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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To John Murray   22 January [1863]

Summary

Asks that a copy of Origin be sent to Thomas Rivers.

Curious about sale of Orchids. It is too stiff for the public. "If praise from Botanists would sell, it would go off well."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  22 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3936

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   22 January [1863] …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. …
  • … 127) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan [1863] John Murray
  • … Darwin, C. R. Murray, John (b) …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Murray, 9 April [1862] , and Appendix IV). …

From Emma Darwin to John Murray   [before 17 December 1863]

Summary

CD too ill to write.

Asks that a presentation copy of Origin be sent off.

He has authorised an Italian translation of Origin.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [before 17 Dec 1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 128–129)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4352

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Emma Darwin to John Murray   [before 17 December 1863] …
  • … Wedgwood, Emma Darwin, Emma Murray, John (b) …
  • … National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 128– …
  • … 129) Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down [before 17 Dec 1863] John Murray
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Post Office London directory : …
  • … of Origin , which was published by John Murray in 1861 ( Freeman 1977 , p.  85). Bernard …

To John Scott   12 April [1863]

Summary

Encourages JS to publish on sterility of orchids and to experiment on Passiflora.

Doubted Hooker’s poppy case.

Describes case of primrose with three pistils: when pulled apart allowed pollen to be placed directly on ovules. This supports JS’s explanation of H. Crüger’s case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B59, B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4084

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ‘Fertilization of orchids’: Notes …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …

To Asa Gray   31 May [1863]

Summary

AG’s review of Alphonse de Candolle’s paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 35 (1863): 430–44] is excellent.

Does not AG consider that orchids oppose Oswald Heer’s view that species arise suddenly by monstrosities?

Infers that AG cannot explain the angles of phyllotaxy; has been looking at Carl Nägeli on the subject.

Reports Gaston de Saporta’s belief that natural selection will ultimately triumph in France.

Is working slowly at Variation.

Reports his observations on the imperfect flowers of Viola and Oxalis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  31 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (84)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4196

Matches: 6 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Farley, John. 1974. The initial …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Heer, Oswald. 1855–9. Flora …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Tort, Patrick. 1996. Dictionnaire …
  • … 16 December [1859] , and letter to John Murray, 22 December [1859] ). Variation was the …

From Hermann Crüger   8 August 1863

Summary

Thanks for presentation copy of Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Ficus experiments confirm CD’s supposition that insects visit Melastoma for nectar, but HC thinks pollen-seekers fertilise the flowers.

Maranta fertilisation.

Author:  Hermann Crüger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Aug 1863
Classmark:  DAR 161: 277, 277/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4265

Matches: 6 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Crüger, Hermann. 1864. A few notes …
  • … Charles Darwin. Reprint edition. London: John Murray. 1860. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Schomburgk, Robert Hermann. 1857. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To John Scott   1 and 3 August [1863]

Summary

Thanks JS for orchid paper [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50]. JS presents excellent new facts on sterility of orchids.

His argument that coloured primroses are not hybrids is good, as is idea of discovering primrose parentage by breeding for colours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  1 and 3 Aug 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B24, B27–8, B70; DAR 147: 455
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4260

Matches: 6 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Desmond, Ray. 1994. Dictionary of …
  • … species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1861. Die …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Planchon, Jules Emile. 1847–8. Sur …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Sprengel, Christian Konrad. 1793. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … eleven years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …

From H. W. Bates   2 May [1863]

Summary

His satisfaction at CD’s acceptance of book as well as total public acceptance. Murray has given him a £250 advance. His pleasure at Asa Gray’s words.

Next task will be to write on origin [of species] by segregation of local races.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4138

Matches: 4 hits

  • … was published by CD’s publisher, John Murray (see also n.  4, below). CD had encouraged …
  • … years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Bates, Henry Walter. 1892. The naturalist on …
  • … Reprint of the first edition. London: John Murray. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Murray, 28 January [1862] ). In his letter to …

To Isaac Anderson-Henry   2 February [1863]

Summary

Suggests collecting seeds at different heights from British Columbia.

Describes experiment on seeds from short anthers.

C. V. Naudin writes he has discovered cause of hybrid sterility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Isaac Anderson; Isaac Anderson Henry
Date:  2 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3964

Matches: 4 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. Verlot, Bernard. 1864. Mémoire sur …
  • … by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. ML : More letters of Charles …
  • … and Albert Charles Seward. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1903. Natural selection : Charles …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Taxonomic literature : Taxonomic …

To John Scott   25 and 28 May [1863]

Summary

CD does not think he could be wrong about the stigma of Bolbophyllum.

Will not write up Drosera for years.

Praises JS’s experiments. Invites him to send a paper to Linnean Society.

L. C. Treviranus says all species of Primula present two forms except P. longiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 and 28 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B41–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4185

Matches: 5 hits

  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. ‘Illegitimate offspring of …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Specific difference in …

To Roland Trimen   27 August [1863]

Summary

Discusses methods of pollination in orchids.

Thinks RT should investigate Physianthus to see if it requires insect aid for fertilisation as the Asclepiadaceae do.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Roland Trimen
Date:  27 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Entomological Society (Trimen papers, box 21: 57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4279

Matches: 4 hits

  • … years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Collected papers : The collected papers of …
  • … plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Orchids 2d ed. : The various …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various …
  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms of Lythrum …

From Thomas Rivers   26 January 1863

Summary

Thanks CD for Origin.

TR has often thought naturalists do not pay enough attention to the effect of site, soil, and climate on animals and plants and "hence has arisen the enormous number of so-called species".

His observations on people of different counties.

Author:  Thomas Rivers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 176: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3946

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 25 January [1863] , and letter to John Murray, 22 January [1863] ). Charles François …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

To H. W. Bates   9 April [1863]

Summary

Thanks HWB for his book [Naturalist on the river Amazons]. Feels sure it will often be alluded to in other works.

Asa Gray is fascinated by the "Butterfly paper" ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  9 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (GEN MSS MISC Group 1559 F-1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4080

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bates was concerned that the publisher, John Murray, did not seem to be advertising Bates  …
  • … years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Woodcock, George. 1969. Henry …

To A. R. Wallace   [29? September 1863]

Summary

Baffling problems with Melastoma. Appreciates ARW’s help with it and the "gorze case".

Has read report of ARW’s paper [to Newcastle BAAS meeting, "On the geographical distribution of animal life"] in the Reader [2 (1863): 352–3].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  [29? Sept 1863]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add. MS. 46434: 36–7b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4310

Matches: 3 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ML : More letters of Charles …
  • … and Albert Charles Seward. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1903. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1863]

thumbnail

Summary

Lyell’s Antiquity of man lacks originality.

Statements in Lyell provoke CD to determine exact publication date of Origin and JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

CD now believes in repeated periods of global cooling and migration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4048

Matches: 5 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Origin US ed. : On the origin of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … 8 February [1860] ). Origin was sold out at John Murray’s trade sale on 24 November 1859 ( …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to John Murray, 24 November [1859] , and Appendix II). …
  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter to John Murray, [3 November 1859] ). The earliest extant …

To John Scott   24 March [1863]

Summary

Enthusiastic about JS’s work on Passiflora self-incompatibility.

CD quotes JS on rostellar pollen germination [in "Fertilisation of orchids", Collected papers 2: 77–8]. H. Crüger attributes it to ants’ carrying stigmatic secretion to pollen.

Homomorphic cowslip seedlings are, sadly, showing variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  24 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B72–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4060

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

From W. B. Tegetmeier   29 June – 7 July 1863

Summary

Progress of pigeon and poultry breeding experiments. No loss of fertility observed yet.

Blue-eyed cats and deafness.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 June – 7 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 178: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4233

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
  • … corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin …
  • … and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. …

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]

Summary

Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

Matches: 3 hits

  • … years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Calendar : A calendar of the correspondence …
  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Forms of flowers : The different …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. …

To Hugh Falconer   5 [and 6] January [1863]

Summary

His admiration for HF’s paper on American fossil elephant.

Notes "temporary irruption of S. American forms into N. America".

Rejoices that HF has "smashed" case of Mastodon on Timor.

Shares HF’s anger at Owen.

He is eager to hear about fossil bird [Archaeopteryx].

Comments on criticisms of species theory by [Johann Andreas?] Wagner.

Describes research on fertilisation of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  5 and 6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 144: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3901

Matches: 4 hits

  • … kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. ‘Dimorphic condition in Primula ’: …
  • … species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Martius, Karl Friedrich Philipp …
  • … and Albert Charles Seward. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1903. Origin : On the origin of …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Rolle, Friedrich. 1863. Chs. …

To J. D. Hooker   [17 April 1863]

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Summary

Likes JDH’s review of Alphonse de Candolle [Mémoires et souvenirs de A. P. de Candolle (1862)].

Falconer’s article on Lyell ["Primitive man. What led to the question?", Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] too severe.

CD has written a letter to the Athenæum "to say, under the cloak of attacking Heterogeny, a word in my own defence" [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Bates’s Travels [Naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)] are excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Apr 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4103

Matches: 4 hits

  • … eleven years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray. BNB : Biographie nationale publiée …
  • … same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Movement in plants : The power …
  • … Assisted by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880. Origin : On the origin of species …
  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. ‘Two forms in species of Linum ’: …
Document type
letter (281)
Correspondent
Date
1863
01 (40)
02 (48)
03 (36)
04 (34)
05 (43)
06 (12)
07 (21)
08 (15)
09 (9)
10 (5)
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Search:
John Murray in keywords
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

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  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

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  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

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  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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