send back a rare …
  • … on a plant hunting trip today? More  Darwin the Collector activities …
  • … and why does it still happen today? More  Darwin and Evolution activities …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same …
  • … nineteenth century were different in important ways. Many of Darwin's leading supporters were …
  • … their religious beliefs with evolutionary theory. Darwin's own writing, both in print and …
  • … much as possible. A number of correspondents tried to draw Darwin out on his own religious views, …
  • … political contexts. Design Darwin was not the first to challenge …
  • … on the controversial topic of design. The first is between Darwin and Harvard botanist Asa Gray, …
  • … second is a single letter from naturalist A. R. Wallace to Darwin on design and natural selection. …
  • … result of “brute force”. Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] …
  • … a “muddle” on this issue. Letter 3256 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 17 Sept [1861] …
  • … experiment about an angel. Letter 3342 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 11 Dec [1861] …
  • … some questions about design. Letter 6167 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 8 May [1868] …
  • … of each fragment at the base of my precipice”. Darwin and Wallace Letter 5140 …
  • … of natural selection. He worries about the accusation in Darwin & his teachings “ Natural …
  • … fittest” instead of “Natural Selection”. Wallace urges Darwin to stress frequency of variations. …
  • … Personal Belief This collection of letters explores Darwin’s reluctance to take a definitive …
  • … own family. Letter 441 — Wedgwood, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [21–22 Nov 1838] In this …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language begin? …
  • … a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … is the power of language. And the most important element in Darwin’s account of the origin of …
  • … the world or standing for feelings, begin to accumulate, and Darwin says these signs gave advantages …
  • … predators that might attack them, whatever it might be, Darwin thinks had an advantage in the …
  • … So language begins to accumulate like that. Likewise, Darwin thinks, in the courtship competition …
  • … better functioning brains. And a very important part of Darwin’s account of the origin of language …
  • … become more intelligent. And with larger intelligence comes, Darwin thinks, so many things—the …
  • … and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And if so, why? It was hugely …
  • … systems of nonhuman animals, and human language.  And so Darwin saw himself as trying to combat that …
  • … Darwinian account of the origin of language. 3. Darwin made a famous comment about parallels …
  • … that? Well, there’s a famous passage at the end of Darwin’s discussion of the evolutionary …
  • … ten of these. And a question has arisen, quite what was Darwin getting up to in pointing out these …
  • … debate, and on the one side are people who say that Darwin couldn’t resist an opportunity to review …
  • … but I also think something more is going on there. Darwin was very concerned to defend his position …
  • … the languages still show the formerly high state. So Darwin’s concerned, in my view, to …
  • … people who like to think of themselves as fans of Charles Darwin because, of course, we don’t …
  • … that, equality of languages. But that wasn’t the case for Darwin, that wasn’t how he understood his …
  • … him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re-evaluate …
  • … topics, I learned that there was a story around about how Darwin, very late in life, had changed his …
  • … of study of all this, and it turns out that from the time of Darwin’s death through till now, …
  • … not quite at the deathbed, but in 1881, a letter in which Darwin wrote to a friend of his that he …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Disagreement & Respect | Conduct of Debate | Darwin & Wallace The best-known …
  • … the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely variable. Many of …
  • … was itself an important arena of debate, one that Darwin greatly preferred to the public sphere. …
  • … and support sustained in spite of enduring differences. Darwin's correspondence can thus help …
  • … Disagreement and Respect Darwin rarely engaged with critics publically. Letters exchanged …
  • … Richard Owen, the eminent comparative anatomist, show how Darwin tried to manage strong disagreement …
  • … were less severe, the relationship quickly deteriorated and Darwin came to regard him as a bitter …
  • … of respect. Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam …
  • … which can neither be proved nor disproved”. He says that Darwin’s “grand principle natural …
  • … and as his true-hearted friend. Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov …
  • … have influenced the conclusions at which he has arrived. Darwin does not think the book will be …
  • … and incoming of living species” and so could not regard Darwin’s attempt to demonstrate the nature …
  • … at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin . Darwin notes “that at bottom he goes …
  • … he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!” Darwin has heard Herschel considered his book …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the …
  • … games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wife … poor creature, has won …
  • … regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to …
  • … four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11 …
  • … once, the labour of checking proofs proved a blessing, as Darwin sought solace for the loss of his …
  • … and his baby son Bernard now part of the household, and Darwin recasting his work on dimorphic and …
  • … had involved much time and effort the previous year, and Darwin clearly wanted to focus his …
  • … When Smith, Elder and Company proposed reissuing two of Darwin’s three volumes of the geology of …
  • … single-volume edition titled Geological observations , Darwin resisted making any revisions at …
  • … volume, Coral reefs , already in its second edition. Darwin was nevertheless ‘firmly resolved not …
  • … meticulous correction of errors in the German editions made Darwin less anxious about correcting the …
  • … to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused instead on the second …
  • … concentrated on the ‘means of crossing’, was seen by Darwin as the companion to Cross and self …
  • … return to old work than part of the future work outlined by Darwin in his ‘little Autobiography’ ( …
  • … holiday after finishing Cross and self fertilisation , Darwin took up the suggestion made by a …
  • … for his family only. Writing for an hour every afternoon, Darwin finished his account on 3 August …
  • … dimittis.”’ (‘Recollections’, pp. 418–19). Darwin remained firm in his resolution to …
  • … ever return to the consideration of man.’ In particular, Darwin seemed eager to avoid issues that …
  • … wrote with the good news that he could restore Darwin to a religious life. This transformation would …
  • … that used to be called transmigration, Nemo pointed out to Darwin, adding, ‘the term nowadays is …
  • … enemies... Views such as these were easy enough for Darwin to dismiss, but it was more …
  • … St George Jackson Mivart in his Lessons from nature that Darwin had ‘at first studiously …
  • … unjust, but it was also the latest attack by the one man who Darwin felt had treated him ‘basely’ …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working …
  • … dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwin’s son George dominated the second …
  • … and traveller Alexander von Humboldt’s 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt …
  • … ). The death of a Cambridge friend, Albert Way, caused Darwin’s cousin, William Darwin Fox, to …
  • … from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one …
  • … I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a week’s visit to …
  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • …  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor health so frequently in …
  • … 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and sceptics Darwin excused himself for reasons of …
  • … by George Henry Lewes and Marian Evans (George Eliot), but Darwin excused himself, finding it too …
  • … the month, another Williams séance was held at the home of Darwin’s cousin Hensleigh Wedgwood. Those …
  • … imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all imposture’ …
  • … stop word getting to America of the ‘strange news’ that Darwin had allowed ‘a spirit séance’ at his …
  • … the first three months of the year and, like many of Darwin’s enterprises in the 1870s, were family …
  • … 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble in …
  • … and letter to Charles Lyell, [13 January 1874] ). Darwin blamed his illness for the …
  • … . In his preface ( Coral reefs  2d ed., pp. v–vii), Darwin reasserted the priority of his work. …
  • … for the absence of coral-reefs in certain locations. Darwin countered with the facts that low …
  • … whole coastline of a large island. Dana also thought that Darwin had seen fringing reefs as proof of …
  • … presentation copy, Dana sent an apology for misinterpreting Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D …
  • … Alongside his revision of  Coral reefs,  Darwin went to work on a new edition of  Descent . In …
  • … George Cupples, a Scottish deerhound expert who forwarded Darwin’s queries about the numbers of …
  • … had raged between himself and Richard Owen since the 1860s. Darwin had omitted this controversial …
  • … elements of geology , and with the cheaper sixth edition of Darwin’s own  Origin . (The first …
  • … Murray’s partner, Robert Francis Cooke, informed Darwin that the lower price would bring the profits …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific …
  • … admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of Darwin’s life in 1860, in the immediate …
  • … of publication of Descent of Man in 1871. In this period Darwin became a public figure, and the …
  • … increased accordingly. Letters conveyed public reaction to Darwin, as people who were often complete …
  • … worked up, or their religious doubts and concerns for Darwin’s own soul. Darwin himself used letters …
  • … world a questionnaire on the expression of the emotions. Darwin also continued to confide in his …
  • … yet been pointed out to me. No doubt many will be. Darwin to Huxley, 1860. …
  • … have been miserably uncomfortable. Emma to Charles Darwin, 1861. I am …
  • … gravitating towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear …
  • … what you think about the derivation of Species … Darwin to Charles Lyell, 1863. …
  • … fairly settled & succeeding in India. John Scott to Darwin, 1864. I …
  • … was quite out of balance once during our voyage … Darwin to Hooker (on hearing of Robert …
  • … that the necks of your horses are badly galled … Darwin to a local landowner, 1866. …
  • … should be still very far off. Mary Boole to Darwin, 1866. Never, for God’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwin’s theorising about species, and …
  • … his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend …
  • … way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving …
  • … bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript …
  • … coloured stamens.’ At intervals during the year, Darwin was diverted from the onerous task of …
  • … zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated …
  • … chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous …
  • … on 12 January , breaking off all future communication. Darwin had been supported during the affair …
  • … Society of London, and a secretary of the Linnean Society, Darwin’s friends had to find ways of …
  • … pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have defended me’, Darwin wrote on 6 January , ‘You have also …
  • … in public. ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, …
  • … & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered taking up …
  • … , ‘I feel now like a pure forgiving Christian!’ Darwin’s ire was not fully spent, however, …
  • … in the same Quarterly article that attacked George. Darwin raised the matter at the end of the …
  • … to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a memorial …
  • … Hensleigh and Frances Wedgwood. She had corresponded with Darwin about the evolution of the moral …
  • … could not sign the paper sent me by Miss Cobbe.’ Darwin found Cobbe’s memorial inflammatory …
  • … memorial had been read in the House of Lords (see ' Darwin and vivisection ').   …
  • … medical educators, and other interested parties. Darwin was summoned to testify on 3 November. It …
  • … ( Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection , p. 183). Darwin learned of Klein’s testimony …
  • … agree to any law, which should send him to the treadmill.’ Darwin had become acquainted with Klein …
  • … am astounded & disgusted at what you say about Klein,’ Darwin replied to Huxley on 1 November …
  • … the man.’   Poisons, plants, and print-runs Darwin’s keen interest in the progress of …
  • … leading physiologists. Indeed, some of the experiments that Darwin performed on plants, such as the …
  • … Vallisneria (tape grass). Fayrer had previously supplied Darwin with a quantity of the dried …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now …
  • … and also a meeting with Herbert Spencer, who was visiting Darwin’s neighbour, Sir John Lubbock. In …
  • … all but the concluding chapter of the work was submitted by Darwin to his publisher in December. …
  • … hypothesis of hereditary transmission. Debate about Darwin’s theory of transmutation …
  • … alleged evidence of a global ice age, while Asa Gray pressed Darwin’s American publisher for a …
  • … for the Advancement of Science. Fuller consideration of Darwin’s work was given by Hooker in an …
  • … frustrations were punctuated by family bereavement. Two of Darwin’s sisters died, Emily Catherine …
  • … from painful illness. Diet and exercise Among Darwin’s first letters in the new year …
  • … every day’ ( letter to H. B. Jones, 3 January [1866] ). Darwin had first consulted Jones in July …
  • … ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 …
  • … day which I enjoy much.’ The new exercise regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John …
  • … John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, Darwin immediately converted his renewed …
  • … Since the publication of  Origin  in November 1859, Darwin had continued gathering and organising …
  • … by natural selection was based. The work relied heavily on Darwin’s extensive correspondence over …
  • … and poultry expert William Bernhard Tegetmeier. In January, Darwin wrote to Tegetmeier that he was …
  • … ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 16 January [1866] ). Darwin found the evidence of variation in …
  • … varieties from  Columbia livia , the rock pigeon. Darwin on heredity: the 'provisional …
  • … chapter headed ‘Provisional hypothesis of pangenesis’, Darwin proposed that the various phenomena of …
  • … example, the reproductive organs, or the tissues of a bud. Darwin had submitted a preliminary sketch …
  • … & brimful of my dear little mysterious gemmules.’ Darwin collected information on …
  • … Thomas Rivers, and the German botanist Robert Caspary. Darwin was particularly interested in recent …
  • … the scion apparently produced buds with blended characters; Darwin had tried to propagate the …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments to …
  • … plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in his role as …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … Expression ), and the final revision of Origin (1872), Darwin had turned almost exclusively to …
  • … Movement in plants In the spring of 1878, Darwin started to focus on the first shoots and …
  • … were enrolled as researchers, as were family members. Darwin asked his niece Sophy to observe …
  • … ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was studying the function of …
  • … on one side, then another, to produce movement in the stalk. Darwin compared adult and young leaves …
  • … after growth has ceased or nearly ceased.’ Finally, Darwin turned to plant motion below the …
  • … precision the lines of least resistance in the ground.’ Darwin would devote a whole chapter to the …
  • … that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). Having …
  • … moisture, and various chemical and nutritive substances, Darwin next considered sound. He explained …
  • … instrument to various plants. To confirm the results, Darwin borrowed a siren from Tyndall, who had …
  • … ill-luck to them, are not sensitive to aerial vibrations’, Darwin complained. ‘I am ashamed at my …
  • … 8 August. ‘Alas Frank is off tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘ …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 18 June [1878] ). While Francis was away, Darwin sent regular reports about their …
  • … to, about my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later …
  • … not having you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is …
  • … had chlorophyll, Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats …
  • … we must have’, Francis wrote ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong …
  • … me to jump to conclusions rather’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [before 3 August 1878] ). One day …
  • … day & never the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s …
  • … Cieselski & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs …
  • … de Vries and Julius Wiesner on the causes of plant movement, Darwin wrote on 25 July, ‘I am …
  • … is here the cure for all evils’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [24 and 25 July 1878] ). …
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